Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals
Author: Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,A. Pizzi,Naved Azum,Abdullah M. Asiri,Illyas M.D. Isa
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2021-07-26
ISBN: 0323901514
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals Book Excerpt:

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Volume 2: Chemical Processes is the second of two volumes by the editors (the first volume is Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Biological Processes). This volume presents advanced techniques and combined techniques used to convert energy to waste, including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The title focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy, presenting advances in the design, manufacture and application of conversion technologies. Contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of waste to energy conversion. Huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while, at the same time, huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels. Waste to energy (WTE) technologies are developing rapidly, holding out the potential to make clean, sustainable power from waste material. These WTE procedures incorporate various methods and blended approaches, and present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy. Presents the latest advances in waste to energy techniques for converting solid waste to valuable fuel and energy Brings together contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and the manufacturing industry Includes advanced techniques such as combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation Goes far beyond municipal waste, including the recouping of valuable energy from a variety of industrial waste materials

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals
Author: Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,A. Pizzi,Naved Azum,Abdullah M. Asiri,Illyas M.D. Isa
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2021-07-27
ISBN: 0128235276
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals Book Excerpt:

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Volume 1: Biological Processes presents advanced and combined techniques that can be used to convert waste to energy, including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The book focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy and presents the latest advances in the design, manufacture, and application of conversion technologies. Contributors from the fields of physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of the field. Chapters cover important aspects surrounding the conversion of solid waste into fuel and chemicals, describing how valuable energy can be recouped from various waste materials. As huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels, the technologies described in this comprehensive book provide the information necessary to pursue clean, sustainable power from waste material. Presents the latest advances in waste to energy techniques for converting solid waste to valuable fuel and energy Brings together contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and the manufacturing industry Includes advanced techniques such as combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation Goes far beyond municipal waste, including discussions on recouping valuable energy from a variety of industrial waste materials Describes how waste to energy technologies present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy

Energy from Waste

Energy from Waste
Author: Ram K. Gupta,Tuan Anh Nguyen (Chemist)
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9781000551341
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy from Waste Book Excerpt:

Conversion of waste into value-added products such as energy transforms a potential environmental problem into a sustainable solution. Energy from Waste: Production and Storage focuses on the conversion of waste from various sources for use in energy production and storage applications. It provides the state-of-the-art in developing advanced materials and chemicals for energy applications using wastes and discusses the various treatment processes and technologies. Covers synthesis of usable materials from various types of waste and their application in energy production and storage Presents an overview and applications of wastes for green energy production and storage Provides fundamentals of electrochemical behavior and understanding of energy devices such as fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, and solar cells Elaborates on advanced technologies used to convert waste into green biochemical energy This work provides new direction to scientists, researchers, and students in materials and chemical engineering and related subjects seeking to sustainable solutions to energy production and waste management.

Advanced and Emerging Technologies for Resource Recovery from Wastes

Advanced and Emerging Technologies for Resource Recovery from Wastes
Author: Laleh Nazari,Chunbao (Charles) Xu,Madhumita B. Ray
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 207
Release: 2021-04-01
ISBN: 9811592675
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced and Emerging Technologies for Resource Recovery from Wastes Book Excerpt:

This book introduces advanced or emerging technologies for conversion of wastes into a variety of high-value chemicals and materials. Energy and resources can be recovered from various residential, industrial and commercial wastes, such as municipal wastewater and sludge, e-waste, waste plastics and resins, crop residues, forestry residues and lignin. Advanced waste-to-resource and energy technologies like pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction, fractionation, de-polymerization, gasification and carbonization are also introduced. The book serves as an essential guide to dealing with various types of wastes and the methods of disposal, recovery, recycling and re-use. As such it is a valuable resource for a wide readership, including graduate students, academic researchers, industrial researchers and practitioners in chemical engineering, waste management, waste to energy and resources conversion and biorefinery.

Gasification of Waste Materials

Gasification of Waste Materials
Author: Simona Ciuta,Demetra Tsiamis,Marco J. Castaldi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2017-10-24
ISBN: 0128127171
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gasification of Waste Materials Book Excerpt:

Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life challenges for the deployment of waste to energy technologies Provides information on the economics and sustainability of these technologies, as well as their future perspectives

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology
Author: Naomi B Klinghoffer,Marco J Castaldi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2013-05-15
ISBN: 0857096362
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology Book Excerpt:

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion. Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies. Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field. Reviews the waste hierarchy and waste to energy systems options along with the environmental and social impact of WTE conversion plants Explores the engineering and technology behind WTE systems including considerations of municipal solid waste (MSW) its treatment, combustion and gasification Considers pollution control systems for WTE technologies including the transformation of wast combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass
Author: Robert C. Brown
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2011-03-16
ISBN: 9781119990994
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass Book Excerpt:

Thermochemical pathways for biomass conversion offer opportunitiesfor rapid and efficient processing of diverse feedstocks intofuels, chemicals and power. Thermochemical processing has severaladvantages relative to biochemical processing, including greaterfeedstock flexibility, conversion of both carbohydrate and lignininto products, faster reaction rates, and the ability to produce adiverse selection of fuels. Thermochemical Processing of Biomass examines the largenumber of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels,chemicals and power through the use of heat and catalysts. The bookpresents a practical overview of the latest research in thisrapidly developing field, highlighting the fundamental chemistry,technical applications and operating costs associated withthermochemical conversion strategies. Bridging the gap between research and practical application,this book is written for engineering professionals in the biofuelsindustry, as well as academic researchers working in bioenergy,bioprocessing technology and chemical engineering. Topics covered include: Combustion Gasification Fast Pyrolysis Hydrothermal Processing Upgrading Syngas and Bio-oil Catalytic Conversion of Sugars to Fuels Hybrid Thermochemical/Biochemical Processing Economics of Thermochemical Conversion For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources,visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/rrs"www.wiley.com/go/rrs/a

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass
Author: Ashok Pandey,T. Bhaskar,Michael Stöcker,Rajeev Sukumaran
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2015-01-22
ISBN: 9780444632890
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Book Excerpt:

This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass

Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals
Author: Brian H. Davison,Mark Finkelstein,Charles E. Wyman
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 898
Release: 2011-09-15
ISBN: 9781461274971
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Book Excerpt:

BRIAN H. DAVISON Oak Ridge National Laboratory MARK FINKELSTEIN National Renewable Energy Laboratory CHARLES E. WYMAN Oak Ridge National Laboratory The Eighteenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemi cals continues to provide a forum for the presentation of research results and the exchange of ideas on advances in biotechnology for the produc tion of fuels and chemicals. Although the emphasis is on utilization of renewable resources, the scope of the Symposium is broader than this and includes bioconversion of fossil fuels and syngas and the new area of conversions in nonaqueous environments; these areas were discussed in Session 5 and in a Special Topic Discussion Group at the Symposium. In addition, recent developments in bioremediation were well represented in Session 6 and in the poster session. The Symposium involved both the development of new biological agents (such as enzymes or microbes) to carry out targeted conversions as well as bioprocess development. The first area covered improvements in enzymes as well as fundamental insights into substrate-enzyme inter actions and photosynthesis. The latter area focused on converting one material into another using biological agents through combinations of chemical engineering, biological sciences, and fermentation technology. This area also refers to an overall processing involving at least one bio logically catalyzed step in combination with other physical and/ or chemi cal processing operations. Agricultural crops, such as corn and corn fiber as well as woody biomass and lignocellulosic wastes, are emphasized for process feedstocks and their pretreatment investigated.

Feedstock Recycling and Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics

Feedstock Recycling and Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics
Author: John Scheirs,Walter Kaminsky
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Total Pages: 785
Release: 2006-05-12
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Feedstock Recycling and Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics Book Excerpt:

Pyrolysis is a recycling technique converting plastic waste into fuels, monomers, or other valuable materials by thermal and catalytic cracking processes. It allows the treatment of mixed, unwashed plastic wastes. For many years research has been carried out on thermally converting waste plastics into useful hydrocarbons liquids such as crude oil and diesel fuel. Recently the technology has matured to the point where commercial plants are now available. Pyrolysis recycling of mixed waste plastics into generator and transportation fuels is seen as the answer for recovering value from unwashed, mixed plastics and achieving their desired diversion from landfill. This book provides an overview of the science and technology of pyrolysis of waste plastics. It describes the types of plastics that are suitable for pyrolysis recycling, the mechanism of pyrolytic degradation of various plastics, characterization of the pyrolysis products and details of commercially mature pyrolysis technologies. This book also covers co-pyrolysis technology, including: waste plastic/waste oil, waste plastics/coal, and waste plastics/rubber.

Innovations in Thermochemical Technologies for Biofuel Processing

Innovations in Thermochemical Technologies for Biofuel Processing
Author: Sonil Nanda,Dai-Viet N. Vo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2022-03-28
ISBN: 0323900755
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovations in Thermochemical Technologies for Biofuel Processing Book Excerpt:

Innovations in Thermochemical Technologies for Biofuel Processing broadly covers current technologies in alternate fuels and chemical production, a few of which include biomass-to-liquid, biomass-to-gas and gas-to-liquid biomass conversion technologies. The topics in this book include elaborative discussions on biomass feedstocks, biomass-to-liquid technologies (liquefaction, pyrolysis and transesterification), biomass-to-gas technologies (gasification), gas-to-liquid technologies (syngas fermentation and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis), co-processing technologies, fuel upgrading technologies (hydrotreating and reforming), novel catalyst development for biorefining, biorefining process optimization, unit operations, reaction kinetics, artificial neural network, and much more. The book comprehensively discusses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of notable biofuels (e.g., bio-oil, biocrude oil, biodiesel, bioethanol, biobutanol, bio-jet fuels, biohydrogen, biomethane, synthesis gas, hydrocarbon fuels, etc.). Addresses solutions for clean fuel, energy security, waste management, waste valorization, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, carbon capture and sequestration, circular economy and climate change mitigation Includes applications of thermochemical conversion and reforming technologies for waste biomass to biofuels Covers current technologies in alternate fuels and chemicals production, a few of which include conversion technologies (i.e., liquefaction, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, transesterification, organic transformation, carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom coupling reactions, oxidation, and reforming processes, etc.), hydrotreating technologies (i.e., hydrogenation, hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, hydrodearomatization and hydrodemetalization) and catalytic processes.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1172
Release: 1984
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemistry, Technical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Engineering Book Excerpt:

Preliminary study on the conversion of different waste plastics into fuel oil

Preliminary study on the conversion of different waste plastics into fuel oil
Author: Yasabie Abatneh
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 45
Release: 2013-04-22
ISBN: 3656416451
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Preliminary study on the conversion of different waste plastics into fuel oil Book Excerpt:

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Engineering - Chemical Engineering, Wollo University (Kombolcha Institute Of Technology), course: Chemical Engineering , language: English, abstract: Abstract: The objective of the work is the conversion of waste plastics into fuel oil. Plastic wastes such as, polypropylene, low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, polystyrene are the most frequently used in everyday activities and disposed of to the environment after service. Plastic are those substances which can take long periods of time to decompose if disposed off simply to the environment. Therefore, waste plastic should be changed into usable resources. The different waste plastics were thermally cracked at different temperature and then it was tried to measure the oil produced, the residue left after the reaction is completed, and the gas produced. Then it is compared that which types of plastics can yield higher amount of oil. There are a number of methods by which plastic wastes can be managed such as incineration, recycling, land filling, and thermal cracking. But this work focuses on thermal cracking of waste plastic to change them into usable resources, because in this method the emission of hazardous gases to the environment insignificant. This means we can change all the waste in to useful resources. Keywords: liquid oil, thermal cracking, and waste management system

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Conversion

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Conversion
Author: Sonil Nanda,Dai-Viet N. Vo,Van-Huy Nguyen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2022-07-29
ISBN: 0323900720
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Conversion Book Excerpt:

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Conversion: Advanced Materials and Processes provides fundamental principles, updated knowledge and recent developments of various advanced processes for CO2 mitigation and transformation. This comprehensive overview of CO2 capture and conversion covers nanoporous materials, biomaterials, innovative solvents, advanced membrane technology, nanocatalyst synthesis and design, cutting-edge characterization techniques, and intrinsic mechanisms and kinetics. In addition to techno-economical evaluation and lifecycle assessment for CO2 capture and conversion processes, the future perspectives, opportunities and current challenges regarding these processes in terms of industrial applications are systematically provided in this book. Offers fundamental understanding and industrial applications of CO2 capture and conversion technology Covers all aspects of recent developments in nanomaterials and advanced processes implemented for CO2 capture and conversions Contains state-of-the-art CO2 capture and conversion technology written by leading international experts in the field Provides a valuable and updated reference for academic and industrial researchers, postgraduates, scientists and engineers Offers advanced techniques of nanomaterial synthesis, characterization, evaluation and industrial implementation in a wide range of CO2

ASES 86

ASES  86
Author: American Solar Energy Society. Meeting
Publsiher: American Solar Energy Society, Incorporated
Total Pages: 586
Release: 1986
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Solar energy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ASES 86 Book Excerpt:

Plastics to Energy

Plastics to Energy
Author: Sultan Al-Salem
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2018-11-05
ISBN: 0128131411
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics to Energy Book Excerpt:

Plastics to Energy: Fuel, Chemicals, and Sustainability Implications covers important trends in the science and technology of polymer recovery, such as the thermo-chemical treatment of plastics, the impact of environmental degradation on mechanical recycling, incineration and thermal unit design, and new options in biodegradable plastics. The book also introduces product development opportunities from waste materials and discusses the main processes and pathways of the conversion of polymeric materials to energy, fuel and chemicals. A particular focus is placed on industrial case studies and academic reviews, providing a practical emphasis that enables plastics practitioners involved in end-of-life aspects to employ these processes. Final sections examine lifecycle and cost analysis of different plastic waste management processes, exploring the potential of various techniques in modelling, optimization and simulation of waste management options. Introduces new pathways for the end-of-life treatment of plastics and polymers, including conversion to energy, fuel and other chemicals Compares different options to assist materials scientists, engineers and waste management practitioners to choose the most effective and sustainable option Covers the latest trends in the science and technology of polymer energy recovery

International Environment Reporter

International Environment Reporter
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1172
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Environmental law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Environment Reporter Book Excerpt:

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels
Author: Navanietha Krishnaraj Rathinam,Rajesh Sani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2019-10-25
ISBN: 012817952X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels Book Excerpt:

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels addresses advanced technologies for converting waste to biofuels and value-added products. Biovalorisation has several advantages over conventional bioremediation processes as it helps reduce the costs of bioprocesses. Examples are provided of several successfully commercialized technologies, giving insight into developing, potential processes for biovalorisation of different wastes. Different bioprocess strategies are discussed for valorising the wastes coming from the leather industry, olive oil industry, pulp and paper, winery, textile, and food industries, as well as aquaculture. A section on biorefinery for hydrocarbons and emerging contaminants is included to cover concepts on biodesulfurization of petroleum wastes, leaching of heavy metals from E – waste, and bioelectrochemical processes for CO2. Chapters on algal biorefinery are also included to focus on the technologies for conversion of CO2 sequestration and wastewater utilization. Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels can be used as course material for graduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry, and biotechnology, and as a reference for industrial professionals and researchers who want to gain a basic understanding on the subject. Covers a wide range of topics, from the conversion of wastes to organic acids, biofuels, biopolymers and industrially relevant products Bridges the gap between academics and industry Written in a lucid and self-explanatory style Includes activities/quiz/critical questions

Sustainable Biomass and Waste Conversion

Sustainable Biomass and Waste Conversion
Author: Pietro Bartocci,Francesco Fantozzi,Qing Yang,Yang Haiping,Ondřej Mašek,Yunjun Yan,Zhen Fang,LUCIA RIGAMONTI
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2022-03-01
ISBN: 012821449X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Biomass and Waste Conversion Book Excerpt:

Sustainable Biomass and Waste Conversion: Modeling Tools for Planning and Optimization provides practical knowledge on the technical, economic and environmental aspects of bioenergy, biorefining, and waste-to-energy systems through modeling. The book covers key-technologies and cutting-edge advances for biomass assessment using statistics and GIS systems, logistics optimization using Vehicle Routing Problem solvers, Neural Networks and Optimization models based on MILP and NLP, and energy demand assessment. In addition, sections cover feasibility plans for biorefineries and combined heat and power systems, and the fundamentals and challenges of modeling biomass and waste conversion processes, such as anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, gasification, combustion, transesterification, fermentation and hydroprocessing. The authors also examine economic and market factors influencing feedstock availability and price and provide tools for environmental and social impact analysis. Finally, the book illustrates the application of the methodologies covered through a number of case studies from around the globe, quizzes and exercises. Presents practical tools to design supply plans for waste-to-energy and bioenergy plants, as well as biorefineries, optimizing collection, and logistics within the context of the bioeconomy Explores methodologies for the realistic development of bioenergy business plans, environmental impact analysis, plant control and management Includes a broad selection of global case studies and practical exercises that illustrate the application of discussed methodologies in biomass and waste conversion chains

Fuel Cells in the Waste to Energy Chain

Fuel Cells in the Waste to Energy Chain
Author: Stephen J. McPhail,Viviana Cigolotti,Angelo Moreno
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2012-01-05
ISBN: 1447123689
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cells in the Waste to Energy Chain Book Excerpt:

As the availability of fossils fuels becomes more limited, the negative impact of their consumption becomes an increasingly relevant factor in our choices with regards to primary energy sources. The exponentially increasing demand for energy is reflected in the mass generation of by-products and waste flows which characterize current society’s development and use of fossil sources. The potential for recoverable material and energy in these ever-increasing refuse flows is huge, even after the separation of hazardous constituent elements, allowing safe and sustainable further exploitation of an otherwise 'wasted' resource. Fuel Cells in the Waste-to-Energy Chain explores the concept of waste-to-energy through a 5 step process which reflects the stages during the transformation of refuse flows to a valuable commodity such as clean energy. By providing selected, integrated alternatives to the current centralized, wasteful, fossil-fuel based infrastructure, Fuel Cells in the Waste-to-Energy Chain explores how the concept of waste-to-energy can be constructed and developed into a realistic solution. The entire spectrum of current and future energy problems is illuminated through the explanation of the operational, integration and marketing implications of high efficiency technological solutions using the real context of developed regions such as Europe. Up-to-date reviews are provided on the status of technology and demonstration, implementation and marketing perspectives. The detailed technological information and insight gathered from over twenty years of experience in the field makes Fuel Cells in the Waste-to-Energy Chain a valuable resource for all engineers and researchers in the fields of energy supply systems and waste conversion, as well as providing a key reference for discussions by policy makers, marketing experts and industry developers working in energy supply and waste management.