12th Report Of Session 2009 10

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 362
File Size : 55,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : 12th report of Session 2009-10 : Drawing special attention to, draft Exeter and Devon (Structural Changes) Order 2010, draft Norwich and Norfolk (Structural Changes) Order 2010, report and Evidence


Twelfth Report Of Session 2009 10

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: European Scrutiny Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 365
File Size : 49,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Twelfth report of Session 2009-10 : Documents considered by the Committee on 24 February 2010, including the following recommendations for debate, Pre-accession assistance to the Western Balkan states and Turkey; financial services, report, together with


Government And Commission Responses Session 2009 10

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 470
File Size : 50,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Government and Commission responses Session 2009-10 : 4th report of Session 2010-11


The Referendum In Britain

Author by : Lucy Atkinson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 755
File Size : 40,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book places the European Referendum of 2016 into a historical context that began in the late nineteenth century through to the present day. It provides a constitutional and international perspective, and ask how far the original ideas lying behind the referendum were fulfilled in practice.


The New Pirates

Author by : Andrew Palmer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 228
File Size : 40,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Piracy is a significant global threat to international sea-borne trade - the life-blood of modern industrial economies and vital for world economic survival. The pirates of today are constantly in the world's news media, preying on private and merchant shipping from small, high-speed vessels. Andrew Palmer here provides the historical background to the new piracy, its impact on the shipping and insurance industries and also considers the role of international bodies like the UN and the International Maritime Bureau, international law and the development of advanced naval and military measures. He shows how this 'new' piracy is rooted in the geopolitics and socio-economic conditions of the late-20th century where populations live on the margins and where weak or 'failed states' can encourage criminal activity and even international terrorism. Somalia is considered to be the nest of piracy, but hotspots include not only the Red Sea region, but also the whole Indian Ocean, West Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and the South China Seas.


The Maritime Turn In Eu Foreign And Security Policies

Author by : Marianne Riddervold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 222
File Size : 46,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book provides the first substantial treatment of the maritime foreign and security policies of the European Union. Its findings add to the literature by a comparative, theoretically informed analysis of EU maritime foreign and security policies across five cases: the EU’s Maritime Security Strategy and action plan; the EU’s two naval missions, Atalanta and Sophia; EU Arctic policies, and; EU policies towards the Maritime Labour Convention. Focusing on the aims, actors and mechanisms of integration in these cases, the book speaks to the three main debates in the literature on EU foreign policy, including whether it has a particular normative dimension that makes it different from foreign policy as it is conventionally understood; the extent to which policy-making in the domain has developed beyond intergovernmental cooperation and, interlinked; how EU foreign and security policy integration and its characteristics can be explained. In doing this, the book also addresses a fourth contemporary scholarly debate linked to if and how the EU is affected by crisis. By focusing on maritime security policies the book also adds to the international relations literature more broadly. This book is an invaluable resource for scholars, students and practitioners interested in EU foreign and security policy, European and global maritime security issues, EU integration, EU crisis and international relations. Marianne Riddervold is an Associate Professor at Inland Norway University of applied sciences, a Senior fellow at UC Berkeley Institute of European Studies and a Guest Researcher at ARENA - Centre for European Studies at the University of Oslo.


Conundrum

Author by : Richard Bacon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Biteback Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 550
File Size : 46,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Government failure is affecting everyone. The single mum worried sick by a tax credit demand from HMRC to 'repay' thousands of pounds she never received; the family whose holiday was ruined because the Passport Office couldn't issue passports in time; the school that couldn't open at the start of term because CRB checks were being carried out by an organisation in meltdown; the farmers led to bankruptcy and even suicide by a Kafkaesque system for administering farm payments; and rail operators facing an uncertain future because the Department for Transport inadvertently landed the whole rail franchising system in chaos. Why is government getting it so wrong? Richard Bacon and Christopher Hope delve into the astonishing world of cock-ups and catastrophes and ponder why those at the top continue to fall short.


House Of Commons European Scrutiny Committee Fourth Report Of Session 2009 10

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: European Scrutiny Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 228
File Size : 40,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Fourth report of Session 2009-10 : Documents considered by the Committee on 15 December 2009, including the following recommendations for debate, European Development Fund (EDF) expenditure; financial management; European Defence Agency activity in 2009 a


Twelfth Report Of Session 2010 11

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: European Scrutiny Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 846
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Twelfth report of Session 2010-11 : Documents considered by the Committee on 15 December 2010, including the following recommendations for debate, Audit policy; Energy 2010; European Citizens' initiative; EU budget review; financial management, report, to


Referendums In The United Kingdom

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Select Committee on the Constitution
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 628
File Size : 43,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Referendums in the United Kingdom : 12th report of session 2009-10, report with Evidence


Banking In Scotland

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Scottish Affairs Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 421
File Size : 44,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This report examines the impact on Scotland of the current economic crisis, specifically the recapitalisation of two of its largest banks: Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) and the newly merged Lloyds TSB and Halifax Bank of Scotland. Evidence suggests that customers are not being fairly treated by the very banks being supported by taxpayers' money to the tune of hundreds of billions of pounds. The Committee is disappointed that both banks and the Minister consider it a necessary evil to reward to certain bank executives with enormous bonuses when thousands of rank and file employees face redundancy. They are not convinced that there has been a change of culture within banks as a result of the crisis and are concerned that front-line staff are still being pressured to sell potentially unsuitable products such as loans and credit cards to customers at pre-crisis levels. Furthermore, small and medium sized businesses vital to the Scottish economy have experienced extreme difficulties in the past eighteen months in accessing the finance necessary to keep themselves afloat. This inquiry specifically covered the effect of the banking crisis on jobs, services to the public and small business lending in Scotland; the effect of the failure of Scottish banks and building societies on the international reputation of Scotland's banking sector and the effectiveness of measures put in place by the UK Government


Piracy And The Privatisation Of Maritime Security

Author by : Eugenio Cusumano
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 325
File Size : 43,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In response to pirate attacks in the Western Indian Ocean, countries worldwide have increasingly authorized the deployment of armed guards from private military and security companies (PMSCs) on merchant ships. This widespread trend contradicts states’ commitment to retain a monopoly on violence and discourage the presence of arms on civilian vessels. This book conceptualizes the extensive use of PMSCs as a form of institutional isomorphism, combining the functionalist, ideational, political and organizational arguments used to account for the privatization of security on land into a synthetic explanation of the commercialization of vessel protection.


Western Foreign Policy And The Middle East

Author by : Christian Kaunert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 875
File Size : 47,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book examines Western foreign policy towards the Middle East, and the extent to which the promotion of democracy has been in conflict with, or supported by, other goals (geo-strategic, economic, and cultural) in the policies of the major actors towards the Middle East. Does the Arab Spring provide a new opening for cooperation with the region? Contributions are offered by scholars with research interests in Middle Eastern politics, and by those analysing the policies and interests of external actors. Against the backdrop of the recent ‘War on Terror’, the comparative and interdisciplinary outlook of the book will offer the opportunity for much needed intellectual exchanges between political scientists, contemporary historians, and international relations scholars from Europe, North America and the Middle East. Since it coincides with and/or follows the final phases of US and British withdrawal from Iraq and Afghanistan, this book will be highly relevant to both academics and policy-makers in the UK and abroad, making a significant contribution not only to the scholarly investigation of Western foreign policies, but also to the study of the Middle East in general. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Cambridge Review of International Affairs.


Combating Somali Piracy

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 271
File Size : 42,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A report that states the EU's Operation Atalanta has made a strong contribution to combating piracy, however, there are a number of areas that need improvement and require action.


Legislative Scrutiny

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: Joint Committee on Human Rights
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 505
File Size : 50,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Legislative Scrutiny : Crime and Security Bill; Personal Care at Home Bill; Children, Schools and Families Bill, twelfth report of session 2009-10, report, together with formal minutes and written Evidence


Maritime Piracy And The Construction Of Global Governance

Author by : Michael J. Struett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 369
File Size : 51,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Piratical attacks have become more frequent, violent, costly and increasingly threaten to undermine order in the international system. Much attention has focused on Somalia, but piracy is a problem worldwide. Recent coordination efforts among states in South East Asia appear to have helped in the area, but elsewhere piracy has expanded. Interestingly, international law has long recognized piracy as a crime and provided tools for universal suppression, yet piracy persists. In this book, a handpicked group of leading experts in the field of International Relations use maritime piracy as a means to expose the incongruities in our understanding of global governance. Using broadly constructivist approaches to understand international actors’ responses to the challenges created by maritime piracy, the contributors question a number of myths and misconceptions around piracy and analyze the various ways that international law and organizations channel actors’ understandings of maritime piracy and their efforts to respond to it. In doing so, they expose some shaky foundations for IR theorists: how do we conceive of governance and legitimacy when they are delinked from the territorial aspect of the modern nation-state? What happens to prospects for cooperation when we get to the nitty-gritty questions of practice related to paying for trials, imprisoning and maintaining captured pirates, bearing the burden of policing sea-lanes, or even determining what constitutes a pirate? Does anyone have a monopoly on the legitimate use of force at sea, and how is that legitimacy constructed? Maritime Piracy and the Construction of Global Governance offers an improved theoretical understanding of the response of the international community to maritime piracy and broadens our understanding of the complex and sometimes countervailing motivations of all the actors involved, from international organizations and states down to the pirates themselves.


Piracy Off The Coast Of Somalia

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Foreign Affairs Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 159
File Size : 46,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Somali piracy poses a threat to the UK's national interests as well as global trading routes and international security. The costs of allowing piracy to proliferate are high. The British shipping industry is worth £10.7 billion to the UK's GDP, and the costs of security, insurance, re-routing have vastly increased the costs of doing business. Over $300 million has been paid in ransoms to Somali pirates over the past four years, and thousands of seafarers have been held hostage, some of whom have been subject to cruel treatment and even torture. Self-defence measures, multi-national naval operations and prosecutions have begun to take effect, but have not yet contained the problem. The major international conference on Somalia in February 2012 must produce results. Although private armed guards will be permitted on UK shipping, the Government's guidance on the use of force, particularly lethal force, is very limited and there is little to help a ship's master make a judgement on where force can be used. The Committee also expresses surprise that so little is known about what happens to ransom money. The solution lies in establishing order on land, ending impunity for piracy crimes and offering alternatives. However, the report warns against international claims to deliver a solution in Somalia, and urges the Government to develop its engagement with and support for Somali civil society organisations and local projects. The FCO should also review its communication and other procedures to support family members of British hostages held abroad.


Work Of The Committee In 2008 09

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: Joint Committee on Human Rights
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 181
File Size : 41,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A report that provides an overview of the Committee's work during the 2008-09 parliamentary session and draws attention to improvements to the human rights landscape in the UK which it has commended in reports during the year. It also mentions a number of continuing areas for concern.


Legislative Scrutiny Financial Services Bill And The Pre Budget Report Third Report Of Session 2009 10 Report Together With Formal Minutes And Appendices

Author by : U K Stationery Office
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 524
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Legislative Scrutiny : Financial Services Bill and the Pre-budget report, third report of session 2009-10, report, together with formal minutes and Appendices


Britain S Secret Wars

Author by : T. J. Coles
Languange : en
Publisher by : CLAIRVIEW BOOKS
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 556
File Size : 55,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In a devastating analysis, T. J. Coles reveals the true extent of Britain’s covert foreign policy that supports war, conflict and oppression around the world. Unbeknownst to the broad population, the Shadow State sponsors a ‘new world order’ that allies Britain with America’s quest for global power – what the Pentagon calls ‘Full Spectrum Dominance’. Coles documents how British operatives have interfered in Syria, Libya, Iraq, Iran and Yemen with the aim of deposing unwanted regimes. In doing so, they have helped create extensive terrorist networks across the Middle East, reviving previously-failing Jihadist groups such as ISIL, which has now transformed into an international terror franchise. In addition to waging clandestine wars in the Middle East, the secret services have used the military to run drugs by proxy in Colombia, train death squads in Bangladesh and support instability in Ukraine, where NATO’s strategic encroachment on Russia is drawing the world closer to terminal nuclear confrontation. Coles unearths Britain’s involvement in the recent ethnic cleansing of Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan government, the invasion of Somalia by Somali and Ethiopian warlords, and Indonesia’s atrocities in Papua. He also exposes the extensive use of drones for murder and intimidation across the Middle East and elsewhere. Britain’s Secret Wars is essential reading for anyone who wants to dig beneath the surface of current events. This expanded edition features a new Preface.


The British Film Industry In The 1970s

Author by : Sian Barber
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 209
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Throughout the 1970s the British film industry struggled to produce films which performed well at the box office and appealed to audiences. As a result, the decade has often been considered as one of the low points of British cinema. But was this really the case? Conventional film histories of the decade have emphasised key texts and specific genres, such as the Bond films, the Carry On series or low budget horror. Yet British cinema in this period offered a great deal more to audiences, and careful study of original documents demonstrates the diversity and variety of an industry, and a decade, typically perceived as limited and unimaginative. An examination of important material – much of it newly discovered or previously under-used – offers an insight into the industry in this decade while key case studies present a detailed picture of the eclectic, diverse and often challenging film culture of the period.


Constitutional Democracy In Crisis

Author by : Mark A. Graber
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 659
File Size : 40,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Is the world facing a serious threat to the protection of constitutional democracy? There is a genuine debate about the meaning of the various political events that have, for many scholars and observers, generated a feeling of deep foreboding about our collective futures all over the world. Do these events represent simply the normal ebb and flow of political possibilities, or do they instead portend a more permanent move away from constitutional democracy that had been thought triumphant after the demise of the Soviet Union in 1989? Constitutional Democracy in Crisis? addresses these questions head-on: Are the forces weakening constitutional democracy around the world general or nation-specific? Why have some major democracies seemingly not experienced these problems? How can we as scholars and citizens think clearly about the ideas of "constitutional crisis" or "constitutional degeneration"? What are the impacts of forces such as globalization, immigration, income inequality, populism, nationalism, religious sectarianism? Bringing together leading scholars to engage critically with the crises facing constitutional democracies in the 21st century, these essays diagnose the causes of the present afflictions in regimes, regions, and across the globe, believing at this stage that diagnosis is of central importance - as Abraham Lincoln said in his "House Divided" speech, "If we could first know where we are, and whither we are tending, we could then better judge what to do, and how to do it."


The Migration Debate

Author by : Spencer, Sarah
Languange : en
Publisher by : Policy Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 258
File Size : 49,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A contribution to one of the most hotly contested issues in Europe, The migration debate provides a well-balanced, critical analysis of UK migration policies, in a European context, from entry controls through to integration and citizenship. Exploring the pressures and constraints that have shaped a rapidly shifting policy terrain, this accessible overview offers a considered assessment of policy options to provide the foundation for a less polarised, better-informed public debate. Unusual in its coverage of immigration for work, study, family and protection, and in its insistence that an understanding of integration processes must be considered alongside analysis of entry controls, The migration debate will be of equal value to policy makers as to a multi-disciplinary academic readership.


Foreign And Commonwealth Office Annual Report 2008 09 Fifth Report Of Session 2009 10 Report Together With Formal Minutes Oral And Written Evidence

Author by : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Foreign Affairs Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 273
File Size : 52,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The FCO departmental report and resource accounts 2008-09 published as HC 460-I,II (ISBN 9780102961614)


Referendums In The United Kingdom

Author by : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Constitution Committee
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 445
File Size : 49,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


The Constitution Of The United Kingdom

Author by : Peter Leyland
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 288
File Size : 42,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This acclaimed book provides a topical and contextual outline of the principles,doctrines and institutions that underpin the United Kingdom constitution. The third edition of The Constitution of the United Kingdom has been comprehensively revised and updated to take account of recent constitutional developments and debates. This includes: the revised framework for devolution following the 2014 referendum in Scotland, the constitutional ramifications of the realignment of UK politics reflected in the result of the 2015 general election and the debate over the possible replacement of the Human Rights Act 1998 with a British Bill of Rights. The chapters are written in sufficient detail for anyone coming to the subject for the first time to develop a clear and informed view of how the constitution is arranged and how it operates. The main themes include: discussion of the history, sources and conventions of the constitution; later chapters deal with: constitutional principles, the role of the Crown, Parliament and the electoral system, government and the executive, the constitutional role of courts including the protection of human rights, the territorial distribution of power between central, devolved and local government, and the European Union dimension. In addition, the book offers analysis of the evolution of the uncodified UK constitution, its strengths and perceived weaknesses, and of reforms aimed at its modernisation.


The War Prerogative

Author by : Rosara Joseph
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 339
File Size : 48,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book studies the evolution of the war prerogative in England from 1600-2012. It traces the historical theory and practice of the war prerogative and proposes reform of the constitutional arrangements for its exercise. It addresses three key questions. First, what have writers on political and constitutional theory said about the constitutional arrangements for the war prerogative, and, in particular, what justifications have been advanced for those arrangements? Secondly, in practice, has the executive in fact possessed sole and exclusive powers over war and the deployment of force, or have Parliament and the courts had a role to play in their exercise and scrutiny? Thirdly, are there better ways to organise our constitutional arrangements for the war prerogative, to enable a more substantive role for Parliament (particularly the House of Commons) in its exercise and scrutiny? On the first question, it is shown that orthodox theoretical and political discourses have continuously asserted the executive's exclusive power over war, but the justifications advanced for that arrangement have changed over time. Those changes reflect the varying influence of different political theories at different times. On the second question, it is found that, contrary to orthodox theoretical and political discourses, Parliament has played an active and substantive role in the exercise and scrutiny of the war prerogative. The courts have refused to intervene in the exercise of the war prerogative, but have been more ready to intervene in cases involving the exercise of powers incidental to the war prerogative. On the third question, it is argued that reform of the constitutional arrangements for the war prerogative is necessary and desirable. The use of 'institutional mechanisms' is recommended, which are small-scale rules and institutional arrangements, within existing institutions, which aim to promote certain normative goals. In particular, the enactment of a statute is proposed, which would impose conditions on the executive's exercise of its war prerogative. It is argued that these proposals show that, through careful institutional design, democratic values, national security, and operational efficiency can each be reconciled and promoted.


Sustainable Building Design

Author by : Miles Keeping
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 369
File Size : 50,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : An inside view of how one of the world's leading architecture and engineering practice does business Sustainable Built Environments: Principles and Practice offers detailed, environmentally sound design solutions to a wide range of building engineering challenges. The text uses case examples and project data provided by engineers and designers at Arup Associates. It covers a broad range of relevant issues, with focused commentaries and explanations presented in an accessible format for use by students, busy practitioners and informed clients. Whilst this book stresses the importance of a unified approach to design, the text is divided into six principal chapters, each addressing an important aspect of sustainable architecture and engineering. These chapters (Master Planning, Transport, Energy, The Building Envelope, Environmental Services, and Materials) may be read on their own or in sequence as part of a narrative. Throughout the book, photographs, architectural and engineering drawings and diagrams, examples, and other data illustrate the case studies. Numerous web links are provided to additional information. This inspirational book: Focuses on the work of Arup Associates, the award winning architectural and engineering practice Uses real-life examples of functioning buildings and structures to provide information and guidance on the development of sustainable solutions Is packed with informative illustrations Sustainable Built Environments: Principles and Practice is a unique text that will inform and inspire architects and engineers, as well as students of those disciplines, around the globe.


Counter Terrorism Policy And Human Rights Seventeenth Report

Author by : Great Britain: Parliament: Joint Committee on Human Rights
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 128
File Size : 42,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Joint Committee on Human Rights calls for a fundamental, independent review of the necessity for and proportionality of all counter-terrorism measures adopted since September 11 2001. It questions the way that the policy imperatives of national security and public safety have been used to justify squeezing out human rights considerations. Since September 11 2001, the Government has continuously claimed that there is a "public emergency threatening the life of the nation". The Committee questions whether the country has really been in this state for over eight years. A permanent state of emergency skews public debate about the justification for rights-limiting counter-terrorism measures. It is unacceptable that the Director General of the Security Service refuses to appear before it to give public evidence - despite giving public lectures and media interviews. The Committee finds the Government's narrow definition of complicity in torture significant and worrying and calls for an urgent independent inquiry into the allegations of complicity in torture. The Government should drop the draft bill still being held in reserve to allow pre-charge detention to be extended to 42 days. And more work should be done on measures - such as bail and the use of intercept evidence - that could reduce the use of pre-charge detention. The Intelligence and Security Committee should become a proper Parliamentary committee with an independent secretariat and legal advice and appointing an independent reviewer of counter-terror legislation who reports directly to Parliament not the Government.