Sample Preparation Quo Vadis

Sample Preparation Quo Vadis
Author: Victoria Samanidou,Irene Panderi
Publsiher: Mdpi AG
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2022-11-04
ISBN: 9783036557229
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sample Preparation Quo Vadis Book Excerpt:

Sample preparation is and will always be the most important step in chemical analysis. Numerous techniques, methods, methodologies, and approaches are published in the literature offering a wide range of analytical tools to the lab practitioner. Analytical scientists all over the world are trying to develop protocols for a plethora of analytes in various sample matrices. In the last decade, sample pre-treatment advances have followed green chemistry and green analytical chemistry demands, focusing on miniaturization and automation, using the least possible amount of organic solvents. The question is how far we have been till now, and what the future perspectives are. To answer this question, analytical chemists were invited to share their experience in the field and report on the recent advances in sample-preparation approaches. The outcome of our invitation was eleven excellent manuscripts, including four review articles and seven original research articles in the first edition of the Special Issue "Sample Preparation-Quo Vadis: Current Status of Sample Preparation Approaches". The second edition is a collection of ten significant contributions to the field of sample preparation. It includes two highly interesting and comprehensive review articles and eight innovative research articles.

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation
Author: Josep M. Bayona,Paola Dugo,X. Chris Le,Hian Kee Lee,Xing-Fang Li,Heather Lord
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN: 0123813743
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation Book Excerpt:

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation is a complete treatment of the theory and methodology of sampling in all physical phases and the theory of sample preparation for all major extraction techniques. It is the perfect starting point for researchers and students to design and implement their experiments and support those experiments with quality-reviewed background information. In its four volumes, fundamentals of sampling and sample preparation are reinforced through broad and detailed sections dealing with Biological and Medical, Environmental and Forensic, and Food and Beverage applications. The contributions are organized to reflect the way in which analytical chemists approach a problem. It is intended for a broad audience of analytical chemists, both educators and practitioners of the art and can assist in the preparation of courses as well in the selection of sampling and sample preparation techniques to address the challenges at hand. Above all, it is designed to be helpful in learning more about these topics, as well as to encourage an interest in sampling and sample preparation by outlining the present practice of the technology and by indicating research opportunities. Sampling and Sample preparation is a large and well-defined field in Analytical Chemistry, relevant for many application areas such as medicine, environmental science, biochemistry, pharmacology, geology, and food science. This work covers all these aspects and will be extremely useful to researchers and students, who can use it as a starting point to design and implement their experiments and for quality-reviewed background information There are limited resources that Educators can use to effectively teach the fundamental aspects of modern sample preparation technology. Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation addresses this need, but focuses on the common principles of new developments in extraction technologies rather than the differences between techniques thus facilitating a more thorough understanding Provides a complete overview of the field. Not only will help to save time, it will also help to make correct assessments and avoid costly mistakes in sampling in the process Sample and sample preparation are integral parts of the analytical process but are often less considered and sometimes even completely disregarded in the available literature. To fill this gap, leading scientists have contributed 130 chapters, organized in 4 volumes, covering all modern aspects of sampling and liquid, solid phase and membrane extractions, as well as the challenges associated with different types of matrices in relevant application areas

Development of Alternative Green Sample Preparation Techniques

Development of Alternative Green Sample Preparation Techniques
Author: Emanuela Gionfriddo
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2020-11-23
ISBN: 3039434683
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development of Alternative Green Sample Preparation Techniques Book Excerpt:

The Special Issue of Separations, “Development of Alternative Green Sample Preparation Techniques”, provides an overview on recent trends in green sample preparation. This Special Issue of Separations collates 11 impressive contributions that describe the state-of-the-art in the development of green extraction technologies, from green materials for microextraction to the development of new sampling devices geometries for enhanced extraction efficiency and analysis throughput.

Challenges and Solutions in Sample Preparation for High Resolution Cryo Electron Microscopy

Challenges and Solutions in Sample Preparation for High Resolution Cryo Electron Microscopy
Author: Felix Weis,Rebecca F. Thompson,Arjen J. Jakobi
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2022-12-05
ISBN: 283250860X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Challenges and Solutions in Sample Preparation for High Resolution Cryo Electron Microscopy Book Excerpt:

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu,Victor David
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 453
Release: 2014-10-18
ISBN: 0444543228
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography Book Excerpt:

Sample preparation is applied to make real world samples amenable for chromatographic analysis, or to improve the results of this type of analysis. A wide variety of procedures are applied for this purpose, and their description is the main goal of the present book. The principles of these procedures are explained, discussing their advantages and disadvantages, and their applicability to different types of samples as well as their fit for different types of chromatographic analysis. This provides a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation for a given analysis. The book also contains numerous literature references and examples of sample preparation for different matrices. The material is presented in three parts, one discussing physical methods used in sample preparation such as filtration, distillation, solvent extraction, solid phase extraction, electro-separations. Presents in a systematic way numerous techniques applied for sample preparation for chromatographic analysis Provides an up to date source of information regarding the progress made in sample preparation for chromatography Describes examples for specific type of matrices, providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation method for a given analysis

Sample Preparation in LC MS Bioanalysis

Sample Preparation in LC MS Bioanalysis
Author: Wenkui Li,Wenying Jian,Yunlin Fu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2019-03-12
ISBN: 111927429X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sample Preparation in LC MS Bioanalysis Book Excerpt:

Revised and Expanded Handbook Provides Comprehensive Introduction and Complete Instruction for Sample Preparation in Vital Category of Bioanalysis Following in the footsteps of the previously published Handbook of LC-MS Bioanalysis, this book is a thorough and timely guide to all important sample preparation techniques used for quantitative Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) bioanalysis of small and large molecules. LC-MS bioanalysis is a key element of pharmaceutical research and development, post-approval therapeutic drug monitoring, and many other studies used in human healthcare. While advances are continually being made in key aspects of LC-MS bioanalysis such as sensitivity and throughput, the value of research/study mentioned above is still heavily dependent on the availability of high-quality data, for which sample preparation plays the critical role. Thus, this text provides researchers in industry, academia, and regulatory agencies with detailed sample preparation techniques and step-by-step protocols on proper extraction of various analyte(s) of interest from biological samples for LC-MS quantification, in accordance with current health authority regulations and industry best practices. The three sections of the book with a total of 26 chapters cover topics that include: Current basic sample preparation techniques (e.g., protein precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction, salting-out assisted liquid-liquid extraction, ultracentrifugation and ultrafiltration, microsampling, sample extraction via electromembranes) Sample preparation techniques for uncommon biological matrices (e.g., tissues, hair, skin, nails, bones, mononuclear cells, cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous humor) Crucial aspects of LC-MS bioanalytical method development (e.g., pre-analytical considerations, derivation strategies, stability, non-specific binding) in addition to sample preparation techniques for challenging molecules (e.g., lipids, peptides, proteins, oligonucleotides, antibody-drug conjugates) Sample Preparation in LC-MS Bioanalysis will prove a practical and highly valuable addition to the reference shelves of scientists and related professionals in a variety of fields, including pharmaceutical and biomedical research, mass spectrometry, and analytical chemistry, as well as practitioners in clinical pharmacology, toxicology, and therapeutic drug monitoring.

Handbook of Solid Phase Microextraction

Handbook of Solid Phase Microextraction
Author: Janusz Pawliszyn
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2011-11-29
ISBN: 0123914493
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Solid Phase Microextraction Book Excerpt:

The relatively new technique of solid phase microextraction (SPME) is an important tool to prepare samples both in the lab and on-site. SPME is a "green" technology because it eliminates organic solvents from analytical laboratory and can be used in environmental, food and fragrance, and forensic and drug analysis. This handbook offers a thorough background of the theory and practical implementation of SPME. SPME protocols are presented outlining each stage of the method and providing useful tips and potential pitfalls. In addition, devices and fiber coatings, automated SPME systems, SPME method development, and In Vivo applications are discussed. This handbook is essential for its discussion of the latest SPME developments as well as its in depth information on the history, theory, and practical application of the method. Practical application of Solid Phase Microextraction methods including detailed steps Provides history of extraction methods to better understand the process Suitable for all levels, from beginning student to experienced practitioner

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Author: Ragu Ramanathan
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2011-09-20
ISBN: 111821157X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics Book Excerpt:

This timely reference discusses mass spectrometry in drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic studies. With contributions by professionals from the pharmaceutical industry, this book begins with a review of current mass spectrometry techniques and applications, followed by discussions of various methods for using MS in drug metabolism studies and pharmacokinetics. Highlighting the critical importance of ADME studies for understanding how a drug is absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and excreted by the body, the book s focuses on the use of LC/MS and MALDI-MS. This is a valuable reference for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry, medicine, academia, and even those working in homeland defense.

Chromatographic Analysis of the Environment

Chromatographic Analysis of the Environment
Author: Leo M.L. Nollet,Dimitra A. Lambropoulou
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2017-03-03
ISBN: 1315316196
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chromatographic Analysis of the Environment Book Excerpt:

This detailed handbook covers different chromatographic analysis techniques and chromatographic data for compounds found in air, water, and soil, and sludge. The new edition outlines developments relevant to environmental analysis, especially when using chromatographic mass spectrometric techniques. It addresses new issues, new lines of discussion, and new findings, and develops in greater detail the aspects related to chromatographic analysis in the environment. It also includes different analytical methodologies, addresses instrumental aspects, and outlines conclusions and perspectives for the future.

Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry

Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry
Author: Miguel de la Guardia,Francesc A. Esteve-Turrillas
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1000
Release: 2019-01-24
ISBN: 1119422590
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive guide to smart materials and how they are used in sample preparation, analytical processes, and applications This comprehensive, two-volume handbook provides detailed information on the present state of new materials tailored for selective sample preparation and the legal frame and environmental side effects of the use of smart materials for sample preparation in analytical chemistry, as well as their use in the analytical processes and applications. It covers both methodological and applied analytical aspects, relating to the development and application of new materials for solid-phase extraction (SPE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME), their use in the different steps and techniques of the analytical process, and their application in specific fields such as water, food, air, pharmaceuticals, clinical sciences and forensics. Every chapter in Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry is written by experts in the field to provide a comprehensive picture of the present state of this key area of analytical sciences and to summarize current applications and research literature in a critical way. Volume 1 covers New Materials for Sample Preparation and Analysis. Volume 2 handles Analytical Processes and Applications. Focuses on the development and applications of smart materials in analytical chemistry Covers both, methodological and applied analytical aspects, for the development of new materials and their use in the different steps and techniques of the analytical process and their application in specific fields Features applications in key areas including water, air, environment, pharma, food, forensic, and clinical Presents the available tools for the use of new materials suitable to aid recognition process to the sample preparation and analysis A key resource for analytical chemists, applied laboratories, and instrument companies Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry, 2V Set is an excellent reference book for specialists and advanced students in the areas of analytical chemistry, including both research and application environments.

High Throughput Bioanalytical Sample Preparation

High Throughput Bioanalytical Sample Preparation
Author: David A. Wells
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2003-01-28
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Throughput Bioanalytical Sample Preparation Book Excerpt:

High Throughput Bioanalytical Sample Preparation: Methods and Automation Strategies is an authoritative reference on the current state-of-the-art in sample preparation techniques for bioanalysis. This book focuses on high throughput (rapid productivity) techniques and describes exactly how to perform and automate these methodologies, including useful strategies for method development and optimization. A thorough review of the literature is included within each of these chapters describing high throughput sample preparation techniques: protein removal by precipitation; equilibrium dialysis and ultrafiltration; liquid-liquid extraction; solid-phase extraction; and various on-line techniques. The text begins with an introductory overview of the role of bioanalysis in pharmaceutical drug development. Fundamental understanding of the strategies for sample preparation is reinforced next, along with essential concepts in extraction chemistry. Several chapters introduce and discuss microplates, accessory products and automation devices. Particular strategies for efficient use of automation within a bioanalytical laboratory are also presented. The subject material then reviews protein precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction and various on-line sample preparation approaches. The book concludes with information on recent advances in sample preparation, such as solid-phase extraction in a card format and higher density extraction plates. Important objectives that can be accomplished when the strategies presented in this book are followed include: improved efficiency in moving discovery compounds to preclinical status with robust analytical methods; return on investment in automation for sample preparation; and improved knowledge and expertise of laboratory staff. · Shows the reader exactly how to perform modern bioanalytical sample preparation techniques, complete with detailed strategies · Thorough literature review and summary of published information · Detailed discussion and examples of the method development process

Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano and Other High Performance Materials

Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano  and Other High Performance Materials
Author: Rafael Lucena,M. Soledad Cardenas Aranzana
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2021-10-23
ISBN: 0128221720
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano and Other High Performance Materials Book Excerpt:

Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano- and Other High-Performance Materials covers advanced sample treatment techniques and the new materials that can be used to boost their performance. The evolution of sample treatment over the last two decades has resulted in the development of new techniques and application of new materials. This is a must-have resource for those studying advanced analytical techniques and the role of high-performance materials in analytical chemistry. The book explains the underlying principles needed to properly understand sample preparation, and also examines the latest materials - including nanomaterials - that result in greater sensitivity and specificity. The book begins with a section devoted to all the various sample preparation techniques and then continues with sections on high-performance sorbents and high-performance solvents. Combines basic, fundamental principles and advanced concepts and applications for a comprehensive treatment of sample preparation with new materials Defines nano- and other high-performance materials in this context, including carbon nanoparticles, inorganic nanoparticles, ionic liquids, supramolecular solvents, and more Includes discussion of all the latest advancements and new findings in both techniques and materials used for proper sample preparation

UHPLC in Life Sciences

UHPLC in Life Sciences
Author: Davy Guillarme,Jean-Luc Veuthey
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2015-11-09
ISBN: 1782626158
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

UHPLC in Life Sciences Book Excerpt:

Since its commercial introduction in 2004, UHPLC (Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography) has begun to replace conventional HPLC in academia and industry and interest in this technique continues to grow. Both the increases in speed and resolution make this an attractive method; particularly to the life sciences and more than 1500 papers have been written on this strongly-evolving topic to date. This book provides a solid background on how to work with UHPLC and its application to the life sciences. The first part of the book covers the basics of this approach and the specifics of a UHPLC system, providing the reader with a solid background to working properly with such a system. The second part examines the application of UHPLC to the life sciences, with a focus on drug analysis strategies. UHPLC-MS, a key technique in pharmaceutical and toxicological analyses, is also examined in detail. The editors (Davy Guillarme and Jean-Luc Veuthey) were some of the earliest adopters of UHPLC and have published and lectured extensively on this topic. Between them they have brought together an excellent team of contributors from Europe and the United States, presenting a wealth of expertise and knowledge. This book is an essential handbook for anyone wishing to adopt an UHPLC system in either an academic or industrial setting and will benefit postgraduate students and experienced workers alike.

Determining Mycotoxins and Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Food and Feed

Determining Mycotoxins and Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Food and Feed
Author: Sarah De Saeger
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2011-02-07
ISBN: 0857090976
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Determining Mycotoxins and Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Food and Feed Book Excerpt:

Mycotoxins - toxic secondary metabolites produced by mycotoxigenic fungi – pose a significant risk to the food chain. Indeed, they may be the most hazardous of all food contaminants in terms of chronic toxicity and legislative limits on their levels in food and feed continue to be developed worldwide. Rapid and reliable methods for the determination of both mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins in food and feed are therefore essential. This book reviews current and emerging methods in this area. Part one focuses on the essentials of mycotoxin determination, covering sampling, sample preparation and clean-up and key determination techniques, such as chromatographic separation, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and immunochemical methods. Part two then goes on to describe quality assurance, official methods and performance criteria for determining mycotoxins in food and feed. Topics covered include laboratory accreditation, method validation and measurement uncertainty. The development and analysis of biomarkers for mycotoxins are discussed in part three. Individual chapters focus on detecting exposure in humans and animals. Part four is concerned with the processes involved in determining mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed. It also describes the identification of genes and gene clusters involved in mycotoxin synthesis, as well as DNA barcoding of toxigenic fungi. Finally, part five explores some of the emerging methods for mycotoxin analysis, ranging from bio-sensing to spectroscopic techniques. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Determining mycotoxins and mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed is a standard reference for all those concerned with reducing mycotoxin contamination in the food chain. Focuses on the essentials of mycotoxin determination, covering sampling, sample preparation, clean-up and key determination techniques Documents quality assurance and official methods and performance criteria for determining mycotoxins in food and feed Explores the processes of determining mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed including the identification of genes and gene clusters

Principles and Applications of Clinical Mass Spectrometry

Principles and Applications of Clinical Mass Spectrometry
Author: Nader Rifai,A. Rita Horvath,Carl T. Wittwer,Andy Hoofnagle
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2018-06-26
ISBN: 0128160640
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Applications of Clinical Mass Spectrometry Book Excerpt:

Principles and Applications of Clinical Mass Spectrometry: Small Molecules, Peptides, and Pathogens is a concise resource for quick implementation of mass spectrometry methods in clinical laboratory work. Focusing on the practical use of these techniques, the first half of the book covers principles of chromatographic separations, principles and types of mass spectrometers, and sample preparation for analysis; the second half outlines the main applications of this technology within clinical laboratory settings, including determination of small molecules and peptides, as well as pathogen identification. A thorough yet succinct guide to using mass spectrometry technology in the clinical laboratory, Principles and Applications of Clinical Mass Spectrometry: Small Molecules, Peptides, and Pathogens is an essential resource for chemists, pharmaceutical and biotech researchers, certain government agencies, and standardization groups. Provides concrete examples of the main applications of mass spectrometry technology Describes current capabilities of the LC- and MS-based analytical methods Details methods for successful analytical work in the field

New Trends in Sample Preparation Techniques for Food Analysis

New Trends in Sample Preparation Techniques for Food Analysis
Author: Oscar Núñez Burcio,Paolo Lucci
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2016-05-01
ISBN: 9781634850728
Category: Food
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Trends in Sample Preparation Techniques for Food Analysis Book Excerpt:

Nowadays, there is a growing need for applications in food control and safety analysis to cope with the analysis of a large number of analytes in a very complex matrix. New analytical procedures are demanding sensitivity, robustness, effectiveness and high resolution within a reduced analysis time. Most of these requirements may be met to a certain extent by the total or partial automation of the conventional analytical methods, including sample preparation or sample pre-treatment coupled on-line to an analytical system. Despite the advances in chromatographic separations and mass spectrometry techniques, sample preparation is still one of the most important parts in any analytical method development and an effective sample preparation is essential for achieving good analytical results. Obviously, ideal sample preparation methods should be fast, accurate, precise and must keep sample integrity. For this reason, and over the last years, considerable efforts have been made to develop modern approaches in sample treatment techniques that enable the reduction of the analysis time without compromising the integrity of the extraction process. The aim of this book is to discuss new trends in sample preparation techniques applied to food analysis, and it will address not only the principles of each technique, but the most relevant applications in food control and safety analysis published over the few last years.

Micro and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems

Micro  and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems
Author: Sabu Thomas,Mazaher Ahmadi,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Abbas Afkhami,Tayyebeh Madrakian
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2021-10-12
ISBN: 0128237287
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems Book Excerpt:

Micro- and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems outlines the basic principles of miniaturized analytical devices, such as spectrometric, separation, imaging and electrochemical miniaturized instruments. Concepts such as smartphone-enabled miniaturized detection systems and micro/nanomachines are also reviewed. Subsequent chapters explore the emerging application of these mobile devices for miniaturized analysis in various fields, including medicine and biomedicine, environmental chemistry, food chemistry, and forensic chemistry. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers wanting to understand how miniaturization techniques are being used to create a range of efficient, sustainable electronic and optical devices. Miniaturization describes the concept of manufacturing increasingly smaller mechanical, optical, and electronic products and devices. These smaller instruments can be used to produce micro- and nanoscale components required for analytical procedures. A variety of micro/nanoscale materials have been synthesized and used in analytical procedures, such as sensing materials, sorbents, adsorbents, catalysts, and reactors. The miniaturization of analytical instruments can be applied to the different steps of analytical procedures, such as sample preparation, analytical separation, and detection, reducing the total cost of manufacturing the instruments and the needed reagents and organic solvents. Outlines how miniaturization techniques can be used to create new optical and electronic micro- and nanodevices Explores major application areas, including biomedicine, environmental science and security Assesses the major challenges of using miniaturization techniques

Failure Analysis

Failure Analysis
Author: Jose Luis Otegui
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2014-01-02
ISBN: 3319039105
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Failure Analysis Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the failures of structural elements, i.e. those components whose primary mission is to withstand mechanical loads. The book is intended as a self-contained source for those with different technical grades, engineers and scientists but also technicians in the field can benefit from its reading.

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution
Author: Armando C. Duarte,Anabela Cachada,Teresa A.P. Rocha-Santos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2017-10-18
ISBN: 0128498722
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Pollution Book Excerpt:

Soil Pollution: From Monitoring to Remediation provides comprehensive information on soil pollution, including causes, distribution, transport, the transformation and fate of pollutants in soil, and metabolite accumulation. The book covers organic, inorganic and nanoparticle pollutants and methodologies for their monitoring. Features a critical discussion on ecotoxicological and human effects of soil pollution, and strategies for soil protection and remediation. Meticulously organized, this is an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals, providing up-to-date foundational content for those already familiar with the field. Chapters are highly accessible, offering an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and undergraduate students alike. Highlights the relevance of soil pollution for a sustainable environment in chapters written by interdisciplinary expert academics and professionals from around the world Includes cases studies of techniques used to monitor soil pollution Includes a chapter on nanoparticles as soil pollutants Offers comprehensive coverage of soil pollution including types and causes

Cryo EM Part C

Cryo EM  Part C
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2010-09-30
ISBN: 9780123849946
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cryo EM Part C Book Excerpt:

This volume, along with Part A and Part B, is dedicated to a description of the instruments, samples, protocols, and analyses that belong to cryo-EM. It emphasizes the relatedness of the ideas, instrumentation, and methods underlying all cryo-EM approaches, which allow practitioners to easily move between them. Within each section, the articles are ordered according to the most common symmetry of the sample to which their methods are applied. * Includes time-tested core methods and new innovations applicable to any researcher * Methods included are useful to both established researchers and newcomers to the field * Relevant background and reference information given for procedures can be used as a guide