Description : This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Description : Yaron Perry's account reveals, without bias or partiality, the story of the "London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews" and its unique contribution to the restoration of the Holy Land. This Protestant organization were the first to take root in the Holy Land from 1820 onwards.
Description : Photography emerged in 1839 in two forms simultaneously. In France, Louis Daguerre produced photographs on silvered sheets of copper, while in Great Britain, William Henry Fox Talbot put forward a method of capturing an image on ordinary writing paper treated with chemicals. Talbot’s invention, a paper negative from which any number of positive prints could be made, became the progenitor of virtually all photography carried out before the digital age. Talbot named his perfected invention "calotype," a term based on the Greek word for beauty. Calotypes were characterized by a capacity for subtle tonal distinctions, massing of light and shadow, and softness of detail. In the 1840s, amateur photographers in Britain responded with enthusiasm to the challenges posed by the new medium. Their subjects were wide-ranging, including landscapes and nature studies, architecture, and portraits. Glass-negative photography, which appeared in 1851, was based on the same principles as the paper negative but yielded a sharper picture, and quickly gained popularity. Despite the rise of glass negatives in commercial photography, many gentlemen of leisure and learning continued to use paper negatives into the 1850s and 1860s. These amateurs did not seek the widespread distribution and international reputation pursued by their commercial counterparts, nearly all of whom favored glass negatives. As a result, many of these calotype works were produced in a small number of prints for friends and fellow photographers or for a family album. This richly illustrated, landmark publication tells the first full history of the calotype, embedding it in the context of Britain’s changing fortunes, intricate class structure, ever-growing industrialization, and the new spirit under Queen Victoria. Of the 118 early photographs presented here in meticulously printed plates, many have never before been published or exhibited.
Description : The human-being have been using caves all over the world since the beginning of time. Caves were used for different purposes such as hiding, refuge, treasure keeping, burial and also for living. Many cultures around the globe used caves for those purposes for millions of years. Israel itself have become an important area in the old days for prehistoric people who traveled from Africa towards Europe and some of them stopped along the way to live inside caves. In fact, in the Carmel Mountains there are caves which were found being populated in the past by Neanderthals for almost 500,000 years - the longest period ever documented of human-beings living in the same cave.Enter into the world of Caves in the Holy Land and discover the amazing and unknown caves which exist in Israel. In this book you will find many interesting caves' descriptions, archaeology, location of these caves along with amazing photographs taken by the Caver and Photographer Itai Schkolnik.