Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
Author: S.C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 510
Release: 1998-11-11
ISBN: 9780080527161
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers Book Excerpt:

Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: • Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. • Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. • Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. • Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. • Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2005-01-20
ISBN: 9780080455860
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers Book Excerpt:

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
Author: S.C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 510
Release: 1998-11-25
ISBN: 9780444822031
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers Book Excerpt:

Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: . Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. . Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. . Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. . Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. . Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2005-03-17
ISBN: 9780444512925
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers Book Excerpt:

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook

Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook
Author: Karen D. Sam,Thomas P. Wampler
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2021-03-23
ISBN: 0429574924
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook Book Excerpt:

Analytical pyrolysis allows scientists to use routine laboratory instrumentation for analyzing complex, opaque, or insoluble samples more effectively than other analytical techniques alone. Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook, Third Edition is a practical guide to the application of pyrolysis techniques to various samples and sample types for a diversity of fields including microbiology, forensic science, industrial research, and environmental analysis. The much-anticipated third edition incorporates recent technological advances that increase the technique’s sensitivity to trace elements, improve its reproducibility, and expand its applicability. The book reviews the types of instrumentation available to perform pyrolysis and offers guidance for interfacing instruments and integrating other analytical techniques, including gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Fully updated with new sample pyrograms, figures, references, and real-world examples, this edition also highlights new areas of application including cultural materials, forensic analysis, and environmental studies. This book illustrates how the latest advances make pyrolysis a practical, cost-effective, reliable, and flexible alternative for increasingly complex sample analyses. Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook, Third Edition is an essential, one-stop guide for determining if pyrolysis meets application-specific needs as well as performing pyrolysis and handling the data obtained.

Pyrolysis GC MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers

Pyrolysis   GC MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers
Author: Shin Tsuge,Hajima Ohtani,Chuichi Watanabe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2011-10-27
ISBN: 0444538925
Category: Performing Arts
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis GC MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers Book Excerpt:

In this data book, both conventional Py-GC/MS where thermal energy alone is used to cause fragmentation of given polymeric materials and reactive Py-GC/MS in the presence of organic alkaline for condensation polymers are compiled. Before going into detailed presentation of the data, however, acquiring a firm grip on the proper understanding about the situation of Py-GC/MS would promote better utilization of the following pyrolysis data for various polymers samples. This book incorporates recent technological advances in analytical pyrolysis methods especially useful for the characterization of 163 typical synthetic polymers. The book briefly reviews the instrumentation available in advanced analytical pyrolysis, and offers guidance to perform effectually this technique combining with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Main contents are comprehensive sample pyrograms, thermograms, identification tables, and representative mass spectra (MS) of pyrolyzates for synthetic polymers. This edition also highlights thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique effectively applied to 33 basic condensation polymers. Coverage of Py-GC/MS data of conventional pyrograms and thermograms of basic 163 kinds of synthetic polymers together with MS and retention index data for pyrolyzates, enabling a quick identification Additional coverage of the pyrograms and their related data for 33 basic condensation polymers obtained by the thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique All compiled data measured under the same experimental conditions for pyrolysis, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to facilitate peak identification Surveyable instant information on two facing pages dedicated to the whole data of a given polymer sample

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2009-09-16
ISBN: 9780080932156
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Book Excerpt:

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules with Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, the 28th volume in the Techniques and Instrumentation in Analytical Chemistry series, gives a systematic and comprehensive description of pyrolysis of non-polymeric organic molecules. Pyrolysis is involved in many practical applications as well as in many common human activities, but harmful compounds can be generated in the process. The study of pyrolysis and of the formation of undesirable compounds as a result of pyrolytic processes is of considerable interest to chemists, chemical engineers, and toxicologists. Pyrolysis results for compounds not previously studied or reported Updated information from a large body of results published on pyrolysis of individual compounds or classes of compounds Information on mechanisms and kinetics of numerous pyrolytic processes

Horizons in Polymer Research

Horizons in Polymer Research
Author: Robert K. Bregg
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9781594544125
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Horizons in Polymer Research Book Excerpt:

Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. These substances often form into a chain-like structure. Starch, cellulose, and rubber all possess polymeric properties. Today, the polymer industry has grown to be larger than the aluminum, copper and steel industries combined. Polymers already have a range of applications that far exceeds that of any other class of material available to man. Current applications extend from adhesives, coatings, foams, and packaging materials to textile and industrial fibers, elastomers, and structural plastics. Polymers are also used for most composites, electronic devices, biomedical devices, optical devices, and precursors for many newly developed high-tech ceramics. This new book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly-changing and evolving field.

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
Author: Peter Kusch
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2019-02-13
ISBN: 1789849586
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis Book Excerpt:

Analytical pyrolysis deals with the structural identification and quantitation of pyrolysis products with the ultimate aim of establishing the identity of the original material and the mechanisms of its thermal decomposition. The pyrolytic process is carried out in a pyrolyzer interfaced with analytical instrumentation such as gas chromatography (GC), mass spectrometry (MS), gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS), or with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (GC/FTIR). By measurement and identification of pyrolysis products, the molecular composition of the original sample can often be reconstructed.This book is the outcome of contributions by experts in the field of pyrolysis and includes applications of the analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS to characterize the structure of synthetic organic polymers and lignocellulosic materials as well as cellulosic pulps and isolated lignins, solid wood, waste particle board, and bio-oil. The thermal degradation of cellulose and biomass is examined by scanning electron micrography, FTIR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis, and TG/MS. The calorimetric determination of high heating values of different raw biomass, plastic waste, and biomass/plastic waste mixtures and their by-products resulting from pyrolysis is described.

Plastics Additives

Plastics Additives
Author: J.C.J. Bart
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 824
Release: 2006-03-15
ISBN: 1607501228
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics Additives Book Excerpt:

"Cover-to-cover reading of Plastics Additives, Advanced Industrial Analysis, is recommended for both professional analysts and plastics technologists. Professor Bart’s prose style is easy to read. A professional background in analytical chemistry is not assumed. Particularly valuable is the trove of good advice as to which approach might be best in a given situation. Every department with a serious interest in additive / property relations should invest in a copy.” -- PMAD Newsletter. This industrially relevant and up-to-date resource deals with all established and emerging analytical methods for in-polymer additive analysis of plastics formulations. Quality assurance and industrial troubleshooting all benefit from direct analysis modes. Plastics Additives comprises detailed coverage of solid-state spectroscopy, thermal analysis and pyrolysis, laser techniques, surface studies and microanalysis along with process analytics, quantitative analysis and modern method development and validation applied to additives in polymers. The book is organised for quick and easy reference and is extensively illustrated with over 200 figures, 300 flow diagrams and tables to facilitate rapid understanding of this topic, and it contains 4000 references. Emphasis is on understanding (principles and characteristics) and industrial applicability.

Fire Debris Analysis

Fire Debris Analysis
Author: Eric Stauffer,Julia A. Dolan,Reta Newman
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2007-12-10
ISBN: 9780080556260
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Debris Analysis Book Excerpt:

The study of fire debris analysis is vital to the function of all fire investigations, and, as such, Fire Debris Analysis is an essential resource for fire investigators. The present methods of analysis include the use of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, techniques which are well established and used by crime laboratories throughout the world. However, despite their universality, this is the first comprehensive resource that addresses their application to fire debris analysis. Fire Debris Analysis covers topics such as the physics and chemistry of fire and liquid fuels, the interpretation of data obtained from fire debris, and the future of the subject. Its cutting-edge material and experienced author team distinguishes this book as a quality reference that should be on the shelves of all crime laboratories. Serves as a comprehensive guide to the science of fire debris analysis Presents both basic and advanced concepts in an easily readable, logical sequence Includes a full-color insert with figures that illustrate key concepts discussed in the text

Analytical Applications of Ultrasound

Analytical Applications of Ultrasound
Author: F. Priego Capote,M.D. Luque de Castro
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2007-02-14
ISBN: 9780080469379
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Applications of Ultrasound Book Excerpt:

Ultrasound is an energy source that has the potential for enhancing many stages of experimental analysis, but analytical chemists generally have limited knowledge of this technique. Analytical Applications of Ultrasound lays the foundations for practicing analytical chemists to consider ways of exploiting ultrasound energy in their research. This timely and unique book covers a broad range of information about ultrasound, providing advances in ultrasound equipment and demonstrations of how this energy has been used to enhance various steps of analysis. Given the limited literature on analytical applications of ultrasound, the authors provide information from other sources that suggest ways in which we can use it in the analytical laboratory. The authors discuss the principles of ultrasound and the variables we must consider in adapting ultrasound to different problems. * Presents an up-to-date, balanced description of the potential of Ultrasound within Analytical Chemistry * Discusses ultrasound-based detection techniques in a systematic manner * Provides an overview of potential applications of ultrasound in a variety of different fields

Fire Investigation

Fire Investigation
Author: Niamh Nic Daeid
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2004-01-27
ISBN: 0203646959
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Investigation Book Excerpt:

Fire Investigation covers the concepts and theories used to determine a specfic fire has been deliberately or accidentally set. The author clearly explains the concepts needed to gain insight into a fire scene investigation, including the dynamics of the fire, the necessary conditions for a fire to start and be maintained, the different types of co

Practical Gas Chromatography

Practical Gas Chromatography
Author: Katja Dettmer-Wilde,Werner Engewald
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 902
Release: 2014-11-05
ISBN: 3642546404
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practical Gas Chromatography Book Excerpt:

Gas chromatography continues to be one of the most widely used analytical techniques, since its applications today expand into fields such as biomarker research or metabolomics. This new practical textbook enables the reader to make full use of gas chromatography. Essential fundamentals and their implications for the practical work at the instrument are provided, as well as details on the instrumentation such as inlet systems, columns and detectors. Specialized techniques from all aspects of GC are introduced ranging from sample preparation, solvent-free injection techniques, and pyrolysis GC, to separation including fast GC and comprehensive GCxGC and finally detection, such as GC-MS and element-specific detection. Various fields of application such as enantiomer, food, flavor and fragrance analysis, physicochemical measurements, forensic toxicology, and clinical analysis are discussed as well as cutting-edge application in metabolomics is covered.

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass
Author: Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2016-10-27
ISBN: 3319414143
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass Book Excerpt:

This book deals with the application of techniques and methods of chemical analysis for the study of biomass and its conversion processes, aiming to fill the current gap in the book literature on the subject. The use of various techniques and analytical methods is presented and discussed in a straightforward manner, providing the reader with the possibility of choosing the most appropriate methodologies for analysis of the major classes of plant biomass and its products. In the present volume, a select group of international specialists describes different approaches to understand the biomass structure, their physical and chemical properties, the parameters of conversion processes, the products and by-products formation and quantification, quality parameters, etc. Modern chemistry plays a strong economic role in industrial activities based on biomass, with an increasing trend of the importance of its application from the deployment of biorefineries and the principles of green chemistry, which make use of the potential of biomass with decreasing impact negative environmental. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the supply chains of biomass, be it plant or animal origin; however, with the first offering the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for technical, scientific and economic progress, given its diversified chemical constitution. Thus, the chemical analysis can be used to examine the composition for characterizing physicochemical properties and to monitor their conversion processes, in order to obtain better products and uses of biomass. The quality of the biomass used determines the product quality. Therefore, reliable information is required about the chemical composition of the biomass to establish the best use (e.g., most suitable conversion process and its conditions), which will influence harvest and preparation steps. Conversion processes should be monitored for their yield, integrity, safety, and environmental impact. Effluent or residues should be monitored and analyzed for environmental control. Co-products need to be monitored to avoid interference with the product yield and product purity; however, co-products are also a good opportunity to add value to the biomass chain. Finally, products need to be monitored and analyzed to determine their yields and purity and to ensure their quality. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the biomass supply chains, be it of plant or animal origin.

Pyrolysis gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials

Pyrolysis gas Chromatography  Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials
Author: Peter Kusch
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN: 1786345773
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

The methodology of analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS has been known for several years, but is seldom used in research laboratories and process control in the chemical industry. This is due to the relative difficulty of interpreting the identified pyrolysis products as well as the variety of them. This book contains full identification of several classes of polymers/copolymers and biopolymers that can be very helpful to the user. In addition, the practical applications can encourage analytical chemists and engineers to use the techniques explored in this volume.The structure and the functions of various types of pyrolyzers and the results of the pyrolysis-gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric identification of synthetic polymers/copolymers and biopolymers at 700°C are described. Practical applications of these techniques are also included, detailing the analysis of microplastics, failure analysis in the automotive industry and solutions for technological problems.

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu,Victor David
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2016-11-01
ISBN: 0128037113
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis Book Excerpt:

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis serves as a practical guide to users of high-performance liquid chromatography and provides criteria for method selection, development, and validation. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is the most common analytical technique currently practiced in chemistry. However, the process of finding the appropriate information for a particular analytical project requires significant effort and pre-existent knowledge in the field. Further, sorting through the wealth of published data and literature takes both time and effort away from the critical aspects of HPLC method selection. For the first time, a systematic approach for sorting through the available information and reviewing critically the up-to-date progress in HPLC for selecting a specific analysis is available in a single book. Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis is an inclusive go-to reference for HPLC method selection, development, and validation. Addresses the various aspects of practice and instrumentation needed to obtain reliable HPLC analysis results Leads researchers to the best choice of an HPLC method from the overabundance of information existent in the field Provides criteria for HPLC method selection, development, and validation Authored by world-renowned HPLC experts who have more than 60 years of combined experience in the field

Towards Bio based Flame Retardant Polymers

Towards Bio based Flame Retardant Polymers
Author: Rodolphe Sonnier,Aurélie Taguet,Laurent Ferry,José-Marie Lopez-Cuesta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 100
Release: 2017-10-06
ISBN: 3319670832
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Towards Bio based Flame Retardant Polymers Book Excerpt:

Sustainable development has become a great concern in modern society. The authors of this brief describe how one strategy to reach this objective is to replace oil-based materials with bio-based materials. They emphasize the great efforts that have been made to synthesize new bio-based polymers or additives or to replace glass fibers by natural fibers in composites. Flame retardancy is one of the most desired properties for many applications in wires and cables, building, transport, electric and electronic devices. The authors of this fascinating and timely brief summarize this important field in three parts. The flame retardancy of biobased polymers, the flame retardancy of natural fibers composites, and the synthesis and efficiency of biobased flame retardants.

Additives in Polymers

Additives in Polymers
Author: Jan C. J. Bart
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 836
Release: 2005-04-08
ISBN: 0470012056
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additives in Polymers Book Excerpt:

This industrially relevant resource covers all established and emerging analytical methods for the deformulation of polymeric materials, with emphasis on the non-polymeric components. Each technique is evaluated on its technical and industrial merits. Emphasis is on understanding (principles and characteristics) and industrial applicability. Extensively illustrated throughout with over 200 figures, 400 tables, and 3,000 references.

Construction for a Sustainable Environment

Construction for a Sustainable Environment
Author: Robert Sarsby,Tamas Meggyes
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2009-11-03
ISBN: 0203856910
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Construction for a Sustainable Environment Book Excerpt:

The past fifty years have seen rapid development of public and governmental awareness of environmental issues. Engineers and scientists have made tangible contributions to environmental protection. However, further theoretical and practical developments are necessary to address mankinds growing demands on the environment. Construction for a Sustai