The Ecological Implications of Body Size

The Ecological Implications of Body Size
Author: Robert H. Peters,Robert Henry Peters
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1986-03-31
ISBN: 9780521288866
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ecological Implications of Body Size Book Excerpt:

Describes in detail how the physical size of an organism affects its biology. Presents the largest single compilation of inter-specific size relations and instructs the reader on their comparison, combination, and criticism.

An Introduction to Physical Measurements

An Introduction to Physical Measurements
Author: Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Kohlrausch
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 508
Release: 1894
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Physics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Physical Measurements Book Excerpt:

An Introduction to Personality Study

An Introduction to Personality Study
Author: Raymond B. Cattell
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2019-03-04
ISBN: 0429640528
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Personality Study Book Excerpt:

Originally published in 1950, the need for a small standard text on basic principles of personality structure and development had been very apparent to teachers of psychology for some time. There were many books illustrating specialized or applied aspects of the psychology of personality – such as abnormal psychology, educational psychology, child psychology, mental measurement, vocational guidance, etc. – but lacking was a treatment of personality study as pure psychology, concentrating on the fundamentals. The aim of this title was therefore to bring the general problems of personality description and development, normal and abnormal, into a single perspective and to integrate the principle fields of observation in clear cut generalizations.

Mechanics and Mechatronics icmm2015 Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference

Mechanics and Mechatronics  icmm2015    Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference
Author: A. Mehran Shahhosseini
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 1266
Release: 2015-11-02
ISBN: 9814699144
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanics and Mechatronics icmm2015 Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference Book Excerpt:

This proceedings brings together one hundred and fifty two selected papers presented at the 2015 International Conference on Mechanics and Mechatronics (ICMM 2015), which was held in Changsha, Hunan, China, during March 13-15 2015.ICMM 2015 focuses on 7 main areas -- Applied Mechanics, Mechanical Engineering, Instrumentation, Automation, and Robotics, Computer Information Processing, and Civil Engineering. Experts in this field from eight countries, including China, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia, contributed to the collection of research results and developments.ICMM 2015 provides an excellent international platform for researchers to share their knowledge and results in theory, methodology and applications of Applied Mechanics and Mechatronics. All papers selected to this proceedings were subject to a rigorous peer-review process by at least two independent peers. The papers are selected based on innovation, organization, and quality of presentation.

Vertebrate Ecophysiology

Vertebrate Ecophysiology
Author: Don Bradshaw
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2003-04-24
ISBN: 9780521521093
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vertebrate Ecophysiology Book Excerpt:

Ecophysiology attempts to clarify the role and importance of physiological processes, such as digestion and respiration, in the ecological relations of species in their natural habitats. The basic principles and methods that are central to any ecophysiological study are outlined and discussed, including animal capture, blood collection, and the measurement of plasma components and hormone levels. Attention is paid to animal welfare and ethical considerations, and the question of stress and how to identify its presence in animals in their natural environment is approached through a series of case studies. Examples are given from a wide range of vertebrates living in deserts, cold climates and oceans, and recent findings on the physiological adaptations of Antarctic birds and mammals are a highlight of the book. This textbook will provide an introduction to the study of ecophysiology for advanced undergraduates and postgraduate students, as well as researchers in ecology, biodiversity and conservation.

Fat Referenced MRI

Fat Referenced MRI
Author: Thobias Romu
Publsiher: Linköping University Electronic Press
Total Pages: 85
Release: 2018-02-27
ISBN: 9176853519
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fat Referenced MRI Book Excerpt:

The amount and distribution of adipose and lean tissues has been shown to be predictive of mortality and morbidity in metabolic disease. Traditionally these risks are assessed by anthropometric measurements based on weight, length, girths or the body mass index (BMI). These measurements are predictive of risks on a population level, where a too low or a too high BMI indicates an increased risk of both mortality and morbidity. However, today a large part of the world’s population belongs to a group with an elevated risk according to BMI, many of which will live long and healthy lives. Thus, better instruments are needed to properly direct health-care resources to those who need it the most. Medical imaging method can go beyond anthropometrics. Tomographic modalities, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can measure how we have stored fat in and around organs. These measurements can eventually lead to better individual risk predictions. For instance, a tendency to store fat as visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is associated with an increased risk of diabetes type 2, cardio-vascular disease, liver disease and certain types of cancer. Furthermore, liver fat is associated with liver disease, diabetes type 2. Brown adipose tissue (BAT), is another emerging component of body-composition analysis. While the normal white adipose tissue stores fat, BAT burns energy to produce heat. This unique property makes BAT highly interesting, from a metabolic point of view. Magnetic resonance imaging can both accurately and safely measure internal adipose tissue compartments, and the fat infiltration of organs. Which is why MRI is often considered the reference method for non-invasive body-composition analysis. The two major challenges of MRI based body-composition analysis are, the between-scanner reproducibility and a cost-effective analysis of the images. This thesis presents a complete implementation of fat-referenced MRI, a technique that produces quantitative images that can increase both inter-scanner and automation of the image analysis. With MRI, it is possible to construct images where water and fat are separated into paired images. In these images, it easy to depict adipose tissue and lean tissue structures. This thesis takes water-fat MRI one step further, by introducing a quantitative framework called fat-referenced MRI. By calibrating the image using the subjects' own adipose tissue (paper II), the otherwise non-quantitative fat images are made quantitative. In these fat-referenced images it is possible to directly measure the amount of adipose tissue in different compartments. This quantitative property makes image analysis easy and accurate, as lean and adipose tissues can be separated on a sub-voxel level. Fat-referenced MRI further allows the quantification and characterization of BAT. This thesis work starts by formulating a method to produce water-fat images (paper I) based on two gradient recall images, i.e. 2-point Dixon images (2PD). It furthers shows that fat-referenced 2PD images can be corrected for T2*, making the 2PD body-composition measurements comparable with confounder-corrected Dixon measurements (paper III}). Both the water-fat separation method and fat image calibration are applied to BAT imaging. The methodology is first evaluated in an animal model, where it is shown that it can detect both BAT browning and volume increase following cold acclimatization (paper IV). It is then applied to postmortem imaging, were it is used to locate interscapular BAT in human infants (paper V). Subsequent analysis of biopsies, taken based on the MRI images, showed that the interscapular BAT was of a type not previously believed to exist in humans. In the last study, fat-referenced MRI is applied to BAT imaging of adults. As BAT structures are difficult to locate in many adults, the methodology was also extended with a multi-atlas segmentation methods (paper VI). In summary, this thesis shows that fat-referenced MRI is a quantitative method that can be used for body-composition analysis. It also shows that fat-referenced MRI can produce quantitative high-resolution images, a necessity for many BAT applications.

An Introduction to Uncertainty in Measurement

An Introduction to Uncertainty in Measurement
Author: L. Kirkup,R. B. Frenkel
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2006-06-01
ISBN: 1139454900
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Uncertainty in Measurement Book Excerpt:

Measurement shapes scientific theories, characterises improvements in manufacturing processes and promotes efficient commerce. In concert with measurement is uncertainty, and students in science and engineering need to identify and quantify uncertainties in the measurements they make. This book introduces measurement and uncertainty to second and third year students of science and engineering. Its approach relies on the internationally recognised and recommended guidelines for calculating and expressing uncertainty (known by the acronym GUM). The statistics underpinning the methods are considered and worked examples and exercises are spread throughout the text. Detailed case studies based on typical undergraduate experiments are included to reinforce the principles described in the book. This guide is also useful to professionals in industry who are expected to know the contemporary methods in this increasingly important area. Additional online resources are available to support the book at www.cambridge.org/9780521605793.

An Introduction to Distance Measurement in Astronomy

An Introduction to Distance Measurement in Astronomy
Author: Richard de Grijs
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2011-09-26
ISBN: 0470511796
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Distance Measurement in Astronomy Book Excerpt:

Distance determination is an essential technique in astronomy, and is briefly covered in most textbooks on astrophysics and cosmology. It is rarely covered as a coherent topic in its own right. When it is discussed the approach is frequently very dry, splitting the teaching into, for example, stars, galaxies and cosmologies, and as a consequence, books lack depth and are rarely comprehensive. Adopting a unique and engaging approach to the subject An Introduction to distance Measurement in Astronomy will take the reader on a journey from the solar neighbourhood to the edge of the Universe, discussing the range of distance measurements methods on the way. The book will focus on the physical processes discussing properties that underlie each method, rather than just presenting a collection of techniques. As well as providing the most compressive account of distance measurements to date, the book will use the common theme of distance measurement to impart basic concepts relevant to a wide variety of areas in astronomy/astrophysics. The book will provide an updated account of the progress made in a large number of subfields in astrophysics, leading to improved distance estimates particularly focusing on the underlying physics. Additionally it will illustrate the pitfalls in these areas and discuss the impact of the remaining uncertainties in the complete understanding of the Universes at large. As a result the book will not only provide a comprehensive study of distance measurement, but also include many recent advances in astrophysics.

Anthropometrica

Anthropometrica
Author: Australian Sports Commission
Publsiher: UNSW Press
Total Pages: 413
Release: 1996
ISBN: 9780868402239
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anthropometrica Book Excerpt:

A core textbook of anthopometry - human body measurement - for sports science and human movement courses, with applications in ergonomics, psychology, nutrition, physiology and other health subjects.

ANALYSIS OF SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS ON ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS AND HEALTH RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS OF SCHOOL BOYS

ANALYSIS OF SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS ON ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS AND HEALTH RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS OF SCHOOL BOYS
Author: Sathish Kumar A
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1312777915
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ANALYSIS OF SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS ON ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS AND HEALTH RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS OF SCHOOL BOYS Book Excerpt:

Modelling the Physiological Human

Modelling the Physiological Human
Author: Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2009-11-17
ISBN: 3642104681
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling the Physiological Human Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Second 3D Physiological Human Workshop, 3DPH 2009, held in Zermatt, Switzerland, in November/December 2009. The 19 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on Segmentation, Anatomical and Physiological Modelling, Simulation Models, Motion Analysis, Medical Visualization and Interaction, as well as Medical Ontology.

Fibre production in South American camelids and other fibre animals

Fibre production in South American camelids and other fibre animals
Author: Mª Ángeles Pérez-Cabal,Juan Pablo Gutiérrez,Isabel Cervantes,Mª Jesús Alcalde
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2011-05-09
ISBN: 9086861725
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fibre production in South American camelids and other fibre animals Book Excerpt:

This book, 'Fibre production in South American camelids and other fibre animals', covers the latest advances in the main fields of animals producing fibre. It deals with a wide scope of fibre animals and a great variety of subjects and is supported by the Animal Fibre Working Group belonging to the European Association of Animal Production. The book can be considered a valuable attempt to prepare the fibre production sector for rapid changes and innovations arising within a globalised world. The focus lies on fibre animals such as alpacas, llamas, vicunas and guanacos, but recent research on sheep, goats and rabbits is also included. The most important themes addressed are meat and fibre production, breeding and genetics, nutrition, reproduction, management, and health. Finally, the book closes with specialised discussions on fibre production related topics, which for example provide a more in-depth look at common management denominators between South American camelids and other fibre animals.The book addresses scientists, professionals, technicians, farmers, specialised governmental policy makers and students all around the world who are involved in fibre animal production (such as sheep, camelids, goats, or rabbits). This book will present them with the most current findings in this area.

Sports Nutrition

Sports Nutrition
Author: Marie Dunford
Publsiher: American Dietetic Associati
Total Pages: 547
Release: 2006
ISBN: 0880914114
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sports Nutrition Book Excerpt:

The newest edition of this classic reference has been thoroughly re-designed to deliver the essential information health and fitness professionals need in order to work with athletes of all ages and proficiency levels. Topics are represented in four sections: Sports Nutrition Basics, Screening and Assessment, Sports Nutrition Across the Life Cycle and Sport Specific Guidelines. the At-A-Glance feature provides sport-specific information for 18 sports.

Endurance in Sport

Endurance in Sport
Author: R. J. Shephard,P.-O. Astrand
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1008
Release: 2008-04-30
ISBN: 0470694823
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endurance in Sport Book Excerpt:

Endurance in Sport is a comprehensive and authoritative work on all aspects of this major component of sports science. The book also embraces medical and sport-specific issues of particular relevance to those interested in endurance performance. The scientific basis and mechanisms of endurance - physiological, psychological, genetic and environmental - are all considered in depth. Measurement of endurance is extensively reviewed as is preparation and training for physical activities requiring endurance.

Measurement in Nursing and Health Research

Measurement in Nursing and Health Research
Author: Dr. Carolyn F. Waltz, PhD, RN, FAAN,Dr. Ora Lea Strickland, PhD, RN, FAAN,Dr. Elizabeth R. Lenz, PhD, RN, FAAN
Publsiher: Springer Publishing Company
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2016-07-18
ISBN: 0826170625
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measurement in Nursing and Health Research Book Excerpt:

Praise for the Previous Edition: "This is a valuable resource for readers seeking basic to advanced information on measurement. It should be on the bookshelf of all researchers, and a requirement for graduate nursing students." Score: 100, 5 stars -- Doody's Medical Reviews "...this book is a wonderful shelf reference for nurse researcher mentors and investigators who may need to explore content or use content to design, test, select, and evaluate instruments and methods used in measuring nurse concepts and outcomes." --Clinical Nurse Specialist “Presents clearly the methodological principles for research planning in nursing with examples that facilitate the understanding of them. Excellent.” 5.0 out of 5 stars --Nursing Research This highly popular resource—written in an easy-to-read style and format-- delivers everything nurses and other health researchers need to know about designing, testing, selecting, and evaluating instruments and methods for measurement in nursing. The Fifth Edition features the most current content, strategies, and procedures available with direct applicability to nurses and health researchers engaging in interprofessional research, collaboration, education, and evidence-based practice. Five new chapters focus on challenges to using big data, evaluation and measurement in interprofessional practice and education, metrics and benchmarking in health professions education and practice, and measurement issues in translational science. The book gives particular attention to measurement issues resulting from changes in nursing, health research, and the increased emphasis on and undertaking of interprofessional research and evaluation. Presenting the material in step-by-step format, the book is designed for readers with little or no experience in measurement, statistics, or interprofessional issues. It focuses on increasing the reader’s ability to use measures that are operationalized within the context of theories and conceptual frameworks, derived from sound measurement principles and practices and adequately tested for reliability and validity. Additionally, the text provides a pragmatic account of the processes involved in all aspects of measurement. Studies conducted by nurses and researchers in varied settings illustrate the measurement processes. New to the Fifth Edition: Thoroughly updated and revised Delivers new and emerging strategies Reflects recent changes to nursing, health research, and emphasis on interprofessional research Includes five completely new chapters addressing challenges to using big data, evaluation and measurement in interprofessional practice and education, metrics and benchmarking in health professions education and practice, and measurement issues in translational science Key Features: Easy-to-read content and format Assumes no prior knowledge of measurement, statistics, or interprofessional issues Provides studies conducted by nurses and researchers in varied settings Offers a pragmatic account of the processes involved inn all aspects of measurement

Quantum Machines Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems

Quantum Machines  Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems
Author: Michel Devoret,Benjamin Huard,Robert Schoelkopf,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2014-06-12
ISBN: 0191503177
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Machines Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems Book Excerpt:

This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at the 2011 summer school in theoretical physics in Les Houches, France, Session XCVI. What is a quantum machine? Can we say that lasers and transistors are quantum machines? After all, physicists advertise these devices as the two main spin-offs of the understanding of quantum mechanical phenomena. However, while quantum mechanics must be used to predict the wavelength of a laser and the operation voltage of a transistor, it does not intervene at the level of the signals processed by these systems. Signals involve macroscopic collective variables like voltages and currents in a circuit or the amplitude of the oscillating electric field in an electromagnetic cavity resonator. In a true quantum machine, the signal collective variables, which both inform the outside on the state of the machine and receive controlling instructions, must themselves be treated as quantum operators, just as the position of the electron in a hydrogen atom. Quantum superconducting circuits, quantum dots, and quantum nanomechanical resonators satisfy the definition of quantum machines. These mesoscopic systems exhibit a few collective dynamical variables, whose fluctuations are well in the quantum regime and whose measurement is essentially limited in precision by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Other engineered quantum systems based on natural, rather than artificial degrees of freedom can also qualify as quantum machines: trapped ions, single Rydberg atoms in superconducting cavities, and lattices of ultracold atoms. This book provides the basic knowledge needed to understand and investigate the physics of these novel systems.

Handbook of Standards and Guidelines in Human Factors and Ergonomics Second Edition

Handbook of Standards and Guidelines in Human Factors and Ergonomics  Second Edition
Author: Waldemar Karwowski,Anna Szopa,Marcelo M. Soares
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2021-06-04
ISBN: 0429528426
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Standards and Guidelines in Human Factors and Ergonomics Second Edition Book Excerpt:

With an updated edition including new material in additional chapters, this one-of-a-kind handbook covers not only current standardization efforts, but also anthropometry and optimal working postures, ergonomic human computer interactions, legal protection, occupational health and safety, and military human factor principles. While delineating the crucial role that standards and guidelines play in facilitating the design of advantageous working conditions to enhance individual performance, the handbook suggests ways to expand opportunities for global economic and ergonomic development. This book features: Guidance on the design of work systems including tasks, equipment, and workspaces as well as the work environment in relation to human capacities and limitations Emphasis on important human factors and ergonomic standards that can be utilized to improve product and process to ensure efficiency and safety A focus on quality control to ensure that standards are met throughout the worldwide market

Recent Developments in Mechatronics and Intelligent Robotics

Recent Developments in Mechatronics and Intelligent Robotics
Author: Kevin Deng,Zhengtao Yu,Srikanta Patnaik,John Wang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1280
Release: 2018-10-04
ISBN: 3030002144
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Mechatronics and Intelligent Robotics Book Excerpt:

This book is a collection of proceedings of the International Conference on Mechatronics and Intelligent Robotics (ICMIR2018), held in Kunming, China during May 19–20, 2018. It consists of 155 papers, which have been categorized into 6 different sections: Intelligent Systems, Robotics, Intelligent Sensors & Actuators, Mechatronics, Computational Vision and Machine Learning, and Soft Computing. The volume covers the latest ideas and innovations both from the industrial and academic worlds, as well as shares the best practices in the fields of mechanical engineering, mechatronics, automatic control, IOT and its applications in industry, electrical engineering, finite element analysis and computational engineering. The volume covers key research outputs, which delivers a wealth of new ideas and food for thought to the readers.

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors
Author: Ravindra Goonetilleke,Waldemar Karwowski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1022
Release: 2016-07-26
ISBN: 3319416944
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors Book Excerpt:

This book reports on the state of the art in physical ergonomics and is concerned with the design of products, process, services, and work systems to assure their productive, safe, and satisfying use by people. With focus on the human body's responses to physical and physiological work demands, repetitive strain injuries from repetition, vibration, force, and posture are the most common types of issues examined, along with their design implications. The book explores a wide range of topics in physical ergonomics, which includes the consequences of repetitive motion, materials handling, workplace safety, and usability in the use of portable devices, design, working postures, and the work environment. Mastering physical ergonomics and safety engineering concepts is fundamental to the creation of products and systems that people are able to use, as well as the avoidance of stresses and minimization of the risk of accidents. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Physical Ergonomics & Human Factors, held on July 27-31, 2016 in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book provides readers with a comprehensive view of the current challenges in Physical Ergonomics, which are a critical aspect in the design of any human-centered technological system, and factors influencing human performance.

SI Units for Clinical Measurement

SI Units for Clinical Measurement
Author: Donald S. Young,Edward J. Huth
Publsiher: ACP Press
Total Pages: 331
Release: 1998
ISBN: 0943126517
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SI Units for Clinical Measurement Book Excerpt:

Here is the manual needed by everyone who is preparing a paper for publication in a journal or book requiring SI units, who needs to convert SI units reported in the medical literature into traditional metric units, who is guiding his or her hospital into the use of SI units, or who is going abroad and needs a reference on SI unit usage. Comprehensive, detailed tables give traditional units, SI units, conversion factors, and reference ranges for chemical analyses, hematologic measurements, cardiovascular and pulmonary function tests, and other clinical applications.