Ammonia Fuel Cells

Ammonia Fuel Cells
Author: Ibrahim Dincer,Osamah Siddiqui
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-04-09
ISBN: 0128228253
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ammonia Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Ammonia Fuel Cells covers all aspects of ammonia fuel cell technologies and their applications, including their theoretical analysis, modeling studies and experimental investigations. The book analyzes the role of integrated ammonia fuel cell systems within various renewable energy resources and existing energy systems. Covers the types of ammonia fuel cells that have been developed over history Features explanations of the underlying fundamentals and principles of ammonia fuel cells, along with methods to assess the performance of different types of cell Includes case studies considering different applications of ammonia fuel cells and their significance in the future of clean energy

Ammonia Fuel Cells

Ammonia Fuel Cells
Author: Ibrahim Dincer,Osamah Siddiqui
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2020-03-24
ISBN: 0128228261
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ammonia Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Ammonia Fuel Cells covers all aspects of ammonia fuel cell technologies and their applications, including their theoretical analysis, modeling studies and experimental investigations. The book analyzes the role of integrated ammonia fuel cell systems within various renewable energy resources and existing energy systems. Covers the types of ammonia fuel cells that have been developed over history Features explanations of the underlying fundamentals and principles of ammonia fuel cells, along with methods to assess the performance of different types of cell Includes case studies considering different applications of ammonia fuel cells and their significance in the future of clean energy

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Source for Fuel Cell Applications

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Source for Fuel Cell Applications
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 7
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Source for Fuel Cell Applications Book Excerpt:

Generation of hydrogen from the reaction of ammonia (NH3) with magnesium hydride (MgH2) was studies. Experiments were conducted at near ambient temperatures (75-150 deg C), which are lower than that required by ammonia cracking and/or metal hydride thermal decomposition reactions. Effects of selected catalysts/promoters for the production of hydrogen by the NH3-MgH2 reaction were evaluated. Addition of ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) accelerated the NH3-MgH2 reaction. MgH2 doped with either PdCl2 or PtCl4 also showed increased reactivity towards NH3 for H2 production in the presence of NH4Cl. Results from this study demonstrated the feasibility of hydrogen production from ammonia-based reactions in support of potable hydrogen fuel cells. These preliminary results warrant further systematic studies to elucidate the activation mechanism of PdCl2 or PtCl4 as catalysts, as well as the role of NH4Cl as an additive, a reactant and/or a catalyst in the reaction system of interest.

Sustainable Ammonia Production

Sustainable Ammonia Production
Author: Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2020-01-09
ISBN: 3030351068
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Ammonia Production Book Excerpt:

This book presents sustainable synthetic pathways and modern applications of ammonia. It focuses on the production of ammonia using various catalytic systems and its use in fuel cells, membrane, agriculture, and renewable energy sectors. The book highlights the history, investigation, and development of sustainable pathways for ammonia production, current challenges, and state-of-the-art reviews. While discussing industrial applications, it fills the gap between laboratory research and viable applications in large-scale production.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Author: Supramaniam Srinivasan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2006-12-31
ISBN: 0387354026
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

This concise sourcebook of the electrochemical, engineering and economic principles involved in the development and commercialization of fuel cells offers a thorough review of applications and techno-economic assessment of fuel cell technologies, plus in-depth discussion of conventional and novel approaches for generating energy. Parts I and II explain basic and applied electrochemistry relevant to an understanding of fuel cells. Part III covers engineering and technology aspects. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students and scientists interested in fuel cells. Unlike any other current book on fuel cells, each chapter includes problems based on the discussions in the text.

ALKAMMONIA

ALKAMMONIA
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1
Release: 2018
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ALKAMMONIA Book Excerpt:

Project ALKAMMONIA focused on the design, manufacture and testing of a prototype integrated small-scale power system designed for remote applications. The prototype integrates two main components: a fuel delivery system that passes ammonia through a cracker to produce hydrogen and an alkaline fuel cell system which utilises the hydrogen produced. A control system for the fuel cell component should be extended to manage the whole integrated system. The main development are underpinned by computational modelling and a programme of project controls running throughout the project duration.

DIRECT AMMONIA AIR FUEL CELL

DIRECT AMMONIA AIR FUEL CELL
Author: M. Eisenberg,K. E. Kuppinger,ELECTROCHIMICA CORP MENLO PARK CA.
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1
Release: 1964
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

DIRECT AMMONIA AIR FUEL CELL Book Excerpt:

Performance studies were conducted extensively on direct ammonia fuel cells. Two new types of catalysts were studied and compared with platinum black. Gasketing problems and a new cell structure are discussed. Further improvements in techniques involved in making a complete material balance are described. Results of studies of formation of traces of nitrates and nitrites by chemical side reaction are discussed. Kinetics of the anodic oxidation of ammonia were analyzed theoretically and experimentally investigated in a special apparatus to determine the nature of the controlling step. Results indicate that oxidation of the intermediate metal-amine adsorbed species is rate controlling. Theoretical and practical considerations of the water balance and transport problems are discussed. (Author).

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Author: Vladimir S. Bagotsky
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2009-08-06
ISBN: 0470432217
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Techno Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as an Energy Vector

Techno Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as an Energy Vector
Author: Agustin Valera-Medina,Rene Banares-Alcantara
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2020-09-30
ISBN: 0128208864
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Techno Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as an Energy Vector Book Excerpt:

Techno-Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as an Energy Vector presents the fundamentals, techno-economic challenges, applications, and state-of-the-art research in using green ammonia as a route toward the hydrogen economy. This book presents practical implications and case studies of a great variety of methods to recover stored energy from ammonia and use it for power, along with transport and heating applications, including its production, storage, transportation, regulations, public perception, and safety aspects. As a unique reference in this field, this book can be used both as a handbook by researchers and a source of background knowledge by graduate students developing technologies in the fields of hydrogen economy, hydrogen energy, and energy storage. Includes glossaries, case studies, practical concepts, and legal, public perception, and policy viewpoints that allow for thorough, practical understanding of the use of ammonia as energy carrier Presents its content in a modular structure that can be used in sequence, as a handbook, in individual parts or as a field reference Explores the use of ammonia, both as a medium for hydrogen storage and an energy vector unto itself

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Electronic Ceramics II

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Electronic Ceramics II
Author: Mihails Kusnezoff,Narottam P. Bansal,Kiyoshi Shimamura
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2016-12-16
ISBN: 1119320208
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Electronic Ceramics II Book Excerpt:

This issue contains 13 papers from The American Ceramic Society’s 40th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, held in Daytona Beach, Florida, January 24-29, 2016 presented in Symposium 3 - 13th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Materials, Science, and Technology and Symposium 14 – Single Crystalline Materials for Electrical, Optical, and Medical Applications.

Ammonia as an Alternative Energy Storage Medium for Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Ammonia as an Alternative Energy Storage Medium for Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Author: Timothy Edward Lipman,Nihar Shah
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 25
Release: 2007
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Ammonia
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ammonia as an Alternative Energy Storage Medium for Hydrogen Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 1078
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1566776481
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8 Book Excerpt:

The High Temperature Solid Electrolyte Ammonia Fuel Cell

The High Temperature Solid Electrolyte Ammonia Fuel Cell
Author: Roger Dean Farr
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 152
Release: 1979
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Ammonia
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The High Temperature Solid Electrolyte Ammonia Fuel Cell Book Excerpt:

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
Author: Hui Li,Shanna Knights,Zheng Shi,John W. Van Zee,Jiujun Zhang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2010-04-14
ISBN: 9781439806791
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Large-scale commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology has been hindered by issues of reliability, durability, and cost, which are all related to the degradation of fuel cell performance. This degradation often has root causes in contamination from fuel, air streams, or system components. With contributions from international scientists and engineers active in PEMFC research, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Contamination and Mitigation Strategies discusses the impacts of contamination and the contamination mitigation strategies to improve fuel cell performance and durability. The book covers the nature, sources, and electrochemistry of contaminants; their effects on fuel cell performance and lifetime; and the mechanisms of contamination. Exploring the major findings from experimental and theoretical studies in contamination-related research, the expert contributors present methods and tools used for diagnosing various contamination phenomena, along with strategies for mitigating the adverse effects of contamination. They also describe key issues in the future R&D of fuel cell contamination and control. Helping to facilitate pioneering PEMFC R&D and accelerate sustainable commercialization, this book contains the latest research efforts and novel developments as well as important new directions in PEMFC contamination. It offers a comprehensive overview of nearly every aspect of fuel cell contamination, from fundamentals to applications.

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells
Author: San Ping Jiang,Yushan Yan
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2013-06-26
ISBN: 3527644288
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

The world's ever-growing demand for power has created an urgent need for new efficient and sustainable sources of energy and electricity. Today's consumers of portable electronics also demand devices that not only deliver more power but are also environmentally friendly. Fuel cells are an important alternative energy source, with promise in military, commercial and industrial applications, for example power vehicles and portable devices. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy. Fuel cells represent the most efficient energy conversion technologies to-date and are an integral part in the new and renewable energy chain (e.g., solar, wind and hydropower). Fuel cells can be classified as either high-temperature or lowtemperature, depending on their operating temperature, and have different materials requirements. This book is dedicated to the study of high temperature fuel cells. In hightemperature fuel cells, the electrolyte materials are ceramic or molten carbonate, while the electrode materials are ceramic or metal (but not precious metal). High operation temperature fuel cells allow internal reforming, promote rapid kinetics with non-precious materials and offer high flexibilities in fuel choice, and are potential and viable candidate to moderate the fast increase in power requirements and to minimize the impact of the increased power consumption on the environment. 'Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. Max Q. Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.

Modern Electric Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles

Modern Electric  Hybrid Electric  and Fuel Cell Vehicles
Author: Mehrdad Ehsani,Yimin Gao,Ali Emadi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 557
Release: 2017-12-19
ISBN: 1420054007
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Electric Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles Book Excerpt:

Air pollution, global warming, and the steady decrease in petroleum resources continue to stimulate interest in the development of safe, clean, and highly efficient transportation. Building on the foundation of the bestselling first edition, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory, and Design, Second Edition updates and expands its detailed coverage of the vehicle technologies that offer the most promising solutions to these issues affecting the automotive industry. Proven as a useful in-depth resource and comprehensive reference for modern automotive systems engineers, students, and researchers, this book speaks from the perspective of the overall drive train system and not just its individual components. New to the second edition: A case study appendix that breaks down the Toyota Prius hybrid system Corrections and updates of the material in the first edition Three new chapters on drive train design methodology and control principles A completely rewritten chapter on Fundamentals of Regenerative Braking Employing sufficient mathematical rigor, the authors comprehensively cover vehicle performance characteristics, EV and HEV configurations, control strategies, modeling, and simulations for modern vehicles. They also cover topics including: Drive train architecture analysis and design methodologies Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)-based drive trains Electric propulsion systems Energy storage systems Regenerative braking Fuel cell applications in vehicles Hybrid-electric drive train design The first edition of this book gave practicing engineers and students a systematic reference to fully understand the essentials of this new technology. This edition introduces newer topics and offers deeper treatments than those included in the first. Revised many times over many years, it will greatly aid engineers, students, researchers, and other professionals who are working in automotive-related industries, as well as those in government and academia.

The High Temperature Ammonia Fuel Cell

The High Temperature Ammonia Fuel Cell
Author: Catherine E. Teague
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 206
Release: 1981
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Ammonia
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The High Temperature Ammonia Fuel Cell Book Excerpt:

Non Noble Metal Fuel Cell Catalysts

Non Noble Metal Fuel Cell Catalysts
Author: Zhongwei Chen,Jean-Pol Dodelet,Jiujun Zhang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2014-04-03
ISBN: 3527664920
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Noble Metal Fuel Cell Catalysts Book Excerpt:

Written and edited by top fuel cell catalyst scientists and engineers from both industry and academia, this is the first book to provide a complete overview of this hot topic. It covers the synthesis, characterization, activity validation and modeling of different non-noble metal electrocatalysts, as well as their integration into fuel cells and their performance validation, while also discussing those factors that will drive fuel cell commercialization. With its well-structured approach, this is a must-have for researchers working on the topic, and an equally valuable companion for newcomers to the field.

Low cost Anodes for Ammonia Electrooxidation

Low cost Anodes for Ammonia Electrooxidation
Author: Steven M. Selverston
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 69
Release: 2013
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Ammonia
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Low cost Anodes for Ammonia Electrooxidation Book Excerpt:

This research focused on the development of low-cost electrodes for the electrochemical oxidation of ammonia to nitrogen, a reaction that has possible applications in hydrogen generation, direct ammonia fuel cells, water treatment, and sensors. Statistical design of experiments was used to help develop an efficient and scalable process for electrodeposition of platinum with a specific electrochemical surface area of over 25 m2/g. Catalyst surface area and activity were evaluated using cyclic voltammetry, and the material microstructure and morphology were investigated using x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The synthesized electrodes were found to be active toward the ammonia electrooxidation reaction, particularly when supporting electrolyte was added. However, supporting electrolyte was not required in order to oxidize the ammonia. As proof of concept, a homemade direct ammonia fuel cell employing a commercial anion exchange membrane was tested at room temperature with gravity-fed fuel and without supporting electrolyte. At room temperature, with passive reactant supply andusing dissolved oxygen at the cathode, the cell produced about one quarter the power of a direct methanol fuel cell that used active transport of humidified oxygen and preheated (50°C) methanol. With continued development of the membrane, cathode and membrane electrode assembly, the passive direct ammonia fuel cell using anion exchange membrane could have performance similar to the equivalent direct methanol fuel cell, and it could benefit from many advantages of ammonia over methanol such as lower cost, higher energy density, and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Generation for Small Pem Fuel Cell Power Supplies

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Generation for Small Pem Fuel Cell Power Supplies
Author: Mike R. Powell,American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Annual Meeting
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 17
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemical engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ammonia Based Hydrogen Generation for Small Pem Fuel Cell Power Supplies Book Excerpt: