Description : According to dHolbach, nature is a great chain of causes and effects. Nature is the great whole, comprising everything visible and invisible. Baron d Holbach gives the laws of the physical world based on laws of motion and gravitation, as given by Newton, and he wants to apply the law of attraction and repulsion in the field of morality. All knowledge comes through the sense organs created by the impressions of the world and deposited in the brain, which is the real seat of thought. Man searches for happiness in this world, but the priesthood misguides the people by asking them to look for happiness in future life, as guided by the chimeras of religion. Man living in society should be guided by reason, experience, and sciences by working for his happiness and contributing to the happiness of other members of the society by his hard work, talent, and virtues, by being useful to others by satisfying their needs while satisfying his own needs. Happiness is on this earth, and by reason and experience, he can be happy, and not as the priesthood preaches in another future life.
Description : "He advocates a conservative "go slow" approach to change, pointing out that today's social structures are so large and complex that any widespread social reform will have innumerable unforeseen consequences. For example, the welfare state may diminish individual initiative. The use of pesticides may increase the food supply while polluting the water supply, the popularizing of university education, may lead to a decline in academic standards. Since government has a virtual monopoly on large-scale change. It follows, in Stove's view, that its powers must be limited in order to prevent large-scale damage, instead, he argues that reforms, when they are to be made at all, must be realistic, local, necessary and never coercive."--BOOK JACKET.
Description : A leading figure of the French Enlightenment, Paul Henri Thiry, Baron d’Holbach (1723-1789), was an acquaintance of Diderot, Rousseau, and David Hume, among others, and a prolific contributor of scientific articles to Diderot’s famous Encyclopédie. A man not only of considerable wealth and influence, but great generosity, he was known among friends as the "maitre d’hotel of philosophy" because he so often entertained noted philosophers and intellectuals of the day at his home. Nonetheless, when he published his radical views on religion, he felt constrained to use pseudonyms. Advocating a philosophy of atheistic materialism, he harshly lambasted all religious interpretations of life as rank superstition, taking special aim at the Christian worldview of his day. This work, originally published in 1772, was intended as a popular digest of the more elaborately developed philosophy presented by Holbach in his magnum opus, Système de la nature (The System of Nature, 1770). In 206 very brief chapters, Holbach systematically presents the atheistic challenge to religion, critiquing point by point every contention of religion from the nature of God to the existence of the soul, belief in miracles, heaven and hell, the divine right of kings, the role of the priesthood, and many other points of dogma and tradition. Though the extreme materialism and determinism of his philosophy was disturbing to even some of his colleagues (Voltaire accused Holbach of "snatching consolation and hope" from humanity), Holbach’s work remained influential after his death and seems in many respects a forerunner of much contemporary philosophy.
Description : One need only read a few pages of PHILOSOPHY: A TEXT WITH READINGS, 13th Edition, to appreciate Manuel Velasquez's gift for making complex philosophical concepts accessible to today's students while still exposing them to college-level writing. This book is a perfect choice for first-time philosophy students, as it covers a wide range of topics, including human nature, reality, truth, ethics, the meaning of life, diversity, and social/political philosophy, all supported by nontechnical primary sources. The thirteenth edition includes new features that help students engage with the topics and readings more than ever. Like the previous edition, this new edition includes critical-thinking and argument analysis activities carefully woven into the book's narrative. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Description : This successful Western history version of the popular Discovering series provides a broad range of both visual and written sources. The unique pedagogical framework includes The Problem, Sources and Method, The Evidence, Questions to Consider, and Epilogue and Evaluation sections in each chapter. This structure promotes critical thinking, sharpens analytical skills, and builds student interest in the subject matter. DISCOVERING THE WESTERN PAST: A LOOK AT THE EVIDENCE, Volume II: Since 1500, Seventh Edition, emphasizes historical study as interpretation rather than memorization of data, with actual documents and artifacts from which students develop answers to historical questions--and learn to think like historians. Significantly revised, this edition includes four new chapters: “Royal Power and Overseas Expansion, 1450-1540” (Ch. 2); “Motherhood, Nationalism, and Women's Political Role, 1848-1940” (Ch. 10); “Cold War Cultures: Visions of the 'Good Life' in East and West” (Ch. 13); and “Europe and the Iraq War” (Ch. 14). Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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