Description : Though exceptional human longevity has captured the imagination for millennia, it has been only in the past fifteen years or so that some of the secrets to very long lives are finally giving way to scientific inquiry. Written by an international group of experts, this year's review first considers the methodological and design dilemmas faced in conducting centenarian research. It then offers guidance in locating literature and data sources for primary and secondary information on centenarians and the oldest old. This section includes a list of the world's oldest persons and discusses the difficulties in compiling such a list. The remainder of the review is divided in three sections-the biology and genetics of longevity, the behavioral and social predictors of longevity, and methodological issues in qualitative and anthropologic approaches and the study of the very oldest old, supercentenarians, or those who live to 110 years or more. Data is drawn from studies undertaken among populations in diverse parts of the world.
Description : As the population of retirees between the ages of 65 and 75 continues to grow, professionals, researchers, and educators in all areas of the health care and the business sectors will require more expertise on the latest trends to make better decisions and improve systems. Contributed by nationally recognized experts, The Crown of Life: Dynamics of the Early Post-Retirement Period presents some of the most important and current decision-making research describing life between the ages of 65 and 75. Topics cover many aspects and social issues of retirement including: Demographics Functioning and Well-being Aging Black Americans Late Middle Age The Impact of Work Change and Stability Health and Religiousness Social Relations Leisure Activities Male Satisfaction Everyday Life Gay Lives Retirement Community Life For anyone interested in the key issues and current trends of this growing population, editors Jacquelyn Boone James and Paul Wink provide one of the most important and current expert collections dedicated to the Crown of Life period. About the Series... Now celebrating its 26th year, this series of annual reviews, established by Carl Eisdorfer, is designed to encompass the broad spectrum of concerns in aging, including psychology, biology, medicine, sociology, and public policy. The goal is to present reviews of the highest quality and to address those important questions that are salient to all gerontologists.
Description : A must-have professional reference for researchers and educators in psychology, sociology, anthropology, public health, genetics, medicine, and the biological sciences, this issue of the Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics discusses how complex biological, behavioral, and social systems interact to create and impact health. This knowledge is essential to maintaining positive health outcomes over the life span and across a variety of populations and settings. With contributions by leading world scientists, this trusted annual volume reviews the current literature and presents examples of how biological factors underlie behavioral factors to impact health in later life. It also offers methods for examining these complex systems of biology and behavior, and explores how social scientists use this information in their research. Key Topics: Genetic and environmental contributions to Alzheimer's disease and age-associated memory changes Vascular depression, including cardiovascular implications for mental health The impact of spirituality on health Family comorbidity and the family context as a source of health Stress and coping Exercise and oxidative damage
Description : This volume addresses the extraordinary need to educate personnel at all levels in gerontology and geriatric medicine and in the design and delivery of health and social services. The historical development of gerontology and geriatric medicine and education issues are carefully considered with recommendations for curriculum design. The authors offer state of the art discussions on both gerontology and geriatrics, with implications for future research. The chapters, written by seminal figures in the field, address the critical need for well trained faculty and other professionals to: educate new and existing faculty and other professionals, educate researches to accelerate scientific knowledge, provide courses for all students that address life-span/life/cycle development and related materials, provide discipline specific courses on aging, and much more.
Description : Designated a Doody's Core Title! "[This] volume contributes useful knowledge not only to the field of aging studies, but to multiple disciplines and public policy. Anyone interested in aging studies or health care would find this volume useful and enlightening."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly This unique volume, with its person- and context-centered focus, is the only book to emphasize the need to incorporate social, cultural, and demographics into transitional care protocol for elderly patients. It encompasses the larger context of life experience in order to provide optimal pathways through transitions of care for elderly patients and has broad implications for shaping policy and future research. A consideration of contextual factors for both patients and caregivers is woven throughout the book. Chapters focus on physical and complex health problems shaping transitions of care, legal, ethical, and decision-making issues including informed consent and end of life, the impact of the current fragmented healthcare system on transitions of care, educating the workforce in transitions of care, and planning for future pathways of transition that will accommodate the rapidly growing elderly population. The volume will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, educators, policy makers, students, elderly patients, and their caregivers. Key Features: Describes a person- and context-centered focus emphasizing social demographics and geographic location in understanding transitions of care among older adults. Based on the most current research on critical issues in transitional care for the elderly Written by a multidisciplinary cast of highly respected authors Includes case studies and discussion of how specific conditions affect transitions of care in different ways Addresses the physical and emotional effects of transitions on patients and caregivers
Description : Developed countries and certain regions of economically emerging nations have displaying a rapidly growing population of the oldest-oldónonagenarians, centenarians, and supercentenarians. As this trend continues, we must redirect some of our research on aging to the experience of advanced old age and discovering individual and community factors that improve the quality of life during this life stage. This state-of-the science, multidisciplinary Annual provides a comprehensive discussion of the factors promoting healthy survival and/or ensuring a good quality of life for the oldest elderly. It features an international representation that includes Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Japan, and North America. The Annual disseminates the most current research regarding this population and notes gaps in our knowledge. The book addresses ongoing demo-epidemiological changes regarding longevity, estimates of oldest-old populations, and prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases, frailty, and old-age dependency. The meaning of healthy longevity as a theoretical concept is explored. Grounded in the fundamental issue of whether or not the prevalence of poor health or poor quality of life inevitably increases with age, recent research and ongoing studies from a variety of perspectives are presented from several nations. The book clarifies the known and hypothetical factors favoring healthy longevity, from genes to social integration. Additionally, chapters explore gender differences in age trajectories and changes over time. Special attention is given to the social and cognitive dimensions of healthy longevity. Key Features: Disseminates new scholarly research about a rapidly growing segment of the populationóthe oldest old Offers multidisciplinary and international perspectives about the factors that promote healthy survival and improve quality of life Addresses the social and cognitive dimensions of healthy longevity Provides important information regarding health care costs for this population Includes the research of seasoned and emerging scholars
Description : How do individuals perceive the experience of aging? Can this perception predict such developmental outcomes as functional health or mortality? The 35th volume of ARGG encompasses the most current and fruitful research findings about the subjective experience of aging and describes how they fit within a theoretical framework. It reflects a new and advanced stage of development in the discipline of subjective aging and will be a building block for future theoretical and empirical work in this area of study. The book integrates presentations from a series of recent workshops attended by an international cadre of subjective aging researchers, the results of several longitudinal studies from across the globe, and theoretical propositions from studies that are ongoing. Chapters-reviewed by independent scholars for "quality control"-- address major conceptual approaches and key challenges to subjective aging research; research designs, empirical findings, and methodological issues; and the implications of subjective aging research on interventions, society, and the changing contexts of aging. Key Topics: Subjective aging and awareness of aging Connections between research on subjective aging and age stereotypes and stigma Linking subjective aging to changing social meanings of age and the life course Psychological and social resources and subjective aging across the adult life span Experimental research on age stereotypes Domain-specific approaches and implications for addressing issues of developmental regulation Subjective aging as a predictor of major endpoints of aging and development Exploring new contexts and connections for subjective aging measures Changing negative views of aging Subjective aging research from a cross-cultural perspective Subjective aging research and gerontological practice Future directions for subjective aging research
Description : "This collection is a timely and excellent contribution to the study of resilience and the field of gerontology."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly This state-of-the science, multidisciplinary Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics provides a comprehensive examination of critical issues on resilience in a variety of life domains central to the well-being of older persons. It examines the role of resilience in determining adjustment and function in the domains of health, grief and bereavement, physical activity and functioning, spirituality, work, retirement, intellectual/cognitive functioning, coping with life events, care giving, and mental health interventions. The first section of the book addresses such domains of resilience as immunological function, stress and mood disorders, emotional and cognitive resilience, adjustment to cultural and environmental changes, and spirituality. Section two is concerned with practical applications of resilience. A developmental family perspective is used to examine differences in adaptation to age-related challenges. The role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation is discussed as is adaptive coping in regard to loss and trauma. The text also explores resilience in regard to career management, retirement, and volunteerism, considers resilience as a component of health in regard to public policy, and examines exemplary public health programs and policies and the relationship of resilience to health care finance. Also addressed is resilience in caregiving as a mutually beneficial process, clinical interventions that enhance resilience, and resilience from a lifespan developmental perspective. Key Features: Synthesizes the best current research in the field, with direct practice implications Addresses resilience in regard to immunological function, emotional and cognitive resilience, and spirituality Explores the role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation, career management and retirement, person-environ fit, and public health and policy Examines directions for future research and resilience-oriented interventions
Description : This definitive reference describes the evolutionary basis of ageing and the recent connections between biochemical damage and pathologies--the central theme being DNA errors, their detection and repair. Presents an in-depth study of ageing as a problem of genes and environment, as a loss of systems precision, as increased disease and as a repairable defect.
Description : The only comprehensive book on geriatric occupational therapy designed specifically for the COTA, Occupational Therapy with Elders: Strategies for the COTA, 3rd Edition provides in-depth coverage of each aspect of geriatric practice, from wellness and prevention to death and dying. A discussion of foundational concepts includes aging trends and strategies for elder care, and coverage of emerging areas includes low-vision rehabilitation, mobility issues including driving, and Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. Expert authors René Padilla, Sue Byers-Connon, and Helene Lohman offer an unmatched discussion of diverse populations and the latest on geriatric policies and procedures in this fast-growing area of practice. Unique! A focus on the occupational therapy assistant highlights the importance of COTAs to the care of elder clients. Case studies illustrate principles and help you apply what you've learned to actual situations. Key terms, chapter objectives, and review questions highlight important content in each chapter. Use of the term "elder" reduces the stereotypical role of dependent patients and helps to dispel myths about aging. A multidisciplinary approach demonstrates how the OT and the COTA can collaborate effectively. Unique! Attention to diverse populations and cultures prepares you to respect and care for clients of different backgrounds. Unique! The companion Evolve website makes review easier with more learning activities, references linked to MEDLINE abstracts, and links to related OT sites. Unique! A discussion of elder abuse, battered women, and literacy includes information on how the COTA can address these often-overlooked issues. New information on alternative treatment settings for elders reflects new trends in OT care. Updated information on Medicare, Medicaid, and HIPAA regulations discusses the latest policies and how to incorporate the newest procedures into practice. Significant additions are made to the chapters on public policy, dementia, and oncology.