A History of Natural Philosophy

A History of Natural Philosophy
Author: Edward Grant
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-01-22
ISBN: 9781139461092
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A History of Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally independently of natural philosophy. Although this began slowly to change in the late Middle Ages, a much more thoroughgoing union of natural philosophy and mathematics occurred in the seventeenth century and thereby made the Scientific Revolution possible. The title of Isaac Newton's great work, The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, perfectly reflects the new relationship. Natural philosophy became the 'Great Mother of the Sciences', which by the nineteenth century had nourished the manifold chemical, physical, and biological sciences to maturity, thus enabling them to leave the 'Great Mother' and emerge as the multiplicity of independent sciences we know today.

History of Natural Philosophy A From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century

History of Natural Philosophy  A  From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century
Author: Edward Grant
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2014-05-14
ISBN: 9780511296079
Category: SCIENCE
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Natural Philosophy A From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century Book Excerpt:

Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally independently of natural philosophy. Although this began slowly to change in the late Middle Ages, a much more thoroughgoing union of natural philosophy and mathematics occurred in the seventeenth century and thereby made the Scientific Revolution possible. The title of Isaac Newton's great work, The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, perfectly reflects the new relationship. Natural philosophy became the 'Great Mother of the Sciences', which by the nineteenth century had nourished the manifold chemical, physical, and biological sciences to maturity, thus enabling them to leave the 'Great Mother' and emerge as the multiplicity of independent sciences we know today.

From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences

From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences
Author: David Cahan
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2003-09-15
ISBN: 0226089282
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences Book Excerpt:

During the 19th century, much of the modern scientific enterprise took shape: scientific disciplines were formed, institutions and communities were founded and unprecedented applications to and interactions with other aspects of society and culture occurred. taught us about this exciting time and identify issues that remain unexamined or require reconsideration. They treat scientific disciplines - biology, physics, chemistry, the earth sciences, mathematics and the social sciences - in their specific intellectual and sociocultural contexts as well as the broader topics of science and medicine; science and religion; scientific institutions and communities; and science, technology and industry. From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences should be valuable for historians of science, but also of great interest to scholars of all aspects of 19th-century life and culture.

The Sword and the Crucible Count Boldizs r Batthy ny and Natural Philosophy in Sixteenth Century Hungary

The Sword and the Crucible  Count Boldizs  r Batthy  ny and Natural Philosophy in Sixteenth Century Hungary
Author: Dóra Bobory
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2009-05-05
ISBN: 1443810932
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sword and the Crucible Count Boldizs r Batthy ny and Natural Philosophy in Sixteenth Century Hungary Book Excerpt:

In the sixteenth century a new type of practitioner emerges in Europe: the aristocrat who not only supports creative activities, but is personally involved in the projects he finances. The courts of noblemen and other wealthy individuals are transformed into new sites of knowledge production where medicinal waters are distilled, exotic plants cultivated, and alchemical experiments pursued. This new fascination with nature, and the wish to explore and exploit its explicit and hidden mechanisms, was an intellectual trend that spread all over Europe, reaching even the easternmost parts of the Habsburg Monarchy. The Hungarian Count Boldizsár Batthyány (c.1542–1590), a powerful aristocrat and formidable warrior, was also a passionate devotee of natural philosophy. His Western Hungarian court was the focal point of an intellectual network which comprised scholars—such as the renowned botanist Carolus Clusius—physicians, book dealers, and fellow aristocrats from Central Europe and used his connections to exchange objects and information. Batthyány’s biography, his extensive correspondence and up-to-date book collection on natural philosophy—especially alchemy, Paracelsian medicine, and botany—reveals that wealth, mobility and intellectual curiosity allowed him to share the enthusiasms of his Western European counterparts, and make the Muses speak even among arms.

Biology History and Natural Philosophy

Biology  History  and Natural Philosophy
Author: Allan D. Breck,Wolfgang Yourgrau
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 355
Release: 1974-04
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology History and Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

In a world that peers over the brink of disaster more often than not it is difficult to find specific assignments for the scholarly community. One speaks of peace and brotherhood only to realize that for many the only real hope of making a contribution may seem to be in a field of scientific specialization seemingly irrelevant to social causes and problems. Yet the history of man since the beginnings of science in the days of the Greeks does not support this gloomy thesis. Time and again we have seen science precipitate social trends or changes in the humanistic beliefs that have a significant effect on the scientific community. Not infrequently the theoretical scientist, triggered by society's changing goals and understandings, finds ultimate satisfaction in the work of his colleagues in engineering and the other applied fields. Thus the major debate in mid-nineteenth century in which the evidence of natural history and geology at variance with the Biblical feats provided not only courage to a timid Darwin but the kind of audience that was needed to fit his theories into the broad public dialogue on these topics. The impact of "Darwinism" was felt far beyond the scientific community. It affected social thought, upset religious certainties and greatly affected the teaching of science.

Natural Philosophy Through the 18th Century and Allied Topics

Natural Philosophy Through the 18th Century  and Allied Topics
Author: Allan Ferguson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 164
Release: 1948
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Philosophy Through the 18th Century and Allied Topics Book Excerpt:

The Transformation of Natural Philosophy

The Transformation of Natural Philosophy
Author: Sachiko Kusukawa,Tutor and Fellow in History and Philosophy of Science Sachiko Kusukawa,Kusukawa Sachiko,Barber Beaumont Professor of the Humanities Quentin Skinner
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 246
Release: 1995-03-09
ISBN: 0521473470
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Transformation of Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

A study of the transformation of natural philosophy by the Lutheran Philip Melanchthon.

From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences

From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences
Author: David Cahan
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2003-09-15
ISBN: 9780226089270
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences Book Excerpt:

During the 19th century, much of the modern scientific enterprise took shape: scientific disciplines were formed, institutions and communities were founded and unprecedented applications to and interactions with other aspects of society and culture occurred. taught us about this exciting time and identify issues that remain unexamined or require reconsideration. They treat scientific disciplines - biology, physics, chemistry, the earth sciences, mathematics and the social sciences - in their specific intellectual and sociocultural contexts as well as the broader topics of science and medicine; science and religion; scientific institutions and communities; and science, technology and industry. From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences should be valuable for historians of science, but also of great interest to scholars of all aspects of 19th-century life and culture.

Natural Philosophy

Natural Philosophy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 524
Release: 1832
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Physics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

A Comparison of Classical English Economic Thought with Newtonian Natural Philosophy

A Comparison of Classical English Economic Thought with Newtonian Natural Philosophy
Author: Robert Ross Black
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1963
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Comparison of Classical English Economic Thought with Newtonian Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

The Bible and Natural Philosophy in Renaissance Italy

The Bible and Natural Philosophy in Renaissance Italy
Author: Andrew D. Berns
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-11-24
ISBN: 1316165183
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Bible and Natural Philosophy in Renaissance Italy Book Excerpt:

The Bible and Natural Philosophy in Renaissance Italy explores the reciprocal relationship between biblical interpretation and natural philosophy in sixteenth-century Italy. The book augments our knowledge of the manifold applications of medical expertise in the Renaissance and of the multiple ways in which the Bible was read by educated people who lacked theological training. Andrew D. Berns demonstrates that many physicians in sixteenth-century Italy, Jewish and Christian alike, took a keen interest in the Bible and post-biblical religious literature. Berns identifies the intellectual tools that Renaissance doctors and natural philosophers brought to bear on their analysis of the Bible and assesses how their education and professional experience helped them acquire, develop, and use those tools. The Bible and Natural Philosophy in Renaissance Italy argues that the changing nature of medical culture in the Renaissance inspired physicians to approach the Bible not only as a divine work but also as a historical and scientific text.

Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth Century Tuscany

Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth Century Tuscany
Author: Luciano Boschiero
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2007-09-04
ISBN: 140206246X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth Century Tuscany Book Excerpt:

This work counters historiographies that search for the origins of modern science within the experimental practices of Europe’s first scientific institutions, such as the Cimento. It proposes that we should look beyond the experimental rhetoric found in published works, to find that the Cimento academicians were participants in a culture of natural philosophical theorising that existed throughout Europe.

Journal of Natural Philosophy Chemistry and the Arts

Journal of Natural Philosophy  Chemistry and the Arts
Author: William Nicholson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1805
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemistry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Natural Philosophy Chemistry and the Arts Book Excerpt:

The Spirit of Inquiry

The Spirit of Inquiry
Author: Susannah Gibson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-02-14
ISBN: 0192569872
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Spirit of Inquiry Book Excerpt:

Cambridge is now world-famous as a centre of science, but it wasn't always so. Before the nineteenth century, the sciences were of little importance in the University of Cambridge. But that began to change in 1819 when two young Cambridge fellows took a geological fieldtrip to the Isle of Wight. Adam Sedgwick and John Stevens Henslow spent their days there exploring, unearthing dazzling fossils, dreaming up elaborate theories about the formation of the earth, and bemoaning the lack of serious science in their ancient university. As they threw themselves into the exciting new science of geology - conjuring millions of years of history from the evidence they found in the island's rocks - they also began to dream of a new scientific society for Cambridge. This society would bring together like-minded young men who wished to learn of the latest science from overseas, and would encourage original research in Cambridge. It would be, they wrote, a society "to keep alive the spirit of inquiry". Their vision was realised when they founded the Cambridge Philosophical Society later that same year. Its founders could not have imagined the impact the Cambridge Philosophical Society would have: it was responsible for the first publication of Charles Darwin's scientific writings, and hosted some of the most heated debates about evolutionary theory in the nineteenth century; it saw the first announcement of x-ray diffraction by a young Lawrence Bragg - a technique that would revolutionise the physical, chemical and life sciences; it published the first paper by C.T.R. Wilson on his cloud chamber - a device that opened up a previously-unimaginable world of sub-atomic particles. 200 years on from the Society's foundation, this book reflects on the achievements of Sedgwick, Henslow, their peers, and their successors. Susannah Gibson explains how Cambridge moved from what Sedgwick saw as a "death-like stagnation" (really little more than a provincial training school for Church of England clergy) to being a world-leader in the sciences. And she shows how science, once a peripheral activity undertaken for interest by a small number of wealthy gentlemen, has transformed into an enormously well-funded activity that can affect every aspect of our lives.

History of Natural Philosophy from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time Classic Reprint

History of Natural Philosophy from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time  Classic Reprint
Author: Baden Powell
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2015-06-30
ISBN: 9781440053252
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Natural Philosophy from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time Classic Reprint Book Excerpt:

Excerpt from History of Natural Philosophy From the Earliest Periods to the Present Time "in primis, hominis est propria veri inquisitio atque investigate. Itaque cum sumus negotiis necessariis, curisque vacui, tum avcmus aliquid videre, audire, ac dicere, cognitionemque rerum, aut occultarum aut ad-'mirabilium, ad bene beateque vivendum necessariain ducimus; - ex quo intelligitur, quod verum, simplex, sincerumque sit, id esse naturae hominis aptissimum. Huic veri videndi cupiditati adjuncta est appetitio quaedam principats, ut nemini parere animus bene a natura informatus velit, nisi prcipienti, aut docenti, aut utilitatis causa juste et legitime imperanti: ex quoanimi magnitudo existit, et humanarum rerum contemtio." Before an other things, man is distinguished by his pursuit and investigation of truth. And hence, when free from needful business and cares, we delight to see, to hear, and to communicate, and consider a knowledge of many admirable and abstruse things necessary to the good conduct and happiness of our lives: whence it is clear that whatsoever is true, simple, and direct, the same is most congenial to our nature as men. Closely allied with this earnest longing to see and know the truth, is a kind of dignified and princely sentiment which forbids a mind, naturally well constituted, to submit its faculties to any but those who announce it in precept or in doctrine, or to yield obedience to any orders but such as are at once just, lawful, and founded on utility. From this source spring greatness of mind and contempt of worldly advantages and troubles. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."

Elements of Experimental and Natural Philosophy

Elements of Experimental and Natural Philosophy
Author: Jabez Hogg
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 560
Release: 1861
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Physics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Elements of Experimental and Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

In Praise of Natural Philosophy

In Praise of Natural Philosophy
Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publsiher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-02-24
ISBN: 0773549056
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Praise of Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

In Praise of Natural Philosophy argues for a transformation of both science and philosophy, so that these two distinct domains of thought become one: natural philosophy. This in turn has far-reaching consequences for the whole academic enterprise. It transpires that universities need to be reorganized so that they become devoted to seeking and promoting wisdom by rational means – as opposed to just acquiring knowledge. Modern science began as natural philosophy. What today we call science and philosophy, in Newton's time formed one integrated enterprise: to improve our knowledge and understanding of the universe. Profound discoveries were made. And then natural philosophy died. It split into science and philosophy. But the two fragments are defective shadows of the glorious unified endeavour of natural philosophy. Rigour, sheer intellectual good sense, and decisive argument demand that we put the two together again, and rediscover the immense merits of the integrated enterprise of natural philosophy. This requires an intellectual revolution, with profound consequences for how we understand the universe, do both science and philosophy, and tackle global problems. A comprehensive addition to discussions about the purposes of academia, In Praise of Natural Philosophy has dramatic implications for the fate of our world.

Women the Novel and Natural Philosophy 1660 1727

Women  the Novel  and Natural Philosophy  1660   1727
Author: K. Gevirtz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2014-03-06
ISBN: 1137386762
Category: Fiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Women the Novel and Natural Philosophy 1660 1727 Book Excerpt:

This book shows how early women novelists from Aphra Behn to Mary Davys drew on debates about the self generated by the 'scientific' revolution to establish the novel as a genre. Fascinated by the problematic idea of a unified self underpinning modes of thinking, female novelists innovated narrative structures to interrogate this idea.

The Natural Philosophy of Chu Hsi 1130 1200

The Natural Philosophy of Chu Hsi  1130 1200
Author: Yung Sik Kim
Publsiher: American Philosophical Society
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780871692351
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Natural Philosophy of Chu Hsi 1130 1200 Book Excerpt:

In a much-revised version of his 1980 doctoral dissertation in the history of science for Princeton University, Kim (history and philosophy of science, Seoul National U.) examines the knowledge about the natural world that informed Chu Hsi's renowned neo-Confucian synthesis. He sets out his basic concepts, reviews his understanding of the world, and examines the relationship between the two. He includes an extensive glossary with the English meaning and the Chinese characters. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

A theory of natural philosophy on mechanical principles

A theory of natural philosophy  on mechanical principles
Author: T H. Pasley
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1836
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A theory of natural philosophy on mechanical principles Book Excerpt: