Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
Author: Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-03-20
ISBN: 0128176253
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book Excerpt:

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Urban and Regional Heat Island Adaptation Measures in the Netherlands

Urban and Regional Heat Island Adaptation Measures in the Netherlands
Author: Leyre Echevarría Icaza
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2017
ISBN: 9789492516923
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban and Regional Heat Island Adaptation Measures in the Netherlands Book Excerpt:

The urban planner ́s role should be adapted to the current globalised and overspecialised economic and environmental context, envisioning a balance at the regional scale, apprehending not only new technologies, but also new mapping principles, that allow obtaining multidisciplinary integral overviews since the preliminary stages of the design process. The urban heat Island (UHI) is one of the main phenomena affecting the urban climate. In the Netherlands, during the heat wave of 2006, more than 1,000 extra deaths were registered. UHI-related parameters are an example of new elements that should be taken into consideration since the early phases of the design process"

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author: Francesco Musco
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-08-30
ISBN: 331910425X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book Excerpt:

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Improvement Measures of Urban Thermal Environment

Improvement Measures of Urban Thermal Environment
Author: Hideki Takebayashi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 42
Release: 2014-12-27
ISBN: 3319137859
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improvement Measures of Urban Thermal Environment Book Excerpt:

Maximizing readers’ insights into urban and architectural environmental planning with consideration for the thermal environment, this work highlights how various urban heat-island strategies have been developed and their effectiveness in urban areas. Specific measures to combat the urban heat-island phenomenon, including improvement of surface cover, reduction of exhaust heat, improvement of ventilation are summarized and various heat-island measurement technologies, which have been proposed in recent years, are organized systematically based on surface- heat budget and surface boundary layer models. With suggestions for the selection of appropriate heat-island technologies depending on the location, this book elucidates the relationship between the thermal environment and urban block form characteristics. Covering the latest research findings, this book is of interest for all those concerned with environmentally friendly urban and architectural planning.

Remapping Urban Heat Island Atlases in Regenerative Cities

Remapping Urban Heat Island Atlases in Regenerative Cities
Author: Abusaada, Hisham,Elshater, Abeer,Khalifa, Marwa
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 267
Release: 2022-06-17
ISBN: 1668424649
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remapping Urban Heat Island Atlases in Regenerative Cities Book Excerpt:

In the past decades, protecting the urban environment in the face of environmentalism and environmental rights has become crucial to saving the planet from the dangers of the rapid urban development of new cities and societies. Air temperature is one of the factors influenced by climate change and contemporary city morphology that lacks compact city features. Contemporary cities have taken on global paradigms, adopting open-fabric, multiple, and ultrahigh residential towers and superhuman-scale spaces at the level of squares and public parks. This type of planning results in a radical thermal transformation not only in the movement and transportation network, but also in all public spaces and their external spaces. It is essential to understand the dimensions and principles of urban planning and design in conjunction with the competence of environmental design to reduce the impact of the urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon. Remapping Urban Heat Island Atlases in Regenerative Cities focuses on public health and wellbeing, decent work and economic growth, sustainable cities and societies, and climate action. It presents atlases of UHI-based digital techniques and methods of modelling as well as the use of these atlases, mapping, and models in exploring the placemaking problems in the new cities. Covering topics such as artificial intelligence, pedestrian density mapping, and urban heat island mitigation, this premier reference source is a critical resource for architects, city planners, urban planners, city officials, government officials, policymakers, non-profit organizations, politicians, engineers, libraries, students and educators of higher education, researchers, and academicians.

Analysis of Heat Waves and Urban Heat Island Effects in Central European Cities and Implications for Urban Planning

Analysis of Heat Waves and Urban Heat Island Effects in Central European Cities and Implications for Urban Planning
Author: Weltbank
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Heat Waves and Urban Heat Island Effects in Central European Cities and Implications for Urban Planning Book Excerpt:

This report provides an overview of the urban heat island (UHI) effect in Central European cities and its implications for sustainable development. Directed at policy makers, practitioners, and the wider public, the report explains the UHI effect and its drivers, as well as potential risk management and adaptation measures to address them. One of the report's key messages is that in the context of cities and changing climate, policy and investment decisions can be facilitated by scientific approaches that provide information on current and future climate, and that increase understanding of measures to reduce UHI effects. Along with potential adaptation measures, this report also highlights the need to increase public awareness of, and emergency preparedness for, urban heat impacts on people and societies. The report also includes a number of city examples and case studies, selected based on availability of information, and relevance for other cities in the region. By introducing adaptive and preparedness policy options, this report also promotes the integration of disaster risk management approaches in the urban context. This integration is illustrated through a roadmap for increased resilience to urban heat. This roadmap highlights the key steps that cities can take to better understand the scope of UHI effects and in turn integrate this information into broader resilience or urban development plans and strategies.

The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island
Author: Iain D. Stewart,Gerald Mills
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2021-05-25
ISBN: 0128156902
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Heat Island Book Excerpt:

The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is an area of growing interest for many people studying the urban environment and local/global climate change. The UHI has been scientifically studied for 200 years and, although it is an apparently simple phenomenon, there is considerable confusion around the different types of UHI and their assessment. The Urban Heat Island—A Guidebook provides simple instructions for measuring and analysing the phenomenon, as well as greater context for defining the UHI and the impacts it can have. Readers will be empowered to work within a set of guidelines that enable direct comparison of UHI effects across diverse settings, while informing a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs to modify human behaviour and the built form. This opens the door to true global assessments of local climate change in cities. Urban planning and design strategies can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

Sustainable Ho Chi Minh City Climate Policies for Emerging Mega Cities

Sustainable Ho Chi Minh City  Climate Policies for Emerging Mega Cities
Author: Antje Katzschner,Michael Waibel,Dirk Schwede,Lutz Katzschner,Michael Schmidt,Harry Storch
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 269
Release: 2015-12-01
ISBN: 3319046152
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Ho Chi Minh City Climate Policies for Emerging Mega Cities Book Excerpt:

As climate change and urban development are closely interlinked and often interact negatively, this edited volume takes Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam’s first mega-urban region as a case study to analyse its vulnerability to climate change and to suggest measures towards a more sustainable urban development. The book offers an overview on land use planning regarding the aspects of urban flooding, urban climate, urban energy and urban mobility as well as spatial views from the angle of urban planning such as the metropolitan level, the city, the neighbourhood and building level. It shows that to a significant degree, measures dealing with climate change can be taken from the toolbox of sustainable urban development and reflects how institutional structures need to change to enhance chances for implementation given socio-cultural and economic constraints. This is merged and integrated into a holistic perspective of planning recommendations, supporting the municipal government to increase its adaptive capacity. The authors are members of a German government funded research project on how to support HCMC’s municipal government to adapt to risks related to climate change.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author: Francesco Musco
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2018-06-24
ISBN: 9783319791692
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book Excerpt:

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Planning for Climate Change

Planning for Climate Change
Author: Simin Davoudi,Jenny Crawford,Abid Mehmood
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1849770158
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planning for Climate Change Book Excerpt:

Climate change is changing the context of spatial planning and shaping its priorities. It has strengthened its environmental dimension and has become a new rationale for coordinating actions and integrating different policy priorities. This book sets out the economic, social and environmental challenges that climate change raises for urban and regional planners and explores current and potential responses. These are set within the context of recent research and scholarly works on the role of spatial planning in combating climate change. Addressing both mitigation measures for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to the effects of climate change, the book provides an overview of emerging practice, with analysis of the drivers of policy change and practical implementation of measures. It scopes planning issues and opportunities at different spatial scales, drawing on both the UK and international experiences and highlighting the need to link global and local responses to shared risks and opportunities.

Selected Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Measures and Their Impact on the Climate of the Region of Hamburg

Selected Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Measures and Their Impact on the Climate of the Region of Hamburg
Author: Marita Böttcher
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Measures and Their Impact on the Climate of the Region of Hamburg Book Excerpt:

Urban Climate Science for Planning Healthy Cities

Urban Climate Science for Planning Healthy Cities
Author: Chao Ren
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030875989
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climate Science for Planning Healthy Cities Book Excerpt:

Implementing Climate Change Adaptation in Cities and Communities

Implementing Climate Change Adaptation in Cities and Communities
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Kathryn Adamson,Rachel M. Dunk,Ulisses M. Azeiteiro,Sam Illingworth,Fátima Alves
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2016-06-13
ISBN: 3319285912
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implementing Climate Change Adaptation in Cities and Communities Book Excerpt:

This book analyzes how climate change adaptation can be implemented at the community, regional and national level. Featuring a variety of case studies, it illustrates strategies, initiatives and projects currently being implemented across the world. In addition to the challenges faced by communities, cities and regions seeking to cope with climate change phenomena like floods, droughts and other extreme events, the respective chapters cover topics such as the adaptive capacities of water management organizations, biodiversity conservation, and indigenous and climate change adaptation strategies. The book will appeal to a broad readership, from scholars to policymakers, interested in developing strategies for effectively addressing the impacts of climate change.

Urban Ecology

Urban Ecology
Author: John Marzluff,Eric Shulenberger,Wilfried Endlicher,marina Alberti,Gordon Bradley,Clare Ryan,Craig ZumBrunnen,Ute Simon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 808
Release: 2008-01-03
ISBN: 0387734120
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Ecology Book Excerpt:

Urban Ecology is a rapidly growing field of academic and practical significance. Urban ecologists have published several conference proceedings and regularly contribute to the ecological, architectural, planning, and geography literature. However, important papers in the field that set the foundation for the discipline and illustrate modern approaches from a variety of perspectives and regions of the world have not been collected in a single, accessible book. Foundations of Urban Ecology does this by reprinting important European and American publications, filling gaps in the published literature with a few, targeted original works, and translating key works originally published in German. This edited volume will provide students and professionals with a rich background in all facets of urban ecology. The editors emphasize the drivers, patterns, processes and effects of human settlement. The papers they synthesize provide readers with a broad understanding of the local and global aspects of settlement through traditional natural and social science lenses. This interdisciplinary vision gives the reader a comprehensive view of the urban ecosystem by introducing drivers, patterns, processes and effects of human settlements and the relationships between humans and other animals, plants, ecosystem processes, and abiotic conditions. The reader learns how human institutions, health, and preferences influence, and are influenced by, the others members of their shared urban ecosystem.

Natural Resources Conservation and Advances for Sustainability

Natural Resources Conservation and Advances for Sustainability
Author: Manoj Kumar Jhariya,Ram Swaroop Meena,Arnab Banerjee,Surya Nandan Meena
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2021-09-24
ISBN: 0128231122
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Resources Conservation and Advances for Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Natural Resources Conservation and Advances for Sustainability addresses the latest challenges associated with the management and conservation of natural resources. It presents interdisciplinary approaches to promote advances in solving these challenges. By examining what has already been done and analyzing it in the context of what still needs to be done, particularly in the context of latest technologies and sustainability, the book helps to identify ideal methods for natural resource management and conservation. Each chapter begins with a graphical abstract and presents complicated or detailed content in the form of figures or tables. In addition, the book compares the latest techniques with conventional techniques and troubleshoots conventional methods with modifications, making it a practical resource for researchers in environmental science and natural resource management. Discusses the pros and cons of past and current endeavors related to natural resource management Presents recent technologies and methods for management and conservation, particularly with applications for sustainability Covers a variety of disciplines, from environmental science to life science Includes a graphical abstract as well as a section on significant achievements in the field and future perspectives

Making Climate Assessments Work

Making Climate Assessments Work
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Planning Committee on Making Climate Assessments Work
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 86
Release: 2019-02-11
ISBN: 0309487153
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Making Climate Assessments Work Book Excerpt:

Climate assessment activities are increasingly driven by subnational organizationsâ€"city, county, and state governments; utilities and private companies; and stakeholder groups and engaged publicsâ€"trying to better serve their constituents, customers, and members by understanding and preparing for how climate change will impact them locally. Whether the threats are drought and wildfires, storm surge and sea level rise, or heat waves and urban heat islands, the warming climate is affecting people and communities across the country. To explore the growing role of subnational climate assessments and action, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted the 2-day workshop on August 14-15, 2018. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Urban Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries

Urban Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries
Author: Mohsen M. Aboulnaga,Amr F. Elwan,Mohamed R. Elsharouny
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2019-03-14
ISBN: 3030054055
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries Book Excerpt:

This book describes the risks, impacts, measures, actions and adaptation policies that have developed globally as a result of the severe impacts of global climate change. In-depth chapters focus on climate change assessment (CCA) in terms of vulnerabilities and reflection on the built environment and measures and actions for infrastructure and urban areas. Adaptation actions specific to developing countries such as Egypt are presented and illustrated. Global Climate change adaptation projects (CCAPs) in developing countries, in terms of their targets and performance, are presented and compared with those existing CCAPs in Egypt to draw learned lessons. Climate change scenarios 2080 using simulations are portrayed and discussed with emphasis on a case-study model from existing social housing projects in hot-arid urban areas in Cairo; in an effort to put forward an assessment and evaluation of current CCA techniques. This book helps researchers realize the global impacts of climate change on the built environment and economic sectors, and enhances their understanding of current climate change measures, actions, policies, projects and scenarios. Reviews and illustrates the impact of global climate change risks; Provides an understanding of global climate change risks in seven continents; Illustrates policies and action plans implemented at the global level and developing countries' level; Discusses climate change assessment and vulnerabilities with emphasis on urban areas; Presents measures and action plans to mitigate climate change scenarios by 2080.

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation

Urban Heat Island  UHI  Mitigation
Author: Napoleon Enteria,Matteos Santamouris,Ursula Eicker
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 307
Release: 2020-12-14
ISBN: 9813340509
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation Book Excerpt:

This book discusses the concepts and technologies associated with the mitigation of urban heat islands (UHIs) that are applicable in hot and humid regions. It presents several city case studies on how UHIs can be reduced in various areas to provide readers, researchers, and policymakers with insights into the concepts and technologies that should be considered when planning and constructing urban centres and buildings. The rapid development of urban areas in hot and humid regions has led to an increase in urban temperatures, a decrease in ventilation in buildings, and a transformation of the once green outdoor environment into areas full of solar-energy-absorbing concrete and asphalt. This situation has increased the discomfort of people living in these areas regardless of whether they occupy concrete structures. This is because indoor and outdoor air quality have both suffered from urbanisation. The development of urban areas has also increased energy consumption so that the occupants of buildings can enjoy indoor thermal comfort and air quality that they need via air conditioning systems. This book offers solutions to the recent increase in the number of heat islands in hot and humid regions.​

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas
Author: Nadja Kabisch,Horst Korn,Jutta Stadler,Aletta Bonn
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2017-09-01
ISBN: 3319560913
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas Book Excerpt:

This open access book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society. The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Building in Hot and Humid Regions

Building in Hot and Humid Regions
Author: Napoleon Enteria,Hazim Awbi,Mat Santamouris
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2019-04-26
ISBN: 9811375194
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building in Hot and Humid Regions Book Excerpt:

This book presents an in-depth analysis covering climatic and weather conditions, house and building development history, construction methods and technologies, and environmental conditions. It provides relevant house and building information and highlights recent advances in hot and humid regions, as well as developments in other regions that are relevant to hot and humid climates. The countries in hot and humid regions, which include the tropical countries, the Middle Eastern countries around the Mediterranean, and many countries of Central Asia and Africa, are home to some of the most challenging conditions in the world in terms of house and building design and construction, and in terms of maintaining indoor thermal comfort and air quality in an energy-efficient way. The book’s respective chapters, prepared by expert contributors, cover essential concepts, designs, and construction methodologies for houses and commercial buildings. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for undergraduate and graduate students in architecture and engineering, house and building designers, and building sciences researchers. Building contractors, manufacturers and distributors of building equipment and devices, and government policymakers and legislators will also benefit from the information provided in this book.