Description : On October 19, 1781, British general Charles Lord Cornwallis surrendered his army at Yorktown, effectively ending the Revolutionary War and conceding the independence of the United States of America. Britain soon overcame the humiliation of defeat by expanding its empire elsewhere. Five years after Yorktown, Cornwallis was installed as governor and commander of the army in India, determined to make the subcontinent the brightest jewel in the British crown. Officers who served under him during the War rose to high positions in the British army and navy. Emulating Cornwallis's deep sense of duty to king and country, they vigorously pursued the conquest of India, put down the 1798 Irish Rebellion, defended Canada, defeated the Dutch at the Cape of Good Hope, occupied Ceylon and battled Napoleon. Prominent among them was General Sir James Henry Craig, governor of Canada, whose clumsy attempt to spy on the U.S. was a factor in setting off the War of 1812.
Author by : Asian Development Bank;JICA;UKAID;World Bank
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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File Size : 48,8 Mb
Description : The WEB of Transport Corridors in South Asia develops a holistic appraisal methodology to ensure that economic benefits of investments in transport corridors are amplified and more widely spread, and possible negative impacts such as congestion, environmental degradation, and other unintended consequences are minimized. It focuses on South Asia—not only as one of the world’s most populous and poorest regions—but as a hinge between East Asia, Central Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. The book is aimed at politicians, technocrats, civil society organizations, and businesses. It presents case studies of past and recent corridor initiatives, provides rigorous analysis of the literature on the spatial impact of corridors, and offers assessments of corridor investment projects supported by international development organizations. A series of spotlights examines such issues as private sector co-investment; the impacts of corridors on small enterprises and women; and issues with implementing cross-border corridors. The 'WEB' in the title stands for both the wider economic benefits (WEB) that transport corridors are expected to generate and the complex web of transport corridors that has been proposed. The appraisal methodology introduced in this book shows how the web of interconnected elements around corridors can be disentangled and the most promising corridor proposals—the ones with the greatest wider economic benefits—can be selected.
Description : An analytical and critical account of the political history of early modern India from 1707 to 1813. The narrative shatters the contention of contemporary European writers that it was 'the dark age' of Indian history, characterised by 'political anarchy and misgovernment', until the British brought it under their sway. The main thesis of the author is that the period was marked by two distinct phases; the first phase, which lasted from 1707 to 1760, saw the rapid disintegration of the Mughal power and its replacement by the Maratha hegemony. Meanwhile, the English traders turned colonialists, after consolidating their hold along the Indian seacoasts and conquest of 'Carnatic' and Bengal, challenged the Maratha hegemony. The second phase of developments was thus marked by the struggle for supremacy between these two powers. The author makes use of contemporary English and Marathi sources and the intensive researches of modern historians to portray a compact picture of their findings in the form of a text book for the benefit of the degree students. Historical facts are reinterpreted through illuminating expositions, refreshing characterisation of historic personalities, and objective assessment of events and movements. Together with maps, a select bibliography, glossary and an elaborate index, the volume makes a rich contribution to the advancement of modern historical literature.
Description : India's struggle for independence has been studied and examined extensively. Most of the literature has considered the state, the national movement, and the role of the left as three separate struggles for freedom. Until now. Based on political theorist Antonio Gramsci's hegemonic concepts, the Struggle for Hegemony in India combines and sharpens the various perspectives of India's history--the colonial state, the various political parties, the trade unions, and the mobilization of the work force--to form a cohesive whole. The authors confront and explore the Communist Party of India during the freedom struggle (1920-1947) and reconstruct its interaction with the various social and political groups. This outstanding study will command the interest of both graduate students and academics in history, sociology, and political science. "This book is bound to cause controversy among leftist students of Indian nationalism.... The most remarkable quality of Josh's book is that it has been able to tell a controversial story with great plausibility. However, unusual for a marxist to articulate such a view of Indian nationalist politics, he makes it a highly persuasive account, and it is underpinned by a theory which is certainly impeccably marxist in its origins, if not in the conclusions it is made to support. He also achieves a commendable balance between the detailed empirical accounts of Congress policies, debates among the radicals, the politics of the ministerial government in the provinces after 1935, and his theoretical commentary on what is going on, within one single narrative frame.... An interesting contribution to the history of Indian nationalism." --Asian Affairs "Scholarly and detailed exposition." --Indian Book Chronicle "Presented in a magisterial style" --The Vishvabharati Quarterly " A vigorously-argued account" --South Asia "As a critique of the policies of the communists during the national movement, Struggle for Hegemony in India is a well documented study." --Seminar "[This] work is an important contribution to the historiography of our freedom struggle. It helps us understand and critically appraise the Indian Left in a much better way." --The Metropolis