Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Pavel Povinec
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN: 9780080553375
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Book Excerpt:

The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI
Author: Nicholas Evans
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2019-09-18
ISBN: 1788017358
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI Book Excerpt:

Anthropogenic radionuclides have been introduced into the environment by incidents such as nuclear weapon tests, accidents in nuclear power plants, transport accidents and accidental or authorised discharges from nuclear facilities. Scientists need accurate analysis of these radionuclides in order to estimate the risk to the public from released radioactivity. This book is a snapshot of the work of leading scientists from across the globe on environmental radiochemistry and radioecology, nuclear forensics and radiation detection, radioanalytical techniques and nuclear industry applications. The research contributions were first presented at the 13th International Symposium on Nuclear and Environmental Radiochemical Analysis in September 2018. This essential work provides a key reference for graduates and professionals who work across fields involving analytical chemistry, radiochemistry, environmental science and technology, and waste disposal.

Routine Analysis of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides in Environmental Samples by Alpha particle Spectrometry

Routine Analysis of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides in Environmental Samples by Alpha particle Spectrometry
Author: Paul Martin,Gary J. Hancock
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 111
Release: 1992
ISBN: 9780644256674
Category: Alpha ray spectrometry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routine Analysis of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides in Environmental Samples by Alpha particle Spectrometry Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radionuclides

Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Klaus Froehlich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2009-09-23
ISBN: 9780080913292
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radionuclides Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radionuclides presents a state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides to study processes and systems in the continental part of the Earth’s environment. It is conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers in the marine environment (Livingston, Marine Radioactivity) and with the radioecology of natural and man-made terrestrial systems (Shaw, Radioactivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems). Although the book focuses on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (radioactive isotopes), it also refers to stable environmental isotopes, which in a variety of applications, especially in hydrology and climatology, have to be consulted to evaluate radionuclide measurements in terms of the ages of groundwater and climate archives, respectively. The basic principles underlying the various applications of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental studies are described in the first part of the book. The book covers the two major groups of applications: the use of radionuclides as tracers for studying transport and mixing processes: and as time markers to address problems of the dynamics of such systems, manifested commonly as the so-called residence time in these systems. The applications range from atmospheric pollution studies, via water resource assessments to contributions to global climate change investigation. The third part of the book addresses new challenges in the development of new methodological approaches, including analytical methods and fields of applications. A state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides Conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers

Radioactive Releases in the Environment

Radioactive Releases in the Environment
Author: John R. Cooper,Keith Randle,Ranjeet S. Sokhi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2003-05-07
ISBN: 9780471899242
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Releases in the Environment Book Excerpt:

This text brings together in one single comprehensive reference, the fundamentals of radioactivity. It uniquely fills the gap in the market, as no other books deal with environmental radioactivity to this degree. * Timely and invaluable as the studies of environmental processes and the awareness of the impact of human activity on our environment are increasing * Links all three main aspects of environmental radioactivity: Principles, Transport and Measurement * Useful to a wide readership - students, lecturers, researchers, companies and environmental consultants

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis V

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis V
Author: Peter Warwick
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2015-07-27
ISBN: 1782621555
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis V Book Excerpt:

Incidents in the past have made scientists aware of the need for accurate methods of radionuclide analyses in order to estimate the risk to the public from released radioactivity. This book is an authoritative, up-to-date collection of research contributions presented at the 12th International Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical Analysis. Representing the work of leading scientists from across the globe it presents information on radiochemical analysis, measurement of radioactivity, naturally occurring radioactive materials, radioactively contaminated land, fate of radionuclides in natural and engineered environments and behaviour and analysis of radionuclides in radioactive wastes. This essential work will be a key reference for graduates and professionals who work across fields involving analytical chemistry, environmental science and technology, and waste disposal.

Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides

Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides
Author: Jukka Lehto,Xiaolin Hou
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2011-01-19
ISBN: 3527633022
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides Book Excerpt:

Written by chemists for chemists, this is a comprehensive guide to the important radionuclides as well as techniques for their separation and analysis. It introduces readers to the important laboratory techniques and methodologies in the field, providing practical instructions on how to handle nuclear waste and radioactivity in the environment.

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides
Author: F. Zapata
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2007-05-08
ISBN: 0306480549
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides Book Excerpt:

This publication deals with soil erosion and sedimentation. Soil erosion and associated sediment deposition are natural landscape-forming processes that can be greatly accelerated by human intervention through deforestation, overgrazing, and non-sustainable farming practices. Soil erosion and sedimentation may not only cause on-site degradation of the natural resource base, but also off-site problems— downstream sediment deposition in fields, floodplains and water bodies, water pollution, eutrophication and reservoir siltation, etc. —with serious environmental and economic impairment. There is an urgent need for accurate information to quantify the problem and to underpin the selection of effective soil-conservation technologies and sedimentation-remediation strategies, including assessment of environmental and economic impacts. Existing classical techniques to document soil erosion are capable of meeting some of these needs, but they all possess important limitations. The quest for alternative techniques for assessing soil erosion, to complement existing methods, directed attention to the use of environmental radionuclides, in particular fallout as tracers to quantify rates and establish patterns of soil redistribution within the landscape. The concept of a project on the use of environmental radionuclides to quantify soil redistribution was first formulated at an Advisory Group Meeting convened in Vienna, April 1993, by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides
Author: F. Zapata
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1402010419
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides Book Excerpt:

This Handbook is a new comprehensive reference of the methodologies (field, laboratory and desk work) for using radionuclides, primarily 137Cs and210Pb, to establish rates and spatial patterns of soil redistribution within the landscape and determine the geochronology of sediment deposits. It is based on the recent developments made by a global network of research scientists working on soil erosion and sedimentation research using environmental radionuclides.

Environmental Monitoring at a Former Uranium Milling Site

Environmental Monitoring at a Former Uranium Milling Site
Author: Kairat Kuterbekov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 267
Release: 2018-09-10
ISBN: 331994875X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Monitoring at a Former Uranium Milling Site Book Excerpt:

This book presents a comprehensive study of the environmental situation prevailing in the areas located near the Koshkar-Ata (Kazakhstan) tailings dump and the development of rehabilitation measures taking into account the area’s soil and climatic features. Given their impact on the local population’s health, rehabilitation activities and their monitoring are vital for countries where nuclear power technologies are developed and where uranium mining industry wastes exist. Book analyzes the negative influences of the tailings on soil and vegetation cover on near-ground atmospheric layers and groundwater. Based on radiometric, field and laboratory analytical research methods, it presents quantitative information on the levels of pollution of the environment by radionuclides and chemical toxicants, and includes the results of constant monitoring of dust from radioactive and toxic wastes in the area. The book also offers recommendations for technical solutions for reclaiming radioactive tailing ponds, as well as for the development of disposal sites for radioactive waste in the tailing ponds, based on effective rehabilitation technologies developed at two control sites. The study attracted considerable interest from the Republic of Kazakhstan’s state authorities and public organizations, and raised awareness of the need for rehabilitation measures at the KOSHKAR-ATA tailing pond. The monograph is intended for specialists in the field of environmental protection and radiation ecology, as well as senior undergraduate and graduate students, doctoral students and young scientists. This publication is recommended by the Academic Council of the L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV
Author: Peter Warwick
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1849731551
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV is a collection of original papers presented at the Eleventh International Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical Analysis. Representing the work of leading scientists across the globe this new edition provides information on: new methods of radionuclide analyses developments and improvements in existing methods mass spectrometry in radionuclide measurements results of an intercomparison study gamma detector performance emergency radiological foodchain monitoring. The book is essential reading for practising radioanalysts and students who are specialising in radiochemical analysis.

Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in Environment

Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in Environment
Author: Marina V. Frontasyeva,Marina Marinova,Vladimir P. Perelygin,Peter Vater
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2001-09-30
ISBN: 9781402000591
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in Environment Book Excerpt:

The environment contains an abundance of man-made and natural radionuclides, as well as polluting heavy metals. Their accumulation and the inevitable adverse impact on human health is a matter for serious international concern. Such modern environmental problems are reviewed in an integrated fashion here. The book's highlights are: The accumulation of actinide nuclei in the human body. New data on Pu and Am in some of the most seriously damaged regions of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. Fundamental and applied aspects of heavy metal waste deposits. Advances in analytical techniques (NAA, XRF, ICP-MS, AAS, PIXE, HPLC). The use of mosses and lichens to study heavy metal atmospheric deposition. Research on toxicology, food and nutrition, speciation and scalp hair as a biological indicator. New model of the Earth's crust allowing the reconstruction of the real origin of seismic catastrophes. A real possibility to predict earthquake or volcanic activity by studying radon gas, gamma and neutron activity in combination with hydrogen and helium isotope flow and complemented by satellite data on the state of the ionosphere. Recent data on accelerator driven transmutation experiments (protons accelerated as JINR Synchrophasotron and 660 MeV Phasotron) with Pb blocks and 3000 kg natural uranium targets.

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis
Author: John E. Till,Helen A. Grogan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2008-07-10
ISBN: 9780199722914
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis Book Excerpt:

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis comprehensively explains methods used for estimating risk to people exposed to radioactive materials released to the environment by nuclear facilities or in an emergency such as a nuclear terrorist event. This is the first book that merges the diverse disciplines necessary for estimating where radioactive materials go in the environment and the risk they present to people. It is not only essential to managers and scientists, but is also a teaching text. The chapters are arranged to guide the reader through the risk assessment process, beginning with the source term (where the radioactive material comes from) and ending with the conversion to risk. In addition to presenting mathematical models used in risk assessment, data is included so the reader can perform the calculations. Each chapter also provides examples and working problems. The book will be a critical component of the rebirth of nuclear energy now taking place, as well as an essential resource to prepare for and respond to a nuclear emergency.

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment I

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment I
Author: Kenji Kato,Alexei Konoplev,Stepan N. Kalmykov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2020-02-18
ISBN: 9811506795
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment I Book Excerpt:

The 3-volume set highlights the behavior of radionuclides in the environment and focusing on the development of related fields of study, including microbiology and nanoscience. In this context, it discusses the behavior of radionuclides released in areas of Lake Karachai in Ural, and those released as a result of Chernobyl accident (1986), and in Fukushima (2011). Volume I presents the experiences gained in South Urals (“Mayak” plant, Lake Karachai), providing a scientific basis for more precise understanding of the behavior of radionuclides in complex subsurface environments. On the basis of monitoring data, it examines the pathways of radionuclide migration and the influence of the geological environment and groundwater on the migration, with a particular focus on particles from the nanoscale to microscale. It also discusses the function of microbes and microscale particles, from their direct interaction with radionuclides to their ecological role in changing the physic-chemical condition of a given environment. Lastly, the protective properties of geological media are also characterized, and mathematical modeling of contaminant migration in the area of Lake Karachai is used to provide information regarding the migration of radionuclides.

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment III

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment III
Author: Kenji Nanba,Alexei Konoplev,Toshihiro Wada
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 501
Release: 2022-03-14
ISBN: 9811667993
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment III Book Excerpt:

This book, the third in the series Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment, is dedicated to Fukushima. Major findings from research since 2011 are reviewed concerning the behavior of radionuclides released into the environment due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, including atmospheric transport and fallout of radionuclides, their fate, and transport in the soil-water environment, behavior in freshwater, coastal and marine environment, transfer in the terrestrial and agricultural environment. Volume III discusses not only radionuclides dynamics in the environment in the short- and mid-term, but also modeling and prediction of long-term time changes. Along with reviews, the book contains original data and results not published previously. It was spearheaded by the authors from the Institute of Environmental Radioactivity at Fukushima University, established two years after the Fukushima accident, with their collaborators from Japan, Russia, and Ukraine. The knowledge emerging from the studies of the environmental behavior of Fukushima-derived radionuclides enables us to move forward in understanding mechanisms of environmental contamination and leads to better modeling and prediction of long-term pollution effects in general.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis
Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1418
Release: 2012-09-01
ISBN: 0123848741
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book Excerpt:

The updated and much expanded 3e of the Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is an authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity from the very low levels encountered in the environment to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. The book describes the basic principles of radiation detection and measurement and the preparation of samples from a wide variety of matrices, assists the investigator or technician in the selection and use of appropriate radiation detectors, and presents state-of-the-art methods of analysis. Fundamentals of radiation properties, radionuclide decay, the calculations involved, and methods of detection provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures. The Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis, 3e, is suitable as a teaching text for university and professional training courses. The only comprehensive reference that describes the principles of detection and practical applications of every type of radioactivity detector currently used. The new 3e is broader in scope, with revised and expanded chapters, new authors, and seven new chapters on Alpha Spectrometry, Radionuclide Standardization, Radioactive Aerosol Measurements, Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring, Marine Radioactivity Analysis, Nuclear Forensic Analysis and Analytical Techniques in Nuclear Safeguards Discusses in detail the principles, theory and practice applied to all types of radiation detection and measurement, making it useful for both teaching and research

Radionuclide Analysis of Large Numbers of Food and Water Samples

Radionuclide Analysis of Large Numbers of Food and Water Samples
Author: Esther Ferri,Paul J. Magno,Lloyd R. Setter
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 28
Release: 1965
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Food
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclide Analysis of Large Numbers of Food and Water Samples Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis II

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis II
Author: Peter Warwick
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2007-10-31
ISBN: 1847550789
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis II Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis II brings together comprehensive, up-to-date information from international experts in the field. Coverage includes information on new methods of radionuclide analyses, developments and improvements in existing methods, method comparisons, gamma detector performance and new software products, method uncertainty, underground laboratory facilities, method QA and QC, field studies covering colloid work, in-situ injection into rock strata and sampling of reduced waters for actinide assay. This stimulating, authoritative text makes essential reading for practising radioanalysts and provides valuable information for researchers and professionals in academia and industry.

Inventory of Federal Energy related Environment and Safety Research for FY 1978 Project listings and indexes

Inventory of Federal Energy related Environment and Safety Research for FY 1978  Project listings and indexes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1979
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Environmental engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inventory of Federal Energy related Environment and Safety Research for FY 1978 Project listings and indexes Book Excerpt:

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment II

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment II
Author: Alexei Konoplev,Kenji Kato,Stepan N. Kalmykov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 443
Release: 2020-05-19
ISBN: 981153568X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment II Book Excerpt:

This is Volume II in a three-volume set on the Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment, focusing on Chernobyl. Now, so many years after the Chernobyl accident, new data is emerging and important new findings are being made. The book reviews major research achievements concerning the behavior of Chernobyl-derived radionuclides, including their air transport and resuspension, mobility and bioavailability in the soil-water environment, vertical and lateral migration in soils and sediments, soil-to-plant and soil-to-animal transfer, and water-to-aqueous biota transfer. The long-term dynamics of radionuclides in aquatic ecosystems are also discussed, in particular, the heavily contaminated cooling pond of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, which is in the process of being decommissioned. Lessons learned from long-term research on the environmental behavior of radionuclides can help us understand the pathways of environmental contamination, which, in turn, will allow us to improve methods for modeling and predicting the long-term effects of pollution. This book features a wealth of original data and findings, many of which have never been published before, or were not available internationally. The contributing authors are experts from Ukraine, Russia and Belarus with more than 30 years of experience investigating Chernobyl-derived radionuclides in the environment. The content presented here can help to predict the evolution of environmental contamination following a nuclear accident, and specifically the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident.