Additive Manufacturing

Additive Manufacturing
Author: M. Manjaiah,K. Raghavendra,N. Balashanmugam,J. Paulo Davim
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2021-07-17
ISBN: 0128220570
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Additive Manufacturing: A Tool for Industrial Revolution 4.0 explores the latest developments, underlying mechanisms, challenges and opportunities for 3D printing in a digital manufacturing environment. It uses an international panel of experts to explain how additive manufacturing processes have been successfully integrated with industry 4.0 technologies for increased technical capabilities, efficiency, flexibility and sustainability. The full manufacturing product cycle is addressed, including design, materials, mechanical properties, and measurement. Future directions for this important technological intersection are also explored. This book will interest researchers and industrial professionals in industrial engineering, digital manufacturing, advanced manufacturing, data science applications, and computer engineering. Addresses a wide range of additive manufacturing technology, including processes, controls and operation Explains many new and sustainable additive manufacturing methods Provides detailed descriptions on how to modernize and optimize conventional additive manufacturing methodologies in order to take full advantage of synergies with industry 4.0

Manufacturing In The Era Of 4th Industrial Revolution A World Scientific Reference In 3 Volumes

Manufacturing In The Era Of 4th Industrial Revolution  A World Scientific Reference  In 3 Volumes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 1000
Release: 2021-01-13
ISBN: 9811222800
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manufacturing In The Era Of 4th Industrial Revolution A World Scientific Reference In 3 Volumes Book Excerpt:

The era of the fourth industrial revolution has fundamentally transformed the manufacturing landscape. Products are getting increasingly complex and customers expect a higher level of customization and quality. Manufacturing in the Era of 4th Industrial Revolution explores three technologies that are the building blocks of the next-generation advanced manufacturing.The first technology covered in Volume 1 is Additive Manufacturing (AM). AM has emerged as a very popular manufacturing process. The most common form of AM is referred to as 'three-dimensional (3D) printing'. Overall, the revolution of additive manufacturing has led to many opportunities in fabricating complex, customized, and novel products. As the number of printable materials increases and AM processes evolve, manufacturing capabilities for future engineering systems will expand rapidly, resulting in a completely new paradigm for solving a myriad of global problems.The second technology is industrial robots, which is covered in Volume 2 on Robotics. Traditionally, industrial robots have been used on mass production lines, where the same manufacturing operation is repeated many times. Recent advances in human-safe industrial robots present an opportunity for creating hybrid work cells, where humans and robots can collaborate in close physical proximities. This Cobots, or collaborative robots, has opened up to opportunity for humans and robots to work more closely together. Recent advances in artificial intelligence are striving to make industrial robots more agile, with the ability to adapt to changing environments and tasks. Additionally, recent advances in force and tactile sensing enable robots to be used in complex manufacturing tasks. These new capabilities are expanding the role of robotics in manufacturing operations and leading to significant growth in the industrial robotics area.The third technology covered in Volume 3 is augmented and virtual reality. Augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR) technologies are being leveraged by the manufacturing community to improve operations in a wide variety of ways. Traditional applications have included operator training and design visualization, with more recent applications including interactive design and manufacturing planning, human and robot interactions, ergonomic analysis, information and knowledge capture, and manufacturing simulation. The advent of low-cost solutions in these areas is accepted to accelerate the rate of adoption of these technologies in the manufacturing and related sectors.Consisting of chapters by leading experts in the world, Manufacturing in the Era of 4th Industrial Revolution provides a reference set for supporting graduate programs in the advanced manufacturing area.

Procurement 4 0 and the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Procurement 4 0 and the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Author: Bernardo Nicoletti
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2020-03-24
ISBN: 3030359794
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Procurement 4 0 and the Fourth Industrial Revolution Book Excerpt:

We are living in the middle of a Fourth Industrial Revolution, with new technology leading to dramatic shifts in everything from manufacturing to supply chain logistics. In a lively, developing field of academic, procurement is often neglected. Despite this, procurement plays a vital role, connecting the organization with its ecosystem. At a time of change and economic crisis, a new business model is called for, which this book aims to define. Based on the applications of Industry 4.0 concepts to procurement, this book describes Procurement 4.0 as a method and a set of tools, helping businesses to improve the value of their products, reduce waste, become more flexible, and address the business needs of the future. It will appeal to academics in the area, as well as practitioners.

Additive Manufacturing

Additive Manufacturing
Author: T.S. Srivatsan,T.S. Sudarshan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2015-09-25
ISBN: 1498714781
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Get Ready for the Future of Additive Manufacturing Additive Manufacturing: Innovations, Advances, and Applications explores the emerging field of additive manufacturing (AM)—the use of 3D printing to make prototype parts on demand. Often referred to as the third industrial revolution, AM offers many advantages over traditional manufacturing. This process enables users to quickly build three-dimensional objects from the bottom-up, adding material one cross-sectional layer at a time directly from a computer model. This book provides a clear overview of specific technologies related to AM. It covers existing and emerging techniques in AM in use for a wide spectrum of manufacturing applications, and highlights the advantages of each technique with specific references to technological applications. Introduces Valuable Processes for Making Prototype Parts among Manufacturers of Many Types The book outlines many of the processes developed using various materials ranging from metals to plastics, and composites to human tissue. It presents recent innovations and potential viable applications that include: near-net shape capabilities, superior design, geometric flexibility, innovations in fabrication using multiple materials, and reduced tooling and fixturing. It also introduces several illustrations and case studies that focus on the present and far-reaching applications, developments, and future prospects of AM technologies. Written by renowned experts in their fields, this book: Covers the reactive inkjet printing of nylon materials relevant to AM Discusses the AM of metals using the techniques of free space deposition and selective laser melting Provides a comparison between AM materials and human tissues Addresses the use of AM for medical devices and drug and cell delivery Focuses on the relevance of AM to rare earth magnets and more Additive Manufacturing: Innovations, Advances, and Applications emphasizes the use of AM commensurate with advances in technical applications, and provides a solid background on the fundamentals and principles of this rapidly developing field.

Systems Engineering in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Systems Engineering in the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Author: Ron S. Kenett,Robert S. Swarz,Avigdor Zonnenshain
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2019-12-10
ISBN: 1119513944
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Engineering in the Fourth Industrial Revolution Book Excerpt:

An up-to-date guide for using massive amounts of data and novel technologies to design, build, and maintain better systems engineering Systems Engineering in the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Big Data, Novel Technologies, and Modern Systems Engineering offers a guide to the recent changes in systems engineering prompted by the current challenging and innovative industrial environment called the Fourth Industrial Revolution—INDUSTRY 4.0. This book contains advanced models, innovative practices, and state-of-the-art research findings on systems engineering. The contributors, an international panel of experts on the topic, explore the key elements in systems engineering that have shifted towards data collection and analytics, available and used in the design and development of systems and also in the later life-cycle stages of use and retirement. The contributors address the issues in a system in which the system involves data in its operation, contrasting with earlier approaches in which data, models, and algorithms were less involved in the function of the system. The book covers a wide range of topics including five systems engineering domains: systems engineering and systems thinking; systems software and process engineering; the digital factory; reliability and maintainability modeling and analytics; and organizational aspects of systems engineering. This important resource: Presents new and advanced approaches, methodologies, and tools for designing, testing, deploying, and maintaining advanced complex systems Explores effective evidence-based risk management practices Describes an integrated approach to safety, reliability, and cyber security based on system theory Discusses entrepreneurship as a multidisciplinary system Emphasizes technical merits of systems engineering concepts by providing technical models Written for systems engineers, Systems Engineering in the Fourth Industrial Revolution offers an up-to-date resource that contains the best practices and most recent research on the topic of systems engineering.

Machine Tools

Machine Tools
Author: Wasim Ahmed Khan,Khalid Rahman,Ghulam Hussain,Ghulam Abbas,Xiaoping Wang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 227
Release: 2023-02-02
ISBN: 1000827542
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Machine Tools Book Excerpt:

This book introduces the applications of Industry 4.0 in machine tools through an overview of the latest available digital technologies. It focuses on digital twining, communication between industrial controls, motion, and input/output devices, along with sustainability in SMEs. Machine Tools: An Industry 4.0 Perspective focuses on the digital twining of machine tools, which improves the life of the machines and provides a method of operating a factory during times of complete lockdown resulting from various conditions. It presents an overview of the communication between industrial controls, motion, and input/output devices through standardized digital interfaces such as SERCOS and USB. The book goes on to discuss industrial cybersecurity systems applicable to discrete manufacturing, which includes cyberattacks and human errors, and address the security aspects related to software, hardware, and data. The book also explores the application of big data for different stages of production and illustrates the uses such as predictive maintenance, product quality, product life cycle management (PLM), and more. This book is an ideal reference for undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students of industrial, mechanical, and mechatronics engineering, along with professionals, and general readers.

New Industry 4 0 Advances in Industrial IoT and Visual Computing for Manufacturing Processes

New Industry 4 0 Advances in Industrial IoT and Visual Computing for Manufacturing Processes
Author: Luis Norberto López de Lacalle,Jorge Posada
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2020-03-18
ISBN: 3039282905
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Industry 4 0 Advances in Industrial IoT and Visual Computing for Manufacturing Processes Book Excerpt:

Modern factories are experiencing rapid digital transformation supported by emerging technologies, such as the Industrial Internet of things (IIOT), industrial big data and cloud technologies, deep learning and deep analytics, AI, intelligent robotics, cyber-physical systems and digital twins, complemented by visual computing (including new forms of artificial vision with machine learning, novel HMI, simulation, and visualization). This is evident in the global trend of Industry 4.0. The impact of these technologies is clear in the context of high-performance manufacturing. Important improvements can be achieved in productivity, systems reliability, quality verification, etc. Manufacturing processes, based on advanced mechanical principles, are enhanced by big data analytics on industrial sensor data. In current machine tools and systems, complex sensors gather useful data, which is captured, stored, and processed with edge, fog, or cloud computing. These processes improve with digital monitoring, visual data analytics, AI, and computer vision to achieve a more productive and reliable smart factory. New value chains are also emerging from these technological changes. This book addresses these topics, including contributions deployed in production, as well as general aspects of Industry 4.0.

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing Technologies

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing Technologies
Author: L. Jyothish Kumar,Pulak M. Pandey,David Ian Wimpenny
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2018-06-07
ISBN: 9811303053
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing Technologies Book Excerpt:

This book presents a selection of papers on advanced technologies for 3D printing and additive manufacturing, and demonstrates how these technologies have changed the face of direct, digital technologies for the rapid production of models, prototypes and patterns. Because of their wide range of applications, 3D printing and additive manufacturing technologies have sparked a powerful new industrial revolution in the field of manufacturing. The evolution of 3D printing and additive manufacturing technologies has changed design, engineering and manufacturing processes across such diverse industries as consumer products, aerospace, medical devices and automotive engineering. This book will help designers, R&D personnel, and practicing engineers grasp the latest developments in the field of 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing.

Industry 4 0 Industrial Revolution of the 21st Century

Industry 4 0  Industrial Revolution of the 21st Century
Author: Elena G. Popkova,Yulia V. Ragulina,Aleksei V. Bogoviz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2018-07-21
ISBN: 3319943103
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industry 4 0 Industrial Revolution of the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

This book addresses a wide range of issues relating to the theoretical substantiation of the necessity of Industry 4.0, the development of the methodological tools for its analysis and evaluation, and practical solutions for effectively managing this process. It particularly focuses on solving the problem of optimizing the development of Industry 4.0 in the context of knowledge economy formation. The book presents the authors’ approach to studying the process of Industry 4.0 formation in connection with knowledge economy, and approach that allows the process to be studied in connection with the existing socio-economic and technological conditions. As a result, the conclusions and recommendations could be applied to modern economic systems and do not require any further elaboration. The presented research is based on modern economic theory scientific and methodological tools, including the tools of the theory of economic cycles, the theory of games, and the institutional economic theory. Raising awareness of the problem of Industry 4.0 formation, the book is of interest to a wide audience, including not only specialists and experts with a detailed knowledge of the topic, but also scholars, lecturers, and undergraduates of various fields of economics.

Process Structure Properties in Polymer Additive Manufacturing

Process   Structure   Properties in Polymer Additive Manufacturing
Author: Swee Leong Sing,Wai Yee Yeong
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN: 303651371X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Process Structure Properties in Polymer Additive Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Additive manufacturing (AM) methods have grown and evolved rapidly in recent years. AM for polymers is an exciting field and has great potential in transformative and translational research in many fields, such as biomedical, aerospace, and even electronics. Current methods for polymer AM include material extrusion, material jetting, vat polymerisation, and powder bed fusion. With the promise of more applications, detailed understanding of AM—from the processability of the feedstock to the relationship between the process–structure–properties of AM parts—has become more critical. More research work is needed in material development to widen the choice of materials for polymer additive manufacturing. Modelling and simulations of the process will allow the prediction of microstructures and mechanical properties of the fabricated parts while complementing the understanding of the physical phenomena that occurs during the AM processes. In this book, state-of-the-art reviews and current research are collated, which focus on the process–structure–properties relationships in polymer additive manufacturing.

Advances in Mechanical and Energy Technology

Advances in Mechanical and Energy Technology
Author: Sanjay Yadav,Prashant Kumar Jain,Pavan Kumar Kankar,Yogesh Shrivastava
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2022-06-20
ISBN: 9811916187
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Mechanical and Energy Technology Book Excerpt:

This book presents the select proceedings the 2nd International Conference on Mechanical and Energy Technologies (ICMET 2021). The broad range of topics and issues covered are bulk deformation processes and sheet metal forming, composites, ceramics, and polymers processing, corrosion, heat treatment, microstructure and materials properties, energy materials, failure and fracture mechanics, friction, wear, tribology, and surface engineering, functionally graded materials, cellular materials, low friction and corrosion resistive materials for energy applications, lubricants and lubrication, machinability and formability of materials, material science and engineering, and materials for energy storage. This book will be useful for students, researchers, and professionals working in the areas of mechanical and industrial engineering, energy technologies, and allied fields.

Sustainability in Industry 4 0

Sustainability in Industry 4 0
Author: Shwetank Avikal,Amit Raj Singh,Mangey Ram
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-10-01
ISBN: 100045441X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainability in Industry 4 0 Book Excerpt:

A large and growing number of manufacturers are realizing the substantial financial and environmental benefits of sustainable business practices. To develop more sustainable societies, industries need to better understand how to respond to environmental, economic, and social challenges and transform industrial behavior. The objective of this book is to provide the required knowledge and accelerate the transition towards a sustainable industrial system. The book will help industries to enhance operational efficiency by reducing costs and waste. It will help them increase customer response, reach new customers, and gain competitive advantage. It offers innovation, scenario planning, and strategic analysis that goes beyond compliance, as well as case studies and remedies to the industry 4.0 challenges. Professionals, as well as students, can refer to this book to add to their knowledge on Industry 4.0 and develop new ideas and solutions to the existing and future problems.

A Roadmap to Industry 4 0 Smart Production Sharp Business and Sustainable Development

A Roadmap to Industry 4 0  Smart Production  Sharp Business and Sustainable Development
Author: Anand Nayyar,Akshi Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 205
Release: 2019-11-27
ISBN: 3030145441
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Roadmap to Industry 4 0 Smart Production Sharp Business and Sustainable Development Book Excerpt:

Business innovation and industrial intelligence are paving the way for a future in which smart factories, intelligent machines, networked processes and Big Data are combined to foster industrial growth. The maturity and growth of instrumentation, monitoring and automation as key technology drivers support Industry 4.0 as a viable, competent and actionable business model. This book offers a primer, helping readers understand this paradigm shift from industry 1.0 to industry 4.0. The focus is on grasping the necessary pre-conditions, development & technological aspects that conceptually describe this transformation, along with the practices, models and real-time experience needed to achieve sustainable smart manufacturing technologies. The primary goal is to address significant questions of what, how and why in this context, such as:What is Industry 4.0?What is the current status of its implementation?What are the pillars of Industry 4.0?How can Industry 4.0 be effectively implemented?How are firms exploiting the Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data and other emerging technologies to improve their production and services?How can the implementation of Industry 4.0 be accelerated?How is Industry 4.0 changing the workplace landscape?Why is this melding of the virtual and physical world needed for smart production engineering environments?Why is smart production a game-changing new form of product design and manufacturing?

Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing

Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing
Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Monica Mahesh Savalani
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2016-03-02
ISBN: 9811005494
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

This book highlights the sustainability aspects of additive manufacturing (AM) in two separate volumes. It describes the details of this technology and its implications on the entire product life cycle sustainability, as well as embedded carbon and the further research needed to move this technology towards sustainable, mainstream production. Sustainability is not new for any area of industry, including additive manufacturing, and there are currently a number of ongoing research projects, both in industry and in academic institutions, that are investigating sustainability, embedded carbon and research activities which would need to be done in the future to move this technology towards sustainable mainstream production.

Additive Manufacturing

Additive Manufacturing
Author: Steinar Westhrin Killi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-09-07
ISBN: 1351767488
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Additive manufacturing has matured from rapid prototyping through the now popular and "maker"-oriented 3D printing, recently commercialized and marketed. The terms describing this technology have changed over time, from "rapid prototyping" to "rapid manufacturing" to "additive manufacturing," which reflects largely a focus on technology. This book discusses the uptake, use, and impact of the additive manufacturing and digital fabrication technology. It augments technical and business-oriented trends with those in product design and design studies. It includes a mix of disciplinary and transdisciplinary trends and is rich in case and design material. The chapters cover a range of design-centered views on additive manufacturing that are rarely addressed in the main conferences and publications, which are still mostly, and importantly, concerned with tools, technologies, and technical development. The chapters also reflect dialogues about transdisciplinarity and the inclusion of domains such as business and aesthetics, narrative, and technology critique. This is a great textbook for graduate students of design, engineering, computer science, marketing, and technology and also for those who are not students but are curious about and interested in what 3D printing really can be used for in the near future.

Proceedings of the 7th Brazilian Technology Symposium BTSym 21

Proceedings of the 7th Brazilian Technology Symposium  BTSym 21
Author: Yuzo Iano
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 655
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3031044355
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 7th Brazilian Technology Symposium BTSym 21 Book Excerpt:

This book presents the Proceedings of The 7th Brazilian Technology Symposium (BTSym'21). The book discusses current technological issues on Systems Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, such as the Transmission Line, Protein-modified mortars, Electromagnetic Properties, Clock Domains, Chebyshev Polynomials, Satellite Control Systems, Hough Transform, Watershed Transform, Blood Smear Images, Toxoplasma Gondi, Operation System Developments, MIMO Systems, Geothermal-Photovoltaic Energy Systems, Mineral Flotation Application, CMOS Techniques, Frameworks Developments, Physiological Parameters Applications, Brain Computer Interface, Artificial Neural Networks, Computational Vision, Security Applications, FPGA Applications, IoT, Residential Automation, Data Acquisition, Industry 4.0, Cyber-Physical Systems, Digital Image Processing, Patters Recognition, Machine Learning, Photocatalytic Process, Physical-chemical analysis, Smoothing Filters, Frequency Synthesizers, Voltage Controlled Ring Oscillator, Difference Amplifier, Photocatalysis, Photodegradation, current technological issues on Human, Smart and Sustainable Future of Cities, such as the Digital Transformation, Data Science, Hydrothermal Dispatch, Project Knowledge Transfer, Immunization Programs, Efficiency and Predictive Methods, PMBOK Applications, Logistics Process, IoT, Data Acquisition, Industry 4.0, Cyber-Physical Systems, Fingerspelling Recognition, Cognitive Ergonomics, Ecosystem services, Environmental, Ecosystem services valuation, Solid Waste and University Extension.

Additive Manufacturing 3D Printing Design

Additive Manufacturing  3D Printing   Design
Author: Dr. Sabrie Soloman
Publsiher: Dr. Sabrie Soloman
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing 3D Printing Design Book Excerpt:

Additive Manufacturing 3D Printing & Design The 4th Revolution Not ever previously consumer has had a technology where we so easily interpret the concepts into a touchable object with little concern to the machinery or talents available. If “seeing is believing!-” 3D printing technology is the perfect object image to see, touch, and feel! It is the wings to lift the well sought product, after laboring and toiling in several design iterations to bring the novel product to be a successful implementation. Now it is promising to become familiar with the product prototype and physically test it to find the flaws in the design. If a flaw is detected, the designer can easily modify the CAD file and print out a new unit. On Demand Custom Part Additive manufacturing has become a mainstream manufacturing process. It builds up parts by adding materials one layer at a time based on a computerized 3D solid model. It does not require the use of fixtures, cutting tools, coolants, and other auxiliary resources. It allows design optimization and the producing of customized parts on-demand. Its advantages over conventional manufacturing have captivated the imagination of the public, reflected in recent corporate implementations and in many academic publications that call additive manufacturing the “fourth industrial revolution.” Digital Model Layer by Layer 3D additive manufacturing is a process tailored for making three-dimensional objects of varieties of different shapes created from digital models. The objects are produced using an additive process, where successive layers of materials are deposited down in different shapes. The 3D Additive Manufacturing is considered diverse from traditional machining techniques, which depends primarily on the removal of material by cutting or drilling. The removal of material is referred to as a “subtractive process.” In a fast-paced, pressure-filled business atmosphere, it is clear that decreasing delivery by days is exceptionally valuable. Digital Manufacturing 3D printing - additive manufacturing, produces 3D solid items from a digital computer file. The printing occurs in an additive process, where a solid object is generated through the consecutive layering of material. There are an extensive variety of materials to select from countless lists of polymers and metals. The process begins with the generation of a 3D digital file such as CAD file. The 3D digital file is then directed to a 3D printer for printing using a simple print command. Freed of the constraints of traditional factories, additive manufacturing allows designers to produce parts that were previously considered far too complex to make economically. Engineers and Biologists are finding practical applications to use 3D additive manufacturing. It permits novel designs to become matchless rare-products that were not likely with preceding manufacturing methods. It is poised to transform medicine and biology with bio-manufacturing. This technology has the possibility to upsurge the well-being of a nation’s citizens. Additive manufacturing may progress the worldwide resources and energy effectiveness in ground, sea and air. This 3D Printing & Design book will enable you to develop and 3D print your own unique object using myriads of worldwide materials. Galilee Galileo & Isaac Newton Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton have changed our understanding of not only our own solar system, but also the whole universe through the invention of their telescope. The telescope steered a novel and captivating scientific discipline of “astronomy” —observing and studying the planets, stars, and other objects in the universe. The Nebula, for example, could not be observed prior to the invention of the telescope. No one could have estimated how many planets were in our solar system. Thanks to the technology of the telescope, the knowledge of universe was revealed. Thanks to a simple piece of glass made of silica, and to a simple lens made of glass. Similarly, 3D printing technology is a simple approach to open a flood gate to our Fourth Industrial Revolution. One-off Prototype One-off prototypes can be hideously expensive to produce, but a 3D printer can bring down the cost by a sizable margin. Many consumers goods, mechanical parts, aerospace, automobiles, robots, shoes, fashions, architects' models, dentures, hearing aids, cell biology, now appear in a 3D-printed form for appraisal by engineers, stylists, biologist, and clients before obtaining the final approval. Any changes can be swiftly reprinted in a few hours or overnight, whereas waiting for a new prototype to emerge from a machine shop could take weeks, and sometimes months. Some designers are already printing ready-to-wear shoes, dresses, and prosthetics, from metals, plastic and nylon materials. 3D printing’s utmost advantage is making discrete parts rapidly, autonomous of design complications. That speed delivers rapid reaction on the first prototype, and the capability to modify the design and speedily re-manufacture the part. As an alternative of waiting days or weeks for a CNC-machined prototype, a 3D printer can manufacture the part overnight. Development Cycle The 3D printer provides the additional advantage of removing many overhead manufacturing costs and time-delay by 3D printing parts that withstand a machine shop environment. Several tooling, fixtures, and work-holding jaws may be easily developed and 3D printed without extensive lead time and overhead cost. Its speed and quality shorten the product development cycle, permitting manufacturing aesthetically appealing, and high-performance parts in less than a day. Many instances testify that 3D printers offer substantial flexibility to yield parts with the adequate tensile strength and quality, desired to prosper the technology at a reasonable speed and cost. The rewards of applying 3D printing are substantial, as 3D printing permits product development teams to effortlessly, rapidly, and cost effectively yield models, prototypes, and patterns. Parts can be manufactured in hours or days rather than weeks. Nano-bots 3D additive manufacturing may be the only known method for constructing nanobots, which will overcome the speed disadvantage of 3D additive printing, thereby enabling the technology to be widely deployed in every manufacturing aspect. If millions of nanobots worked together, they might be able to do amazing manufacturing takes. Microscopic Surgery Scientists and researchers constructed teams of nanobots able to perform microscopic surgery inside a patient’s body. Some groups of nanobots have been programmed to build objects by arranging atoms precisely so there would be no waste. Other nanobots might even be designed to build more nanobots to replace ones that wear out! Compared to other areas of science like manufacturing and biology, nanotechnology is a very new area of 3D printing research. Working with microns and nanometers is still a very slow and difficult task. Carbon Fiber Also, material scientists and metallurgists are constantly providing engineers, and manufacturers with new and superior materials to make parts in the most economical and effective means. Carbon-fiber composites, for instance, are replacing steel and aluminum in products ranging from simple mountain bikes to sophisticated airliners. Sometimes the materials are farmed, cultivated and may be grown from biological substances and from micro-organisms that have been genetically engineered for the task of fabricating useful parts. Facing the benefits of the current evolution of 3D printing technology, companies from all parts in the supply chain are experiencing the opportunities and threatens it may bring. First, to traditional logistic companies, 3D printing is causing a decline in the cargo industry, reducing the demand for long-distance transportation such as air, sea and rail freight industries. The logistic companies which did not realize the current evolution may not adapt rapidly enough to the new situation. As every coin has two sides, with 3D Printing, logistics companies could also become able to act as the manufacturers. The ability to produce highly complex designs with powerful computer software and turn them into real objects with 3D printing is creating a new design language. 3D-printed items often have an organic, natural look. “Nature has come up with some very efficient designs, Figure 1.3. Often it is prudent to mimic them,” particularly in medical devices. By incorporating the fine, lattice-like internal structure of natural bone into a metal implant, for instance, the implant can be made lighter than a machined one without any loss of strength. It can integrate more easily with the patient's own bones and be grafted precisely to fit the intended patient. Surgeons printed a new titanium jaw for a woman suffering from a chronic bone infection. 3D additive manufacturing promises sizable savings in material costs. In the aerospace industry, metal parts are often machined from a solid billet of costly high-grade titanium. This constitutes 90% of material that is wasted. However, titanium powder can be used to print parts such as a bracket for an aircraft door or part of a satellite. These can be as strong as a machined part, but use only 10% of the raw material. A Boeing F-18 fighter contains a number of printed parts such as air ducts, reducing part weight by at least 30%. Remote Manufacturing 3D Printers Replicator can scan an object in one place while simultaneously communicating to another machine, locally or globally, developed to build a replica object. For example, urgently needed spares could be produced in remote places without having to ship the original object. Even parts that are no longer available could be replicated by scanning a broken item, repairing it virtually, and then printing a new one. It is likely digital libraries will appear online for parts and products that are no longer available. Just as the emergence of e-books means books may never go out of print, components could always remain available. Service mechanics could have portable 3D printers in their vans and hardware stores could offer part-printing services. DIY Market Some entrepreneurs already have desktop 3D printers at home. Industrial desktop 3D printing machines are creating an entirely new market. This market is made up of hobbyists, do-it-yourself enthusiasts, tinkerers, inventors, researchers, and entrepreneurs. Some 3D-printing systems can be built from kits and use open-source software. Machinists may be replaced someday by software technicians who service production machines. 3D printers would be invaluable in remote areas. Rather than waiting days for the correct tool to be delivered, you could instantly print the tool on the job. Printing Materials However, each method has its own benefits and downsides. Some 3D printer manufacturers consequently offer a choice between powder and polymer for the material from which the object is built. Some manufacturer use standard, off-the-shelf business paper as the build material to produce a durable prototype. Speed, cost of the 3D printer, cost of the printed prototype, and the cost of choice materials and color capabilities are the main considerations in selecting a 3D printing machine. SLA – DLP - FDM – SLS - SLM & EBM The expansive world of 3D printing machines has become a confusing place for beginners and professionals alike. The most well-known 3D printing techniques and types of 3D printing machines are stated below. The 3D printing technology is categorized according to the type of technology utilized. The categories are stated as follows: Stereolithography(SLA) Digital Light Processing(DLP) Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) Selective laser melting (SLM) Electronic Beam Melting (EBM) Laminated object manufacturing (LOM) Also, the book provides a detailed guide and optimum implementations to each of the stated 3D printing technology, the basic understanding of its operation, and the similarity as well as the dissimilarity functions of each printer. School Students, University undergraduates, and post graduate students will find the book of immense value to equip them not only with the fundamental in design and implementation but also will encourage them to acquire a system and practice creating their own innovative samples. Furthermore, professionals and educators will be well prepared to use the knowledge and the expertise to practice and advance the technology for the ultimate good of their respective organizations. Global Equal Standing Manufacturers large and small play a significant part in the any country’s economy. The U.S. economy; rendering to the United States Census Bureau, manufacturers are the nation’s fourth-largest employer, and ship several trillions of dollars in goods per annum. It may be a large automotive enterprise manufacturing vehicles or an institution with less than 50 employees. Manufacturers are vital to the country’s global success. However, many societies have misunderstandings about the manufacturing jobs are undesirable jobs and offers low-paying compensations. Other countries may be discouraged to compete against USA. Additive Manufacturing Technology – 3D Printing would level the manufacturing plane field, enabling all countries to globally stand on equal footing. Dr. Sabrie Soloman, Chairman & CEO 3D Printing & Design Not ever previously consumer has had a technology where we so easily interpret the concepts into a touchable object with little concern to the machinery or talents available. 3D Printing Technology builds up parts by adding materials one layer at a time based on a computerized 3D solid model. It allows design optimization and the producing of customized parts on-demand. Its advantages over conventional manufacturing have captivated the imagination of the public, reflected in recent corporate implementations and in many academic publications that call additive manufacturing the “Fourth Industrial Revolution.” 3D Printing produces 3D solid items from a digital computer file. The printing occurs in an additive process, where a solid object is generated through the consecutive layering of material. The process begins with the generation of a 3D digital file such as CAD file. The 3D digital file is then directed to a 3D Printer for printing using a simple print command. Freed of the constraints of traditional factories, additive manufacturing allows designers to produce parts that were previously considered far too complex to make economically. Engineers and Biologists are finding practical applications to use 3D additive manufacturing. It permits novel designs to become matchless rare-products that were not likely with preceding manufacturing methods. 3D Printing Technology is poised to transform medicine and biology with bio-manufacturing, and traditional manufacturing into 3D Printing. This technology has the possibility to upsurge the well-being of a nation’s citizens. Additive manufacturing may progress the worldwide resources and energy effectiveness in “Ground, Sea and Air.” This 3D Printing & Design book will enable you to develop and 3D Print your own unique object using myriads of available worldwide materials. One-off prototypes can be hideously expensive to produce, but a 3D Printer can bring down the cost by a sizable margin. Many consumers goods, mechanical parts, aerospace, automobiles, robots, shoes, fashions, architects' models, dentures, hearing aids, cell biology, now appear in a 3D-printed form for appraisal by engineers, stylists, biologist, and clients before obtaining the final approval. The 3D Printing Technology provides the additional advantage of removing many overhead manufacturing costs and time-delay. The rewards are substantial, as it permits product development teams effortlessly, rapidly and cost effectively yielding models, prototypes, and patterns to be manufactured in hours or days rather than weeks, or months.

Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications

Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications
Author: Salvatore Brischetto,Paolo Maggiore,Carlo Giovanni Ferro
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 189
Release: 2018-07-09
ISBN: 3038425486
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications Book Excerpt:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications" that was published in Technologies

Precision Metal Additive Manufacturing

Precision Metal Additive Manufacturing
Author: Richard Leach,Simone Carmignato
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2020-09-21
ISBN: 0429791283
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Precision Metal Additive Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Additive manufacturing (AM) is a fast-growing sector with the ability to evoke a revolution in manufacturing due to its almost unlimited design freedom and its capability to produce personalised parts locally and with efficient material use. AM companies, however, still face technological challenges such as limited precision due to shrinkage, built-in stresses and limited process stability and robustness. Moreover, often post-processing is needed due to high roughness and remaining porosity. Qualified, trained personnel are also in short supply. In recent years, there have been dramatic improvements in AM design methods, process control, post-processing, material properties and material range. However, if AM is going to gain a significant market share, it must be developed into a true precision manufacturing method. The production of precision parts relies on three principles: Production is robust (i.e. all sensitive parameters can be controlled). Production is predictable (for example, the shrinkage that occurs is acceptable because it can be predicted and compensated in the design). Parts are measurable (as without metrology, accuracy, repeatability and quality assurance cannot be known). AM of metals is inherently a high-energy process with many sensitive and inter-related process parameters, making it susceptible to thermal distortions, defects and process drift. The complete modelling of these processes is beyond current computational power, and novel methods are needed to practicably predict performance and inform design. In addition, metal AM produces highly textured surfaces and complex surface features that stretch the limits of contemporary metrology. With so many factors to consider, there is a significant shortage of background material on how to inject precision into AM processes. Shortage in such material is an important barrier for a wider uptake of advanced manufacturing technologies, and a comprehensive book is thus needed. This book aims to inform the reader how to improve the precision of metal AM processes by tackling the three principles of robustness, predictability and metrology, and by developing computer-aided engineering methods that empower rather than limit AM design. Richard Leach is a professor in metrology at the University of Nottingham and heads up the Manufacturing Metrology Team. Prior to this position, he was at the National Physical Laboratory from 1990 to 2014. His primary love is instrument building, from concept to final installation, and his current interests are the dimensional measurement of precision and additive manufactured structures. His research themes include the measurement of surface topography, the development of methods for measuring 3D structures, the development of methods for controlling large surfaces to high resolution in industrial applications and the traceability of X-ray computed tomography. He is a leader of several professional societies and a visiting professor at Loughborough University and the Harbin Institute of Technology. Simone Carmignato is a professor in manufacturing engineering at the University of Padua. His main research activities are in the areas of precision manufacturing, dimensional metrology and industrial computed tomography. He is the author of books and hundreds of scientific papers, and he is an active member of leading technical and scientific societies. He has been chairman, organiser and keynote speaker for several international conferences, and received national and international awards, including the Taylor Medal from CIRP, the International Academy for Production Engineering.

The Pan Industrial Revolution

The Pan Industrial Revolution
Author: Richard D'Aveni
Publsiher: Houghton Mifflin
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2018-10-16
ISBN: 1328955907
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Pan Industrial Revolution Book Excerpt:

A stunning look at what will happen to global industry as 3-D printing becomes a worldwide phenomenon. Richard D'Aveni contends that this is beginning to happen now and will have far-reaching effects that most corporate and governmental leaders have yet to anticipate.