Advances in Molten Salt Reactors

Advances in Molten Salt Reactors
Author: Mark Ho,Guan Heng Yeoh,Massimiliano Fratoni
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing Limited
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-02
ISBN: 9780081026069
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Molten Salt Reactors Book Excerpt:

Advances in Molten Salt Reactors combines and presents the latest research and developments in one single resource. It comprehensively reviews a variety of molten salt reactor designs, focussing on aspects of neutronics, thermal-hydraulics, chemistry, material and safety characteristics to give the reader a detailed understanding of each design's underlying dynamic and purpose. Editors Dr. Mark Ho, Professor Massimiliano Frantoni and Professor Huan Heng Yeoh, with their team of expert contributors, combine their experience and knowledge to analyse the variety of design options to ensure engineers are able to make well informed decisions for the most effective energy spectrum for their plants, including salt and material selection, instrumentation challenges and experimental capabilities. This book presents the rapid developments made in molten salt designs from investing countries such as China, the US, UK, Canada and others, considering the work of a variety of key pioneering companies, and is particularly valuable to practising and researching nuclear engineers, and graduate students of advanced nuclear reactor development.

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy
Author: Thomas James Dolan
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2017-06-08
ISBN: 0081012438
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy Book Excerpt:

Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide incineration, hydrogen production, and other industrial heat applications. Coverage includes: Motivation -- why are we interested? Technical issues – reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, materials, environment, ... Generic designs -- thermal, fast, solid fuel, liquid fuel, ... Specific designs – aimed at electrical power, actinide incineration, thorium utilization, ... Worldwide activities in 23 countries Conclusions This book is a collaboration of 58 authors from 23 countries, written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten Salt Forum. It can serve as a reference for engineers and scientists, and it can be used as a textbook for graduate students and advanced undergrads. Molten Salt Reactors is the only complete review of the technology currently available, making this an essential text for anyone reviewing the use of MSRs and thorium fuel, including students, nuclear researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers. Written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten-Salt Forum Covers MSR-specific issues, various reactor designs, and discusses issues such as the environmental impact, non-proliferation, and licensing Includes case studies and examples from experts across the globe

Molten Salt Reactor Program Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending

Molten Salt Reactor Program Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending
Author: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1965-02
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Molten salt reactors
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molten Salt Reactor Program Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending Book Excerpt:

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry
Author: J. Braunstein,Gleb Mamantov,G. P. Smith
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2013-11-21
ISBN: 1461582709
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry Book Excerpt:

The first chapter of this volume deals with computer simulation of molten salt behavior by molecular dynamics calculations. The next four chapters are reviews of experimental work: Chapter 2 deals with the solubility of nonre active gases in molten salts, Chapter 3 with various types of organic reactions in molten tetrachloroaluminates, Chapter 4 with techniques for the study of molten fluorides, and Chapter 5 with the physical and chemical properties of thiocyanate melts. The last chapter is a collection of phase diagrams for binary and ternary fluoride systems. J. B., G. M., G. P. S. v CONTENTS Chapter 1 MOLECULAR DYNAMICS CALCULATIONS ON MOLTEN IONIC SALTS L. V. Woodcock 1. Introduction. . 4 2. Intermolecular Forces in Molten Salts 4 2.1. True and Effective Pair Potentials 2.2. Semiempirical Models 6 3. Computational Techniques 13 3.1. Molecular Dynamics Simulation 13 3.2. The Monte Carlo Method 15 3.3. Electrostatic Summations . . 18 4. Calculation of Physical Properties 23 4.1. Equilibrium Properties . 23 4.2. Transport Coefficients 27 4.3. Spectroscopic Properties 32 5. Applications. . . . . . . . 35 5.1. Studies of Interionic Forces. 35 5.2. Microstructure and Mechanisms 40 5.3. Interpretation of Experimental Observables 50 5.4. Reappraisal of Molten Salt Theories . 64 70 6. Conclusions 7. References. 72 vii Contents viii Chapter 2 GAS SOLUBILITY IN MOLTEN SALTS P. Field 1. Introduction 75 2. Experimental Techniques 78 3. Solution Thermodynamics.

Molten Salt Reactor Program Progress Report for Period from

Molten Salt Reactor Program Progress Report for Period from
Author: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1961-03
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Molten salt reactors
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molten Salt Reactor Program Progress Report for Period from Book Excerpt:

FLUID FUEL REACTORS

FLUID FUEL REACTORS
Author: James A. Lane,H. G. MacPherson,Frank Maslan
Publsiher: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.
Total Pages: 900
Release: 1958-01-01
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

FLUID FUEL REACTORS Book Excerpt:

Landmark book written at Oak Ridge National Laboratory under the auspices of the Atomic Energy Commission as part of its Atoms for Peace program. FLUID FUEL REACTORS approaches to the subject of nuclear power from a chemical standpoint, rather than from the point of view of mechanical engineering. Today, the value of this approach has (finally) been recognized by venture capitalists such as Peter Thiel, philanthropists such as Bill Gates, and policy makers in Washington who have recently been passing advanced-reactor friendly legislation year after year. China's Navy is funding the Chinese Academy of Science Thorium Molten Salt Reactor program. The DoE (through GAIN) has funded essential Molten Salt research in the United States. Canada has funded Molten Salt research, and is currently conducting a pre-licensing vendor review. Dr. Anil Kokodkar, the former-head of India's nuclear program has stated, given a do-over he'd have pursued a liquid fuel (as opposed to a conventional solid fuel) approach to advanced nuclear. Molten Salt Reactor startups are flourishing, and typically, a single copy of FLUID FUEL REACTORS can be found in their head-office. The founders of these startups are driven to provide clean energy to developing nations, and replace today's polluting energy options which power western industry and prosperity. First printed in 1958, FLUID FUEL REACTORS continues to be cited as a useful reference by ORNL engineers, MSR startup employees, and those in academia. Alvin Weinberg suggested people should re-examine "dusty old books" such as FLUID FUEL REACTORS in his last recorded public interview (2 years before his death) at the University of Tennessee on 2004. Used physical copies have sold online for well over $1,000. 60 years after FLUID FUEL REACTORS was first published, it can now, for the first time, be enjoyed on digital reading devices, in a manner that supports adjustable font sizes and easy-to-read formatting... as opposed to looking at a series of bitmap images of words, like an animal.

Molten Salt Reactors

Molten Salt Reactors
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1967
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molten Salt Reactors Book Excerpt:

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the Wingspread Conference on Advanced Converters and Near Breeders

Proceedings of the Wingspread Conference on Advanced Converters and Near Breeders
Author: J. P. Howe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN: 1483157296
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Wingspread Conference on Advanced Converters and Near Breeders Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the Wingspread Conference on Advanced Converters and Near Breeders

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts
Author: United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts
Author: United States. Energy Research and Development Administration. Technical Information Center
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1977
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Force and energy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment
Author: Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K Nayak
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN: 0081023375
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment Book Excerpt:

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Nuclear energy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power
Author: Pavel Tsvetkov
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2011-09-09
ISBN: 9533074744
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Power Book Excerpt:

We are fortunate to live in incredibly exciting and incredibly challenging time. Energy demands due to economic growth and increasing population must be satisfied in a sustainable manner assuring inherent safety, efficiency and no or minimized environmental impact. These considerations are among the reasons that lead to serious interest in deploying nuclear power as a sustainable energy source. At the same time, catastrophic earthquake and tsunami events in Japan resulted in the nuclear accident that forced us to rethink our approach to nuclear safety, design requirements and facilitated growing interests in advanced nuclear energy systems. This book is one in a series of books on nuclear power published by InTech. It consists of six major sections housing twenty chapters on topics from the key subject areas pertinent to successful development, deployment and operation of nuclear power systems worldwide. The book targets everyone as its potential readership groups - students, researchers and practitioners - who are interested to learn about nuclear power.

Fast Spectrum Molten Salt Reactor Options

Fast Spectrum Molten Salt Reactor Options
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fast Spectrum Molten Salt Reactor Options Book Excerpt:

During 2010, fast-spectrum molten-salt reactors (FS-MSRs) were selected as a transformational reactor concept for light-water reactor (LWR)-derived heavy actinide disposition by the Department of Energy-Nuclear Energy Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC) program and were the subject of a preliminary scoping investigation. Much of the reactor description information presented in this report derives from the preliminary studies performed for the ARC project. This report, however, has a somewhat broader scope-providing a conceptual overview of the characteristics and design options for FS-MSRs. It does not present in-depth evaluation of any FS-MSR particular characteristic, but instead provides an overview of all of the major reactor system technologies and characteristics, including the technology developments since the end of major molten salt reactor (MSR) development efforts in the 1970s. This report first presents a historical overview of the FS-MSR technology and describes the innovative characteristics of an FS-MSR. Next, it provides an overview of possible reactor configurations. The following design features/options and performance considerations are described including: (1) reactor salt options-both chloride and fluoride salts; (2) the impact of changing the carrier salt and actinide concentration on conversion ratio; (3) the conversion ratio; (4) an overview of the fuel salt chemical processing; (5) potential power cycles and hydrogen production options; and (6) overview of the performance characteristics of FS-MSRs, including general comparative metrics with LWRs. The conceptual-level evaluation includes resource sustainability, proliferation resistance, economics, and safety. The report concludes with a description of the work necessary to begin more detailed evaluation of FS-MSRs as a realistic reactor and fuel cycle option.

Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems

Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems
Author: Bahman Zohuri,Patrick McDaniel
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 724
Release: 2015-04-20
ISBN: 3319134191
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems Book Excerpt:

This book covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems, honing in on the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power systems. It includes all the necessary information regarding the fundamental laws to gain a complete understanding and apply them specifically to the challenges of operating nuclear plants. Beginning with definitions of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, pressure and specific volume, the book then explains the laws in detail, focusing on pivotal concepts such as enthalpy and entropy, irreversibility, availability, and Maxwell relations. Specific applications of the fundamentals to Brayton and Rankine cycles for power generation are considered in-depth, in support of the book’s core goal- providing an examination of how the thermodynamic principles are applied to the design, operation and safety analysis of current and projected reactor systems. Detailed appendices cover metric and English system units and conversions, detailed steam and gas tables, heat transfer properties, and nuclear reactor system descriptions.

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry
Author: Markus H.A. Piro
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 670
Release: 2020-03-20
ISBN: 008102651X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry presents a high-level description of nuclear fuel chemistry based on the most recent research and advances. Dr. Markus H.A. Piro and his team of global, expert contributors cover all aspects of both the conventional uranium-based nuclear fuel cycle and non-conventional fuel cycles, including mining, refining, fabrication, and long-term storage, as well as emerging nuclear technologies, such as accident tolerant fuels and molten salt materials. Aimed at graduate students, researchers, academics and practicing engineers and regulators, this book will provide the reader with a single reference from which to learn the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and radiochemistry. Consolidates the latest research on nuclear fuel chemistry into one comprehensive reference, covering all aspects of traditional and non-traditional nuclear fuel cycles Includes contributions from world-renowned experts from many countries representing government, industry and academia Covers a variety of fuel designs, including conventional uranium dioxide, mixed oxides, research reactor fuels, and molten salt fuels Written by experts with hands-on experience in the development of such designs

Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors

Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors
Author: Bahman Zohuri
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2021-06-29
ISBN: 0323918468
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors Book Excerpt:

Understanding the evolution and advances of energy conversion is critical to meet today’s energy demands while lowering emissions in the fight against climate change. One advancement within nuclear plants that continues to gain interest is molten salt reactors and integrated molten salt reactors, which are the new proposed generation IV small modular reactors. To get up to speed on the latest technology, Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors: Integrated Power Conversion delivers a critical reference covering the main steps for the application of these reactors. Creating a more environmentally friendly energy production methodology, the reference reviews the past, current, and future states of the reactors including pros and cons, designs and safety features involved, and additional references. Included in the reference is a new approach to energy conversion technology, including coverage on material, economic, and technical challenges towards waste heat recovery, power conversion systems, and advanced computational materials proposed for generation IV systems. Advanced nuclear open air-brayton cycles are also included for higher efficiency. Rounding out with guidance on avoiding salt freezing and salt cleanup for fission and fusion reactors, Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors: Integrated Power Conversion provides today’s nuclear engineer and power plant engineer with the impactful content of rising efficiency in molten salt reactors, ultimately leading to more efficient and affordable electricity. Gain the latest applications and steps to implement modular reactors, including safety and technical considerations Learn an innovative approach to nuclear air combined cycles (NACC), bringing down the costs of producing electricity in nuclear power plants Practice techniques and computer modeling with additional appendices that include experimental validation methods and computer code results

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts
Author: United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

ERDA energy research abstracts

ERDA energy research abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1977
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ERDA energy research abstracts Book Excerpt: