Alevi Identity

Alevi Identity
Author: Tord Olsson,Elisabeth Ozdalga,Catharina Raudvere
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2005-09-30
ISBN: 1135797242
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alevi Identity Book Excerpt:

In the rising momentum for new and reformulated cultural identities, the Turkish Alevi have also emerged on the scene, demanding due recognition. In this process a number of dramatic events have served as important milestones: the clashes between Sunni and Alevi in Kahramanmaras in 1979 and Corum in 1980, the incendiarism in Sivas in 1992, and the riots in Istanbul (Gaziosmanpasa) in 1995. Less evocative, but in the long run more significant, has been the rising interest in Alevi folklore and religious practices. Questions have also arisen as to what this branch of Islamic heterodoxy represents in terms of old and new identities. In this book, these questions are addressed by some of the most prominent scholars in the field.

Islamic Political Identity in Turkey

Islamic Political Identity in Turkey
Author: M. Hakan Yavuz
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2003-08-28
ISBN: 0195347706
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Islamic Political Identity in Turkey Book Excerpt:

In November of 2002, the Justice and Development Party swept to victory in the Turkish parliamentary elections. Because of the party's Islamic roots, its electoral triumph has sparked a host of questions both in Turkey and in the West: Does the party harbor a secret Islamist agenda? Will the new government seek to overturn nearly a century of secularization stemming from Kemal Atatürk's early-twentieth-century reforms? Most fundamentally, is Islam compatible with democracy? In this penetrating work, M. Hakan Yavuz seeks to answer these questions, and to provide a comprehensive analysis of Islamic political identity in Turkey. He begins in the early twentieth century, when Kemal Atatürk led Turkey through a process of rapid secularization and crushed Islamic opposition to his authoritarian rule. Yavuz argues that, since Atatürk's death in 1938, however, Turkey has been gradually moving away from his militant secularism and experiencing "a quiet Muslim reformation." Islamic political identity is not homogeneous, says Yavuz, but can be modern and progressive as well as conservative and potentially authoritarian. While the West has traditionally seen Kemalism as an engine for reform against "reactionary" political Islam, in fact the Kemalist establishment has traditionally used the "Islamic threat" as an excuse to avoid democratization and thus hold on to power. Yavuz offers an account of the "soft coup" of 1997, in which the Kemalist military-bureaucratic establishment overthrew the democratically elected coalition government, which was led by the pro-Islamic Refah party. He argues that the soft coup plunged Turkey into a renewed legitimacy crisis which can only be resolved by the liberalization of the political system. The book ends with a discussion of the most recent election and its implications for Turkey and the Muslim world. Yavuz argues that Islamic social movements can be important agents for promoting a democratic and pluralistic society, and that the Turkish example holds long term promise for the rest of the Muslim world. Based on extensive fieldwork and interviews, this work offers a sophisticated new understanding of the role of political Islam in one of the world's most strategically important countries.

Alevism as an Ethno Religious Identity

Alevism as an Ethno Religious Identity
Author: Celia Jenkins,Suavi Aydin,Umit Cetin
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2019-10-23
ISBN: 1351600990
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alevism as an Ethno Religious Identity Book Excerpt:

Until recently the importance of religion in the modern world has often been underestimated in Western societies, whereas its significance is absolutely crucial in the Middle East. Religion is critical to a sense of belonging for communities and nations, and can be a force for unity or division. This is the case for the Alevis, an ethnic and religious community that constitutes approximately 20% of the Turkish population – its second largest religious group. In the current crisis in the Middle East, the heightened religious tensions between Sunnis, Shias and Alawites raise questions about who the Alevis are and where they stand in this conflict. With an ambiguous relationship to Islam, historically Alevis have been treated as a ‘suspect community’ in Turkey and recently, whilst distinct from Alawites, have sympathised with the Assad regime’s secular orientation. The chapters in this book analyse different aspects of Alevi identity in relation to religion, politics, culture, education and national identity, drawing on specialist research in the field. The approach is interdisciplinary and contributes to wider debates concerning ethnicity, religion, migration and trans/national identity within and across ethno-religious boundaries. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the National Identities journal.

Turkish National Identity and Its Outsiders

Turkish National Identity and Its Outsiders
Author: Ozlem Goner
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2017-06-14
ISBN: 1315462966
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turkish National Identity and Its Outsiders Book Excerpt:

This book examines the ways in which states and nations are constructed and legitimated through defining and managing outsiders. Focusing on Turkey and the municipality of Dersim – a region that has historically combined different outsider identities, including Armenian, Kurdish, and Alevi identities – the author explores the remembering, transformation and mobilisation of everyday relations of power and the manner in which relationships with the state shape both outsider identities and the conception of the nation itself. Together with a discussion of the recent decade in which the history, identity, and nature of Dersim have been central to various social and political organisations, the author concentrates on three defining periods of state-outsider relationships – the massacre and the following displacements in Dersim known as ‘1938’; the growth of capitalism in Turkey and the leftist movements in Dersim between World War II and the coup d’état of 1980; and the rise of the PKK and the ‘state of exception’ in Dersim in the 1990s – to show how outsiders came to be defined as ‘exceptions to the law’ and how they were managed in different periods. Drawing on archival methods, field research, in-depth and multiple-session interviews and focus groups with three consecutive generations, this book offers a historical understanding of relationships of power and struggle as they are actualised and challenged at particular localities and shaped through the making of outsiderness. As such, it will be of interest to scholars of sociology, anthropology and political science, as well as historians.

Turkish Migration Identity and Integration

Turkish Migration  Identity and Integration
Author: Betül Dilara Şeker,Ali Çağlar
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2015-08-27
ISBN: 1910781126
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turkish Migration Identity and Integration Book Excerpt:

Fundamentalism

Fundamentalism
Author: Marcello Mollica
Publsiher: LIT Verlag Münster
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2016
ISBN: 3643802013
Category: Caucasus
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentalism Book Excerpt:

With the aim of shedding some light on the many ambiguities that contemporary dramatic events have brought to the fore, this volume collects eight ethnographic contributions-the product of fieldwork conducted in the last two years in geographical problem areas-upon fundamentalism and transnationalism, religiously driven deviations, and challenges in data collection. This book also provides a slightly different contribution from the dominant academic rhetoric, with chapters that cut across established historical "academic" regions while intersecting anthropological and cultural areas, thus deliberately connecting the Caucasus to the Eastern Mediterranean shores through the Anatolian peninsula and the northern Mesopotamia region. (Series: Freiburg Studies in Social Anthropology / Freiburger Sozialanthropologische Studien, Vol. 44) [Subject: Social Anthropology, Ethnography]

The Kurds of Turkey

The Kurds of Turkey
Author: Cuma Çiçek
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2016-12-22
ISBN: 1786731096
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Kurds of Turkey Book Excerpt:

In fact, Kurds in Turkey have many diverse political and ideological orientations. Focusing on the elites of these informal groups - national, religious and economic - Cuma Cicek analyses the consequences of the divisions and subsequent prospects of consensus building. Using an innovative theoretical framework founded on constructivism, the 'three 'I's' model and various strands of sociology, Cicek considers the dynamics that affect the Kurds in Turkey across issues as diverse as the central state, geopolitics, nationalism, Europeanisation and globalisation. In so doing, he examines the consensus-building process of 1999-2015 and presents the possible route to a unified Kurdish political state.Cicek's in-depth and meticulously researched work adds an indispensable layer of nuance to our conception of the Kurdish community. This is an important book for students or researchers with an interest in the history and present of the Kurds and their future in Turkey and across the Middle East.

Alevis in Europe

Alevis in Europe
Author: Tözün Issa
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2016-07-22
ISBN: 1317182642
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alevis in Europe Book Excerpt:

The Alevis are a significant minority in Turkey, and now also in the countries of Western Europe. Over the past century, many of them have migrated from rural enclaves on the Anatolian plateau to the great cities of Istanbul and Ankara, and from there to the countries of the European Union. This book asks who are they? How do they construct their identities – now and in the past; in Turkey and in Europe? A range of scholars, writing from sociological, historical, socio-psychological and political perspectives, present analysis and research that shows the Alevi communities grouping and regrouping, defining and redefining – sometimes as an ethnic minority, sometimes as religious groups, sometimes around a political philosophy - contingently responding to circumstances of the Turkish Republic’s political position and to the immigration policies of Western Europe. Contributors consider Alevi roots and cultural practices in their villages of origin; the changes in identity following the migration to the gecekondu shanty towns surrounding the cities of Turkey; the changes consequent on their second diaspora to Germany, the UK, Sweden and other European countries; and the implications of European citizenship for their identity. This collection offers a new and significant contribution to the study of migration and minorities in the wider European context.

KURDISH STUDIES VOLUME 8 NUMBER 1 MAY 2020 SPECIAL ISSUE ALEVI KURDS HISTORY POLITICS AND IDENTITY

KURDISH STUDIES  VOLUME 8  NUMBER 1  MAY 2020 SPECIAL ISSUE  ALEVI KURDS  HISTORY  POLITICS AND IDENTITY
Author: Umit Cetin,Celia Jenkins,Suavi Aydin
Publsiher: Transnational Press London
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2020-05-25
ISBN: 1912997487
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

KURDISH STUDIES VOLUME 8 NUMBER 1 MAY 2020 SPECIAL ISSUE ALEVI KURDS HISTORY POLITICS AND IDENTITY Book Excerpt:

Special Issue: Alevi Kurds: History, Politics and Identity | Guest edited by Umit Cetin, Celia Jenkins, and Suavi Aydın | EDITORIAL: Alevi Kurds: History, Politics and Identity by Umit Cetin, Celia Jenkins, and Suavi Aydın | Politics and Identity in Alevi Kurds: An Interview with Martin van Bruinessen by Umit Cetin, Celia Jenkins, and Suavi Aydın | A Survey of the Roots and History of Kurdish Alevism: What are the Divergences and Convergences between Kurdish Alevi Groups inTurkey? by Suavi Aydın | Reflections on the 19th Century Missionary Reports as Sources for the History of the (Kurdish) Kizilbash by Ayfer Karakaya-Stump | Political Representation of Alevi Kurds in Turkey: Historical Trends and Main Transformations by Cengiz Gunes | The Struggle to Make Diaspora Alevis Companion with Working Class: Alevism in Kavga / Kervan Magazine by Tuncay Bilecen | Diasporic Homeland, Rise of Identity and New Traditionalism: The Case of the British Alevi Festival by Cemal Salman | Language Attitudes and Religion: Kurdish Alevis in the UK by Birgul Yilmaz | “Aspirational Capital” and Transformations in First-Generation Alevi-Kurdish Parents’ Involvement with Their Children’s Education in theUK by Celia Jenkins | Unregulated Desires: Anomie, the “Rainbow Underclass” and Second-Generation Alevi Kurdish Gangs in London by Umit Cetin | Book Reviews

Islam and Muslims in Germany

Islam and Muslims in Germany
Author: Ala Al-Hamarneh,Jörn Thielmann
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2008-02-25
ISBN: 904743000X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Islam and Muslims in Germany Book Excerpt:

In the European discourse of post 9/11 reality, concepts such as “Multiculturalism”, “Integration” and “European Islam” are becoming more and more topical. The empirically- based contributions in this volume aim to reflect the variety of current Muslim social practices and life-worlds in Germany. The volume goes beyond the fragmented methods of minority case studies and the monolithic view of Muslims as portrayed by mass media to present fresh theoretical approaches and in-depth analyses of a rich mosaic of communities, cultures and social practices. Issues of politics, religion, society, economics, media, art, literature, law and gender are addressed. The result is a vibrant state-of-the-art publication of studies of real-life communities and individuals.

Political Psychology of Turkish Political Behavior

Political Psychology of Turkish Political Behavior
Author: Cengiz Erisen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2016-04-14
ISBN: 1317586085
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Political Psychology of Turkish Political Behavior Book Excerpt:

The primary motivation for this book is to focus on something crucial that is missing in Turkish political science: well-founded theories on the Turkish voter and empiricism in scholarly research. Given the absence of such theories, one could ask what then the best model is for explaining a Turkish citizen’s vote choice and political behaviour, and what schools of thought Turkish political science has. Unfortunately, it is not possible to offer a satisfactory response to either question at this point, and among the clear deficiencies in the current literature the primary one is the lack of a robust model explaining how Turkish citizens form their political attitudes, engage in political participation, or cast their votes. With these important questions in mind, this book aims to generate an interest in the theoretical and methodological tools that one can employ to conduct research contributing to the needs of the literature, particularly in political behaviour and political psychology. This book expands our understanding about the processes and the mechanisms of Turkish political behaviour, and contributes to the foundations of theory building in the literature. This book was published as a special issue of Turkish Studies.

Turkey s Alevi Enigma

Turkey s Alevi Enigma
Author: Paul J. White,Joost Jongerden
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2021-08-04
ISBN: 9004492356
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turkey s Alevi Enigma Book Excerpt:

This volume, written by specialists, be they political scientists, historians or anthropologists, is a convenient handbook on the origins and history of Turkey's Alevis - an important group that is largely unknown in the West. It examined their ethnic identity, cultural representation, political life, and relations with the Turkish State, The Turkish Left and the Kurdish National Movement.

Identity Conflict And Politics In Turkey Iran And Pakistan

Identity  Conflict And Politics In Turkey  Iran And Pakistan
Author: Gilles Dorronsoro,Olivier Grojean
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-06-15
ISBN: 0190934905
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identity Conflict And Politics In Turkey Iran And Pakistan Book Excerpt:

Ethnic and religious identity-markers compete with class and gender as principles shaping the organization and classification of everyday life. But how are an individual's identity-based conflicts transformed and redefined? Identity is a specific form of social capital, hence contexts where multiple identities obtain necessarily come with a hierarchy, with differences, and hence with a certain degree of hostility. The contributors to this book examine the rapid transformation of identity hierarchies affecting Iran, Pakistan and Turkey, a symptom of political fractures, social-economic transformation, and new regimes of subjectification. They focus on the state's role in organizing access to resources, with its institutions often being the main target of demands, rather than competing social groups. Such con- texts enable entrepreneurs of collective action to exploit identity differences, which in turn help them to expand the scale of their mobilization and to align local and national conflicts. The authors also examine how identity-based violence may be autonomous in certain contexts, and serve to prime collective action and transform the relations between communities.

The Changing Leadership Roles of Dedes in the Alevi Movement

The Changing Leadership Roles of   Dedes   in the Alevi Movement
Author: Deniz Cosan Eke
Publsiher: transcript Verlag
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2021-11-30
ISBN: 3839459575
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Changing Leadership Roles of Dedes in the Alevi Movement Book Excerpt:

What is the function of clerical leadership in Alevism based on sociocultural and political understandings? To answer that complex question, Deniz Cosan Eke examines the political, cultural, and religious debates surrounding Alevis and the Alevi movement in relation to the ideas and claims of the Turkish state, Alevi communities in Turkey, and migrant Alevi communities in Germany. The book, which focuses on the emergence of collective emotions in religious rituals, the struggle of religious groups in migration processes, and the leadership role of clergy in social movements, is of great interest to a wide readership.

Encyclopedia of Nationalism Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Nationalism  Two Volume Set
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1529
Release: 2000-10-27
ISBN: 0080545246
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Nationalism Two Volume Set Book Excerpt:

Nationalism has unexpectedly become a leading local and international force since the end of the Cold War. Long predicted to give way to pan-national or economic organizations, nationalism exerts its tremendous force on all continents and in a wide variety of ways. The Encyclopedia of Nationalism captures the aims and scope of this force through a wide-ranging examination of concepts, figures, movements, and events. It is the only encyclopedic study of nationalism available today. Key Features * International Editorial Board * Articles begin with short glossaries and conclude with short bibliographies of titles essential for further reading * Website devoted to project at www.academicpress.com/nations

Balkan Identities

Balkan Identities
Author: Marii͡a Nikolaeva Todorova
Publsiher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9781850657156
Category: Balkan Peninsula
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Balkan Identities Book Excerpt:

Four main themes are concentrated on in this text, the construction of historical memories; the sites of national memory; the transmission of national memory; and the mobilisation of national identities.

The Migration Conference 2017 Programme and Abstracts Book

The Migration Conference 2017 Programme and Abstracts Book
Author: Ibrahim Sirkeci,Fethiye Tilbe,Mehtap Erdogan
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-10-04
ISBN: 1910781681
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Migration Conference 2017 Programme and Abstracts Book Book Excerpt:

The Migration Conference 2017 hosted by Harokopio University, Athens from 23 to 26 August. The 5th conference in our series, the 2017 Conference was probably the largest scholarly gathering on migration with a global scope. Human mobility, border management, integration and security, diversity and minorities as well as spatial patterns, identity and economic implications have dominated the public agenda and gave an extra impetus for the study of movers and non-movers over the last decade or so. Throughout the program of the Migration Conference you will find various key thematic areas are covered in about 400 presentations by about 400 colleagues coming from all around the world from Australia to Canada, China to Mexico, South Africa to Finland. We are also proud to bring you opportunities to meet with some of the leading scholars in the field. Our line of keynote speakers include Saskia Sassen, Oded Stark, Giuseppe Sciortino, Neli Esipova, and Yuksel Pazarkaya.

Strong State and Plural Society in Turkey

Strong State and Plural Society in Turkey
Author: Ömer Çaha
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2021-08-11
ISBN: 1793648050
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strong State and Plural Society in Turkey Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on the strong state tradition as well as plural society that developed in Turkey. Indicating how an unitarian ideological public sphere has evolved into a pluralistic and civil public domain, it enriches the literature on modernization, democracy, civil society, public space and social movements.

Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Muslim Political Participation in Europe
Author: Jorgen S. Nielsen
Publsiher: Edinburgh University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-02-20
ISBN: 0748646957
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Muslim Political Participation in Europe Book Excerpt:

To what extent are Muslims in Europe integrated? Muslims are increasingly making themselves noticed in the political process of Europe. But what is happening behind the often sensational headlines? This book looks at the processes and realities of Muslim participation in local and national politics in a range of Eastern and Western European countries: voting patterns in local and national assemblies, membership of elected councils and national parliaments, and the tensions between ethnic, political and religious identities. It also asks how political participation and wider integration issues interrelate and considers how Muslims - as ethnic groups, or through specific institutions - seek to locate themselves within European political society.

Music Immigration and the City

Music  Immigration and the City
Author: Philip Kasinitz,Marco Martiniello
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2020-06-30
ISBN: 1000448967
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Music Immigration and the City Book Excerpt:

This volume brings together the work of social scientists and music scholars examining the role of migrant and migrant descended communities in the production and consumption of popular music in Europe and North America. The contributions to the collection include studies of language and local identity in hip hop in Liege and Montreal; the politics of Mexican folk music in Los Angeles; the remaking of ethnic boundaries in Naples; the changing meanings of Tango in the Argentine diaspora and of Alevi music among Turks in Germany; the history of Soca in Brooklyn; and the recreation of ‘American’ culture by the children of immigrants on the Broadway stage. Taken together, these works demonstrate how music affords us a window onto local culture, social relations and community politics in the diverse cities of immigrant receiving societies. Music is often one of the first arenas in which populations encounter newcomers, a place where ideas about identity can be reformulated and reimagined, and a field in which innovation and hybridity are often highly valued. This book highlights why it is a subject worthy of more attention from students of racial and ethnic relations in diverse societies. It was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.