Adjustment Computations

Adjustment Computations
Author: Charles D. Ghilani,Paul R. Wolf, Ph.D.
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2006-06-12
ISBN: 0471697281
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adjustment Computations Book Excerpt:

"This companion CD-ROM contains: The software ADJUST, MATRIX, and STATS (This software is windows only), Mathcad and HTML worksheets"--CD-ROM.

Adjustment Computations

Adjustment Computations
Author: Charles D. Ghilani, Ph.D.
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2010-03-22
ISBN: 0470464917
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adjustment Computations Book Excerpt:

the complete guide to adjusting for measurement error—expanded and updated no measurement is ever exact. Adjustment Computations updates a classic, definitive text on surveying with the latest methodologies and tools for analyzing and adjusting errors with a focus on least squares adjustments, the most rigorous methodology available and the one on which accuracy standards for surveys are based. This extensively updated Fifth Edition shares new information on advances in modern software and GNSS-acquired data. Expanded sections offer a greater amount of computable problems and their worked solutions, while new screenshots guide readers through the exercises. Continuing its legacy as a reliable primer, Adjustment Computations covers the basic terms and fundamentals of errors and methods of analyzing them and progresses to specific adjustment computations and spatial information analysis. Current and comprehensive, the book features: Easy-to-understand language and an emphasis on real-world applications Analyzing data in three dimensions, confidence intervals, statistical testing, and more An updated support web page containing a 150-page solutions manual, software (STATS, ADJUST, and MATRIX for Windows computers), MathCAD worksheets, and more at http://www.wiley.com/college/ghilani The latest information on advanced topics such as the tau criterion used in post-adjustment statistical blunder detection Adjustment Computations, Fifth Edition is an invaluable reference and self-study resource for working surveyors, photogrammetrists, and professionals who use GNSS and GIS for data collection and analysis, including oceanographers, urban planners, foresters, geographers, and transportation planners. It's also an indispensable resource for students preparing for licensing exams and the ideal textbook for courses in surveying, civil engineering, forestry, cartography, and geology.

The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model

The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model
Author: Earl F. Burkholder
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2017-07-28
ISBN: 1498722172
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model Book Excerpt:

Traditional methods for handling spatial data are encumbered by the assumption of separate origins for horizontal and vertical measurements, but modern measurement systems operate in a 3-D spatial environment. The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Principles and Applications, Second Edition maintains a new model for handling digital spatial data, the global spatial data model or GSDM. The GSDM preserves the integrity of three-dimensional spatial data while also providing additional benefits such as simpler equations, worldwide standardization, and the ability to track spatial data accuracy with greater specificity and convenience. This second edition expands to new topics that satisfy a growing need in the GIS, professional surveyor, machine control, and Big Data communities while continuing to embrace the earth center fixed coordinate system as the fundamental point of origin of one, two, and three-dimensional data sets. Ideal for both beginner and advanced levels, this book also provides guidance and insight on how to link to the data collected and stored in legacy systems.

A Research Guide to Cartographic Resources

A Research Guide to Cartographic Resources
Author: Eva H. Dodsworth
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2018-09-22
ISBN: 1538100843
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Research Guide to Cartographic Resources Book Excerpt:

This book navigates the numerous American and Canadian cartographic resources available in print, and online, offering information on how to locate and access the large variety of resources. Cartographic materials are highlighted and summarized, along with lists of map libraries and geospatial centers, and related professional associations.

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics
Author: Bashar Alsadik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2019-04-16
ISBN: 0128175893
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics Book Excerpt:

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to Geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, and geodesy. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in Geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of Geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-dimensional applications of Geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Quality Aspects in Spatial Data Mining

Quality Aspects in Spatial Data Mining
Author: Alfred Stein,Wenzhong Shi,Wietske Bijker
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN: 1420069276
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quality Aspects in Spatial Data Mining Book Excerpt:

Describes the State-of-the-Art in Spatial Data Mining, Focuses on Data Quality Substantial progress has been made toward developing effective techniques for spatial information processing in recent years. This science deals with models of reality in a GIS, however, and not with reality itself. Therefore, spatial information processes are often imprecise, allowing for much interpretation of abstract figures and data. Quality Aspects in Spatial Data Mining introduces practical and theoretical solutions for making sense of the often chaotic and overwhelming amount of concrete data available to researchers. In this cohesive collection of peer-reviewed chapters, field authorities present the latest field advancements and cover such essential areas as data acquisition, geoinformation theory, spatial statistics, and dissemination. Each chapter debuts with an editorial preview of each topic from a conceptual, applied, and methodological point of view, making it easier for researchers to judge which information is most beneficial to their work. Chapters Evolve From Error Propagation and Spatial Statistics to Address Relevant Applications The book advises the use of granular computing as a means of circumventing spatial complexities. This counter-application to traditional computing allows for the calculation of imprecise probabilities – the kind of information that the spatial information systems community wrestles with much of the time. Under the editorial guidance of internationally respected geoinformatics experts, this indispensable volume addresses quality aspects in the entire spatial data mining process, from data acquisition to end user. It also alleviates what is often field researchers’ most daunting task by organizing the wealth of concrete spatial data available into one convenient source, thereby advancing the frontiers of spatial information systems.

Stochastic Models for Geodesy and Geoinformation Science

Stochastic Models for Geodesy and Geoinformation Science
Author: Frank Neitzel
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2021-02-12
ISBN: 3039439812
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stochastic Models for Geodesy and Geoinformation Science Book Excerpt:

In geodesy and geoinformation science, as well as in many other technical disciplines, it is often not possible to directly determine the desired target quantities. Therefore, the unknown parameters must be linked with the measured values by a mathematical model which consists of the functional and the stochastic models. The functional model describes the geometrical–physical relationship between the measurements and the unknown parameters. This relationship is sufficiently well known for most applications. With regard to the stochastic model, two problem domains of fundamental importance arise: 1. How can stochastic models be set up as realistically as possible for the various geodetic observation methods and sensor systems? 2. How can the stochastic information be adequately considered in appropriate least squares adjustment models? Further questions include the interpretation of the stochastic properties of the computed target values with regard to precision and reliability and the use of the results for the detection of outliers in the input data (measurements). In this Special Issue, current research results on these general questions are presented in ten peer-reviewed articles. The basic findings can be applied to all technical scientific fields where measurements are used for the determination of parameters to describe geometric or physical phenomena.

Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology

Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology
Author: John D. Bossler,James B. Campbell,Robert B. McMaster,Chris Rizos
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 854
Release: 2010-03-05
ISBN: 9781420087345
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology Book Excerpt:

Following in the tradition of its popular predecessor, the Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology, Second Edition continues to be the authoritative volume that covers all aspects of the field, both basic and applied, and includes a focus on initiating, planning, and managing GIS projects. This comprehensive resource, which contains contributio

Data Analysis for Physical Scientists

Data Analysis for Physical Scientists
Author: Les Kirkup
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012-02-16
ISBN: 1107377455
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Analysis for Physical Scientists Book Excerpt:

The ability to summarise data, compare models and apply computer-based analysis tools are vital skills necessary for studying and working in the physical sciences. This textbook supports undergraduate students as they develop and enhance these skills. Introducing data analysis techniques, this textbook pays particular attention to the internationally recognised guidelines for calculating and expressing measurement uncertainty. This new edition has been revised to incorporate Excel® 2010. It also provides a practical approach to fitting models to data using non-linear least squares, a powerful technique which can be applied to many types of model. Worked examples using actual experimental data help students understand how the calculations apply to real situations. Over 200 in-text exercises and end-of-chapter problems give students the opportunity to use the techniques themselves and gain confidence in applying them. Answers to the exercises and problems are given at the end of the book.

Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions

Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions
Author: Stephen V. Estopinal,Wendy Lathrop
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2011-09-13
ISBN: 0470542594
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions Book Excerpt:

The only modern guide to interpreting and writing real property descriptions for surveyors Technical land information is no longer the exclusive domain of professional surveyors. The Internet now houses a multitude of resources that nontechnical professionals—such as attorneys and realtors—access and implement on a daily basis. However, these professionals are trained in aspects of law and commerce that do not provide the proper education and experience to interpret and evaluate their land boundary information discoveries correctly. As a result, their analysis is often erroneous and the data misapplied—ultimately leading to confusion and costly litigation. Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions attempts to bridge the ever-widening gap between the users of land boundary information and the land surveyors who produce it. An expert team of authors integrates the historic and legal background of real property interests with fundamental concepts of the surveying profession in a manner accessible for average readers. These provide the basics for both properly comprehending older descriptions and competently constructing complete and modern real property descriptions that foster better communication. Highlights in this book include: An in-depth exploration of historic descriptions and how to read them Coverage of the widely accepted ALTA/ACSM Land Boundary Survey standards and associated property descriptions A diverse collection of examples and practice scenarios An overview of the latest issues related to the use of GPS and GIS Written in easy-to-understand language, this practical resource assists nontechnical professionals in understanding exactly what a surveyor does and does not do, and serves as a valuable tool for obtaining the most satisfactory, accurate, and complete real property descriptions.

The Enigma of the Origin of Portolan Charts

The Enigma of the Origin of Portolan Charts
Author: Roel Nicolai
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2016-05-30
ISBN: 9004285121
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Enigma of the Origin of Portolan Charts Book Excerpt:

The enigmatic nautical charts of the Mediterranean and Black Sea, known as portolan charts, which suddenly appeared in Italy in the thirteenth century are shown to be sophisticated maps the construction of which was well beyond medieval European mapping capabilities.

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics
Author: Harsh Gupta
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1579
Release: 2011-06-29
ISBN: 904818701X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics Book Excerpt:

The past few decades have witnessed the growth of the Earth Sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet that we live on. This development addresses the challenging endeavor to enrich human lives with the bounties of Nature as well as to preserve the planet for the generations to come. Solid Earth Geophysics aspires to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of the principles of physics and forms the intrinsic framework, which other allied disciplines utilize for more specific investigations. The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company. More than two decades later, this new volume, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, represents a thoroughly revised and expanded reference work. It brings together more than 200 articles covering established and new concepts of Geophysics across the various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format and standard. It is an authoritative and current reference source with extraordinary width of scope. It draws its unique strength from the expert contributions of editors and authors across the globe. It is designed to serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.

Surveying for Civil and Mine Engineers

Surveying for Civil and Mine Engineers
Author: John Walker,Joseph Awange
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2020-06-06
ISBN: 3030458032
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surveying for Civil and Mine Engineers Book Excerpt:

This updated and expanded edition of the book includes four additional chapters on earthwork on sloping sites; transitional curves and super elevation; calculations of super elevations on composite curves; and underground mine surveying. Richly illustrated with diagrams, equations and tables as well as examples of every day survey tasks. It also covers new topics, such as the global navigation satellite system’s (Real Time Kinematic-RTK), which are increasingly used in a wide range of everyday engineering applications.

Remote Sensed Data and Processing Methodologies for 3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures

Remote Sensed Data and Processing Methodologies for 3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures
Author: Diego Gonzalez-Aguilera,Fabio Remondino,Pablo Rodríguez-Gonzálvez,Erica Nocerino
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 603
Release: 2018-09-28
ISBN: 3038422371
Category: Electronic book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remote Sensed Data and Processing Methodologies for 3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures Book Excerpt:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Remote Sensed Data and Processing Methodologies for 3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures" that was published in Remote Sensing

Advances and Trends in Geodesy Cartography and Geoinformatics

Advances and Trends in Geodesy  Cartography and Geoinformatics
Author: Soňa Molčíková,Viera Hurčíková,Vladislava Zelizňaková,Peter Blišt'an
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2018-04-17
ISBN: 0429012888
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances and Trends in Geodesy Cartography and Geoinformatics Book Excerpt:

The International Scientific and Professional Conference on Geodesy, Cartography and Geoinformatics 2017 (GCG 2017) was organized under the auspices of the Faculty of Mining, Ecology, Process Control and Geotechnologies, Technical University of Košice (SK), Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice (SK), Faculty of Civil Engineering, STU Bratislava (SK), Faculty of Civil Engineering, CTU Prague (CZ), University of Technology, Kielce (PL), AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow (PL), Upper Nitra Mines Prievidza, plc. (SK) and the Slovakian Mining Society (SK). The conference was held from October 10 - 13, 2017, in Low Tatras, Slovakia. The purpose of the conference was to provide a forum for prominent scientists, researchers and professionals from Slovakia, Poland and the Czech Republic to present novel and fundamental advances in the fields of geodesy, cartography and geoinformatics. Conference participants had the opportunity to exchange and share their experiences, research and results solved within scientific research projects with other colleagues. The conference focused on a wide spectrum of actual topics and subject areas in Surveying and Mine Surveying, Geodetic Control and Geodynamics, and Cartography and Geoinformatics and collected in this proceedings volume.

Advanced Technologies Systems and Applications III

Advanced Technologies  Systems  and Applications III
Author: Samir Avdaković
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2018-11-03
ISBN: 3030025772
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Technologies Systems and Applications III Book Excerpt:

This book introduces innovative and interdisciplinary applications of advanced technologies. Featuring the papers from the 10th DAYS OF BHAAAS (Bosnian-Herzegovinian American Academy of Arts and Sciences) held in Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina on June 21–24, 2018, it discusses a wide variety of engineering and scientific applications of the different techniques. Researchers from academic and industry present their work and ideas, techniques and applications in the field of power systems, mechanical engineering, computer modelling and simulations, civil engineering, robotics and biomedical engineering, information and communication technologies, computer science and applied mathematics.

Surveying for Engineers

Surveying for Engineers
Author: John Uren,Bill Price
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2018-03-13
ISBN: 1137052791
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surveying for Engineers Book Excerpt:

The fifth edition of this classic textbook sets out the essential techniques needed for a solid grounding in the surveying. The popular and trusted textbook covers the traditional topics such as levelling, measurement of angles, measuring distances, and how to carry out traversing and compute coordinates, as well as the latest technological advances. It is packed with clear illustrations, exercises and worked examples, making it both a comprehensive study aid for students and a reliable reference tool for practitioners. This text is aimed at students studying surveying as either part of a civil engineering, building or construction course or as a separate discipline. It is also useful for students who undertake surveying as an elective subject and is a useful resource for practising surveyors. New to this Edition: - The latest developments in Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) particularly the introduction of network RTK and OS Net and their applications - Recent developments in survey instruments, methods and digital technologies including image processing with total stations and laser planners, developments in data processing and integration and updates on Ordnance Survey mapping products

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Shuanggen Jin
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2012-02-03
ISBN: 953307843X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) plays a key role in high precision navigation, positioning, timing, and scientific questions related to precise positioning. This is a highly precise, continuous, all-weather, and real-time technique. The book is devoted to presenting recent results and developments in GNSS theory, system, signal, receiver, method, and errors sources, such as multipath effects and atmospheric delays. Furthermore, varied GNSS applications are demonstrated and evaluated in hybrid positioning, multi-sensor integration, height system, Network Real Time Kinematic (NRTK), wheeled robots, and status and engineering surveying. This book provides a good reference for GNSS designers, engineers, and scientists, as well as the user market.

Bio inspired Systems and Applications from Robotics to Ambient Intelligence

Bio inspired Systems and Applications  from Robotics to Ambient Intelligence
Author: José Manuel Ferrández Vicente,José Ramón Álvarez-Sánchez,Félix de la Paz López,Hojjat Adeli
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 597
Release: 2022-05-24
ISBN: 3031065271
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio inspired Systems and Applications from Robotics to Ambient Intelligence Book Excerpt:

The two volume set LNCS 13258 and 13259 constitutes the proceedings of the International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2022, held in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain in May – June 2022. The total of 121 contributions was carefully reviewed and selected from 203 submissions. The papers are organized in two volumes, with the following topical sub-headings: Part I: Machine Learning in Neuroscience; Neuromotor and Cognitive Disorders; Affective Analysis; Health Applications Part II: Affective Computing in Ambient Intelligence; Bioinspired Computing Approaches; Machine Learning in Computer Vision and Robot; Deep Learning; Artificial Intelligence Applications.

Subdividing the Land

Subdividing the Land
Author: Gaby M. Neunzert
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2010-11-11
ISBN: 1439827486
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Subdividing the Land Book Excerpt:

Ideally, every tract of land has a description on paper and a physical survey on the ground. When boundary disputes arise, all parties concerned must quickly learn the vocabulary and processes involved with real estate. Written for anyone dealing in real estate transactions, Subdividing the Land: Metes and Bounds and Rectangular Survey Systems provides this background. It defines key legal terms, examines key concepts of Metes and Bounds, the structure of the U.S. Land Survey System and offers many illustrations and tables that clearly explain the concepts. Each state has its own property laws, but the book's material is generic enough to be applicable across the entire United States and even Canada. Taking into account that local laws may be influenced by many factors, the book also covers the roots of English property laws and the effects of French, Spanish, and Mexican legacies. The author discusses topics such as water law, mining claims, and the Metes and Bounds and Torrens system of property registry. He provides a section of basic legal concepts applicable to land transactions and a glossary of special or semi-technical terms. Unlike most other topics related to surveying, there is no math associated with the topics given; yet the subjects can be complex and tricky. Subdividing the Land is a resource of many interrelated topics, and thus presents a knowledge base for land surveyors and the background for handling many types of land transactions conducted by real estate agents, engineers, architects, and lawyers.