A Review Ultrahigh Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes

A Review  Ultrahigh Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes
Author: Nagamitsu Yoshimura
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2020-02-15
ISBN: 012819703X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Review Ultrahigh Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes Book Excerpt:

A Review: Ultrahigh-Vacuum Technology for Electron Microscopes provides information on the fundamentals of ultra-high vacuum systems. It covers the very subtle process that can help increase pressure inside the microscope (or inside any other ultra-high vacuum system) and the different behavior of the molecules contributing to this kind of process. Prof Yoshimura’s book offers detailed information on electron microscope components, as well as UHV technology. This book is an ideal resource for industrial microscopists, engineers and scientists responsible for the design, operation and maintenance of electron microscopes. In addition, engineering students or engineers working with electron microscopes will find it useful. Teaches how to incorporate diffusion pumps for UHV electron microscopy Presents the work of an author who brings a lifetime of experience working on vacuum technology and electron microscopes

Vacuum Technology

Vacuum Technology
Author: Nagamitsu Yoshimura
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 353
Release: 2007-12-04
ISBN: 3540744339
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vacuum Technology Book Excerpt:

In this book, Yoshimura provides a review of the UHV related development during the last decades. His very broad experience in the design enables him to present us this detailed reference. After a general description how to design UHV systems, he covers all important issue in detail, like pumps, outgasing, Gauges, and Electrodes for high voltages. Thus, this book serves as reference for everybody using UVH in scientific equipment.

Foundations of Molecular Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis

Foundations of Molecular Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis
Author: Nagamitsu Yoshimura
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2019-11-13
ISBN: 0128186887
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Molecular Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis Book Excerpt:

Foundations of Molecular-Flow Networks for Vacuum System Analysis is the only book that covers desorption, adsorption and outgassing in relation to molecular-flow networks. It will be beneficial for academics, students and industry personnel working in the field of ultra-high vacuums for designing the equipment/set-up and as a guide to understand the processes relating to vacuums. The book is fully supported with equations and case studies from industry. Vacuum technology is extensively used in large synchrotrons and other large accelerators, as well as in many other smaller industrial and scientific facilities. Hence, this book is a welcome addition to the literature. Explains how to design, model and simulate vacuum systems to obtain satisfactory pressure distributions Offers a practical description of molecular flow, providing techniques to design molecular flow networks of vacuum systems and processes Explores equivalence with electrical components to help readers with simulation using free software such as LTSPICE

Structure and Dynamics of Surfaces I

Structure and Dynamics of Surfaces I
Author: W. Schommers,P.v. Blanckenhagen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2013-03-08
ISBN: 3642465749
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure and Dynamics of Surfaces I Book Excerpt:

During the last decade, surface research has clearly shifted its interest from the macroscopic to the microscopic scale; a wealth of novel experimental techniques and theoretical methods have been applied and developed successfully. The Topics volume at hand gives an account of this tendency. For the understanding of surface phenomena and their exploitation in tech nical applications, the theoretical and experimental analysis at the microscopic level is of particular interest. In heterogeneous catalysis, for example, a chemical reaction takes place at the interface of two phases, and the process occurring at the surface is composed of a sequence of individual microscopic steps. These individual steps include adsorption, desorption, surface diffusion, and reaction on the surface. These elementary steps are greatly influenced by the structure and the dynamics of the surface region. Especially the catalytic activity may strongly depend on the structure of the catalyst's surface. The necessity of per forming surface investigations on a microscopic scale is also reflected clearly in research work relating to metal-semiconductor interfaces which determine es sentially the properties of electronic device materials. The experimental probe on the atomic scale, coupled with parallel theoretical calculations, showed that the electronic properties of a metal-semiconductor interface strongly depend on the crystallographic structure of the semiconductor; in particular, it is im portant to know in this context the modification of the atomic arrangement in the surface region caused by the termination of the crystal by the surface.

Nanofabrication Handbook

Nanofabrication Handbook
Author: Stefano Cabrini,Satoshi Kawata
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 546
Release: 2012-02-24
ISBN: 1420090526
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanofabrication Handbook Book Excerpt:

While many books are dedicated to individual aspects of nanofabrication, there is no single source that defines and explains the total vision of the field. Filling this gap, Nanofabrication Handbook presents a unique collection of new and the most important established approaches to nanofabrication. Contributors from leading research facilities and academic institutions around the world define subfields, offer practical instructions and examples, and pave the way for future research. Helping readers to select the proper fabricating technique for their experiments, the book provides a broad vision of the most critical problems and explains how to solve them. It includes basic definitions and introduces the main underlying concepts of nanofabrication. The book also discusses the major advantages and disadvantages of each approach and offers a wide variety of examples of cutting-edge applications. Each chapter focuses on a particular method or aspect of study. For every method, the contributors describe the underlying theoretical basis, resolution, patterns and substrates used, and applications. They show how applications at the nanoscale require a different process and understanding than those at the microscale. For each experiment, they elucidate key solutions to problems relating to materials, methods, and surface considerations. A complete resource for this rapidly emerging interdisciplinary field, this handbook provides practical information for planning the experiments of any project that employs nanofabrication techniques. It gives readers a foundation to enter the complex world of nanofabrication and inspires the scientific community at large to push the limits of nanometer resolution.

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology
Author: Herbert Herman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-01-31
ISBN: 1483218139
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology Book Excerpt:

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 4 covers the fundamental properties and characterization of materials, ranging from simple solids to complex heterophase systems. The book covers articles on advanced techniques by which thin films may be characterized; on diffusion in substitutional alloys; and on solid solution strengthening in face-centered cubic alloys. The text also includes articles on the thermodynamics of binary ordered intermetallic phases; and the major aspects of metal powder processing. Professional scientists and engineers, as well as graduate students in materials science and associated fields will find the book invaluable.

Bibliography of Mass Spectroscopy Literature for 1970

Bibliography of Mass Spectroscopy Literature for 1970
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 880
Release: 1972
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mass spectrometry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bibliography of Mass Spectroscopy Literature for 1970 Book Excerpt:

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy
Author: Stephen J. Pennycook,Peter D. Nellist
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 762
Release: 2011-03-24
ISBN: 1441972005
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Book Excerpt:

Scanning transmission electron microscopy has become a mainstream technique for imaging and analysis at atomic resolution and sensitivity, and the authors of this book are widely credited with bringing the field to its present popularity. Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy(STEM): Imaging and Analysis will provide a comprehensive explanation of the theory and practice of STEM from introductory to advanced levels, covering the instrument, image formation and scattering theory, and definition and measurement of resolution for both imaging and analysis. The authors will present examples of the use of combined imaging and spectroscopy for solving materials problems in a variety of fields, including condensed matter physics, materials science, catalysis, biology, and nanoscience. Therefore this will be a comprehensive reference for those working in applied fields wishing to use the technique, for graduate students learning microscopy for the first time, and for specialists in other fields of microscopy.

Handbook of Materials Characterization

Handbook of Materials Characterization
Author: Surender Kumar Sharma
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 613
Release: 2018-09-18
ISBN: 3319929550
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Materials Characterization Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on the widely used experimental techniques available for the structural, morphological, and spectroscopic characterization of materials. Recent developments in a wide range of experimental techniques and their application to the quantification of materials properties are an essential side of this book. Moreover, it provides concise but thorough coverage of the practical and theoretical aspects of the analytical techniques used to characterize a wide variety of functional nanomaterials. The book provides an overview of widely used characterization techniques for a broad audience: from beginners and graduate students, to advanced specialists in both academia and industry.

Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams

Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams
Author: Ivo Utke,Stanislav Moshkalev,Phillip Russell
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2012-03-05
ISBN: 0199920990
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams Book Excerpt:

Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams presents fundamentals of the interaction of focused ion and electron beams (FIB/FEB) with surfaces, as well as numerous applications of these techniques for nanofabrication involving different materials and devices. The book begins by describing the historical evolution of FIB and FEB systems, applied first for micro- and more recently for nanofabrication and prototyping, practical solutions available in the market for different applications, and current trends in development of tools and their integration in a fast growing field of nanofabrication and nanocharacterization. Limitations of the FIB/FEB techniques, especially important when nanoscale resolution is considered, as well as possible ways to overcome the experimental difficulties in creating new nanodevices and improving resolution of processing, are outlined. Chapters include tutorials describing fundamental aspects of the interaction of beams (FIB/FEB) with surfaces, nanostructures and adsorbed molecules; electron and ion beam chemistries; basic theory, design and configuration of equipment; simulations of processes; basic solutions for nanoprototyping. Emerging technologies as processing by cluster beams are also discussed. In addition, the book considers numerous applications of these techniques (milling, etching, deposition) for nanolithography, nanofabrication and characterization, involving different nanostructured materials and devices. Its main focus is on practical details of using focused ion and electron beams with gas assistance (deposition and etching) and without gas assistance (milling/cutting) for fabrication of devices from the fields of nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, nanomagnetics, functionalized scanning probe tips, nanosensors and other types of NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Special attention is given to strategies designed to overcome limitations of the techniques (e.g., due to damaging produced by energetic ions interacting with matter), particularly those involving multi-step processes and multi-layer materials. Through its thorough demonstration of fundamental concepts and its presentation of a wide range of technologies developed for specific applications, this volume is ideal for researches from many different disciplines, as well as engineers and professors in nanotechnology and nanoscience.

Biological Low Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy

Biological Low Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy
Author: James Pawley,Heide Schatten
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2007-12-03
ISBN: 0387729720
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Low Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy Book Excerpt:

Major improvements in instrumentation and specimen preparation have brought SEM to the fore as a biological imaging technique. Although this imaging technique has undergone tremendous developments, it is still poorly represented in the literature, limited to journal articles and chapters in books. This comprehensive volume is dedicated to the theory and practical applications of FESEM in biological samples. It provides a comprehensive explanation of instrumentation, applications, and protocols, and is intended to teach the reader how to operate such microscopes to obtain the best quality images.

Guide to NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Guide to NIST  National Institute of Standards and Technology
Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 168
Release: 1997-07
ISBN: 9780788146237
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guide to NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology Book Excerpt:

Gathers in one place descriptions of NIST's many programs, products, services, and research projects, along with contact names, phone numbers, and e-mail and World Wide Web addresses for further information. It is divided into chapters covering each of NIST's major operating units. In addition, each chapter on laboratory programs includes subheadings for NIST organizational division or subject areas. Covers: electronics and electrical engineering; manufacturing engineering; chemical science and technology; physics; materials science and engineering; building and fire research and information technology.

Auger Electron Spectroscopy

Auger Electron Spectroscopy
Author: Donald T. Hawkins
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1468413872
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Auger Electron Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Auger electron spectroscopy is rapidly developing into the single most powerful analytical technique in basic and applied science.for investigating the chemical and structural properties of solids. Its ex plosive growth beginning in 1967 was triggered by the development of Auger analyzers capable of de tecting one atom layer of material in a fraction of a second. Continued growth was guaranteed firstly by the commercial availability of apparatus which combined the capabilities of scanning electron mi croscopy and ion-mill depth profiling with Auger analysis, and secondly by the increasing need to know the atomistics of many processes in fundamental research and engineering applications. The expanding use of Auger analysis was accompanied by an increase in the number of publications dealing with it. Because of the developing nature of Auger spectroscopy, the articles have appeared in many different sources covering diverse disciplines, so that it is extremely difficult to discover just what has or has not been subjected to Auger analysis. In this situation, a comprehensive bibliography is obviou-sly useful to those both inside and outside the field. For those in the field, this bibliography should be a wonderful time saver for locating certain references, in researching a particular topic, or when considering various aspects of instrumentation or data analysis. This bibliography not only provides the most complete listing of references pertinent to surface Auger analysis available today, but it is also a basis for extrapolating from past trends to future expectations.

Physics Uspekhi

Physics  Uspekhi
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Physics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics Uspekhi Book Excerpt:

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Catalog

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology     Catalog
Author: National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Catalog Book Excerpt:

The Growth of Electron Microscopy

The Growth of Electron Microscopy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 885
Release: 1996-08-05
ISBN: 9780080577623
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Growth of Electron Microscopy Book Excerpt:

As a complement to The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy, Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics is pleased to present Volume 96, The Growth of Electron Microscopy. This comprehensive collection of articles surveys the accomplishments of various national groups that comprise the International Federation of Societies of Electron Microscopy (IFSEM).

Nanomaterial Characterization

Nanomaterial Characterization
Author: Ratna Tantra
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-03-24
ISBN: 1118753844
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanomaterial Characterization Book Excerpt:

Introduces basic knowledge for nanomaterial characterization focusing on key properties and the different analytical techniques available Provides a quick reference to different analytical methods for a given property highlighting their pros and cons Presents numerous case studies, ranging from characterizing nanomaterials in coffee creamer suspension to measurement of airborne dust exposure levels Provides an introduction to other topics that are strongly related to nanomaterial characterization e.g. synthesis, reference material and metrology Includes state of the art techniques: scanning tunneling microscopy under extreme conditions, novel strategy for biological characterization and methods to visualize multidimensional characterization data

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Excerpt:

Publications

Publications
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Government publications
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications Book Excerpt:

Silicon Germanium SiGe Nanostructures

Silicon Germanium  SiGe  Nanostructures
Author: Y. Shiraki,N Usami
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2011-02-26
ISBN: 0857091425
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicon Germanium SiGe Nanostructures Book Excerpt:

Nanostructured silicon-germanium (SiGe) opens up the prospects of novel and enhanced electronic device performance, especially for semiconductor devices. Silicon-germanium (SiGe) nanostructures reviews the materials science of nanostructures and their properties and applications in different electronic devices. The introductory part one covers the structural properties of SiGe nanostructures, with a further chapter discussing electronic band structures of SiGe alloys. Part two concentrates on the formation of SiGe nanostructures, with chapters on different methods of crystal growth such as molecular beam epitaxy and chemical vapour deposition. This part also includes chapters covering strain engineering and modelling. Part three covers the material properties of SiGe nanostructures, including chapters on such topics as strain-induced defects, transport properties and microcavities and quantum cascade laser structures. In Part four, devices utilising SiGe alloys are discussed. Chapters cover ultra large scale integrated applications, MOSFETs and the use of SiGe in different types of transistors and optical devices. With its distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Silicon-germanium (SiGe) nanostructures is a standard reference for researchers focusing on semiconductor devices and materials in industry and academia, particularly those interested in nanostructures. Reviews the materials science of nanostructures and their properties and applications in different electronic devices Assesses the structural properties of SiGe nanostructures, discussing electronic band structures of SiGe alloys Explores the formation of SiGe nanostructuresfeaturing different methods of crystal growth such as molecular beam epitaxy and chemical vapour deposition