Description : The Routledge Handbook of Metaphor and Language provides a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art interdisciplinary research on metaphor and language. Featuring 35 chapters written by leading scholars from around the world, the volume takes a broad view of the field of metaphor and language, and brings together diverse and distinct theoretical and applied perspectives to cover six key areas: Theoretical approaches to metaphor and language, covering Conceptual Metaphor Theory, Relevance Theory, Blending Theory and Dynamical Systems Theory; Methodological approaches to metaphor and language, discussing ways of identifying metaphors in verbal texts, images and gestures, as well as the use of corpus linguistics; Formal variation in patterns of metaphor use across text types, historical periods and languages; Functional variation of metaphor, in contexts including educational, commercial, scientific and political discourse, as well as online trolling; The applications of metaphor for problem solving, in business, education, healthcare and conflict situations; Language, metaphor, and cognitive development, examining the processing and comprehension of metaphors. The Routledge Handbook of Language and Metaphor is a must-have survey of this key field, and is essential reading for those interested in language and metaphor.
Description : The Green Revolution – the apparently miraculous increase in cereal crop yields achieved in the 1960s – came under severe criticism in the 1970s because of its demands for optimal irrigation, intensive use of fertilisers and pesticides; its damaging impact on social structures; and its monoculture approach. The early 1980s saw a concerted approach to many of these criticisms under the auspices of Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). This book, first published in 1987, analyses the recent achievements of the CGIAR and examines the Green Revolution concept in South America, Asia and Africa, from an ‘ecodevelopment’ standpoint, with particular regard to the plight of the rural poor. The work is characterised by a concern for the ecological and social dimensions of agricultural development,which puts the emphasis on culturally compatible, labour absorbing and environmentally sustainable food production which will serve the long term needs of developing countries.
Description : The abundance of insects can change dramatically from generation togeneration; these generational changes may occur within a growingseason or over a period of years. Such extraordinary densitychanges or "outbreaks" may be abrupt and ostensibly random, orpopulation peaks may occur in a more or less cyclic fashion. Theycan be hugely destructive when the insect is a crop pest or carriesdiseases of humans, farm animals, or wildlife. Knowledge of thesetypes of population dynamics and computer models that may helppredict when they occur are very important. This important new book revisits a subject not thoroughlydiscussed in such a publication since 1988 and brings aninternational scale to the issue of insect outbreaks. Insect Outbreaks Revisited is intended for seniorundergraduate and graduate students in ecology, population biologyand entomology, as well as government and industry scientists doingresearch on pests, land managers, pest management personnel,extension personnel, conservation biologists and ecologists, andstate, county and district foresters.