Algorithms to Live By

Algorithms to Live By
Author: Brian Christian,Tom Griffiths
Publsiher: Henry Holt and Company
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN: 1627790373
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algorithms to Live By Book Excerpt:

An exploration of how computer algorithms can be applied to our everyday lives to solve common decision-making problems and illuminate the workings of the human mind. What should we do, or leave undone, in a day or a lifetime? How much messiness should we accept? What balance of the new and familiar is the most fulfilling? These may seem like uniquely human quandaries, but they are not. Computers, like us, confront limited space and time, so computer scientists have been grappling with similar problems for decades. And the solutions they’ve found have much to teach us. In a dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths show how algorithms developed for computers also untangle very human questions. They explain how to have better hunches and when to leave things to chance, how to deal with overwhelming choices and how best to connect with others. From finding a spouse to finding a parking spot, from organizing one’s inbox to peering into the future, Algorithms to Live By transforms the wisdom of computer science into strategies for human living.

Information

Information
Author: Michele Kennerly,Samuel Frederick,Jonathan E. Abel
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-01-19
ISBN: 0231552807
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Information Book Excerpt:

For decades, we have been told we live in the “information age”—a time when disruptive technological advancement has reshaped the categories and social uses of knowledge and when quantitative assessment is increasingly privileged. Such methodologies and concepts of information are usually considered the provenance of the natural and social sciences, which present them as politically and philosophically neutral. Yet the humanities should and do play an important role in interpreting and critiquing the historical, cultural, and conceptual nature of information. This book is one of two companion volumes that explore theories and histories of information from a humanistic perspective. They consider information as a long-standing feature of social, cultural, and conceptual management, a matter of social practice, and a fundamental challenge for the humanities today. Bringing together essays by prominent critics, Information: Keywords highlights the humanistic nature of information practices and concepts by thinking through key terms. It describes and anticipates directions for how the humanities can contribute to our understanding of information from a range of theoretical, historical, and global perspectives. Together with Information: A Reader, it sets forth a major humanistic vision of the concept of information.

Privacy in the Age of Neuroscience

Privacy in the Age of Neuroscience
Author: David Grant
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-04-15
ISBN: 110885818X
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Privacy in the Age of Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Neuroscience has begun to intrude deeply into what it means to be human, an intrusion that offers profound benefits but will demolish our present understanding of privacy. In Privacy in the Age of Neuroscience, David Grant argues that we need to reconceptualize privacy in a manner that will allow us to reap the rewards of neuroscience while still protecting our privacy and, ultimately, our humanity. Grant delves into our relationship with technology, the latest in what he describes as a historical series of 'magnitudes', following Deity, the State and the Market, proposing the idea that, for this new magnitude (Technology), we must control rather than be subjected to it. In this provocative work, Grant unveils a radical account of privacy and an equally radical proposal to create the social infrastructure we need to support it.

The Wide World of Coding

The Wide World of Coding
Author: Jennifer Connor-Smith
Publsiher: Millbrook Press
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2020-04-07
ISBN: 1541595874
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Wide World of Coding Book Excerpt:

The best part about coding is that anyone with a computer can learn how to do it. From education to healthcare to entertainment, software touches almost every aspect of twenty-first century life. Take a high-level perspective on the types of people who create that software—including many jobs that do not involve writing code at all. Learn about the software development cycle and the huge variety of skills developers draw on, including psychology, mathematics, and art, to create amazing apps and programs. Explore why diversity is needed to prevent bias in design. Learn about the different coding languages and what they are used for, how developers choose a language, and tools that simplify coding. Jennifer Connor-Smith breaks down stereotypes about coding as a career that is open only to technology-obsessed gamers, revealing ways people use software to improve medical care, nurture dementia patients, promote social justice, and more. Hands-on activities show you how easy it is to learn to think like a coder. The next generation of coders will require diverse teams, creativity, and ethical codes of conduct to create the best and most successful software. Will you be one of them?

The Alignment Problem

The Alignment Problem
Author: Brian Christian
Publsiher: National Geographic Books
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2020-10-06
ISBN: 0393635821
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Alignment Problem Book Excerpt:

Finalist for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize A jaw-dropping exploration of everything that goes wrong when we build AI systems and the movement to fix them. Today’s “machine-learning” systems, trained by data, are so effective that we’ve invited them to see and hear for us—and to make decisions on our behalf. But alarm bells are ringing. Recent years have seen an eruption of concern as the field of machine learning advances. When the systems we attempt to teach will not, in the end, do what we want or what we expect, ethical and potentially existential risks emerge. Researchers call this the alignment problem. Systems cull résumés until, years later, we discover that they have inherent gender biases. Algorithms decide bail and parole—and appear to assess Black and White defendants differently. We can no longer assume that our mortgage application, or even our medical tests, will be seen by human eyes. And as autonomous vehicles share our streets, we are increasingly putting our lives in their hands. The mathematical and computational models driving these changes range in complexity from something that can fit on a spreadsheet to a complex system that might credibly be called “artificial intelligence.” They are steadily replacing both human judgment and explicitly programmed software. In best-selling author Brian Christian’s riveting account, we meet the alignment problem’s “first-responders,” and learn their ambitious plan to solve it before our hands are completely off the wheel. In a masterful blend of history and on-the ground reporting, Christian traces the explosive growth in the field of machine learning and surveys its current, sprawling frontier. Readers encounter a discipline finding its legs amid exhilarating and sometimes terrifying progress. Whether they—and we—succeed or fail in solving the alignment problem will be a defining human story. The Alignment Problem offers an unflinching reckoning with humanity’s biases and blind spots, our own unstated assumptions and often contradictory goals. A dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, it takes a hard look not only at our technology but at our culture—and finds a story by turns harrowing and hopeful.

The Age of Algorithms

The Age of Algorithms
Author: Serge Abiteboul,Gilles Dowek
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2020-04-01
ISBN: 1108655947
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Age of Algorithms Book Excerpt:

Algorithms are probably the most sophisticated tools that people have had at their disposal since the beginnings of human history. They have transformed science, industry, society. They upset the concepts of work, property, government, private life, even humanity. Going easily from one extreme to the other, we rejoice that they make life easier for us, but fear that they will enslave us. To get beyond this vision of good vs evil, this book takes a new look at our time, the age of algorithms. Creations of the human spirit, algorithms are what we made them. And they will be what we want them to be: it's up to us to choose the world we want to live in.

Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games

Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games
Author: Jouni Smed,Harri Hakonen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2006-06-16
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games Book Excerpt:

Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games is an essential guide to solving the algorithmic and networking problems of modern commercial computer games, written from the perspective of a computer scientist. Combining algorithmic knowledge and game-related problems, the authors discuss all the common difficulties encountered in game programming. The first part of the book tackles algorithmic problems by presenting how they can be solved practically. As well as "classical" topics such as random numbers, tournaments and game trees, the authors focus on how to find a path in, create the terrain of, and make decisions in the game world. Part two introduces networking related problems in computer games and focuses on three key questions: how to hide the inherent communication delay, how to utilize limited network resources, and how to cope with cheating. Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games provides a comprehensive resource that offers deeper algorithmic insight into game programming and explains game-specific network considerations. Read on for... Algorithmic solutions in pseudo code format, which not only emphasizes the idea behind the solution, but also can easily be written into the programming language of your choice. A section on the Synthetic player, covering decision-making, influence maps, finite-state machines, flocking, fuzzy sets and probabilistic reasoning. In-depth treatment of network communication including dead reckoning, local perception filters and cheating prevention. 51 ready-to-use algorithms and 178 illustrative exercises. Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games is a must-read text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students on computer game-related courses, postgraduate researchers in game-related topics, and game developers interested in new approaches and the theoretical background to games.

Responsible AI

Responsible AI
Author: Sray Agarwal,Shashin Mishra
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2021-10-15
ISBN: 3030768600
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Responsible AI Book Excerpt:

This book is written for software product teams that use AI to add intelligent models to their products or are planning to use it. As AI adoption grows, it is becoming important that all AI driven products can demonstrate they are not introducing any bias to the AI-based decisions they are making, as well as reducing any pre-existing bias or discrimination. The responsibility to ensure that the AI models are ethical and make responsible decisions does not lie with the data scientists alone. The product owners and the business analysts are as important in ensuring bias-free AI as the data scientists on the team. This book addresses the part that these roles play in building a fair, explainable and accountable model, along with ensuring model and data privacy. Each chapter covers the fundamentals for the topic and then goes deep into the subject matter – providing the details that enable the business analysts and the data scientists to implement these fundamentals. AI research is one of the most active and growing areas of computer science and statistics. This book includes an overview of the many techniques that draw from the research or are created by combining different research outputs. Some of the techniques from relevant and popular libraries are covered, but deliberately not drawn very heavily from as they are already well documented, and new research is likely to replace some of it.

Genetic Algorithms and Engineering Design

Genetic Algorithms and Engineering Design
Author: Mitsuo Gen,Runwei Cheng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 436
Release: 1997-01-21
ISBN: 9780471127413
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Algorithms and Engineering Design Book Excerpt:

The last few years have seen important advances in the use ofgenetic algorithms to address challenging optimization problems inindustrial engineering. Genetic Algorithms and Engineering Designis the only book to cover the most recent technologies and theirapplication to manufacturing, presenting a comprehensive and fullyup-to-date treatment of genetic algorithms in industrialengineering and operations research. Beginning with a tutorial on genetic algorithm fundamentals andtheir use in solving constrained and combinatorial optimizationproblems, the book applies these techniques to problems in specificareas--sequencing, scheduling and production plans, transportationand vehicle routing, facility layout, location-allocation, andmore. Each topic features a clearly written problem description,mathematical model, and summary of conventional heuristicalgorithms. All algorithms are explained in intuitive, rather thanhighly-technical, language and are reinforced with illustrativefigures and numerical examples. Written by two internationally acknowledged experts in the field,Genetic Algorithms and Engineering Design features originalmaterial on the foundation and application of genetic algorithms,and also standardizes the terms and symbols used in othersources--making this complex subject truly accessible to thebeginner as well as to the more advanced reader. Ideal for both self-study and classroom use, this self-containedreference provides indispensable state-of-the-art guidance toprofessionals and students working in industrial engineering,management science, operations research, computer science, andartificial intelligence. The only comprehensive, state-of-the-arttreatment available on the use of genetic algorithms in industrialengineering and operations research . . . Written by internationally recognized experts in the field ofgenetic algorithms and artificial intelligence, Genetic Algorithmsand Engineering Design provides total coverage of currenttechnologies and their application to manufacturing systems.Incorporating original material on the foundation and applicationof genetic algorithms, this unique resource also standardizes theterms and symbols used in other sources--making this complexsubject truly accessible to students as well as experiencedprofessionals. Designed for clarity and ease of use, thisself-contained reference: * Provides a comprehensive survey of selection strategies, penaltytechniques, and genetic operators used for constrained andcombinatorial optimization problems * Shows how to use genetic algorithms to make production schedules,solve facility/location problems, make transportation/vehiclerouting plans, enhance system reliability, and much more * Contains detailed numerical examples, plus more than 160auxiliary figures to make solution procedures transparent andunderstandable

Introduction to Computing and Algorithms

Introduction to Computing and Algorithms
Author: Russell L. Shackelford
Publsiher: Prentice Hall
Total Pages: 468
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9780201636130
Category: Computer algorithms
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Computing and Algorithms Book Excerpt:

Introduction to Computing and Algorithms prepares students for the world of computing by giving them a solid foundation in the study of computer science - algorithms. By taking an algorithm-based approach to the subject, this book helps readers grasp overall concepts rather than getting them bogged down with specific syntax details of a programming language that can become obsolete. Students work with algorithms from the start and apply these ideas to real problems that computers can help solve. The benefit of this approach is that students will understand the power of computers as problem-solving tools, learn to think like programmers, and gain an appreciation of the computer science discipline.

Data Structures

Data Structures
Author: Alfs T. Berztiss
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 464
Release: 1971
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Algorithms
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Structures Book Excerpt:

Computer Science and Applied Mathematics: Data Structures: Theory and Practice focuses on the processes, methodologies, principles, and approaches involved in data structures, including algorithms, decision trees, Boolean functions, lattices, and matrices. The book first offers information on set theory, functions, and relations, and graph theory. Discussions focus on linear formulas of digraphs, isomorphism of digraphs, basic definitions in the theory of digraphs, Boolean functions and forms, lattices, indexed sets, algebra of sets, and order pair and related concepts. The text then examines strings, trees, and paths and cycles in digraphs. Topics include algebra of strings, Markov algorithms, algebraic structures, languages and grammars, decision trees and decision tables, trees as grammatic markers, shortest path problems, and representation of prefix formulas. The publication ponders on digraphs of programs, arrays, pushdown stores, lists, and list structures, and organization of files. Concerns include scatter storage techniques, files and secondary storage, representation of digraphs as list structures, storage of arrays, and sparse matrices.

Evolutionary Algorithms for Solving Multi Objective Problems

Evolutionary Algorithms for Solving Multi Objective Problems
Author: Carlos Coello Coello,Gary B. Lamont,David A. van Veldhuizen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 810
Release: 2007-09-18
ISBN: 0387332545
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary Algorithms for Solving Multi Objective Problems Book Excerpt:

This textbook is a second edition of Evolutionary Algorithms for Solving Multi-Objective Problems, significantly expanded and adapted for the classroom. The various features of multi-objective evolutionary algorithms are presented here in an innovative and student-friendly fashion, incorporating state-of-the-art research. The book disseminates the application of evolutionary algorithm techniques to a variety of practical problems. It contains exhaustive appendices, index and bibliography and links to a complete set of teaching tutorials, exercises and solutions.

Voices in the Code

Voices in the Code
Author: David G. Robinson
Publsiher: Russell Sage Foundation
Total Pages: 213
Release: 2022-09-08
ISBN: 0871547775
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Voices in the Code Book Excerpt:

"The critical turning points in our lives are often decided by algorithms--rules carried out by software, on a computer. Algorithms determine who gets scarce seats at top public schools. At a bank or an insurance company, an algorithm mines your data to decide whether you'll get a loan. If you apply for a job at a large employer, an algorithm is increasingly likely to scan your résumé, deciding before any human pays attention whether you're even worth talking to. In each case, there are deeply human questions at the heart of a job that has been given to a machine. Which of a person's traits are legitimately related to her job performance and fair game for her potential employer to consider? How should scarce public resources--be they medicine, housing, or a coveted slot at an elite public school--be distributed? Voices in the Code is about choices like these--the ethical trade-offs inside life-altering algorithms--and about how such choices can be made"--

Computer Science

Computer Science
Author: J. Glenn Brookshear
Publsiher: Addison-Wesley Longman
Total Pages: 584
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Science Book Excerpt:

Now in its eighth edition, this book continues to provide a comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date introduction to the dynamic field of computer science using a breadth-first approach.The table of contents and the text itself have been revised and expanded to reflect changes in the field, including the trend toward using Web and Internet Technology, the evolution of Objects, and the important growth in the field of databases. Specifically, chapter three from the previous edition has been expanded into two chapters. Chapter three will now only cover Operating Systems and the new chapter four will focus on Networks and the Internet.Anyone interested in gaining a thorough introduction to Computer Science.

Fundamentals of Computer Algorithms

Fundamentals of Computer Algorithms
Author: Ellis Horowitz,Sartaj Sahni
Publsiher: Computer Science Press, Incorporated
Total Pages: 652
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Algorithms
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Computer Algorithms Book Excerpt:

Set Theory for Computing

Set Theory for Computing
Author: Domenico Cantone,Eugenio Omodeo,Alberto Policriti,Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Eugenio Omodeo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2001-06-26
ISBN: 9780387951973
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Set Theory for Computing Book Excerpt:

"Set Theory for Computing" provides a comprehensive account of set-oriented symbolic manipulation methods suitable for automated reasoning. Its main objective is twofold: 1) to provide a flexible formalization for a variety of set languages, and 2) to clarify the semantics of set constructs firmly established in modern specification languages and in the programming practice. Topics include: semantic unification, decision algorithms, modal logics, declarative programming, tableau-based proof techniques, and theory-based theorem proving. The style of presentation is self-contained, rigorous and accurate. Some familiarity with symbolic logic is helpful but not a requirement. This book is a useful resource for all advanced students, professionals, and researchers in computing sciences, artificial intelligence, automated reasoning, logic, and computational mathematics. It will serve to complement their intuitive understanding of set concepts with the ability to master them by symbolic and logically based algorithmic methods and deductive techniques.

Philosophy of Computing

Philosophy of Computing
Author: International Association for Computing and Philosophy. International Conference
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030752674
Category: Computer science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Computing Book Excerpt:

This book features a unique selection of works presented at the 2019 annual international conference of the International Association for Computing and Philosophy (IACAP). Every contribution has been peer-reviewed, revised, and extended. The included chapters are thematically diverse; topics include epistemology, dynamic epistemic logic, topology, philosophy of science and computation, game theory and abductive inferences, automated reasoning and mathematical proofs, computer simulations, scientific modelling, applied ethics, pedagogy, human-robot interactions, and big data, algorithms, and artificial intelligence. The volume is a testament to the value of interdisciplinary approaches to the computational and informational turn. We live in a time of tremendous development, which requires rigorous reflection on the philosophical nature of these technologies and how they are changing the world. How can we understand these technologies? How do these technologies change our understanding of the world? And how do these technologies affect our place as humans in the world? These questions, and more, are addressed in this volume which is of interest to philosophers, engineers, and computer scientists alike.

Foundations of Algorithms

Foundations of Algorithms
Author: Richard E. Neapolitan,Kumarss Naimipour
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 523
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Algorithms Book Excerpt:

Foundations of Algorithms Using C++ Pseudocode offers a well-balanced presentation on designing algorithms, complexity analysis of algorithms, & computational complexity that is accessible to mainstream computer science students who have a background in college algebra & discrete structures. To support their approach, the authors present mathematical concepts using Standard English & a simpler notation than is found in most texts. A review of essential mathematical concepts is presented in three appendices. In addition, they reinforce the explanations with numerous concrete examples to help students grasp theoretical concepts.

Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications

Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications
Author: Nevio Benvenuto,Giovanni Cherubini
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1324
Release: 2002-10-11
ISBN: 9780470843895
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications Book Excerpt:

This volume presents the logical arithmetical or computational procedures within communications systems that will ensure the solution to various problems. The authors comprehensively introduce the theoretical elements that are at the basis of the field of algorithms for communications systems. Various applications of these algorithms are then illustrated with particular attention to wired and wireless network access technologies. * Provides a complete treatment of algorithms for communications systems, rarely presented together * Introduces the theoretical background to digital communications and signal processing * Features numerous applications including advanced wireless modems and echo cancellation techniques * Includes useful reference lists at the end of each chapter Graduate students in the fields of Telecommunications and Electrical Engineering Researchers and Professionals in the area of Digital Communications, Signal Processing and Computer Engineering will find this book invaluable.

Biologically Inspired Collaborative Computing

Biologically Inspired Collaborative Computing
Author: George A. Agoston
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 250
Release: 1979
ISBN: 038709654X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biologically Inspired Collaborative Computing Book Excerpt:

“Look deep into nature and you will understand everything better.” advised Albert Einstein. In recent years, the research communities in Computer Science, Engineering, and other disciplines have taken this message to heart, and a relatively new field of “biologically-inspired computing” has been born. Inspiration is being drawn from nature, from the behaviors of colonies of ants, of swarms of bees and even the human body. This new paradigm in computing takes many simple autonomous objects or agents and lets them jointly perform a complex task, without having the need for centralized control. In this paradigm, these simple objects interact locally with their environment using simple rules. Applications include optimization algorithms, communications networks, scheduling and decision making, supply-chain management, and robotics, to name just a few. There are many disciplines involved in making such systems work: from artificial intelligence to energy aware systems. Often these disciplines have their own field of focus, have their own conferences, or only deal with specialized s- problems (e.g. swarm intelligence, biologically inspired computation, sensor networks). The Second IFIP Conference on Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing aims to bridge this separation of the scientific community and bring together researchers in the fields of Organic Computing, Autonomic Computing, Self-Organizing Systems, Pervasive Computing and related areas. We are very pleased to have two very important keynote presentations: Swarm Robotics: The Coordination of Robots via Swarm Intelligence Principles by Marco Dorigo (Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium), of which an abstract is included in this volume.