Advances in Animal Genomics

Advances in Animal Genomics
Author: Sukanta Mondal,Ram Lakhan Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2020-11-25
ISBN: 0128206128
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Animal Genomics Book Excerpt:

Advances in Animal Genomics provides an outstanding collection of integrated strategies involving traditional and modern - omics (structural, functional, comparative and epigenomics) approaches and genomics-assisted breeding methods which animal biotechnologists can utilize to dissect and decode the molecular and gene regulatory networks involved in the complex quantitative yield and stress tolerance traits in livestock. Written by international experts on animal genomics, this book explores the recent advances in high-throughput, next-generation whole genome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based genotyping, and modern bioinformatics approaches which have enabled to produce huge genomic and transcriptomic resources globally on a genome-wide scale. This book is an important resource for researchers, students, educators and professionals in agriculture, veterinary and biotechnology sciences that enables them to solve problems regarding sustainable development with the help of current innovative biotechnologies. Integrates basic and advanced concepts of animal biotechnology and presents future developments Describes current high-throughput next-generation whole genome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based genotyping, and modern bioinformatics approaches for sustainable livestock production Illustrates integrated strategies to dissect and decode the molecular and gene regulatory networks involved in complex quantitative yield and stress tolerance traits in livestock Ensures readers will gain a strong grasp of biotechnology for sustainable livestock production with its well-illustrated discussion

Advances in Animal Biotechnology

Advances in Animal Biotechnology
Author: Birbal Singh,Gorakh Mal,Sanjeev K. Gautam,Manishi Mukesh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2019-07-09
ISBN: 3030213099
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Animal Biotechnology Book Excerpt:

This book entitled, “Advances in Animal Biotechnology,” is a compilation of state-of-the-art in the field of Animal Biotechnology including fishery, that are not sheltered in depth in earlier publications. It offers an update on avant-garde technologies and advances in key aspects of genetic engineering, metagenomics, assisted reproduction, animal genomics, biotechnology in veterinary health, as well as the role of gut and marine microbial ecosystems in livestock and industrial development. The book is divided broadly into five different sections, viz., Gut Microbiome and Nutritional Biotechnology, Assisted Reproduction Biotechnology, Livestock Genomics, Health Biotechnology, and Animal Biotechnology in Global Perspective. The book covers the syllabi of Animal Biotechnology courses in various universities, academia and competitive examinations at various levels. Researchers, Continuing Graduates, and Academicians, Research Institutions, and Biotech Companies will be benefited from this valuable compilation of research. Its broad spectrum makes this work a valuable resource for professionals, researchers, academics and students in the field of veterinary and animal production as well as the biotechnology industry.

Farm Animals Advances in Genomics

Farm Animals  Advances in Genomics
Author: Johann Casini
Publsiher: States Academic Press
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2021-11-16
ISBN: 9781639891962
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Farm Animals Advances in Genomics Book Excerpt:

The study of genomes of organisms which incorporates the principles of genetics is referred to as genomics. DNA sequencing, bioinformatics and recombinant DNA are some of the techniques studied under this discipline. Humans depend on farm animals for various products such as meat, milk, fur, leather, egg, etc. The study of farm animals' genome aims to make use of the understanding of genomics and proteomics for the purpose of increasing livestock productivity, sustainable breeding and xenotransplantation. Increased disease resistance and inheritance of desired characteristics are some of the prominent applications of animal genetics and genome study. From theories to research to practical applications, case studies related to all contemporary topics of relevance to this field have been included in this book. It is a compilation of chapters that discuss the most vital concepts and emerging trends in the field of farm animal genomics. As this field is emerging at a rapid pace, the contents of this book will help the readers understand the modern concepts and applications of the subject.

Animal Genetics and Diseases Advances in Farming and Livestock Systems

Animal Genetics and Diseases  Advances in Farming and Livestock Systems
Author: Mark S. Fife,John A. Hammond,Andrea B. Doeschl-Wilson
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-02-14
ISBN: 2889635236
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Animal Genetics and Diseases Advances in Farming and Livestock Systems Book Excerpt:

The new Animal Genetics and Disease 2017 conference committee organized a Research Topic for the proceedings of this inaugural conference. The meeting brought together specialists working on the interface between genomics, genetic engineering, and infectious disease, with the aims of improving animal and human health and welfare. This conference was funded by Advanced Courses and Scientific Conference at the Wellcome Genome Campus, Hinxton, UK. The conference will highlight breakthroughs in genomic technologies that are rapidly increasing our understanding of the fundamental role that host and pathogen genetics play in infections and epidemics. This Research Topic focuses on how infections spread and how they further affect the productivity of livestock systems and food supply chains. Thanks to technological advances, we now have the tools for real-time surveillance of zoonoses affecting wildlife, farm animals and animal-to-human disease transmission.

Genetics and Breeding

Genetics and Breeding
Author: Hartmann Pfenning
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2017-10
ISBN: 9781681179254
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetics and Breeding Book Excerpt:

Animal breeding and genetics is concerned with maximizing desirable genetic traits, such as producing animals that have leaner meat. Animal geneticists have identified elements within genes that can enhance animal growth, health, and ability to utilize nutrients. These genetic advances can increase production while reducing environmental impacts. Animals and livestock contribute 40 percent of the global value of agricultural output and contribute to the livelihoods and food security of almost a billion people worldwide. Advances in animal breeding, genetics, and genomics are facilitating a more efficient industry. For example, the number of cattle has decreased over the past decade, yet the total production of beef and milk has increased. This was largely possible because genetic advancements led better animal feed efficiency, which is critical to improving livestock production and lowering costs for producers. Reproduction and early development in domestic animals are biological processes in which complex genetic events like formation of the germ cells, meiosis, syngamy, zygote formation, cleavage, midblastula transition, dose compensation of sex chromosomes, genetic imprinting, and multiple cell differentiation take place. Many of these processes have great impact in veterinary reproductive medicine and are influenced by the assisted reproductive techniques applied. Transformed environmental and metabolic conditions caused by intensive livestock farming influence reproductive success by altered gene expression via epigenetic changes. In this concept molecular markers give valuable information. This volume `Genetics and Breeding¿ discusses ways and means to improve productivity through breeding are discussed and some basic issues requiring further research pointed out. It aims to provide a glimpse into the dynamic process of genetic disparity in animals by presenting the thoughts of scientists who are engaged in the generation of new idea and techniques used for the assessment of genetic variety, often from very different perspectives. This book is a comprehensive source of knowledge on the latest advances in the field of animal genetics and breeding. The book should prove useful to students, researchers, and experts in the area of genetics and breeding, and molecular biology.

Advances in Animal Biotechnology and its Applications

Advances in Animal Biotechnology and its Applications
Author: Suresh Kumar Gahlawat,Joginder Singh Duhan,Raj Kumar Salar,Priyanka Siwach,Suresh Kumar,Pawan Kaur
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 401
Release: 2018-05-29
ISBN: 9811047022
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Animal Biotechnology and its Applications Book Excerpt:

This book explores the recent advancements in cutting-edge techniques and applications of Biotechnology. It provides an overview of prospects and applications while emphasizing modern, and emerging areas of Biotechnology. The chapters are dedicated to various field of Biotechnology including, genome editing, probiotics, in-silico drug designing, nanoparticles and its applications, molecular diagnostics, tissue engineering, cryopreservation, and antioxidants. It is useful for both academicians and researchers in the various disciplines of life sciences, agricultural sciences, medicine, and Biotechnology in Universities, Research Institutions, and Biotech companies. This book provides the readers with a comprehensive knowledge of topics in Genomics, Bionanotechnology, Drug Designing, Diagnostics, Therapeutics, Food and Environmental Biotechnology. The chapters have been written with special reference to the latest developments in the frontier areas of Biotechnology that impacts the Biotech industries.

Animal Genomics

Animal Genomics
Author: Bhanu P. Chowdhary
Publsiher: S Karger Ag
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Animal Genomics Book Excerpt:

This publication provides an update on the current status of gene maps in different livestock and pet/companion animal species. The findings summarized in species specific commentaries and original articles testify the rapid advances made in the field of animal genomics. Of significant interest is the fact that current investigations are providing headways for two important and exciting research fronts: targeted high-resolution mapping leading to the application of genomic information in addressing questions of economic and biological significance in animals, and the initiation of whole genome sequencing projects for some of the animal species. Like in humans and mice, this will set the stage for a new level of research and real time complex analysis of the genomes of these species. Animal Genomics signifies the beginning of a new era in this field and celebrates the achievements of the past 20 years of genomics research. It will be of special interest to researchers involved in genome analysis - both gross chromosomal as well as molecular - in various animal species, and to comparative and evolutionary geneticists.

Advances in Farm Animal Genomic Resources

Advances in Farm Animal Genomic Resources
Author: Stéphane Joost,Michael W. Bruford,Ino Curik,Juha Kantanen,Johannes A. Lenstra,Johann Sölkner,Göran Andersson,Philippe V. Baret,Nadine Buys,Jutta Roosen,Michèle Tixier-Boichard,Paolo Ajmone Marsan
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016-01-28
ISBN: 2889197352
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Farm Animal Genomic Resources Book Excerpt:

The history of livestock started with the domestication of their wild ancestors: a restricted number of species allowed to be tamed and entered a symbiotic relationship with humans. In exchange for food, shelter and protection, they provided us with meat, eggs, hides, wool and draught power, thus contributing considerably to our economic and cultural development. Depending on the species, domestication took place in different areas and periods. After domestication, livestock spread over all inhabited regions of the earth, accompanying human migrations and becoming also trade objects. This required an adaptation to different climates and varying styles of husbandry and resulted in an enormous phenotypic diversity. Approximately 200 years ago, the situation started to change with the rise of the concept of breed. Animals were selected for the same visible characteristics, and crossing with different phenotypes was reduced. This resulted in the formation of different breeds, mostly genetically isolated from other populations. A few decades ago, selection pressure was increased again with intensive production focusing on a limited range of types and a subsequent loss of genetic diversity. For short-term economic reasons, farmers have abandoned traditional breeds. As a consequence, during the 20th century, at least 28% of farm animal breeds became extinct, rare or endangered. The situation is alarming in developing countries, where native breeds adapted to local environments and diseases are being replaced by industrial breeds. In the most marginal areas, farm animals are considered to be essential for viable land use and, in the developing world, a major pathway out of poverty. Historic documentation from the period before the breed formation is scarce. Thus, reconstruction of the history of livestock populations depends on archaeological, archeo-zoological and DNA analysis of extant populations. Scientific research into genetic diversity takes advantage of the rapid advances in molecular genetics. Studies of mitochondrial DNA, microsatellite DNA profiling and Y-chromosomes have revealed details on the process of domestication, on the diversity retained by breeds and on relationships between breeds. However, we only see a small part of the genetic information and the advent of new technologies is most timely in order to answer many essential questions. High-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping is about to be available for all major farm animal species. The recent development of sequencing techniques calls for new methods of data management and analysis and for new ideas for the extraction of information. To make sense of this information in practical conditions, integration of geo-environmental and socio-economic data are key elements. The study and management of farm animal genomic resources (FAnGR) is indeed a major multidisciplinary issue. The goal of the present Research Topic was to collect contributions of high scientific quality relevant to biodiversity management, and applying new methods to either new genomic and bioinformatics approaches for characterization of FAnGR, to the development of FAnGR conservation methods applied ex-situ and in-situ, to socio-economic aspects of FAnGR conservation, to transfer of lessons between wildlife and livestock biodiversity conservation, and to the contribution of FAnGR to a transition in agriculture (FAnGR and agro-ecology).

Advances in Genomics of Crossbred Farm Animals

Advances in Genomics of Crossbred Farm Animals
Author: Xiao-Lin Wu,Shu-Hong Zhao
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-24
ISBN: 2889713571
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Genomics of Crossbred Farm Animals Book Excerpt:

Genomics and Biotechnology for Livestock Production

Genomics and Biotechnology for Livestock Production
Author: Hafiz Ishfaq Ahmad,Xiaoyong Du,Muhammad Majeed
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-07-15
ISBN: 9780323995122
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and Biotechnology for Livestock Production Book Excerpt:

Genomics and Biotechnology for Livestock Production offers the latest developments and advances made in animal production technologies and systems. Written and edited by experts in animal science, this book addresses the full scope of animal production processes. Technologies for genomics, reproduction, nutrition and domestication are detailed from real-world examples and case studies of practical usage. Animal care and health management is also covered, guiding readers through the most advanced technologies for preventing and treating diseases, toxicological effects, administering vaccines, and maintaining overall animal health and welfare in production systems. This is the ideal resource for animal scientists and livestock veterinarians in the food-animal production field. Environmental scientists, animal welfare experts, and animal science students will also find this resource useful and applicable to procedures in their disciplines. Details practices for cattle, horses, pigs, sheep, poultry animals, fish and regionally relevant wildlife species Provides in-depth reviews of livestock and veterinary technologies from global experts Features examples and case studies of both successful and unsuccessful applications in the field

Exploring Horizons for Domestic Animal Genomics

Exploring Horizons for Domestic Animal Genomics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Kim Waddell,Robert Pool
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 54
Release: 2002-08-27
ISBN: 0309169127
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploring Horizons for Domestic Animal Genomics Book Excerpt:

Recognizing the important contributions that genomic analysis can make to agriculture, production and companion animal science, evolutionary biology, and human health with respect to the creation of models for genetic disorders, the National Academies convened a group of individuals to plan a public workshop that would: (1) assess these contributions; (2) identify potential research directions for existing genomics programs; and (3) highlight the opportunities of a coordinated, multi-species genomics effort for the science and policymaking communities. Their efforts culminated in a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health. The workshop was convened on February 19, 2002. The goal of the workshop was to focus on domestic animal genomics and its integration with other genomics and functional genomics projects.

Advances in Animal Disease Diagnosis

Advances in Animal Disease Diagnosis
Author: Suresh Kumar Gahlawat,Sushila Maan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-06-16
ISBN: 1000397378
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Animal Disease Diagnosis Book Excerpt:

Advances in Animal Disease Diagnosis: Infectious animal diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses threaten the health and well-being of wildlife, livestock and human populations, limit productivity and significantly increase economic losses to each sector. Pathogen de-tection is an important step for the diagnosis and successful treatment of animal diseases as well as control management in farm and field conditions. The conventional techniques employed to diagnose pathogens in livestock species are time-consuming and sometimes give inconclusive results. On the contrary, molecular techniques have the potential to diag-nose known pathogens/conditions quickly, reliably, and unequivocally as well as for novel pathogen detection. New advances in diagnostics and vaccine design using genomics have developed powerful new methods that have also set the stage for the enhanced diagnosis, surveillance, and control of infectious diseases. High-throughput sequencing (HTS), for ex-ample, uses the latest DNA sequencing platforms in the detection, identification, and detailed analysis of both pathogen and host genomes. This book will explore some key opportunities in the context of animal health, such as the detection of new microorganisms and the development of improved diagnosis of emerging or re-emerging diseases and other clinical conditions, viz. biosensors, nanotools, and omics technologies. Features • Details comprehensive knowledge on the latest molecular techniques for animal disease diagnosis and management • Examines how DNA-based diagnostic techniques will assist international efforts to control the introduction of exotic diseases into new geographic areas • Describes the latest molecular assays for the rapid and accurate detection of pathogens • Helps in working towards meeting the global challenge for sustainable food production and the eradication of poverty • With new biotechnological developments, this fully updated book is a treasure trove of the latest information in animal and medical science

Introduction to Molecular Genomics

Introduction to Molecular Genomics
Author: Maryam Javed,Asif Nadeem, Faiz-ul Hassan
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2021-11-02
ISBN: 1681089262
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Molecular Genomics Book Excerpt:

Introduction to Molecular Genomics introduces the college student to the fundamental concepts of molecular biology and genomics. The text puts an emphasis on important topics in the subject that contribute to the learner’s understanding. These topics include molecular genomics, biodiversity and molecular phenomenon behind evolution of species, modern molecular methods for enhanced genomics research, DNA modifications at the molecular level for transgenic animal species, the role of cell environment on the gene expression, to name a few. The book has been designed to suit the requirements of educational courses in molecular biology, genomics and biochemistry. Key features - Covers basic concepts on key topics in molecular biology and genomics - Simple easy-to-read layout - Includes references for further reading - Includes a section on ethical aspects of scientific research Introduction to Molecular Genomics is a simple primer for students in applied or advanced life science courses at undergraduate levels

Genomics and Biotechnological Advances in Veterinary Poultry and Fisheries

Genomics and Biotechnological Advances in Veterinary  Poultry  and Fisheries
Author: Yashpal Singh Malik,Debmalya Barh,Vasco Azevedo,S.M. Paul Khurana
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2019-09-14
ISBN: 0128163534
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics and Biotechnological Advances in Veterinary Poultry and Fisheries Book Excerpt:

Genomics and Biotechnological Advances in Veterinary, Poultry, and Fisheries is a comprehensive reference for animal biotechnologists, veterinary clinicians, fishery scientists, and anyone who needs to understand the latest advances in the field of next generation sequencing and genomic editing in animals and fish. This essential reference provides information on genomics and the advanced technologies used to enhance the production and management of farm and pet animals, commercial and non-commercial birds, and aquatic animals used for food and research purposes. This resource will help the animal biotechnology research community understand the latest knowledge and trends in this field. Presents biological applications of cattle, poultry, marine and animal pathogen genomics Discusses the relevance of biomarkers to improve farm animals and fishery Includes recent approaches in cloning and transgenic cattle, poultry and fish production

Advances in Animal Experimentation and Modeling

Advances in Animal Experimentation and Modeling
Author: Ranbir Chander Sobti
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2021-12-17
ISBN: 0323910440
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Animal Experimentation and Modeling Book Excerpt:

Exploration in Laboratory Animal Sciences Understanding Life Phenomena updates our knowledge about the newer technologies such as molecular biology, genomics including sequencing, proteomics, transcriptomics, cell culture, stem cell culture, transgenesis and their translation to understand systematics and phylogeny of laboratory animals at molecular level. In seven sections Exploration in Laboratory Animal Sciences Understanding Life Phenomena resolves issues of conservation, applications in environment monitoring, production of drugs and others. Comparative research has enabled use of domestic animal models that translate the advances in basic biosciences to the schemes for human welfare including medicine. Molecular geneticists are unravelling the complexities of mammalian genes and the field of biotechnology is maturing at a fast pace. Additionally, research focused on immunology and animal behavior offer new insight into ways of enhancing animal welfare. The rise in consumption of animal proteins in addition to the challenges of sustaining our natural resources has given animal scientists a vast array of opportunities to engage in integrative systems-based research for meeting the challenges that behold us. Exploration in Laboratory Animal Sciences Understanding Life Phenomena also discusses the manipulation of animals as factories for the production of safe foods, drugs, and sensors and others to meet the contemporary challenges faced by mankind in the new world order created by pandemic of Covid 19. It also includes several chapters on the causation and management of certain diseases and impact of microbes on life. Provides insight to newer and futuristic technologies to understand disease process and drug design by animal models Addresses a wide variety of species and covers a wide variety of topics (such as animal species, the laboratory setting, regulatory guidelines, and ethical considerations) to fully prepare for work with all types of animals Gives a perspective on laboratory animal use that allows to explain the benefits of animal use as required by veterinary technology program accreditation procedure Includes examples of animal bio-technological techniques (including stem cell and tissue engineering) for their applications to humanity Offers new insight into ways of enhancing animal welfare by the inclusion of research results focused on immunology and laboratory animal behavior

Animal Genomes Under the Focus of Cytogenetics

Animal Genomes Under the Focus of Cytogenetics
Author: Cesar Martins
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2011
ISBN: 9781612093901
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Animal Genomes Under the Focus of Cytogenetics Book Excerpt:

Decades before the recent advances in molecular biology and the knowledge of the complete nucleotide sequence of several genomes, cytogenetic analysis provided the first information concerning the genome organisation. The exploration of molecular biology techniques in the cytogenetic area represents a powerful tool for advancement in the construction of physical chromosome maps of the genomes. The most important advances in cytogenetics comes from the physical anchorage of genetic linkage maps in the chromosomes through the hybridisation of DNA markers onto chromosomes. This book presents and discusses current research in the study of animal genomes under the focus of cytogenetics.

Advances in Poultry Genetics and Genomics

Advances in Poultry Genetics and Genomics
Author: Sammy E. Aggrey,Huaijun Zhou,Michèle Tixier-Boichard,Douglas D. Rhoads
Publsiher: Burleigh Dodds Agricultural Sc
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2020-03-24
ISBN: 9781786763242
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Poultry Genetics and Genomics Book Excerpt:

This collection begins by reviewing current challenges facing poultry breeding. It goes on to review recent research on the genetics of key production and functional traits. The book then summarises key advances in genomic selection techniques and concludes by surveying emerging trends such as the use of epigenetics and genome editing in poultry breeding.

Plant Genomics for Sustainable Agriculture

Plant Genomics for Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Ram Lakhan Singh,Sukanta Mondal,Akarsh Parihar,Pradeep Kumar Singh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 399
Release: 2022-06-01
ISBN: 9811669740
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Genomics for Sustainable Agriculture Book Excerpt:

This book collates the basic and advanced concepts of plant biotechnology and genomics along with the future trends. It discusses the combination of conventional breeding techniques with genomic tools and approaches leading to a new genomics-based plant breeding technology supporting crop plants that respond better to biotic and abiotic stress, and pathogen attacks. Plant genomics play an important role in developing more efficient plant cultivars which are essential for the neo green revolution needed to feed the world’s rapidly growing population. Plant genomic data is being utilized in genetic engineering to ensure that better and resilient varieties of crops are available ensuring food security. This book is of immense interest to teachers, researchers, crop scientists, capacity builders, and policy makers. Also, the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture, biotechnology, genomics, soil science, and environmental sciences. National and International agricultural scientists and policy makers will also find this to be a useful read.

Breeding for Disease Resistance in Farm Animals

Breeding for Disease Resistance in Farm Animals
Author: Stephen C. Bishop,Roger F. E. Axford,Frank W. Nicholas,John B. Owen
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1845935977
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breeding for Disease Resistance in Farm Animals Book Excerpt:

This new edition provides an updated review of the principles of animal breeding for advanced health and disease resistance. Authored by experts, it uses examples covering many diseases of importance to livestock production across all major livestock species. Topics include techniques and approaches, viruses, Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs), bacteria, parasites, vectors, and broader health issues seen in production systems, including metabolic diseases.

Research Advances in Genetics and Genomics

Research Advances in Genetics and Genomics
Author: Nancy C. Andreasen
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2007-05-03
ISBN: 9781585627103
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Advances in Genetics and Genomics Book Excerpt:

Research Advances in Genetics and Genomics: Implications for Psychiatry introduces mental health professionals to exciting breakthroughs in endophenotypes, animal models, microarrays, and genetic mapping, as well as general strategies for identifying the genetic mechanisms of mental illnesses. Uniquely valuable both as summary and signpost, this concise volume provides a fascinating overview of recent cutting-edge developments in the application of molecular genetics, genomics, and proteomics to the study of psychiatric populations. By reading Research Advances in Genetics and Genomics, you will gain a better understanding of Psychiatric Genetics -- Reviews and assesses the major research paradigms that have emerged in the field of psychiatric genetics over the several past decades, exploring the major conceptual and philosophical issues they pose and the value of their integration. Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids -- An overview of the double-helix discovery and provides a context for current endeavors, the original one-page April 1953 Nature paper by Watson and Crick, which sparked a revolution in the life sciences. Psychiatry in the Genomics Era -- Posits that one of the most important consequences of genomics will be the development of individualized treatments that allow a clinician to tailor therapy on the basis of the unique genotype of each patient rather than on the mean responses of groups of unrelated patients. The Genomics Revolution -- Details the implications of the genome for future medical practice, including the potential for developing methods and tools to better understand, treat, and prevent major mental disorders. The Endophenotype Concept in Psychiatry -- Explains the etymology and strategy behind the use of endophenotypes in neuropsychiatric research and, more generally, in research on other diseases with complex genetics, such as schizophrenia. The Genes and Brains of Mice and Men -- Shows why a detailed assessment of brain function in mice is so important for advancing psychiatric research in humans. Humans and mice share numerous features-in fact, for an estimated 99% of human genes a mouse version may be identified-of brain organization and behavioral responses to many pharmacological agents. Microarray Technology -- Asserts that microarrays present a methodology for identifying genes or pathways for new and unique potential drug targets, determining premorbid diagnosis, predicting drug responsiveness for individual patients, and, eventually, initiating gene therapy and prevention strategies. Meticulously referenced, this volume is exceptionally useful as a starting point for understanding the impact of genetics and genomics on psychiatry, serving to introduce psychiatrists, psychologists, neurologists, and geneticists to this exciting field.