America s War for the Greater Middle East

America s War for the Greater Middle East
Author: Andrew J. Bacevich
Publsiher: Random House Trade Paperbacks
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2017-02-07
ISBN: 0553393952
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

America s War for the Greater Middle East Book Excerpt:

LONGLISTED FOR THE NATIONAL BOOK AWARD • A searing reassessment of U.S. military policy in the Middle East over the past four decades from retired army colonel and New York Times bestselling author Andrew J. Bacevich, with a new afterword by the author From the end of World War II until 1980, virtually no American soldiers were killed in action while serving in the Greater Middle East. Since 1990, virtually no American soldiers have been killed in action anywhere else. What caused this shift? Andrew J. Bacevich, one of the country’s most respected voices on foreign affairs, offers an incisive critical history of this ongoing military enterprise—now more than thirty years old and with no end in sight. During the 1980s, Bacevich argues, a great transition occurred. As the Cold War wound down, the United States initiated a new conflict—a War for the Greater Middle East—that continues to the present day. The long twilight struggle with the Soviet Union had involved only occasional and sporadic fighting. But as this new war unfolded, hostilities became persistent. From the Balkans and East Africa to the Persian Gulf and Central Asia, U.S. forces embarked upon a seemingly endless series of campaigns across the Islamic world. Few achieved anything remotely like conclusive success. Instead, actions undertaken with expectations of promoting peace and stability produced just the opposite. As a consequence, phrases like “permanent war” and “open-ended war” have become part of everyday discourse. Connecting the dots in a way no other historian has done before, Bacevich weaves a compelling narrative out of episodes as varied as the Beirut bombing of 1983, the Mogadishu firefight of 1993, the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and the rise of ISIS in the present decade. Understanding what America’s costly military exertions have wrought requires seeing these seemingly discrete events as parts of a single war. It also requires identifying the errors of judgment made by political leaders in both parties and by senior military officers who share responsibility for what has become a monumental march to folly. This Bacevich unflinchingly does. A twenty-year army veteran who served in Vietnam, Andrew J. Bacevich brings the full weight of his expertise to this vitally important subject. America’s War for the Greater Middle East is a bracing after-action report from the front lines of history. It will fundamentally change the way we view America’s engagement in the world’s most volatile region. Praise for America’s War for the Greater Middle East “Bacevich is thought-provoking, profane and fearless. . . . [His] call for Americans to rethink their nation’s militarized approach to the Middle East is incisive, urgent and essential.”—The New York Times Book Review “Bacevich’s magnum opus . . . a deft and rhythmic polemic aimed at America’s failures in the Middle East from the end of Jimmy Carter’s presidency to the present.”—Robert D. Kaplan, The Wall Street Journal “A critical review of American policy and military involvement . . . Those familiar with Bacevich’s work will recognize the clarity of expression, the devastating directness and the coruscating wit that characterize the writing of one of the most articulate and incisive living critics of American foreign policy.”—The Washington Post “[A] monumental new work.”—The Huffington Post “An unparalleled historical tour de force certain to affect the formation of future U.S. foreign policy.”—Lieutenant General Paul K. Van Riper, U.S. Marine Corps (Ret.)

America s War for the Greater Middle East

America s War for the Greater Middle East
Author: Andrew J. Bacevich
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2016-04-05
ISBN: 0553393944
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

America s War for the Greater Middle East Book Excerpt:

LONGLISTED FOR THE NATIONAL BOOK AWARD • A searing reassessment of U.S. military policy in the Middle East over the past four decades from retired army colonel and New York Times bestselling author Andrew J. Bacevich From the end of World War II until 1980, virtually no American soldiers were killed in action while serving in the Greater Middle East. Since 1990, virtually no American soldiers have been killed in action anywhere else. What caused this shift? Andrew J. Bacevich, one of the country’s most respected voices on foreign affairs, offers an incisive critical history of this ongoing military enterprise—now more than thirty years old and with no end in sight. During the 1980s, Bacevich argues, a great transition occurred. As the Cold War wound down, the United States initiated a new conflict—a War for the Greater Middle East—that continues to the present day. The long twilight struggle with the Soviet Union had involved only occasional and sporadic fighting. But as this new war unfolded, hostilities became persistent. From the Balkans and East Africa to the Persian Gulf and Central Asia, U.S. forces embarked upon a seemingly endless series of campaigns across the Islamic world. Few achieved anything remotely like conclusive success. Instead, actions undertaken with expectations of promoting peace and stability produced just the opposite. As a consequence, phrases like “permanent war” and “open-ended war” have become part of everyday discourse. Connecting the dots in a way no other historian has done before, Bacevich weaves a compelling narrative out of episodes as varied as the Beirut bombing of 1983, the Mogadishu firefight of 1993, the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and the rise of ISIS in the present decade. Understanding what America’s costly military exertions have wrought requires seeing these seemingly discrete events as parts of a single war. It also requires identifying the errors of judgment made by political leaders in both parties and by senior military officers who share responsibility for what has become a monumental march to folly. This Bacevich unflinchingly does. A twenty-year army veteran who served in Vietnam, Andrew J. Bacevich brings the full weight of his expertise to this vitally important subject. America’s War for the Greater Middle East is a bracing after-action report from the front lines of history. It will fundamentally change the way we view America’s engagement in the world’s most volatile region. Praise for America’s War for the Greater Middle East “Bacevich is thought-provoking, profane and fearless. . . . [His] call for Americans to rethink their nation’s militarized approach to the Middle East is incisive, urgent and essential.”—The New York Times Book Review “Bacevich’s magnum opus . . . a deft and rhythmic polemic aimed at America’s failures in the Middle East from the end of Jimmy Carter’s presidency to the present.”—Robert D. Kaplan, The Wall Street Journal “A critical review of American policy and military involvement . . . Those familiar with Bacevich’s work will recognize the clarity of expression, the devastating directness and the coruscating wit that characterize the writing of one of the most articulate and incisive living critics of American foreign policy.”—The Washington Post “[A] monumental new work.”—The Huffington Post “An unparalleled historical tour de force certain to affect the formation of future U.S. foreign policy.”—Lieutenant General Paul K. Van Riper, U.S. Marine Corps (Ret.)

Breach of Trust

Breach of Trust
Author: Andrew J. Bacevich
Publsiher: Metropolitan Books
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2013-09-10
ISBN: 0805096035
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breach of Trust Book Excerpt:

A blistering critique of the gulf between America's soldiers and the society that sends them off to war, from the bestselling author of The Limits of Power and Washington Rules The United States has been "at war" in Iraq and Afghanistan for more than a decade. Yet as war has become normalized, a yawning gap has opened between America's soldiers and veterans and the society in whose name they fight. For ordinary citizens, as former secretary of defense Robert Gates has acknowledged, armed conflict has become an "abstraction" and military service "something for other people to do." In Breach of Trust, bestselling author Andrew J. Bacevich takes stock of the separation between Americans and their military, tracing its origins to the Vietnam era and exploring its pernicious implications: a nation with an abiding appetite for war waged at enormous expense by a standing army demonstrably unable to achieve victory. Among the collateral casualties are values once considered central to democratic practice, including the principle that responsibility for defending the country should rest with its citizens. Citing figures as diverse as the martyr-theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer and the marine-turned-anti-warrior Smedley Butler, Breach of Trust summons Americans to restore that principle. Rather than something for "other people" to do, national defense should become the business of "we the people." Should Americans refuse to shoulder this responsibility, Bacevich warns, the prospect of endless war, waged by a "foreign legion" of professionals and contractor-mercenaries, beckons. So too does bankruptcy—moral as well as fiscal.

Paths of Dissent

Paths of Dissent
Author: Andrew Bacevich,Daniel A. Sjursen
Publsiher: Metropolitan Books
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2022-08-02
ISBN: 1250870178
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paths of Dissent Book Excerpt:

Compiled by New York Times bestselling author Andrew Bacevich and retired army officer Danny A. Sjursen, Paths of Dissent: Soldiers Speak Out Against America's Long War collects provocative essays from American military veterans who fought in Iraq and Afghanistan, offering firsthand testimony that illuminates why the Forever Wars lasted so long while producing so little of value. In the wake of 9/11, the United States embarked upon a Global War on Terrorism aimed at using American military power to transform the Greater Middle East. Twenty years later, the ensuing forever wars have produced little tangible success while exacting enormous harm. In Iraq and Afghanistan, the United States has sustained tens of thousands of casualties while expending trillions of dollars and inflicting massive suffering on populations that we sought to "liberate." In Washington and across the nation at large, the inclination to forget these wars and move on is palpable. In fact, there is much to be learned and those who served and fought in these wars are best positioned to teach. The first book of its kind since the Vietnam era, Paths of Dissent gathers original essays from American veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan, drawn from all services, ranks, and walks of life, who have come out in opposition to these conflicts. Selected for their honesty and eloquence by fellow veterans Andrew Bacevich and Danny A. Sjursen, these outspoken critics describe not only their motivations for serving, but also for taking the path of dissent--disappointment and disillusionment; the dehumanizing impact of combat; the loss of comrades to friendly fire; the persistence of xenophobia and racism--all of these together exposing the mendacity that has pervaded the Global War on Terrorism from its very outset. Combining diverse, critical perspectives with powerful personal testimony, Paths of Dissent sheds light on the myriad factors that have made America's post-9/11 wars costly and misguided exercises in futility.

American Orientalism

American Orientalism
Author: Douglas Little
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

American Orientalism Book Excerpt:

The history professor reconstructs America's modern relationship with the Middle East, beginning with the end of World War II and the creation of the State of Israel. (History)

The Greater Middle East and the Cold War

The Greater Middle East and the Cold War
Author: Roby C. Barrett
Publsiher: I.B. Tauris
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2007-05-25
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Greater Middle East and the Cold War Book Excerpt:

Roby C Barrett casts fresh light on US foreign policy under Eisenhower and Kennedy, illuminating the struggles of two American administrations to deal with massive social, economic, and political change in an area sharply divided by regional and Cold War rivalries. With a dramatic backdrop of revolutionary Arab nationalism, Zionism, indigenous communism, teetering colonial empires, unstable traditional monarchies, oil, territorial disputes and the threat of Soviet domination of the region, this book vividly highlights the fundamental similarities between the goals and application of foreign policy in the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations as well as the impact of British influence on the process.Drawing on extensive research in archives and document collections from Kansas to Canberra, as well as numerous interviews with key policy makers and observers from both the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, Roby C Barrett explores the application of the Cold War containment policy through economic development and security assistance. Within the broader context of the global Cold War struggle, the Greater Middle East also held the potential as the flashpoint for nuclear war, and Barrett analyses fully the implications of this for international relations. In the process, this book draws some unexpected conclusions, arguing that Eisenhower's policies were ultimately more successful than Kennedy's, and offers an important and revisionist contribution to our understanding of the Cold War and the Middle East.

Another Century of War

Another Century of War
Author: Gabriel Kolko
Publsiher: New Press, The
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2002-09-01
ISBN: 156584758X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Another Century of War Book Excerpt:

A candid and critical look at America's new war by a provocative analyst of its old ones. This is a definitive condemnation of America's "reckless foreign policies" by "the foremost modern historian of war."("The Guardian") 144 pp.

A History of the Modern Middle East

A History of the Modern Middle East
Author: William L Cleveland,Martin Bunton
Publsiher: Westview Press
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2008-12-02
ISBN: 9780813343747
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A History of the Modern Middle East Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive work provides a penetrating analysis of modern Middle Eastern history, from the Ottoman and Egyptian reforms, through the challenge of Western imperialism, to the American invasion of Iraq and Iran’s new influence in the region. After introducing the reader to the region’s history from the origins of Islam in the seventh century, A History of the Modern Middle East focuses on the past two centuries of profound and often dramatic change. Although built around a framework of political history, the book also carefully integrates social, cultural, and economic developments into a single, expertly crafted account. In updating this fourth edition of the late William Cleveland’s popular introductory text, Martin Bunton addresses recent transformative developments in the Middle East, charting the decline in the peace prospects between Israelis and Palestinians, elaborating upon the resurgence of Islam, and devoting a new chapter to “America’s Troubled Moment in the Middle East,” which details the aftermath of the Iraq war and Iran’s nuclear ambitions.

The Great War for Civilisation

The Great War for Civilisation
Author: Robert Fisk
Publsiher: Knopf
Total Pages: 1136
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Great War for Civilisation Book Excerpt:

A journalist in the Middle East for more than thirty years brings his intimate knowledge of the region to address the recent historical and political events in Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Algeria, Israel, and Lebanon. 25,000 first printing.

Power Terror Peace and War

Power  Terror  Peace  and War
Author: Walter Russell Mead
Publsiher: Alfred a Knopf Incorporated
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Power Terror Peace and War Book Excerpt:

Looks at the foreign policy of the Bush administration and how it differs from America's historic approach to global issues, analyzing its repercussions both at home and abroad.

Sandstorm Policy Failure in the Middle East

Sandstorm  Policy Failure in the Middle East
Author: Leon Hadar
Publsiher: Macmillan
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2005-07-15
ISBN: 1403967245
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sandstorm Policy Failure in the Middle East Book Excerpt:

A provocative critique of the United States's foreign policy in the Middle East calls for regional states and the European Union to take increased responsibility for Middle Eastern security, economic growth, and political stability, proposing a strategy designed to promote both American and Middle East interests.

America in Afghanistan

America in Afghanistan
Author: Sharifullah Dorani
Publsiher: I.B. Tauris
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-01-24
ISBN: 9781784539986
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

America in Afghanistan Book Excerpt:

Afghanistan has been a theatre of civil and international conflict for much of the twentieth century – stability is essential if there is to be peace in the Greater Middle East. Yet policy-makers in the West often seem to forget the lessons learned from previous administrations, whose interventions have contributed to the instability in the region. Here, Sharifullah Dorani focuses on the process of decision-making, looking at which factors influenced American policy-makers in the build-up to its longest war, the Afghanistan War, and how reactions on the ground in Afghanistan have influenced events since then. America in Afghanistan is a new, full history of US foreign policy toward Afghanistan from Bush's 'War on Terror', to Obama's war of 'Countering Violent Extremism' to Trump's war against 'Radical Islamic Terrorism'. Dorani is fluent in Pashto and Dari and uses unique and unseen Afghan source-work, published here for the first time, to understand the people in Afghanistan itself, and to answer their unanswered questions about 'real' US Afghan goals, the reasons for US failures in Afghanistan, especially its inability to improve governance and stop Pakistan, Iran and Russia from supporting the insurgency in Afghanistan, and the reasons for the bewildering changes in US Afghan policy over the course of 16 and a half years. To that end the author also assesses Presidents Karzai and Ghani's responses to Bush, Obama and Trump's policies in Afghanistan and the region. In addition, the book covers the role Afghanistan's neighbours – Russia, Iran, India, and especially Pakistan – played in America's Afghanistan War. This will be an essential book for those interested in the future of the region, and those who seek to understand its recent past.

Sowing Crisis

Sowing Crisis
Author: Rashid Khalidi
Publsiher: Beacon Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2009
ISBN: 9780807003107
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sowing Crisis Book Excerpt:

From "the foremost U.S. historian of the modern Middle East" ("L.A. Times") comes a powerful argument that the global conflicts now playing out explosively in the Middle East were significantly shaped by the Cold War era.

The Economist

The Economist
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1444
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Commerce
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Economist Book Excerpt:

The Last Mufti of Iranian Kurdistan

The Last Mufti of Iranian Kurdistan
Author: Ali Ezzatyar
Publsiher: Palgrave Macmillan
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2018-06-20
ISBN: 9781349953967
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Last Mufti of Iranian Kurdistan Book Excerpt:

Amidst changing notions of religion and identity in the modern Middle East, this book uncovers the hidden story of Ahmad Moftizadeh, the nonviolent religious leader of Iran’s Kurds during the Iranian Revolution. The characters of Ayatollah Khomeini and a number of other prominent revolutionaries surface through never before heard first-hand accounts of that era’s events. The author further surveys the underlying causes of conflict and extremism today by placing this dramatic biography in the context of a rapidly-evolving region after the First World War. The author’s coverage of some of the twentieth century Middle East’s most defining events leads him to powerful policy arguments for a region in turmoil.

U S Middle East Policy and Japan s Interests in the Post cold War Era

U S  Middle East Policy and Japan s Interests in the Post cold War Era
Author: Michirō Okamoto
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 100
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Japan
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

U S Middle East Policy and Japan s Interests in the Post cold War Era Book Excerpt:

The United States of Fear

The United States of Fear
Author: Tom Engelhardt
Publsiher: Haymarket Books
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1608461548
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The United States of Fear Book Excerpt:

With piercing wit and brutal insight, Tom Engelhardt tours the future ruins of the American empire.

Fighting World War Three from the Middle East

Fighting World War Three from the Middle East
Author: Michael Joseph Cohen
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 1997
ISBN: 9780714647203
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fighting World War Three from the Middle East Book Excerpt:

Describes Allied contingency plans for military operations in the Middle East, in the event of a global conflict with the Soviet Union

Best Laid Plans

Best Laid Plans
Author: David C. Martin,John L. Walcott
Publsiher: Harpercollins Childrens Books
Total Pages: 432
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Best Laid Plans Book Excerpt:

Examines in detail the terrorist raids that have taken place during Reagan's presidency, and discusses what the U.S. government has done to combat world terrorism

War in the Gardens of Babylon

War in the Gardens of Babylon
Author: Bülent Aras
Publsiher: Harwood Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Amerika
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

War in the Gardens of Babylon Book Excerpt: