Agri Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability

Agri Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability
Author: Francisco J. Barba,Predrag Putnik,Danijela Bursac Kovacevic
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2020-03-03
ISBN: 0128172274
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agri Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Divided into five sections, Agri-Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability: New Challenges in Nutrition and Public Health provides an overview of the challenges and future perspectives related to nutrition, public health, and sustainability. The book addresses strategies to reduce fat, trans fat, saturated fat, sugar, and salt consumption, while also exploring the manufacturing, safety, and toxicology of new food manufacturing. This book examines commercial labeling and nutritional education, nutrigenomics and public health, and provides coverage of the valorization of waste and by-products from the food industry. Nutrition researchers and practitioners, food scientists, technologists, engineers, agronomists, food product developers, medical and public health professionals, and postgraduate students focused in food science and nutrition are sure to find this reference work a welcomed addition to their libraries. Contains innovative strategies to achieve a healthy diet through the design of new food products Provides comprehensive information related to agriculture, nutrition, food industry, government, and sustainable waste management and details their roles in addressing food waste Explores the ways in which innovative approaches, used to valorize and give an added value to agri-food waste and by-products, ensure the sustainability of the production process Presents nutritive education about reducing empty calories by lowering consumption of fats, sugars, and other high-calorie nutrients Delineates the roles of food industry and government in shaping the best policies for the general public and the design of new products

Transforming Food Environments

Transforming Food Environments
Author: Charlotte EL Evans
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2022-03-22
ISBN: 100054415X
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transforming Food Environments Book Excerpt:

We regularly find ourselves in food environments that promote the consumption of high fat and sugary foods rather than encouraging us to eat more fruit and vegetables. However, because of increased media attention, people are becoming more interested in alternative approaches to improving the many food-related decisions we make daily. Transforming Food Environments features evidence from several disciplines exploring initiatives that have improved food environments and discusses the importance of achieving success in equitable and sustainable ways. The book presents information on diverse food environments followed by methods that help readers become aware of the design of interventions and food policies. It covers food environments in schools, workplaces, and community centres as well as fast food establishments and food marketing. The book presents methods to help encourage better food choices and purchase of healthier foods. It explores persuasion tactics used by health professionals such as changing availability and/or price, using nudging techniques, and food labelling. Led by Editor Charlotte Evans, Associate Professor of Nutritional Epidemiology and Public Health Nutrition at the University of Leeds; and written by an international range of authors from countries including the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and the United Kingdom, this multidisciplinary book appeals to students, researchers, public health professionals and policy makers. It also raises awareness and provides a comprehensive treatment of the importance of our environments on food choice.

Re valorization of Food Losses and Food Co products

Re valorization of Food Losses and Food Co products
Author: Jesus Simal-Gandara,Tripti Agarwal,Mahnaz Esteki,Andrea Gomez-Zavaglia,Jianbo Xiao
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-12-29
ISBN: 2889718735
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Re valorization of Food Losses and Food Co products Book Excerpt:

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products
Author: Rajeev Bhat
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2021-08-25
ISBN: 0128242604
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products Book Excerpt:

Valorization of Agri-Food Wastes and By-Products: Recent Trends, Innovations and Sustainability Challenges addresses the waste and by-product valorization of fruits and vegetables, beverages, nuts and seeds, dairy and seafood. The book focuses its coverage on bioactive recovery, health benefits, biofuel production and environment issues, as well as recent technological developments surrounding state of the art of food waste management and innovation. The book also presents tools for value chain analysis and explores future sustainability challenges. In addition, the book offers theoretical and experimental information used to investigate different aspects of the valorization of agri-food wastes and by-products. Valorization of Agri-Food Wastes and By-Products: Recent Trends, Innovations and Sustainability Challenges will be a great resource for food researchers, including those working in food loss or waste, agricultural processing, and engineering, food scientists, technologists, agricultural engineers, and students and professionals working on sustainable food production and effective management of food loss, wastes and by-products. Covers recent trends, innovations, and sustainability challenges related to food wastes and by-products valorization Explores various recovery processes, the functionality of targeted bioactive compounds, and green processing technologies Presents emerging technologies for the valorization of agri-food wastes and by-products Highlights potential industrial applications of food wastes and by-products to support circular economy concepts

Fermentation Processes Emerging and Conventional Technologies

Fermentation Processes  Emerging and Conventional Technologies
Author: Mohamed Koubaa,Francisco J. Barba,Shahin Roohinejad
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2021-02-11
ISBN: 1119505836
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fermentation Processes Emerging and Conventional Technologies Book Excerpt:

Explores the use of conventional and novel technologies to enhance fermentation processes Fermentation Processes reviews the application of both conventional and emerging technologies for enhancing fermentation conditions, examining the principles and mechanisms of fermentation processes, the microorganisms used in bioprocesses, their implementation in industrial fermentation, and more. Designed for scientists and industry professionals alike, this authoritative and up-to-date volume describes how non-conventional technologies can be used to increase accessibly and bioavailability of substrates by microorganisms during fermentation, which in turn promotes microbial growth and can improve processes and productivity across the agri-food, nutraceutical, pharmaceutical, and beverage industries. The text begins by covering the conventional fermentation process, discussing cell division and growth kinetics, current technologies and developments in industrial fermentation processes, the parameters and modes of fermentation, various culture media, and the impact of culture conditions on fermentation processes. Subsequent chapters provide in-depth examination of the use of emerging technologies—such as pulsed electric fields, ultrasound, high-hydrostatic pressure, and microwave irradiation—for biomass fractionation and microbial stimulation. This authoritative resource: Explores emerging technologies that shorten fermentation time, accelerate substrate consumption, and increase microbial biomass Describes enhancing fermentation at conventional conditions by changing oxygenation, agitation, temperature, and other medium conditions Highlights the advantages of new technologies, such as reduced energy consumption and increased efficiency Discusses the integration and implementation of conventional and emerging technologies to meet consumer and industry demand Offers perspectives on the future direction of fermentation technologies and applications Fermentation Processes: Emerging and Conventional Technologies is ideal for microbiologists and bioprocess technologists in need of an up-to-date overview of the subject, and for instructors and students in courses such as bioprocess technology, microbiology, new product development, fermentation, food processing, biotechnology, and bioprocess engineering.

Determining key research areas for healthier diets and sustainable food systems in Viet Nam

Determining key research areas for healthier diets and sustainable food systems in Viet Nam
Author: Jessica E. Raneri,Gina Kennedy,Trang Nguyen,Sigrid Wertheim-Heck,Ha Do,Stef de Haan,Nguyen Phuong
Publsiher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2019-10-10
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Determining key research areas for healthier diets and sustainable food systems in Viet Nam Book Excerpt:

Vietnamese food systems are undergoing rapid transformation, with important implications for human and environmental health and economic development. Poverty has decreased, and diet quality and undernutrition have improved significantly since the end of the Doi Moi reform period (1986-1993) as a result of Viet Nam opening its economy and increasing its regional and global trade. Yet poor diet quality is still contributing the triple burden of malnutrition, with 25 percent stunting among children under age 5, 26 percent and 29 percent of women and children, respectively, anemic, and 21 percent of adults overweight. Agricultural production systems have shifted from predominantly diverse smallholder systems to larger more commercialized and specialized systems, especially for crops, while the ‘meatification’ of the Vietnamese diet is generating serious trade-offs between improved nutrition and sustainability of the Vietnamese food systems. The food processing industry has developed rapidly, together with food imports, resulting in new and processed food products penetrating the food retail outlets, trending towards an increase in the Westernized consumption patterns that are shifting nutrition-related problems towards overweight and obesity and, with it, an increase of non-communicable disease-related health risks. While regulatory policies exist across the food system, these are not systematically implemented, making food safety a major concern for consumers and policy makers alike. Where data exists, it is not easy to aggregate with data from across food system dimensions, making it difficult for Viet Nam to make an informed analysis of current and potential food system trade-offs. In our research, we reviewed existing literature and data, and applied a food systems framework to develop an initial food systems profile for Viet Nam and to identify a comprehensive set a of research questions to fill current data gaps identified through the review. Insights on these would provide the comprehensive evidence needed to inform policy makers on how to develop new food systems policies for Viet Nam, and further refine and improve existing policies to achieve better quality diets and more sustainable food systems in Viet Nam. Based on these, we then engaged with stakeholders to develop research priorities in the Viet Nam context and identified 25 priority research questions. This paper aims to stimulate such reflections by clearly outlining key areas for research, government policy, and development programs on priority investment to build the evidence base around inclusive food systems interventions that aim to result in healthier diets and more sustainable food systems for Viet Nam

Ireland s journey towards sustainable food systems

Ireland   s journey towards sustainable food systems
Author: Brouwer, H., Guijt, J., Kelly, S., Garcia-Campos, P.
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 47
Release: 2021-08-19
ISBN: 9251347840
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ireland s journey towards sustainable food systems Book Excerpt:

The intention of this case study is to learn from the institutional and programmatic processes that have sustained the transformation of Ireland’s food system so that other countries might be inspired by ideas and practices that could be potentially adapted to their own journey towards a sustainable food system. The country’s trajectory from small-scale farming focused on commodity exports with little value addition, to gradual integration into high-value international supply chains, alongside its current ambition to contribute to solving world hunger, reflect the profound shifts that have taken place within and around the boundaries of Ireland’s food system. Ireland’s transformation demonstrates the complexity of multiple drivers (policies, investments, market trends and disruptions) simultaneously at play as food systems evolve. At present, the top challenges in agri-food concern the environment, human health and nutrition.

Pathways to Environmental Sustainability

Pathways to Environmental Sustainability
Author: Roberta Salomone,Giuseppe Saija
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2014-02-19
ISBN: 3319038265
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pathways to Environmental Sustainability Book Excerpt:

This book brings together, in a single volume, an overview of multiple applications of the concept of environmental sustainability, featuring examples of useful methodologies and tools for pursuing environmental targets, experiences and case studies spanning a variety of sectors, embracing both industry and research projects; and case studies applied to very different territorial contexts. The first section of the book covers methodologies and tools for environmental sustainability, including Industrial Ecology, Urban Metabolism, Life Cycle Assessment, analysis of industrial water footprint and such chemical technologies as Hypercritical Separation Technology (HYST). Part Two provides case studies of environmental sustainability in specific industrial sectors including electronics, pharmaceutical manufacturing, bio-energy, agriculture, food and residential construction retrofitting. Part Three explores experiences of environmental sustainability in territorial contexts on a local, regional or national scale. This section includes chapters on sustainability in the Republic of San Marino, the European “Covenant of Mayors” urban sustainability initiative and efforts to promote sustainability in Italy, Norway and Poland among others. The book concludes with a discussion of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in Objective I regions of Italy. Featuring the contributions of academics, managers operating in various productive sectors and consultants, the book aims to promote the growth and spread of scientific research and technological development for environmental sustainability.

Research Anthology on Strategies for Achieving Agricultural Sustainability

Research Anthology on Strategies for Achieving Agricultural Sustainability
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1364
Release: 2022-02-18
ISBN: 1668453533
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Anthology on Strategies for Achieving Agricultural Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Agriculture has been an enduring human tradition key to survival and civilization. However, after the advent of industrialization and agricultural growth, the industry has been met with several challenges including pollution, land use, and food insecurity. With the agricultural industry contributing to pollution and emissions, many have found it imperative to investigate the causes and seek out solutions. The Research Anthology on Strategies for Achieving Agricultural Sustainability discusses the issues that the agricultural industry currently faces and the technological opportunities that can be explored to help protect and predict crop growth and achieve more resilient agricultural processes. It analyzes the impact of agricultural pollution and food insecurity on a global scale, but also proposes solutions to promote agricultural sustainability. Covering topics such as bio-farming, smart farming, and population growth, this book is an indispensable resource for government officials, agricultural scientists, farmers, students and professors of higher education, activist groups, researchers, and academicians.

Waste in Textile and Leather Sectors

Waste in Textile and Leather Sectors
Author: Ayşegül Körlü
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2020-09-09
ISBN: 1789852439
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste in Textile and Leather Sectors Book Excerpt:

In this book in your hands, the relationship between the textile and leather sectors, and the environment is examined from many viewpoints. The book contains many different subjects, from sustainability in the textile and leather sectors to the effect of historical textiles on human health. It will be interesting for readers from many disciplines in science.I thank all the authors contributing to the book and I hope that it will be helpful to the readers.

How is Digitalization Affecting Agri food

How is Digitalization Affecting Agri food
Author: Maria Carmela Annosi,Federica Brunetta
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2020-10-30
ISBN: 0429515553
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How is Digitalization Affecting Agri food Book Excerpt:

Using real cases of food firms and agriculture supply chains as a context, How is Digitalization Affecting Agri-food? New Business Models, Strategies and Organizational Forms aims to understand the key themes in strategic and organizational research in this area. Despite the importance of food and agriculture in the current political and societal context, analysis of the impact of digitalization and information technologies on the industry is still limited. The objective of this monograph is to understand the direction of this change. With case studies of food firms and agriculture supply chains it sets out to conceptualize food organizing and organizations as a fruitful object of inquiry, both at the intra and interorganizational levels. It aims to understand new business models, strategies and organizational forms. Contributions in this stream of research have the potential to yield important and relevant insights for both scholars and societies. This book is written for primarily for academics engaged in innovation management or strategy, or conducting organizational behaviour research. It will also be of relevance to practitioners and managers in the agri-food industry.

Development of voluntary guidelines for the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet in the Mediterranean region

Development of voluntary guidelines for the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet in the Mediterranean region
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2018-06-06
ISBN: 9251098328
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development of voluntary guidelines for the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet in the Mediterranean region Book Excerpt:

The Mediterranean diet is attracting international attention as a healthy and sustainable diet, yet countries in the region are increasingly beset by problems of undernutrition combined with obesity or other food-related diseases. This book highlights the need to consolidate the Mediterranean diet as a lever to improve the sustainability of food systems and consumption in the region.

Future Foods

Future Foods
Author: Rajeev Bhat
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 786
Release: 2021-12-04
ISBN: 0323910025
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Future Foods Book Excerpt:

Future Foods: Global Trends, Opportunities, and Sustainability Challenges highlights trends and sustainability challenges along the entire agri-food supply chain. Using an interdisciplinary approach, this book addresses innovations, technological developments, state-of-the-art based research, value chain analysis, and a summary of future sustainability challenges. The book is written for food scientists, researchers, engineers, producers, and policy makers and will be a welcomed reference. Provides practical solutions for overcoming recurring sustainability challenges along the entire agri-food supply chain Highlights potential industrial opportunities and supports circular economy concepts Proposes novel concepts to address various sustainability challenges that can affect and have an impact on the future generations

Food Security Nutrition and Sustainability

Food Security  Nutrition and Sustainability
Author: Geoffrey Lawrence,Kristen Lyons,Tabatha Wallington
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2013
ISBN: 1849774498
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Food Security Nutrition and Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Publisher's description: As the threats of food insecurity loom ever larger, the world faces the sad irony of food shortages in the global South alongside a purported 'obesity epidemic' in the global North. The twin issues of food production and food access are of particular concern in the context of climate change, 'peak oil', biofuels, and land grabs by wealthy nations. Food Security, Nutrition and Sustainability offers critical insights by international scholars, with chapters on global food security, supermarket power, new technologies, and sustainability. The book also assesses the contributions of diet and nutrition research in building socially just and environmentally sustainable food systems and provides policy recommendations to improve the health and environmental status of contemporary agri-food systems. The book features contributions from a range of social science perspectives, including sociology, anthropology, public health and geography, with case study material drawn from throughout the world.

Innovation for sustainability

Innovation for sustainability
Author: Gianluca Brunori,Stefano Grando
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2020-07-29
ISBN: 1839821582
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovation for sustainability Book Excerpt:

Family farms represent important components of food systems and rural areas. The aim of the book is to develop a conceptual framework guiding further research and policy design to enhance food systems' capability to sustainably meet societal expectations, with a valorisation of the role of family farming.

Environmental Impact of Agro Food Industry and Food Consumption

Environmental Impact of Agro Food Industry and Food Consumption
Author: Charis M. Galanakis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2020-12-01
ISBN: 0128213701
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Impact of Agro Food Industry and Food Consumption Book Excerpt:

Environmental Impact of Agro-Food Industry and Food Consumption covers trends associated with the impact of food production on the environment using lifecycle analysis and the standard methods used to estimate the food industry’s environmental impact. The book discusses city-scale actions to estimate the environmental impact of food systems, including the meat chain, feeding crops to farmed fish, the confectionary industry, agriculture, tea processing, cheese production, the dairy industry, cold chain, and ice cream production. Food waste and consumption in hospitality and global diets round out these interesting discussions. Written for food scientists, technologists, engineers, chemists, governmental regulatory bodies, environmentalists, environmental technologists, environmental engineers, researchers, academics and professionals working in the food industry, this book is an essential resource on sustainability in the food industry. Addresses all levels of the food chain Provides solutions for the food industry to estimate and reduce environmental impact Assists members of the food industry in optimizing their current performance and reducing their environmental footprint

Towards Sustainable Global Food Systems

Towards Sustainable Global Food Systems
Author: Ruerd Ruben,Jan Verhagen
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2019-04-30
ISBN: 3038978140
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Towards Sustainable Global Food Systems Book Excerpt:

One of the major knowledge challenges in the domain of Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems refers to the integration of perspectives on consumption, patterns that support public health, inclusive value chains, and environmentally sustainable food production. While there is a long record of the analysis of separate interventions, this special issue generates integrated insights, provides cross-cutting perspectives, and outlines practical and policy solutions that address these global challenges.The collection of papers promotes the view that sustainable food systems require thorough insights into the structure and dynamics of agri-food production systems, the drivers for integrating food value chains and markets, and key incentives for supporting healthier consumer choices. On the production side, potential linkages between agricultural commercialization and intensification and their effects for food security and nutritional outcomes are analyzed. Value Chains are assessed for their contribution to improving exchange networks and markets for food products that simultaneously support efficiency, circularity, and responsiveness. Individual motives and market structures for food consumption need to be understood in order to be able to outline suitable incentives to enhance healthy dietary choice.The contributed papers focus on interfaces between food system activities and processes of adaptive change that are critical for overcoming key constraints and trade-offs between sustainable food and healthy diets.

Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing

Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing
Author: Joyce Boye,Yves Arcand
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 686
Release: 2012-01-11
ISBN: 146141587X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing Book Excerpt:

This book will review the current status of the agriculture and agri-food sector in regard to green processing and provide strategies that can be used by the sector to enhance the use of environmentally-friendly technologies for production, processing. The book will look at the full spectrum from farm to fork beginning with chapters on life cycle analysis and environmental impact assessment of different agri-food sectors. This will be followed by reviews of current and novel on-farm practices that are more environmentally-friendly, technologies for food processing that reduce chemical and energy use and emissions as well as novel analytical techniques for R&D and QA which reduce solvent, chemical and energy consumption. Technologies for waste treatment, "reducing, reusing, recycling", and better water and energy stewardship will be reviewed. In addition, the last section of the book will attempt to look at technologies and processes that reduce the generation of process-induced toxins (e.g., trans fats, acrylamide, D-amino acids) and will address consumer perceptions about current and emerging technologies available to tackle these processing and environmental issues.

Sustainability of the Agri food System Strategies and Performances

Sustainability of the Agri food System  Strategies and Performances
Author: Bernardo De Gennaro,Gianluca Nardone
Publsiher: Universitas Studiorum
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2014-11-01
ISBN: 8897683606
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainability of the Agri food System Strategies and Performances Book Excerpt:

The 2013 annual conference of the Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA) has been held in the attractive scenario of the city of Lecce under the organization of three different Universities of the Apulia Region (Università degli Studi di Bari, Università degli Studi di Foggia and Università del Salento). The scientific theme of the 50th SIDEA Conference has been “Sustainability of the agri-food system: Strategies and Performances” (Sostenibilità del Sistema Agroalimentare: strategie e performance). With such a topic, the SIDEA intended to cope with the challenges coming from a growing demand of food in a world where critical natural resources such as water, energy and land are becoming increasingly scarce and climate change is posing credible threats. The agri-food system and the broader bio-based economy are, in fact, human activities where the classic dimensions of sustainability (ecological, economic and social) are gaining a striking weight often showing evidence of frictions. Despite a significant growth in food production over the past century, today one of the most important challenges facing agro-food system is how to feed a growing population.

Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2020

Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2020
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,World Food Programme, United Nations Children's Fund,World Health Organization,World Meteorological Organization,United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2021-05-12
ISBN: 9251341397
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2020 Book Excerpt:

This report consists of two main sections: 1) a situation analysis of Sustainable Development Goal 2 Target 2.1 (to end hunger and ensure access to food by all) and Target 2.2 (to end all forms of malnutrition) and analyses of the diets of children and of current food consumption patterns relative to dietary guidelines; and 2) a special look at the cost and affordability of healthy diets in Europe and Central Asia. The new estimates confirm that the prevalence of hunger at chronic or severe levels is relatively low in the ECA region. However, the prevalence of food insecurity at moderate or severe levels can be quite high. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic continues to add people to the ranks of the food insecure. The ECA region is making progress overall in reducing malnutrition, but it is not on track regarding childhood overweight, adult obesity, anaemia and exclusive breastfeeding. Healthy diets protect against the effects of malnutrition, in all its forms, and promote better health.This report shows that healthy diets cost, on average, five times more than diets that meet only dietary energy needs, making them unaffordable for many people throughout the region. To increase the affordability of healthy diets, the costs of nutritious foods must be lowered. This report also shows that hidden costs are much lower with healthy diets than with current consumption patterns, meaning that adopting healthy diet alternatives could lead to large cost savings.