Are Legislatures Parliaments

Author by : Fennings Taylor
Languange : en
Publisher by : J. Lovell ; New York : J.W. Lovell
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Parliaments And Post Legislative Scrutiny

Author by : Franklin de Vrieze
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : To what extent have parliaments a responsibility to monitor how laws are implemented as intended and have the expected impact? Is the practice of Post-Legislative Scrutiny emerging as a new dimension within the oversight role of parliament? What approach do parliaments apply in assessing the implementation and impact of legislation? These are the fascinating questions guiding this book. Case studies offer an in-depth look at how particular countries and the European Union conduct Post-Legislative Scrutiny. The analysis puts Post-Legislative Scrutiny in the context of parliamentary oversight and parliaments’ engagement in the legislative cycle. The purpose of this book is to demonstrate the value of Post-Legislative Scrutiny as a public good, benefiting the executive, legislature and the people in ensuring that law delivers what is expected of it, as well as to respond to the need for greater clarity as to what is meant by the term. In this way, the publication can assist legislatures to think more clearly as to what precisely they understand, and seek to achieve, by Post-Legislative Scrutiny. This book is the result of the co-operation between the Centre for Legislative Studies at the University of Hull and the Westminster Foundation for Democracy. The chapters were originally published as a special issue of The Journal of Legislative Studies.


Democratic Legislative Institutions

Author by : David M. Olson
Languange : en
Publisher by : M.E. Sharpe
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Description : An examination of parliaments and legislatures in their many dimensions. The volume contains eight chapters: legislatures in today's democracies; the members--representatives and legislators; political parties; committees; legislative-executive relations; the electorate and the public--elections and interest groups; parliaments at the beginning; and legislatures in the policy process. Includes appendices on stages of legislative procedure; the vocabulary of parliaments and legislatures; and Congress and Parliament--American and British English. Paper edition (unseen), $19.95. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Southern European Parliaments In Democracy

Author by : Cristina Leston-Bandeira
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
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Description : Southern European Parliaments in Democracy analyses the development of the parliaments of Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Turkey since the mid-1980s. This book considers the challenges of the transition to democracy and outlines how the Parliaments of Southern Europe have adapted to the pressures of a democratic polity. Its focus is an assessment of the main changes that have taken place since the periods of transition to democracy right up to the present day. Chapters are country specific and consider a variety of indicators, from legislation and scrutiny to the social background of MPs. This book was previously published as a special issue of the Journal of Legislative Studies.


Foreign Policy And Legislatures

Author by : M. L. Sondhi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Abhinav Publications
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Parliaments And Governments In Western Europe

Author by : Philip Norton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
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Description : In this volume, a distinguished team of specialists explore the relationship between parliament and government, and consider to what extent parliaments have the capacity to constrain governments.


A Legislature In Transition

Author by : Ahmed A. Saif
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 38
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Description : Legislatures are vital to new democracies and to date no democracy has survived without one. Exploring the dynamics and mechanisms that facilitate or weaken the role of the Parliament, Ahmed Abdul Kareem Saif reinforces the importance of placing the Parliament in a context that shows how it reflects its socio-political surroundings. A detailed analysis of the development of the elected legislative body in Yemen, from its establishment after unification in 1990, this work enables researchers to clearly identify not only the similarities between societies, but also the crucial differences.


Reforming Parliamentary Committees

Author by : Reuven Y. Hazan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ohio State University Press
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Total Read : 72
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Description : Here, Reuven Y. Hazan argues that committees are essential for the efficient dispatch of parliamentary business and shows how several parliaments have recently reformed their committee systems to function more effectively. In particular, he gives an in-depth knowledge and a broader understanding of Israel's committees and how they compare with the committees of other legislatures throughout the world.


Comparing And Classifying Legislatures

Author by : David Arter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 26
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Description : Recent years have witnessed substantial work in the legislative studies field. But what do we know about legislatures today and are there clear criteria for comparing and classifying them? This is a new review of the state of our knowledge of parliament and tackles key questions: Do legislatures matter in legislative terms, and, if so, how much? What is the extent of the legislature’s control of the legislative process. How can we classify legislatures on the basis of their relative legislative performance. Five measures of the policy power of parliaments are applied in the country/region chapters. This book was previously published as a special issue of the leading Journal of Legislative Studies.


The Iberian Legislatures In Comparative Perspective

Author by : Jorge M. Fernandes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 60
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Description : This comprehensive book analyses the development of the legislatures in the Iberian countries over the past 40 years, since democracy was introduced, to comparatively understand their role in these political systems and in sustaining their democratic systems. Sharing many historical developments and institutional characteristics, Spain and Portugal also present crucial differences, notably Spain’s pure parliamentary system, a King as Head of State and a quasi-federal structure, and Portugal’s semi-presidential democracy. Starting with a historical and institutional contextualization of these two legislatures, the book examines the most important organizational and behavioural features of legislative life in Iberian legislatures in a comparative perspective. It also shows how new legislatures develop resilience capacity to support lasting democratic systems as fully fledged institutionalized bodies. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of Spain and Portugal, legislative politics and parliamentarianism, and more broadly to European politics and comparative politics, journalists and practitioners.


Handbook Of Parliamentary Studies

Author by : Cyril Benoît
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
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Description : This comprehensive Handbook takes a multidisciplinary approach to the study of parliaments, offering novel insights into the key aspects of legislatures, legislative institutions and legislative politics. Connecting rich and diverse fields of inquiry, it illuminates how the study of parliaments has shaped a wider understanding surrounding politics and society over the past decades.


The New Roles Of Parliamentary Committees

Author by : Davidson,
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 801
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Description : Parliaments had been expected to decline in significance at the end of the 20th century, but instead they have developed new and vital political roles and have innovated their institutional structure in parliamentary committees, not only in a few parliaments, but as a global phenomenon.


Parliaments And Political Change In Asia

Author by : Clemens Jürgenmeyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
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Total Read : 98
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Description : This study of the national parliaments of India, Indonesia, the Philippines, South Korea, and Thailand is inspired by four major theoretical discourses: neo-institutionalism, parliamentarianism versus presidentialism, majoritarian versus consensus democracy, and transition theory. The book examines the specific role of parliaments in political decision-making, regime change, democratization, and consolidation of democracy in a comparative perspective. It argues that parliaments play a greater part in the political decision-making than is often asserted and that there is no cogent causal relationship between parliamentary performance and system of government.


Legislating Parliaments In Authoritarian Regimes

Author by : Gerrit Krol
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : This dissertation investigates to what extent parliaments have a legislative function in authoritarian regimes. Arguably bolstering the legitimacy of authoritarian systems, power sharing institutions give politically relevant actors access to policy making. This analysis distinguishes two forms of power sharing ('contestation' and 'differentiation') and examines their impact on the legislative activity of parliaments. Legislative activity is measured in terms of size and scope, and refers to parliamentary initiative, as well as the amendment and delay of executive bills. Contestation, defined as multiparty elections, supposedly stimulates legislative activity by giving legislators a stronger bargaining position vis-à-vis the leadership. Higher levels of contestedness enhance the credibility of defection and require legislative concessions to potential defectors to secure regime stability. Alternatively, differentiation, referring to the dispersion of decision-making responsibilities in a political regime, affects legislative activity by marking the parliament's proximity to the government and through the delegation of legislative responsibilities to institutional positions in the parliament. The empirical section consists of statistical analyses and paired comparisons of similar cases, focusing on legislatures in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan that vary in terms of contestedness and differentiation. The analysis is based on two original datasets with information on 12,712 enacted laws and 6,693 MPs in the selected countries between 1998 and 2016. The results show that the selected legislatures, on average, initiated 38% of all enacted laws, rewrote executive bills, on average, for 43% and spent months deliberating on each executive bill. The results show that power sharing arrangements provide important explanations for this activity. Members of parliament increase their legislative activity when the level of contestedness is high and when the parliament's constitutional leverage vis-à-vis the government is strong. The most important legislators are, however, allies of the ruler who have a position with institutionally delegated legislative power.


The European Parliament More Powerful Less Legitimate An Outlook For The 7th Legislature

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : CEPS
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Description : At the end of the 6th legislature, fears that enlargement would hamper the workings of the European Parliament have largely proved unfounded. Despite the influx of many new members to Parliament, parties have remained cohesive, and legislative output has remained steady. Moreover, after an initial phase of adaptation, MEPs from new member states have been increasingly socialised into the EP structure. Challenges have arisen in a rather different field, however. In order to remain efficient in the face of increasing complexity, the EP has had to streamline its working procedures, moving more decisions to parliamentary committees and cutting down time for debate. This paper argues that measures to increase the efficiency of the EP, most notably the trend towards speeding up agreements with the Council (1st reading agreements) run the risk of undermining the EP's role as a forum of debate. Should bureaucratisation increasingly trump politicisation, the legitimacy of the EP will be undermined, and voters will become ever more alienated from its work. For the 7th legislature of the European Parliament therefore, it is crucial to balance efficiency of output with a more politicised policy style that is able to capture public interest.


Parliaments And Government Formation

Author by : José Antonio Cheibub
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : Parliaments are the cornerstone of democracy. In many countries, the cabinet or government emerges from parliament. A general election produces a new parliament and the party composition of parliament helps determine which party or parties get to form the government. Yet we know very little about the institutional rules and practices under which the government 'emerges from' the parliament in these political systems. To better understand this, this volume exploresthe role of national parliaments in the process of government formation in 16 political systems - ranging from the United Kingdom to Germany, India and the European Union. How parliaments are involvedin government formation varies dramatically from country to country. Each chapter explores the origins of these rules and their consequences.


Parliaments And Coalitions

Author by : Lanny W. Martin
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
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Total Read : 27
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Description : Coalition governments are the norm in most of the world's parliamentary democracies. Because these governments are comprised of multiple political parties, they are subject to tensions that are largely absent under single-party government. The pressures of electoral competition and the necessity of delegating substantial authority to ministers affiliated with specific parties threaten the compromise agreements that are at the heart of coalition governance. The central argument of this book is that strong legislative institutions play a critical role in allowing parties to deal with these tensions and to enforce coalition bargains. Based on an analysis of roughly 1,300 government bills across five democracies (Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, and the Netherlands), the book paints a detailed picture of the treatment of government legislation in contemporary parliaments. Two central contributions emerge. First, the book forces a reconsideration of the common perception that legislatures are largely irrelevant institutions in European democracies. The data presented here make a compelling case that parliaments that feature strong committee systems play an influential role in shaping policy. Second, the book contributes to the field of coalition governance. While scholars have developed detailed accounts of the birth and death of coalitions, much less is known about the manner in which coalitions govern between these bookend events. Parliaments and Coalitions contributes to a richer understanding of how multiparty governments make policy. Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.essex.ac.uk/ecpr


Parliamentary Oversight Tools

Author by : Riccardo Pelizzo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 20
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Description : This book investigates Parliaments’ capacity to oversee government activities, policies and expenditures. Utilising a comparative approach, the book presents a new examination of oversight tools and discusses the conditions under which such tools are employed effectively. The result of a 9-year collaboration between the authors, this book draws from the findings of survey data collected by the World Bank Institute and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, analysing information from 120 parliaments. The book represents a rigorous attempt to test whether international organizations are correct in claiming that the quality of democracy and good governance can be improved by strengthening the oversight capacity of legislatures. It discusses the tools available to parliaments worldwide, and taking a comparative approach considers which tools are more or less common, how oversight capacity can be estimated, how oversight capacity is related to other institutional and constitutional factors, and above all what ensures that oversight tools are used effectively. This analysis reveals that while the quality of democracy and good governance benefit from effective oversight, oversight effectiveness cannot be reduced to oversight capacity. The book urges policy makers and reformers to change their approach from strengthening capacity to securing that the capacity is put to good use. Parliamentary Oversight Tools will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of legislative politics and governance.


Open Parliaments

Author by : Tiago Carneiro Peixoto
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : This thesis starts with a simple research question, asking why parliaments that share the same level of functions and competencies produce different results in terms of the level of development of their websites. The research is divided into three stages: comparative website analysis, quantitative analysis and case studies. Looking at 93 state Legislatures in Brazil, Spain and the United States, each of the stages of the research presents findings that contribute to the literature on e-democracy and open government. The comparative website analysis shows a varying degree of development amongst state Legislature websites. This heterogeneous level of development is contrasted with a common denominator amongst most websites: while the majority of efforts are towards the provision of Legislative information, the prospects for participation and deliberation are extremely limited. Standing out against these rather predictable results, findings also suggest that certain institutional traits such as electoral systems may influence the design of websites in terms of both their content and features. The quantitative analyses single out a number of factors that influence the differences in levels of development of Legislative websites. First of all, contrary to what has been suggested by a portion of the e-democracy literature, neither resources nor partisanship seem to matter for the development of Legislative websites. Conversely, the quantitative findings suggest that matters of institutional design (e.g. parliaments' autonomy) and demand (e.g. Internet access, population) may play a significant role in the performance of Parliamentary websites. The case studies - the core of this research - follow an institutional approach to the process of ICT usage within public organizations, through a detailed analysis of the inner workings of three different Legislatures in Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Norte). This analysis evinces the role played by factors largely ignored by the majority of the e-democracy research until now. It shows how the different institutional arrangements ultimately shape the very configuration of websites, impacting each of them in terms of their features and contents. By reversing this interpretation, we surmise, the configuration of Legislative websites per se may provide external observers with information regarding institutional arrangements and policy-innovation cycles and processes within a Legislature. iv Finally, the comparative perspective taken sheds light on the role played by civil servants in the technological enactment process within Legislatures. All other things being equal, it is the relationships among civil servants and MPs, and the relationships between the two groups - mediated by institutional arrangements - that will ultimately affect the level of development of parliamentary websites.


Parliaments In Contemporary Western Europe

Author by : Philip Norton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
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Description : The relationship between parliament and government is fundamental to a political system. In this volume, a distinguished team of specialists explore that relationship and consider to what extent parliaments have the capacity to constrain governments. Are there particular institutional features, such as specialisation through committees, that enhance their capacity to influence public policy?


Reforming Parliamentary Democracy

Author by : Leslie Seidle
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
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Total Read : 50
Total Download : 522
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Description : The authors address issues of representation - the move to a proportional electoral system in New Zealand, the unsuccessful attempt to establish a domestic head of state in Australia, and the reform of the British House of Lords - and demonstrate that citizens increasingly want legislative institutions to more closely reflect the societies they serve. To discuss responsiveness, the governance of indigenous communities and their place within the broader society in Canada and New Zealand are examined, as is the role of institutions other than legislatures that are involved in protecting minority rights and responding to various forms of diversity. A separate chapter analyses the basis for and merits of proposals to reform the Canadian House of Commons. In addition, authors review the dynamics of federalism, intergovernmental relations, and other processes of multi-level governance in Canada, the United Kingdom, and South Africa. Public debate about adapting governance processes to changing conditions and citizen values is a necessary condition of successful democracies and there is much to learn from progress and false starts in other parliamentary democracies. Contributors include Jonathan Boston (Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand), Paul Chartrand (consultant, Victoria, British Columbia), Stéphane Dion (minister of Intergovernmental Relations, Government of Canada), David Docherty, Mason Durie (Massey University), Robert Hazell (University College London), Christina Murray (University of Cape Town), Cheryl Saunders (University of Melbourne), Leslie Seidle, Jennifer Smith (Dalhousie University), and Lord Wakeham (former chairman of the Royal Commission on House of Lords Reform).


Parliaments In Transition

Author by : Thomas Remington
Languange : en
Publisher by : Westview Press
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Description : This pathbreaking book provides a cross-national exploration of legislative politics in the democratizing societies of Russia, Ukraine, the former Czechoslovakia, and Hungary. Distinguished specialists in legislative politics and area studies set the post-Soviet legislatures in the perspective of democratic and democratizing legislatures elsewhere in the world. Their contributions provide in-depth views of the new legislators' backgrounds, outlooks, parliamentary behavior, and political relations inside the legislature and in the larger political arena.


Political Parties Parliaments And Legislative Speechmaking

Author by : Hanna Bäck
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : In analysing speeches made by legislators, this book provides theoretical and empirical answers to questions such as: Why do some Members of Parliament (MPs) take the parliamentary floor and speak more than others, and why do some MPs deviate more than others from the ideological position of their party? The authors evaluate their hypotheses on legislative speechmaking by considering parliamentary debates in seven European democracies: Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Norway and Sweden. Assuming that MPs are concerned with policy-making, career advancement, and re-election, the book discusses various incentives to taking the floor, and elaborates on the role of gender and psychological incentives in speechmaking. The authors test our expectations on a novel dataset that covers information on the number of speeches held by MPs and on the ideological positions MPs adopted when delivering a speech.


The Legislative Role Of The European Parliament

Author by : Guido Brinkel
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
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Description : Essay from the year 2001 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: 69 % (good), Trinity College Dublin - The University of Dublin (Law department Trinity College Dublin), course: Introduction to European Community Law, 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: 1. Introduction When in 1952 the European Coal and Steal Community "Assembly" met for the first time it was a "relatively powerless" institution of 78 delegated representatives. When the "European Parliament" meets today, almost 50 years later, it is not only the name that has changed in the meantime, but also the size, the powers and, above all, the whole idea behind it. Especially by establishing direct elections in 1978 and establishing the co-decision procedure in 1996 the Parliament's role has changed towards a more and more influential institution. However, these were hard-won gains, reflecting the longstanding scepticism or even distaste of governments in most EEC member states for any increase of the powers of the European Parliament. Moreover, the Parliament had to struggle for years with a bad public perception (if it was perceived at all), for example that it was not more than a waste of taxpayer's money. And particularly due to this bad perception, the elections for the EP still suffer from a remarkable low participation. Nevertheless, the Parliament has become an important institution within the EU, that has to be taken seriously. In March 1999, for example, by threatening to sack the Commission and demanding an independent report on alleged fraud and lack of accountability within it, it became the moving power behind the resignation of the entire European Commission. Moreover, the EP has become a forum for speeches of many world leaders and the committees of the Parliament have produced highly influential reports. However, the new role of the EP within the EU and Europe at all is best shown in another, much more significant area, namely it's legislative competence. [...]