Technology and Human Development

Technology and Human Development
Author: Ilse Oosterlaken
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2015-05-15
ISBN: 1317672887
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technology and Human Development Book Excerpt:

This book introduces the capability approach – in which wellbeing, agency and justice are the core values – as a powerful normative lens to examine technology and its role in development. This approach attaches central moral importance to individual human capabilities, understood as effective opportunities people have to lead the kind of lives they have reason to value. The book examines the strengths, limitations and versatility of the capability approach when applied to technology, and shows the need to supplement it with other approaches in order to deal with the challenges that technology raises. The first chapter places the capability approach within the context of broader debates about technology and human development – discussing amongst others the appropriate technology movement. The middle part then draws on philosophy and ethics of technology in order to deepen our understanding of the relation between technical artefacts and human capabilities, arguing that we must simultaneously ‘zoom in’ on the details of technological design and ‘zoom out’ to see the broader socio-technical embedding of a technology. The book examines whether technology is merely a neutral instrument that expands what people can do and be in life, or whether technology transfers may also impose certain views of what it means to lead a good life. The final chapter examines the capability approach in relation to contemporary debates about ‘ICT for Development’ (ICT4D), as the technology domain where the approach has been most extensively applied so far. This book is an invaluable read for students in Development Studies and STS, as well as policy makers, practitioners and engineers looking for an accessible overview of technology and development from the perspective of the capability approach.

Issues in Web based Pedagogy

Issues in Web based Pedagogy
Author: Robert A. Cole
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9780313321580
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Web based Pedagogy Book Excerpt:

The essays in this collection consider the theoretical and practical concerns of online teaching and learning. Aiming at an interdisciplinary audience, the contributors draw upon their diverse theoretical and empirical backgrounds to highlight issues associated with this increasingly popular educational technology.

Islamic Perspectives on Science and Technology

Islamic Perspectives on Science and Technology
Author: Mohammad Hashim Kamali,Osman Bakar,Daud Abdul-Fattah Batchelor,Rugayah Hashim
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2016-04-25
ISBN: 9812877789
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Islamic Perspectives on Science and Technology Book Excerpt:

This book presents 25 selected papers from the International Conference on “Developing Synergies between Islam & Science and Technology for Mankind’s Benefit” held at the International Institute for Advanced Islamic Studies Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, in October 2014. The papers cover a broad range of issues reflecting the main conference themes: Cosmology and the Universe, Philosophy of Science and the Emergence of Biological Systems, Principles and Applications of Tawhidic Science, Medical Applications of Tawhidic Science and Bioethics, and the History and Teaching of Science from an Islamic Perspective. Highlighting the relationships between the Islamic religious worldview and the physical sciences, the book challenges secularist paradigms on the study of Science and Technology. Integrating metaphysical perspectives of Science, topics include Islamic approaches to S&T such as an Islamic epistemology of the philosophy of science, a new quantum theory, environmental care, avoiding wasteful consumption using Islamic teachings, and emotional-blasting psychological therapy. Eminent contributing scholars include Osman Bakar, Mohammad Hashim Kamali, Mehdi Golshani, Mohd. Kamal Hassan, Adi Setia and Malik Badri. The book is essential reading for a broad group of academics and practitioners, from Islamic scholars and social scientists to (physical) scientists and engineers.

Africa at the Millennium

Africa at the Millennium
Author: NA NA
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2016-04-30
ISBN: 1137051132
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Africa at the Millennium Book Excerpt:

This book is aimed at providing a framework for African issues in the 21st century. Apart from its African-centered approach, it argues that previously marginalized areas of research require in-depth study. It also introduces new areas of interest absent in existing works. The book pays particular attention to the relative success of African countries and regions in their attempt to find solutions to Africa's problems and the changing role in African states in international relations.

The Routledge Companion to Alternative Organization

The Routledge Companion to Alternative Organization
Author: Martin Parker,George Cheney,Valérie Fournier,Chris Land
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2014-01-03
ISBN: 1135005389
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Companion to Alternative Organization Book Excerpt:

Despite the Great Recession, slightly different forms of global capitalism are still portrayed as the only game in town by the vast majority of people in power in the world today. Unbridled growth, trade liberalisation, and competition are advocated as the only or best ways of organizing the contemporary world. Unemployment, yawning gaps between rich and poor, political disengagement, and environmental devastation are too often seen as acceptable ‘side effects’ of the dominance of neo-liberalism. But the reality is that capitalism has always been contested and that people have created many other ways of providing for themselves. This book explores economic and organizational possibilities which extend far beyond the narrow imagination of economists and management theorists. Chapters on co-operatives, community currencies, the transition movement, scrounging, co-housing and much more paints a rich picture of the ways in which another word is not only possible, but already taking shape. The aim of this companion is to move beyond complaining about the present and into exploring this diversity of organisational possibilities. Our starting point is a critical analysis of contemporary global capitalism is merely the opening for thinking about organizing as a form of politics by other means, and one that can be driven by the values of solidarity, freedom and responsibility. This comprehensive companion with an international cast of contributors gives voice to forms of organizing which remain unrepresented or marginalised in organizational studies and conventional politics, yet which offer more promising grounds for social and environmental justice. It is a valuable resource for students, activists and researchers interested in alternative approaches to economy and society in a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary fields.

Encyclopedia of Technology and Innovation Management

Encyclopedia of Technology and Innovation Management
Author: V. K. Narayanan,Gina Colarelli O'Connor
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 561
Release: 2010-03-08
ISBN: 1405160497
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Technology and Innovation Management Book Excerpt:

Get complete, up-to-date and authoritative coverage of technology and innovation. A broadly encompassing encyclopedia on the emerging topic of technology innovation and management (TIM), this volume covers a wide array of issues. TIM is a relatively new field and is highly interdisciplinary, incorporating strategy and entrepreneurship, economics, marketing, organizational behavior, organization theory, physical and life sciences, and even law. All of these disciplines are represented in this volume, and their intersections are made clear. Entries are contributed by scholars from around the world who are leading experts in their respective topics. This volume is appropriate for scholars who are new to this particular field, as well as industry practitioners interested in understanding the state of knowledge in these specific areas. Entries may also serve as useful instructional materials, given their span of coverage as well as their currency. Encyclopedia of Technology and Innovation Management has now been adapted and included as the 13th volume of the Wiley Encyclopedia of Management. VK Narayanan is Stubbs Professor of Strategy & Entrepreneurship and Associate Dean of Research at Drexel University, Philadelphia, U.S.A. Gina O'Connor is Associate Professor of Marketing in the Lally School of Management and Technology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, U.S.A.

Rural Technology Development and Delivery

Rural Technology Development and Delivery
Author: Subir Kumar Saha,M. R. Ravi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2019-04-06
ISBN: 9811364354
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rural Technology Development and Delivery Book Excerpt:

This book comprises the proceedings of a rural technologies conference organised by the Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG), which was conceptualized and initiated by Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India R. Chidambaram in 2003–04. The book highlights case studies and research into providing science and technology interventions for the development of rural areas. Covering various aspects of research carried out in the area of rural technologies, it offers a valuable resource for researchers, professionals, and policymakers alike.

Green Politics

Green Politics
Author: Dustin Mulvaney
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 537
Release: 2011-06-28
ISBN: 1412996791
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Politics Book Excerpt:

Colorful bracelets, funky brooches, and beautiful handmade beads: young crafters learn to make all these and much more with this fantastic step-by-step guide. In 12 exciting projects with simple steps and detailed instructions, budding fashionistas create their own stylish accessories to give as gifts or add a touch of personal flair to any ensemble. Following the successful "Art Smart" series, "Craft Smart" presents a fresh, fun approach to four creative skills: knitting, jewelry-making, papercrafting, and crafting with recycled objects. Each book contains 12 original projects to make, using a range of readily available materials. There are projects for boys and girls, carefully chosen to appeal to readers of all abilities. A special "techniques and materials" section encourages young crafters to try out their own ideas while learning valuable practical skills.

Constructing a Place of Critical Architecture in China

Constructing a Place of Critical Architecture in China
Author: Guanghui Ding
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2016-03-09
ISBN: 1317161580
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Constructing a Place of Critical Architecture in China Book Excerpt:

For the past 30 years, The Chinese journal Time + Architecture (Shidai Jianzhu) has focused on publishing innovative and exploratory work by emerging architects based in private design firms who were committed to new material, theoretical and pedagogical practices. In doing so, this book argues that the journal has engaged in the presentation and production of a particular form of critical architecture - described as an ’intermediate criticality’ - as a response to the particular constraints of the Chinese cultural and political context. The journal’s publications displayed a ’dual critique’ - a resistant attitude to the dominant modes of commercial building practice, characterised by rapid and large-scale urban expansion, and an alternative publishing practice focusing on emerging, independent architectural practitioners through the active integration of theoretical debates, architectural projects, and criticisms. This dual critique is illustrated through a careful review and analysis of the history and programme of the journal. By showing how the work of emerging architects, including Yung Ho Chang, Wang Shu, Liu Jiakun and Urbanus, are situated within the context of the journal’s special thematic editions on experimental architecture, exhibition, group design, new urban space and professional system, the book assesses the contribution the journal has made to the emergence of a critical architecture in China, in the context of how it was articulated, debated, presented and perhaps even ’produced’ within the pages of the publication itself. The protagonists of critical architecture have endeavoured to construct an alternative mode of form and space with strong aesthetic and socio-political implications to the predominant production of architecture under the current Chinese socialist market economy. To rebel against certain forms of domination and suppression by capital and power is by no means to completely reject them; rather, it is to use thos

Against Reduction

Against Reduction
Author: Noelani Arista,Sasha Costanza-Chock,Vafa Ghazavi,Suzanne Kite
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 183
Release: 2021-10-05
ISBN: 0262543125
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Against Reduction Book Excerpt:

Provocative, hopeful essays imagine a future that is not reduced to algorithms. What is human flourishing in an age of machine intelligence, when many claim that the world’s most complex problems can be reduced to narrow technical questions? Does more computing make us more intelligent, or simply more computationally powerful? We need not always resist reduction; our ability to simplify helps us interpret complicated situations. The trick is to know when and how to do so. Against Reduction offers a collection of provocative and illuminating essays that consider different ways of recognizing and addressing the reduction in our approach to artificial intelligence, and ultimately to ourselves. Inspired by a widely read manifesto by Joi Ito that called for embracing the diversity and irreducibility of the world, these essays offer persuasive and compelling variations on resisting reduction. Among other things, the writers draw on indigenous epistemology to argue for an extended “circle of relationships” that includes the nonhuman and robotic; cast “Snow White” as a tale of AI featuring a smart mirror; point out the cisnormativity of security protocol algorithms; map the interconnecting networks of so-called noncommunicable disease; and consider the limits of moral mathematics. Taken together, they show that we should push back against some of the reduction around us and do whatever is in our power to work toward broader solutions.

The Informal Economy in Developing Nations

The Informal Economy in Developing Nations
Author: Erika Kraemer-Mbula,Sacha Wunsch-Vincent
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016-10-20
ISBN: 1316798941
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Informal Economy in Developing Nations Book Excerpt:

The informal economy represents a significant share of output and employment in many developing countries. Yet little is known about this hidden engine of innovation. This pioneering study addresses some crucial questions, including: what is the role of the informal sector in economic development? How does innovation occur in the informal economy? How does it spread, who are the key actors and what impacts does it have? How do inventors and entrepreneurs in the informal economy reap benefits from their innovations? What stops informal sector innovation from scaling up? How can informal sector innovation in developing countries be measured? And what policies might support informal sector innovation and improve its impacts? This book will stimulate further work on this crucial but under-researched subject. As well as rich empirical evidence from several groundbreaking studies, it includes conceptual and methodological tools and policy recommendations to help researchers and policy-makers understand innovation in the informal economy.

Fieldwork Is Not What It Used to Be

Fieldwork Is Not What It Used to Be
Author: James D. Faubion,George E. Marcus
Publsiher: Cornell University Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2011-10-15
ISBN: 0801463580
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fieldwork Is Not What It Used to Be Book Excerpt:

Over the past two decades anthropologists have been challenged to rethink the nature of ethnographic research, the meaning of fieldwork, and the role of ethnographers. Ethnographic fieldwork has cultural, social, and political ramifications that have been much discussed and acted upon, but the training of ethnographers still follows a very traditional pattern; this volume engages and takes its point of departure in the experiences of ethnographers-in-the-making that encourage alternative models for professional training in fieldwork and its intellectual contexts. The work done by contributors to Fieldwork Is Not What It Used to Be articulates, at the strategic point of career-making research, features of this transformation in progress. Setting aside traditional anxieties about ethnographic authority, the authors revisit fieldwork with fresh initiative. In search of better understandings of the contemporary research process itself, they assess the current terms of the engagement of fieldworkers with their subjects, address the constructive, open-ended forms by which the conclusions of fieldwork might take shape, and offer an accurate and useful description of what it means to become—and to be—an anthropologist today.

Constructing a Global Technology Assessment Insights from Australia China Europe Germany India and Russia

Constructing a Global Technology Assessment   Insights from Australia  China  Europe  Germany  India and Russia
Author: Hahn, Julia,Ladikas, Miltos
Publsiher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2019-03-06
ISBN: 3731508311
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Constructing a Global Technology Assessment Insights from Australia China Europe Germany India and Russia Book Excerpt:

Culture Technology

Culture   Technology
Author: Jennifer Daryl Slack,John Macgregor Wise
Publsiher: Peter Lang
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9780820450070
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Culture Technology Book Excerpt:

"Culture + Technology is an essential guide to the fascinating history of these debates, and offers new perspectives that give readers the tools they need to make informed decisions about the role of technology in our lives. In clear and compelling language, Slack and Wise untangle and expose the cultural assumptions that underlie our thinking about technology, stories so deeply held we often don't recognize their influence. The book considers the perceived inevitability of technological advance and our myths about progress. It also looks at sources of resistance to these stories from the Luddites of the 19th century to the Unabomber in our own time. Slack and Wise help readers sift through the confusions about culture and technology that arise in their own everyday lives."--BOOK JACKET.

Making Do Innovation in Kenya s Informal Economy

Making Do  Innovation in Kenya s Informal Economy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Analogue Digital
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Making Do Innovation in Kenya s Informal Economy Book Excerpt:

Design and Society Social Issues in Technological Design

Design and Society  Social Issues in Technological Design
Author: Cameron Shelley
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2017-03-30
ISBN: 3319525158
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design and Society Social Issues in Technological Design Book Excerpt:

This book discusses concepts of good design from social perspectives grounded in anthropology, sociology and philosophy, the goal being to provide readers with an awareness of social issues to help them in their work as design professionals. Each chapter covers a specific area of good practice in design, explaining and applying a small set of related concepts to a series of case studies, and including a list of additional sources recommended for further study. The book does not assume any specialized, technical background knowledge; it is not a how-to book that offers technical instruction. Yet, it focuses on the assessment of designs, addressing concepts qualitatively (with a small exception for the concept of risk). Based on an established university course on Design and Society at the Centre for Society, Technology, and Values that the author offers for students from a variety of disciplines, the book represents a valuable resource for students in engineering, architecture and industrial design – helping prepare them for careers as design professionals – and for all readers in design-related professions interested in understanding a side of design that they may well never have considered systematically. Because of its broad scope and non-technical presentation style, the book may also appeal to general readers interested in social issues in design and technology.

Nanotechnology and Global Sustainability

Nanotechnology and Global Sustainability
Author: Donald Maclurcan,Natalia Radywyl
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN: 1439855773
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology and Global Sustainability Book Excerpt:

The rise of collaborative consumption, peer-to-peer systems, and not-for-profit social enterprise heralds the emergence of a new era of human collectivity. Increasingly, this consolidation stems from an understanding that big-banner issues—such as climate change—are not the root causes of our present global predicament. There is a growing and collective view that issues such as this are actually symptoms of a much more vicious, seemingly insurmountable condition: our addiction to economic, consumption, and population growth in a world of finite resources. Nanotechnology and Global Sustainability uses nanotechnology—the product of applied scientific knowledge to control and utilize matter at atomic and molecular scales—as a lens through which to explore the interrelationship between innovation, politics, economy, and sustainability. This groundbreaking book addresses how stakeholders can actively reshape agendas to create positive and sustainable futures through this latest controversial, cross-sectoral technology. It moves beyond issues of efficiency, productivity, and utility, exploring the insights of 22 contributors from around the world, whose work spans the disciplines of science and the humanities. Their combined knowledge, reinforced with various case studies, introduces an exciting prospect—how we can innovate without economic growth. This new volume in the Perspectives in Nanotechnology series is edited by Dr. Donald Maclurcan and Dr. Natalia Radywyl. Dr. Maclurcan is a social innovator and Honorary Research Fellow with the Institute for Nanoscale Technology at the University of Technology Sydney, Australia. Dr. Radywyl is a social researcher and Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Culture and Communication at the University of Melbourne, Australia. She is also an Adjunct Research Fellow in the Faculty of Life and Social Sciences at Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne. This book is written for a wide audience and will be of particular interest to activists, scholars, policy makers, scientists, business professionals, and others who seek an understanding of how we might justly transition to sustainable societies.

International Perspectives on Climate Change

International Perspectives on Climate Change
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Fátima Alves,Sandra Caeiro,Ulisses M. Azeiteiro
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2014-03-24
ISBN: 3319044893
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Perspectives on Climate Change Book Excerpt:

This collected volume deals with emerging issues related to climate variation, climate change and adaptation technologies, with a special focus on Latin American countries. Presenting a variety of adaptation strategies and projects currently being undertaken and implemented, the book showcases how Latin American nations are struggling to meet the challenges of climate change. Latin America as a whole and Central America in particular is one of the most vulnerable regions of the world and is severely affected by recurrent extreme climate-related events. This volume documents and analyzes the main challenges and lessons learned, serving to disseminate knowledge beyond the region and enhance international research and policy cooperation.

3D Printing Cultures Politics and Hackerspaces

3D Printing Cultures  Politics and Hackerspaces
Author: Leandros Savvides
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2021-10-26
ISBN: 1800716656
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing Cultures Politics and Hackerspaces Book Excerpt:

This book appreciably contributes to growing debates within Science and Technology Studies concerned with cultural politics, the emergence of citizen science and civil society interventions in shaping technology. By drawing on fieldwork data, Savvides examines the bourgeoning 3D printing culture in Hackerspaces, Makerspaces and Fab Labs.

Education in a Digital World

Education in a Digital World
Author: Neil Selwyn
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2013
ISBN: 0415808448
Category: EDUCATION
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Education in a Digital World Book Excerpt:

"The book takes a comprehensive look at digital technology use in educational settings around the world. Drawing on a wealth of theoretical and empirical work, the book tackles a number of pressing questions"--