Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2009-09-16
ISBN: 3642026052
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control Book Excerpt:

The understanding of empirical traf?c congestion occurring on unsignalized mul- lane highways and freeways is a key for effective traf?c management, control, or- nization, and other applications of transportation engineering. However, the traf?c ?ow theories and models that dominate up to now in transportation research journals and teaching programs of most universities cannot explain either traf?c breakdown or most features of the resulting congested patterns. These theories are also the - sis of most dynamic traf?c assignment models and freeway traf?c control methods, which therefore are not consistent with features of real traf?c. For this reason, the author introduced an alternative traf?c ?ow theory called three-phase traf?c theory, which can predict and explain the empirical spatiot- poral features of traf?c breakdown and the resulting traf?c congestion. A previous book “The Physics of Traf?c” (Springer, Berlin, 2004) presented a discussion of the empirical spatiotemporal features of congested traf?c patterns and of three-phase traf?c theory as well as their engineering applications. Rather than a comprehensive analysis of empirical and theoretical results in the ?eld, the present book includes no more empirical and theoretical results than are necessary for the understanding of vehicular traf?c on unsignalized multi-lane roads. The main objectives of the book are to present an “elementary” traf?c ?ow theory and control methods as well as to show links between three-phase traf?c t- ory and earlier traf?c ?ow theories. The need for such a book follows from many commentsofcolleaguesmadeafterpublicationofthebook“ThePhysicsofTraf?c”.

An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory

An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory
Author: Lily Elefteriadou
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2013-11-19
ISBN: 1461484359
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory Book Excerpt:

This text provides a comprehensive and concise treatment of the topic of traffic flow theory and includes several topics relevant to today’s highway transportation system. It provides the fundamental principles of traffic flow theory as well as applications of those principles for evaluating specific types of facilities (freeways, intersections, etc.). Newer concepts of Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and their potential impact on traffic flow are discussed. State-of-the-art in traffic flow research and microscopic traffic analysis and traffic simulation have significantly advanced and are also discussed in this text. Real world examples and useful problem sets complement each chapter. This textbook is meant for use in advanced undergraduate/graduate level courses in traffic flow theory with prerequisites including two semesters of calculus, statistics, and an introductory course in transportation. The text would also be of interest to transportation professionals as a refresher in traffic flow theory, or as a reference. Students and engineers of diverse backgrounds will find this text accessible and applicable to today’s traffic issues.

Traffic Flow Theory

Traffic Flow Theory
Author: Daiheng Ni
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2015-11-09
ISBN: 0128041471
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic Flow Theory Book Excerpt:

Creating Traffic Models is a challenging task because some of their interactions and system components are difficult to adequately express in a mathematical form. Traffic Flow Theory: Characteristics, Experimental Methods, and Numerical Techniques provide traffic engineers with the necessary methods and techniques for mathematically representing traffic flow. The book begins with a rigorous but easy to understand exposition of traffic flow characteristics including Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and traffic sensing technologies. Includes worked out examples and cases to illustrate concepts, models, and theories Provides modeling and analytical procedures for supporting different aspects of traffic analyses for supporting different flow models Carefully explains the dynamics of traffic flow over time and space

Understanding Real Traffic

Understanding Real Traffic
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN: 3030796027
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Real Traffic Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the reader interested in vehicular traffic phenomena, who have not learned about them before. It presents traffic phenomena like traffic breakdown and the emergence of moving traffic jams by showcasing empirical traffic data measured in real-world traffic. The author explains how these empirical traffic studies have led to the three-phase traffic theory and why this new theory is in conflict with standard traffic theories developed before. Moreover, he presents the reason for the failure of applications of standard traffic theories in real-world traffic and discusses why understanding real traffic has caused a paradigm shift in traffic and transportation science. The book examines why understanding real traffic breakdown is the basis for an explanation for the autonomous driving effects on traffic flow. It shows that understanding real traffic is possible from real-world traffic data without the need of mathematical traffic models. This makes the book intuitive for non-specialists, who can qualitatively understand all the basic features of traffic dynamics. In turn, experienced traffic researchers can grasp concepts and ideas made here easily accessible by the author, one of the leading pioneers in the field of vehicular traffic.

Traffic Flow Modelling

Traffic Flow Modelling
Author: Femke Kessels
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2018-08-21
ISBN: 3319786954
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic Flow Modelling Book Excerpt:

This book introduces readers to the main traffic flow modelling approaches and discusses their features and applications. It provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge review of traffic flow models, from their roots in the 1930s to the latest developments in the field. In addition, it presents problem sets that offer readers further insights into the models and hands-on experience with simulation approaches. The simulations used in the exercises can be built upon for readers’ own research or other applications. The models discussed in this book are applied to describe, predict and control traffic flows on roads with the aid of rapid and accurate estimations of current and future states. The book shows how these models are developed, what their chief characteristics are, and how they can be effectively employed.

Data Driven Traffic Engineering

Data Driven Traffic Engineering
Author: Hubert Rehborn,Micha Koller,Stefan Kaufmann
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-10-23
ISBN: 0128191392
Category: Transportation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Driven Traffic Engineering Book Excerpt:

Data-Driven Traffic Engineering: Understanding of Traffic and Applications Based on Three-Phase Traffic Theory shifts the current focus from using modeling and simulation data for traffic measurements to the use of actual data. The book uses real-world, empirically-derived data from a large fleet of connected vehicles, local observations and aerial observation to shed light on key traffic phenomena. Readers will learn how to develop an understanding of the empirical features of vehicular traffic networks and how to consider these features in emerging, intelligent transport systems. Topics cover congestion patterns, fuel consumption, the influence of weather, and much more. This book offers a unique, data-driven analysis of vehicular traffic in traffic networks, also considering how to apply data-driven insights to the intelligent transport systems of the future. Provides an empirically-driven analysis of traffic measurements/congestion based on real-world data collected from a global fleet of vehicles Applies Kerner’s three-phase traffic theory to empirical data Offers a critical scientific understanding of the underlying concerns of traffic control in automated driving and intelligent transport systems

Vehicular Communications and Networks

Vehicular Communications and Networks
Author: Wai Chen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2015-03-09
ISBN: 1782422161
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vehicular Communications and Networks Book Excerpt:

Vehicular Communications and Networks: Architectures, Protocols, Operation and Deployment discusses VANETs (Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks) or VCS (Vehicular Communication Systems), which can improve safety, decrease fuel consumption, and increase the capacity of existing roadways and which is critical for the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) industry. Part one covers architectures for VCS, part two describes the physical layer, antenna technologies and propagation models, part three explores protocols, algorithms, routing and information dissemination, and part four looks at the operation and deployment of vehicular communications and networks. Comprehensive coverage of the fundamental principles behind Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETS) and the rapidly growing need for their further development Thorough overview of the design and development of key technologies and devices Explores the practical application of this technology by outlining a number of case studies, testbeds and simulations employing vehicular communications and networks

Traffic and Random Processes

Traffic and Random Processes
Author: Raffaele Mauro
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 119
Release: 2014-08-13
ISBN: 331909324X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic and Random Processes Book Excerpt:

This book deals in a basic and systematic manner with the fundamentals of random function theory and looks at some aspects related to arrival, vehicle headway and operational speed processes at the same time. The work serves as a useful practical and educational tool and aims at providing stimulus and motivation to investigate issues of such a strong applicative interest. It has a clearly discursive and concise structure, in which numerical examples are given to clarify the applications of the suggested theoretical model. Some statistical characterizations are fully developed in order to illustrate the peculiarities of specific modeling approaches; finally, there is a useful bibliography for in-depth thematic analysis.

Transportation Engineering

Transportation Engineering
Author: Dusan Teodorovic,Milan Janic
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 1012
Release: 2022-02-01
ISBN: 0323910416
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation Engineering Book Excerpt:

Transportation Engineering: Theory, Practice and Modeling, Second Edition presents comprehensive information related to traffic engineering and control, transportation planning and evaluation of transportation alternatives. The book systematically deals with almost the entire transportation engineering area, offering various techniques related to transportation modeling, transportation planning, and traffic control. It also shows readers how to use models and methods when predicting travel and freight transportation demand, how to analyze existing transportation networks, how to plan for new networks, and how to develop traffic control tactics and strategies. New topics addressed include alternative Intersections, alternative interchanges and individual/private transportation. Readers will also learn how to utilize a range of engineering concepts and methods to make future transportation systems safer, more cost-effective, and "greener". Providing a broad view of transportation engineering, including transport infrastructure, control methods and analysis techniques, this new edition is for postgraduates in transportation and professionals needing to keep up-to-date with the latest theories and models. Covers all forms of transportation engineering, including air, rail, road and public transit modes Examines different transportation modes and how to make them sustainable Features a new chapter covering the reliability, resilience, robustness and vulnerability of transportation systems

Breakdown in Traffic Networks

Breakdown in Traffic Networks
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 652
Release: 2017-05-26
ISBN: 3662544733
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breakdown in Traffic Networks Book Excerpt:

This book offers a detailed investigation of breakdowns in traffic and transportation networks. It shows empirically that transitions from free flow to so-called synchronized flow, initiated by local disturbances at network bottlenecks, display a nucleation-type behavior: while small disturbances in free flow decay, larger ones grow further and lead to breakdowns at the bottlenecks. Further, it discusses in detail the significance of this nucleation effect for traffic and transportation theories, and the consequences this has for future automatic driving, traffic control, dynamic traffic assignment, and optimization in traffic and transportation networks. Starting from a large volume of field traffic data collected from various sources obtained solely through measurements in real world traffic, the author develops his insights, with an emphasis less on reviewing existing methodologies, models and theories, and more on providing a detailed analysis of empirical traffic data and drawing consequences regarding the minimum requirements for any traffic and transportation theories to be valid. The book - proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks - discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories - shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories, and - explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion, making it a valuable reference resource for a wide audience of scientists and postgraduate students interested in the fundamental understanding of empirical traffic phenomena and related data-driven phenomenology, as well as for practitioners working in the fields of traffic and transportation engineering.

Traffic Flow Dynamics

Traffic Flow Dynamics
Author: Martin Treiber,Arne Kesting
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 505
Release: 2012-10-11
ISBN: 3642324592
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic Flow Dynamics Book Excerpt:

This textbook provides a comprehensive and instructive coverage of vehicular traffic flow dynamics and modeling. It makes this fascinating interdisciplinary topic, which to date was only documented in parts by specialized monographs, accessible to a broad readership. Numerous figures and problems with solutions help the reader to quickly understand and practice the presented concepts. This book is targeted at students of physics and traffic engineering and, more generally, also at students and professionals in computer science, mathematics, and interdisciplinary topics. It also offers material for project work in programming and simulation at college and university level. The main part, after presenting different categories of traffic data, is devoted to a mathematical description of the dynamics of traffic flow, covering macroscopic models which describe traffic in terms of density, as well as microscopic many-particle models in which each particle corresponds to a vehicle and its driver. Focus chapters on traffic instabilities and model calibration/validation present these topics in a novel and systematic way. Finally, the theoretical framework is shown at work in selected applications such as traffic-state and travel-time estimation, intelligent transportation systems, traffic operations management, and a detailed physics-based model for fuel consumption and emissions.

Traffic and Granular Flow 15

Traffic and Granular Flow  15
Author: Victor L. Knoop,Winnie Daamen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 639
Release: 2016-12-10
ISBN: 3319334824
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic and Granular Flow 15 Book Excerpt:

The Conference on Traffic and Granular Flow brings together international researchers from different fields ranging from physics to computer science and engineering to discuss the latest developments in traffic-related systems. Originally conceived to facilitate new ideas by considering the similarities of traffic and granular flow, TGF'15, organised by Delft University of Technology, now covers a broad range of topics related to driven particle and transport systems. Besides the classical topics of granular flow and highway traffic, its scope includes data transport (Internet traffic), pedestrian and evacuation dynamics, intercellular transport, swarm behaviour and the collective dynamics of other biological systems. Recent advances in modelling, computer simulation and phenomenology are presented, and prospects for applications, for example to traffic control, are discussed. The conference explores the interrelations between the above-mentioned fields and offers the opportunity to stimulate interdisciplinary research, exchange ideas, and meet many experts in these areas of research.

Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXX

Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXX
Author: Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Richard Kowalczyk
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2018-09-23
ISBN: 3319998102
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXX Book Excerpt:

These transactions publish research in computer-based methods of computational collective intelligence (CCI) and their applications in a wide range of fields such as the semantic web, social networks, and multi-agent systems. TCCI strives to cover new methodological, theoretical and practical aspects of CCI understood as the form of intelligence that emerges from the collaboration and competition of many individuals (artificial and/or natural). The application of multiple computational intelligence technologies, such as fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation, neural systems, consensus theory, etc., aims to support human and other collective intelligence and to create new forms of CCI in natural and/or artificial systems. This thirtieth issue is a regular issue with 12 selected papers.

A Concise Introduction to Traffic Engineering

A Concise Introduction to Traffic Engineering
Author: Marco Guerrieri,Raffaele Mauro
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2020-12-14
ISBN: 3030607232
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Concise Introduction to Traffic Engineering Book Excerpt:

This book covers a selection of fundamental topics of traffic engineering useful for highways facilities design and control. The treatment is concise but it does not neglect to examine the most recent and crucial theoretical aspects which are at the root of numerous highway engineering applications, like, for instance, the essential aspects of highways traffic stream reliability calculation and automated highway systems control. In order to make these topics easy to follow, several illustrative worked examples of applications are provided in great detail. An intuitive and discursive, rather than formal, style has been adopted throughout the contents. As such, the book offers up-to-date and practical knowledge on several aspects of traffic engineering, which is of interest to a wide audience including students, researchers as well as transportation planners, public transport specialists, city planners and decision-makers.

Traffic and Granular Flow 17

Traffic and Granular Flow  17
Author: Samer H. Hamdar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2019-10-23
ISBN: 3030114406
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic and Granular Flow 17 Book Excerpt:

This book presents 57 peer-reviewed papers from the 12th Conference on Traffic and Granular Flow (TGF) held in Washington, DC, in July 2017. It offers a unique synthesis of the latest scientific findings made by researchers from different countries, institutions and disciplines. The research fields covered range from physics, computer science and engineering and they may be all grouped under the topic of "Traffic and Granular Flow". The main theme of the Conference was: "From Molecular Interactions to Internet of Things and Smart Cities: The Role of Technology in the Understanding and the Evolution of Particle Dynamics".

Introduction to the Theory of Traffic Flow

Introduction to the Theory of Traffic Flow
Author: Wilhelm Leutzbach
Publsiher: Springer Verlag
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to the Theory of Traffic Flow Book Excerpt:

Freeway Traffic Modelling and Control

Freeway Traffic Modelling and Control
Author: Antonella Ferrara,Simona Sacone,Silvia Siri
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2018-04-12
ISBN: 3319759612
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Freeway Traffic Modelling and Control Book Excerpt:

This monograph provides an extended overview of modelling and control approaches for freeway traffic systems, moving from the early methods to the most recent scientific results and field implementations. The concepts of green traffic systems and smart mobility are addressed in the book, since a modern freeway traffic management system should be designed to be sustainable. Future perspectives on freeway traffic control are also analysed and discussed with reference to the most recent technological advancements The most widespread modelling and control techniques for freeway traffic systems are treated with mathematical rigour, but also discussed with reference to their performance assessment and to the expected impact of their practical usage in real traffic systems. In order to make the book accessible to readers of different backgrounds, some fundamental aspects of traffic theory as well as some basic control concepts, useful for better understanding the addressed topics, are provided in the book. This monograph can be used as a textbook for courses on transport engineering, traffic management and control. It is also addressed to experts working in traffic monitoring and control areas and to researchers, technicians and practitioners of both transportation and control engineering. The authors’ systematic vision of traffic modelling and control methods developed over decades makes the book a valuable survey resource for freeway traffic managers, freeway stakeholders and transportation public authorities with professional interests in freeway traffic systems. Advances in Industrial Control reports and encourages the transfer of technology in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. The series offers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of new work in all aspects of industrial control.

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control
Author: Boris S. Kerner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2014-10-31
ISBN: 9783642424793
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control Book Excerpt:

The understanding of empirical traf?c congestion occurring on unsignalized mul- lane highways and freeways is a key for effective traf?c management, control, or- nization, and other applications of transportation engineering. However, the traf?c ?ow theories and models that dominate up to now in transportation research journals and teaching programs of most universities cannot explain either traf?c breakdown or most features of the resulting congested patterns. These theories are also the - sis of most dynamic traf?c assignment models and freeway traf?c control methods, which therefore are not consistent with features of real traf?c. For this reason, the author introduced an alternative traf?c ?ow theory called three-phase traf?c theory, which can predict and explain the empirical spatiot- poral features of traf?c breakdown and the resulting traf?c congestion. A previous book “The Physics of Traf?c” (Springer, Berlin, 2004) presented a discussion of the empirical spatiotemporal features of congested traf?c patterns and of three-phase traf?c theory as well as their engineering applications. Rather than a comprehensive analysis of empirical and theoretical results in the ?eld, the present book includes no more empirical and theoretical results than are necessary for the understanding of vehicular traf?c on unsignalized multi-lane roads. The main objectives of the book are to present an “elementary” traf?c ?ow theory and control methods as well as to show links between three-phase traf?c t- ory and earlier traf?c ?ow theories. The need for such a book follows from many commentsofcolleaguesmadeafterpublicationofthebook“ThePhysicsofTraf?c”.

Routledge Handbook of Transportation

Routledge Handbook of Transportation
Author: Dusan Teodorovic
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 559
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN: 1317630904
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Handbook of Transportation Book Excerpt:

The Routledge Handbook of Transportation offers a current and comprehensive survey of transportation planning and engineering research. It provides a step-by-step introduction to research related to traffic engineering and control, transportation planning, and performance measurement and evaluation of transportation alternatives. The Handbook of Transportation demonstrates models and methods for predicting travel and freight demand, planning future transportation networks, and developing traffic control systems. Readers will learn how to use various engineering concepts and approaches to make future transportation safer, more efficient, and more sustainable. Edited by Dušan Teodorović and featuring 29 chapters from more than 50 leading global experts, with more than 200 illustrations, the Routledge Handbook of Transportation is designed as an invaluable resource for professionals and students in transportation planning and engineering.

Physics of the Human Temporality

Physics of the Human Temporality
Author: Ihor Lubashevsky,Natalie Plavinska
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 641
Release: 2021-11-22
ISBN: 3030826120
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of the Human Temporality Book Excerpt:

This book presents a novel account of the human temporal dimension called the “human temporality” and develops a special mathematical formalism for describing such an object as the human mind. One of the characteristic features of the human mind is its temporal extent. For objects of physical reality, only the present exists, which may be conceived as a point-like moment in time. In the human temporality, the past retained in the memory, the imaginary future, and the present coexist and are closely intertwined and impact one another. This book focuses on one of the fragments of the human temporality called the complex present. A detailed analysis of the classical and modern concepts has enabled the authors to put forward the idea of the multi-component structure of the present. For the concept of the complex present, the authors proposed a novel account that involves a qualitative description and a special mathematical formalism. This formalism takes into account human goal-oriented behavior and uncertainty in human perception. The present book can be interesting for theoreticians, physicists dealing with modeling systems where the human factor plays a crucial role, philosophers who are interested in applying philosophical concepts to constructing mathematical models, and psychologists whose research is related to modeling mental processes.