Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques
Author: Narendra Tuteja,Renu Tuteja,Nishat Passricha,Shabnam Saifi
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2020-06-13
ISBN: 0128185821
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques Book Excerpt:

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques presents updates on biotechnology and molecular biological approaches which have contributed significantly to crop improvement. The book discusses the emerging importance of bioinformatics in analyzing the vast resources of information regarding crop improvement and its practical application and utilization. Throughout this comprehensive resource, emphasis is placed on various techniques used to improve agricultural crops, providing a common platform for the utility of these techniques and their combinations. Written by an international team of contributors, this book provides an in-depth analysis of existing tools and a framework for new research. Reviews techniques used for crop improvement, from selection and crossing over, to microorganismal approaches Explores the role of conventional biotechnology in crop improvement Summarizes the combined approaches of cytogenetics and biotechnology for crop improvement, including the importance of molecular techniques in this process Focuses on the emerging role of bioinformatics for crop improvement

Crop Improvement

Crop Improvement
Author: Khalid Rehman Hakeem,Parvaiz Ahmad,Munir Ozturk
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 493
Release: 2013-06-13
ISBN: 1461470285
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Improvement Book Excerpt:

The improvement of crop species has been a basic pursuit since cultivation began thousands of years ago. To feed an ever increasing world population will require a great increase in food production. Wheat, corn, rice, potato and few others are expected to lead as the most important crops in the world. Enormous efforts are made all over the world to document as well as use these resources. Everybody knows that the introgression of genes in wheat provided the foundation for the “Green Revolution”. Later also demonstrated the great impact that genetic resources have on production. Several factors are contributing to high plant performance under different environmental conditions, therefore an effective and complementary use of all available technological tools and resources is needed to meet the challenge.

Molecular Techniques in Crop Improvement

Molecular Techniques in Crop Improvement
Author: Shri Mohan Jain,D.S. Brar
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 772
Release: 2009-11-05
ISBN: 9048129672
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Techniques in Crop Improvement Book Excerpt:

This book provides comprehensive information on the latest tools and techniques of molecular genetics and their applications in crop improvement. It thoroughly discusses advanced techniques used in molecular markers, QTL mapping, marker-assisted breeding, and molecular cytogenetics.

Crop Improvement

Crop Improvement
Author: Pankaj Kumar,Ajay Kumar Thakur
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2021-06-30
ISBN: 1000381234
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Improvement Book Excerpt:

Crop Improvement: Biotechnological Advances – Biomedical Science The field of biotechnology is advancing at a fast pace. The availability of low-cost DNA/genome sequencing technologies has led to the discovery and functional characterization of myriad of genes imparting stress tolerance and quality traits. The ‘omics’ group of technologies including genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics has revolutionized the agricultural biotechnology sector. The Nobel Prize-winning technology, such as the genome editing technique, is being employed to edit various gene functions in plants aiding in crop improvement. This technology may be adopted very quickly by consumers compared with the transgenic technique because the genome-edited plants have no adverse effects on the genome of the plant itself and on the environment and related species/non-target organisms. In this book, authors have attempted to compile the latest techniques of agricultural biotechnology and their applications in crop improvement. Certain chapters have been dedicated to describe the use of nanotechnology, a fast emerging new technique in the agriculture sector. Features Development, potential and safety issues in biotechnology Advances in genomics, proteomics and transcriptomics in agriculture Protein bioinformatics and its applications Genetically modified (GM) technology and its implications Genome editing in crop improvement Marker-assisted selection (MAS) in crop improvement Mutation breeding Cryobiotechnology Nanotechnology and biosensors This book includes real-world examples and applications making it accessible to a broader interdisciplinary readership. We hope that it will serve as a reference book for researchers engaged in molecular biology and biotechnology and will act as a ready reckoner for postgraduate (PG) students in the biotechnology discipline.

Recent Advances in Food Biotechnology

Recent Advances in Food Biotechnology
Author: Ajay Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9811681252
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Food Biotechnology Book Excerpt:

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology and Molecular Tools

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Breeding  Biotechnology and Molecular Tools
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2016-02-02
ISBN: 3319225219
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology and Molecular Tools Book Excerpt:

The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is Volume 1 which consists of 21 chapters covering domestication and germplasm utilization, conventional breeding techniques and the role of biotechnology. In addition to various biotechnological applications in plant breeding, it includes functional genomics, mutations and methods of detection, and molecular markers. In vitro techniques and their applications in plant breeding are discussed with an emphasis on embryo rescue, somatic cell hybridization and somaclonal variation. Other chapters cover haploid breeding, transgenics, cryogenics and bioinformatics.

Applications of Genetic Engineering to Crop Improvement

Applications of Genetic Engineering to Crop Improvement
Author: G.B. Collins,Joseph F. Petolino
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 940096207X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Genetic Engineering to Crop Improvement Book Excerpt:

The contributions of plant genetics to the production of higher yielding crops of superior quality are well documented. These successes have been realized through the application of plant breeding techniques to a diverse array of genetically controlled traits. Such highly effective breeding procedures will continue to be the primary method employed for the development of new crop cultivars; however, new techniques in cell and molecular biology will provide additional approaches for genetic modification. There has been considerable speculation recently concerning the potential impact of new techniques in cell and molecular biology on plant improvement. These genetic engineering techniques should offer unique opportunities to alter the genetic makeup of crops if applied to existing breeding procedures. Many questions must be answered in order to identify specific applications of these new technologies. This search for applications will require input from plant scientists working on various aspects of crop improvement. This volume is intended to assess the interrelationships between conventional plant breeding and genetic engineering.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 3

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement  Volume 3
Author: Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2018-08-09
ISBN: 331994746X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 3 Book Excerpt:

During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Principles of Crop Improvement

Principles of Crop Improvement
Author: Norman Simmonds,J. Smartt
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 424
Release: 1999-07-09
ISBN: 9780632041916
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Crop Improvement Book Excerpt:

The first edition of this higly regarded text was published in 1979 to provide a general introduction to the principles of plant breeding. It has been out of print since late 1993 and a new edition is long overdue as there are no up to date and comprehensive single volumes on the subject in print. The original text has been amended and enhanced where there have been advances in plant breeding to provide coverage of recent developments relevant to crop improvement which as intellectual property rights, biotechnology and the use and conservation of genetic resources. The emphasis of the text will be, as it was for the first edition, on the principles of plant breeding and the expanded range of techniques now available for effective crop improvement.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Cereals

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Cereals
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 603
Release: 2019-10-11
ISBN: 3030231089
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Cereals Book Excerpt:

This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This Volume 5, subtitled Cereals, focuses on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual crops. It addresses important staple food crops including barley, fonio, finger millet, foxtail millet, pearl millet, proso millet, quinoa, rice, rye, tef, triticale and spelt wheat. The volume is contributed by 53 internationally reputable scientists from 14 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.

Advances in Legumes for Sustainable Intensification

Advances in Legumes for Sustainable Intensification
Author: Ram Swaroop Meena,Sandeep Kumar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2022-07-15
ISBN: 0323886000
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Legumes for Sustainable Intensification Book Excerpt:

Advances in Legume-based Agroecoystem for Sustainable Intensification explores current research and future strategies for ensuring capacity growth and socioeconomic improvement through the utilization of legume crop cultivation and production in the achievement of sustainability development goals (SDGs). Sections cover the role of legumes in addressing issues of food security, improving nitrogen in the environment, environmental sustainability, economic-environmentally optimized systems, the importance and impact of nitrogen, organic production, and biomass potential, legume production, biology, breeding improvement, cropping systems, and the use of legumes for eco-friendly weed management. This book is an important resource for scientists, researchers and advanced students interested in championing the effective utilization of legumes for agronomic and ecological benefit. Focuses on opportunities for agricultural impact and sustainability Presents insights into both agricultural sustainability and eco-intensification Includes the impact of legume production on societal impacts such as health and wealth management

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Vegetable Crops

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Vegetable Crops
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,S. Mohan Jain,Dennis Victor Johnson
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2021
ISBN: 3030669653
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Vegetable Crops Book Excerpt:

Plant breeders and geneticists are under constant pressure to sustain and expand food production by using innovative breeding strategies and introducing minor crops, which are well adapted to marginal lands, provide a source of nutrition, and have abiotic and biotic stress tolerance, to feed an ever-increasing human population. The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods, augmenting traditional plant breeding, towards the improvement and development of new crop varieties, under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors, to achieve sustainable agricultural production and enhanced food security. Three volumes of the book series Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies were published in 2015, 2016 and 2018, respectively: Volume 1. Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools; Volume 2. Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits and Volume 3. Fruits. In 2019, the following four volumes were published: Volume 4. Nut and Beverage Crops, Volume 5. Cereals, Volume 6. Industrial and Food Crops and Volume 7. Legumes. Recent volumes published in 2021 include: Volume 8. Vegetable Crops: Bulbs, Roots and Tubers, Volume 9. Vegetable Crops: Fruits and Young Shoots and Volume 10. Vegetable Crops: Leaves, Flowerheads, Green Pods, Mushrooms and Truffles. This Volume 8, subtitled Vegetable Crops: Bulbs, Roots and Tubers, consists of 12 chapters focusing on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual vegetable crops. Chapters are arranged in 3 parts according to the edible vegetable parts. Part I: Bulbs - Garlic, Leek and Shallot; Part II: Roots - Beetroot, Carrot, Parsnip, Radish, Sugar beet and Turnip, Part III: Tubers - Potato and Sweet potato. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the contemporary literature on the subject and reflects the experiences of the authors. Chapters are written by internationally-reputable scientists and subjected to a review process to assure quality presentation and scientific accuracy. Each chapter begins with an introduction covering related backgrounds and provides in-depth discussion of the subject supported with high-quality color photos, illustrations and relevant data. The chapter concludes with recommendations for future research directions, a comprehensive list of pertinent references to facilitate further reading, and appendixes of genetic resources and concerned research institutes. This book series is a valuable resource for advanced students, researchers, scientists, commercial producers and seed companies as well as consultants and policymakers interested in agriculture, particularly in modern breeding technologies.

Crop Improvement

Crop Improvement
Author: Siti Nor Akmar Abdullah,Ho Chai-Ling,Carol Wagstaff
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2017-10-17
ISBN: 3319650793
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Improvement Book Excerpt:

The book covers the latest development in the biosciences field covering key topics in crop improvement including ‘omic approaches to improving sustainable crop production, advancement in marker technology, strategies in genetic manipulation, crop quality and sustainability and plant microbe interaction detailing on proven technologies to address critical issue for agricultural sustainability which are beneficial for researchers and students. The book also includes aspects of preserving crops after harvest as this is a key factor in promoting sustainable crop quality in terms of addressing waste, choosing the appropriate packaging and moving crops through the food and industrial supply chain. An important strategy to overcome the challenges in providing food for the world population in a sustainable manner is through concerted efforts by crop scientists to embrace new technologies in increasing yield, quality and improving food safety while minimizing adverse environmental impact of the agricultural activities. Most of the proven molecular and genetic technologies in crop science have been tested and verified in model plants such as Arabidopsis and tomato. The technologies, when deployed on various plant species of importance for human nutrition and industrial applications, including cereals, vegetables, fruits, herbs, fibre and oil crops, face many challenges, not only due to their longer life cycle but many other physiological and environmental factors affecting yield and quality of plant products. Furthermore, major impacts on crop production due to catastrophic diseases and global climate change needs urgent and innovative solutions. Therefore a systematic approach, employing various leading-edge technologies that enable the functional elucidation of key pathway genes via ‘omics tools, genome wide association with desired phenotypes and development of cost effective and practicable molecular tools for selection, is vital. The International Conference on Crop Improvement was held to address these and other pressing issues. This volume summarizes the keynote presentations from the meeting and highlights addition discussions that are critical to crop improvement in a challenging time.

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding
Author: Siva Kumar Panguluri,Are Ashok Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 211
Release: 2013-10-09
ISBN: 1461483204
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding Book Excerpt:

Plant phenotyping is the thorough assessment of plant traits such as growth, development, adaptation, yield, quality, tolerance, resistance, architecture, and the basic measurement of individual quantitative parameters that form the basis for understanding of traits. Genetic approaches to understand plant growth and development have always benefitted from phenotyping techniques that are simple, rapid and measurable in units. The forward genetics approach is all about understanding the trait inheritance using the phenotypic data and in most cases it is the mutant phenotypes that formed the basis for understanding of gene functions. With rapid advancement of genotyping techniques, high throughput genotyping has become a reality at costs people never imagined to be that low, but the phenotypic methods did not receive same attention. However, without quality phenotyping data the genotyping data cannot be effectively put to use in plant improvement. Therefore efforts are underway to develop high-throughput phenotyping methods in plants to keep pace with revolutionary advancement in genotyping techniques to enhance the efficiency of crop improvement programs. Keeping this in mind, we described in this book the best phenomic tools available for trait improvement in some of the world’s most important crop plants.

Molecular Plant Breeding and Genome Editing Tools for Crop Improvement

Molecular Plant Breeding and Genome Editing Tools for Crop Improvement
Author: Deka, Pradip Chandra
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2020-08-07
ISBN: 1799843130
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Plant Breeding and Genome Editing Tools for Crop Improvement Book Excerpt:

Plant breeders have used mutagenic agents to create variability for their use in crop improvement. However, application of mutagenic agents has its own drawbacks, such as non-specificity and random nature, simultaneous effect on large numbers of genes, and induction of chromosomal aberrations. To overcome these limitations, several genome editing systems have been developed with the aid of cutting-edge technology rooted in the expertise of several research fields. Molecular Plant Breeding and Genome Editing Tools for Crop Improvement is a pivotal reference source that provides an interdisciplinary approach to crop breeding through genetics. Featuring coverage of a broad range of topics including software, molecular markers, and plant variety identification, this book is ideally designed for agriculturalists, biologists, engineers, advocates, policymakers, researchers, academicians, and students.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 1

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement  Volume 1
Author: Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 497
Release: 2018-06-22
ISBN: 3319782835
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 1 Book Excerpt:

During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Advances in Rice Science

Advances in Rice Science
Author: Ratikanta Maiti, PhD,Humberto González Rodríguez, PhD,Ch. Aruna Kumari, PhD,Narayan Chandra Sarkar, PhD,Sameena Begum,Dasari Rajkumar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2020-11-12
ISBN: 1000507645
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Rice Science Book Excerpt:

During recent decades, tremendous progress and innovations have been made in rice science with the goal of increasing production to meet the world’s growing demands. This new volume provides a concise overview of rice, covering the background and importance of rice; origin, evolution, and domestication of rice; and the world rice production. It goes on to provide new and important recent research advances on many different aspects of rice science and production. The authors look at advances in rice ideotypes, abiotic stress management techniques, biotic stress affecting crop productivity, new methods and technology for cultivation, and new methods and techniques in rice grain quality analysis and processing. It also describes new rice varieties, new hybrid rice technology, and new breeding methods for rice.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Legumes

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Legumes
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2019-10-08
ISBN: 3030234002
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Legumes Book Excerpt:

This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This is Vol 7, subtitled Legumes, focuses on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual legume crops. Included in this volume are Adzuki bean, Black gram, Chickpea Cluster bean, Common bean, Cowpea, Faba bean, Hyacinth bean, Lentil, Mung bean, Pigeonpea and Soybean. This volume is contributed by 57 internationally reputable scientists from 9 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.

Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding

Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding
Author: Devendra Kumar Yadava
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9811692572
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding Book Excerpt:

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Agronomic Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Agronomic  Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 707
Release: 2016-03-29
ISBN: 3319225189
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Agronomic Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits Book Excerpt:

The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is volume 2 which contains 18 chapters highlighting breeding strategies for specific plant traits including improved nutritional and pharmaceutical properties as well as enhanced tolerance to insects, diseases, drought, salinity and temperature extremes expected under predicted global climate change.