Description : A must-have professional reference for researchers and educators in psychology, sociology, anthropology, public health, genetics, medicine, and the biological sciences, this issue of the Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics discusses how complex biological, behavioral, and social systems interact to create and impact health. This knowledge is essential to maintaining positive health outcomes over the life span and across a variety of populations and settings. With contributions by leading world scientists, this trusted annual volume reviews the current literature and presents examples of how biological factors underlie behavioral factors to impact health in later life. It also offers methods for examining these complex systems of biology and behavior, and explores how social scientists use this information in their research. Key Topics: Genetic and environmental contributions to Alzheimer's disease and age-associated memory changes Vascular depression, including cardiovascular implications for mental health The impact of spirituality on health Family comorbidity and the family context as a source of health Stress and coping Exercise and oxidative damage
Description : "This collection is a timely and excellent contribution to the study of resilience and the field of gerontology."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly This state-of-the science, multidisciplinary Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics provides a comprehensive examination of critical issues on resilience in a variety of life domains central to the well-being of older persons. It examines the role of resilience in determining adjustment and function in the domains of health, grief and bereavement, physical activity and functioning, spirituality, work, retirement, intellectual/cognitive functioning, coping with life events, care giving, and mental health interventions. The first section of the book addresses such domains of resilience as immunological function, stress and mood disorders, emotional and cognitive resilience, adjustment to cultural and environmental changes, and spirituality. Section two is concerned with practical applications of resilience. A developmental family perspective is used to examine differences in adaptation to age-related challenges. The role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation is discussed as is adaptive coping in regard to loss and trauma. The text also explores resilience in regard to career management, retirement, and volunteerism, considers resilience as a component of health in regard to public policy, and examines exemplary public health programs and policies and the relationship of resilience to health care finance. Also addressed is resilience in caregiving as a mutually beneficial process, clinical interventions that enhance resilience, and resilience from a lifespan developmental perspective. Key Features: Synthesizes the best current research in the field, with direct practice implications Addresses resilience in regard to immunological function, emotional and cognitive resilience, and spirituality Explores the role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation, career management and retirement, person-environ fit, and public health and policy Examines directions for future research and resilience-oriented interventions
Description : Developed countries and certain regions of economically emerging nations have displaying a rapidly growing population of the oldest-oldónonagenarians, centenarians, and supercentenarians. As this trend continues, we must redirect some of our research on aging to the experience of advanced old age and discovering individual and community factors that improve the quality of life during this life stage. This state-of-the science, multidisciplinary Annual provides a comprehensive discussion of the factors promoting healthy survival and/or ensuring a good quality of life for the oldest elderly. It features an international representation that includes Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Japan, and North America. The Annual disseminates the most current research regarding this population and notes gaps in our knowledge. The book addresses ongoing demo-epidemiological changes regarding longevity, estimates of oldest-old populations, and prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases, frailty, and old-age dependency. The meaning of healthy longevity as a theoretical concept is explored. Grounded in the fundamental issue of whether or not the prevalence of poor health or poor quality of life inevitably increases with age, recent research and ongoing studies from a variety of perspectives are presented from several nations. The book clarifies the known and hypothetical factors favoring healthy longevity, from genes to social integration. Additionally, chapters explore gender differences in age trajectories and changes over time. Special attention is given to the social and cognitive dimensions of healthy longevity. Key Features: Disseminates new scholarly research about a rapidly growing segment of the populationóthe oldest old Offers multidisciplinary and international perspectives about the factors that promote healthy survival and improve quality of life Addresses the social and cognitive dimensions of healthy longevity Provides important information regarding health care costs for this population Includes the research of seasoned and emerging scholars
Description : How do individuals perceive the experience of aging? Can this perception predict such developmental outcomes as functional health or mortality? The 35th volume of ARGG encompasses the most current and fruitful research findings about the subjective experience of aging and describes how they fit within a theoretical framework. It reflects a new and advanced stage of development in the discipline of subjective aging and will be a building block for future theoretical and empirical work in this area of study. The book integrates presentations from a series of recent workshops attended by an international cadre of subjective aging researchers, the results of several longitudinal studies from across the globe, and theoretical propositions from studies that are ongoing. Chapters-reviewed by independent scholars for "quality control"-- address major conceptual approaches and key challenges to subjective aging research; research designs, empirical findings, and methodological issues; and the implications of subjective aging research on interventions, society, and the changing contexts of aging. Key Topics: Subjective aging and awareness of aging Connections between research on subjective aging and age stereotypes and stigma Linking subjective aging to changing social meanings of age and the life course Psychological and social resources and subjective aging across the adult life span Experimental research on age stereotypes Domain-specific approaches and implications for addressing issues of developmental regulation Subjective aging as a predictor of major endpoints of aging and development Exploring new contexts and connections for subjective aging measures Changing negative views of aging Subjective aging research from a cross-cultural perspective Subjective aging research and gerontological practice Future directions for subjective aging research
Description : Enormous advances in our knowledge of genetic contributions to aging and disease, and in our understanding of the potential for manipulation of the aging process, have taken place during the past 20 years. This is the first volume in decades to consolidate this research in one place. It provides a broad and current overview of the most promising advances in genetic research on aging, current understanding of genetic contributions to the basic processes of aging, and age-related disease. The Review focuses on the aging process from lower organisms to man, and is organized in ascending order of biological complexity starting with stem cells and progressing through worms, flies, mice, and humans. Where relevant, the Review also includes information about yeasts and non-human primates. The research presented in the Review uses a species-comparative approach that makes finding cross species similarities (gene conservation) and differences (gene differentiation) apparent. This approach reflects the way in which the field is organized, making it highly useful for investigators who want quick access and a concise summary of a particular topic. Key Features: Provides state-of-the-art information about promising advances in genetic research on aging Comprises the first comprehensive volume regarding genetic research about aging in decades Authored by leading scholars in the field Disseminates enormous advances in our understanding of the aging process
Description : “It is with great pleasure that I encourage you all to read and share the amazing wealth of information provided in this edition of The Annual Review of Gerontology ...This volume brings together an incredible amount of work in the area of physical activity and specifically exercise, and the challenges we face in engaging older adults in optimal amounts and intensities of activity. The authors...have done a remarkable job of highlighting practical ways to share information that is known to be effective from research trials and clinical practice.” -Kathleen Mangione, PhD, PT, GCS From the Foreword The 36th Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics is replete with state-of-the-art scholarship along with a cornucopia of research-based and innovative strategies for optimizing function in older adults through exercise and physical activity. Chapters address salient clinical, programmatic, and policy considerations related to implementation and dissemination of exercise programs across a variety of settings. An international cadre of expert nurses, physicians, physical therapists, and exercise physiologists, among other health care professionals, also focus on what is known about specific exercises for older adults—including benefit versus harm associated with each--and provide recommendations for their practical use. The book addresses public policy related to exercise and how policy affects physical activity among older adults. It considers evidence linking physical activity to positive outcomes along with practical issues such as pre-exercise screening and risk stratification. Chapters cover aerobic, resistance, balance, and stretching exercises, along with recommendations for individuals suffering from specific diseases such as arthritis or dementia. Also addressed is physical activity as a determinant of health, and cross-setting approaches to increase function and physical activity. Of particular value is the attention given to the challenges of actually getting individuals to partake in exercise recommendations along with solutions on how to overcome these challenges. With a focus on helping adults to “be active in their own way,” the authors share positive approaches to motivating and educating this population. Key Features: Presents state-of-the-art scholarship regarding ways to promote physical activity among older adults Written by national and international experts Focuses on aerobic, resistance, balance, and stretching exercises along with recommendations for people with impairments Describes real world applications across multiple disciplines and settings Offers strategies for overcoming resistance to exercise
Description : Designated a Doody's Core Title! "[This] volume contributes useful knowledge not only to the field of aging studies, but to multiple disciplines and public policy. Anyone interested in aging studies or health care would find this volume useful and enlightening."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly This unique volume, with its person- and context-centered focus, is the only book to emphasize the need to incorporate social, cultural, and demographics into transitional care protocol for elderly patients. It encompasses the larger context of life experience in order to provide optimal pathways through transitions of care for elderly patients and has broad implications for shaping policy and future research. A consideration of contextual factors for both patients and caregivers is woven throughout the book. Chapters focus on physical and complex health problems shaping transitions of care, legal, ethical, and decision-making issues including informed consent and end of life, the impact of the current fragmented healthcare system on transitions of care, educating the workforce in transitions of care, and planning for future pathways of transition that will accommodate the rapidly growing elderly population. The volume will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, educators, policy makers, students, elderly patients, and their caregivers. Key Features: Describes a person- and context-centered focus emphasizing social demographics and geographic location in understanding transitions of care among older adults. Based on the most current research on critical issues in transitional care for the elderly Written by a multidisciplinary cast of highly respected authors Includes case studies and discussion of how specific conditions affect transitions of care in different ways Addresses the physical and emotional effects of transitions on patients and caregivers
Description : This volume examines the importance of time and place, as applied to aging families. In the first section, chapters focus on the temporal dimension of intergenerational relations using frameworks from human development, sociology, social history, and social psychology. The second section focuses on the social ecology of intergenerational relations in terms of the national contexts within which families are embedded. The contributors demonstrate how the social, cultural, historical, and institutional forces that orient older and younger family members toward each other in both structured and adaptive ways.
Description : Throughout the world, the population of older adults continues to grow. The rise in geriatric populations has seen an increase in research on clinical diagnostic, assessment, and treatment issues aimed at this population. Clinical geropsychologists have increased their interest both in providing mental health services as well as developing approaches to improve quality of life for all older adults. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology is a landmark publication in this field, providing broad and authoritative coverage of the research and practice issues in clinical geropsychology today, as well as innovations expanding the field's horizons. Comprising chapters from the foremost scholars in clinical geropsychology from around the world, the handbook captures the global proliferation of activity in this field. In addition to core sections on topics such as sources of psychological distress, assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, the handbook includes valuable chapters devoted to methodological issues such as longitudinal studies and meta-analyses in the field, as well as new and emerging issues such as technological innovations and social media use in older populations. Each chapter offers a review of the most pertinent international literature, outlining current issues as well as important cultural implications and key practice issues where relevant, and identifying possibilities for future research and policy applications. The book is essential to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators, and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. In addition, health professionals - including psychiatrists, social workers, mental health nurses, and trainee geriatric mental heatlh workers - will find this a invaluable resource. Older adults comprise a growing percentage of the population worldwide. Clinical psychologists with an interest in older populations have increased the amount of research and applied knowledge about effectively improving mental health later in life, and this book captures that information on an international level. The book addresses how to diagnose, assess and treat mental illness in older persons, as well as ways to improve quality of life in all older persons. It has a great breadth of coverage of the area, including chapters spanning how research is conducted to how new technologies such as virtual reality and social media are used with older people to improve mental health. The book would appeal to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. It would also appeal to other health professionals, including psychiatrists, social workers, and mental health nurses who work with older people. It is a valuable resource for trainee geriatric mental health workers because it highlights key readings and important practice implications in the field.
Description : This landmark annual review has provided three decades of knowledge, insight, and research on topics critical to the continued advancement of the nursing profession. This latest edition is a compilation of the most significant nursing research in genetics and genomics. Articles have been carefully selected by the editors, highly respected scholars and researchers in the field of genetics, to bring together current research that has particular relevance for translation into a clinical setting or expansion into other research areas. The review provides authoritative information of the highest caliber not only to researchers, but also to clinicians and undergraduate and graduate nursing students. Key Topics: The current status of genomic molecular science Ethical, legal, and social issues in genomics Genetics of diseases and symptoms Genomics across the lifespan