Army of None Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War

Army of None  Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War
Author: Paul Scharre
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2018-04-24
ISBN: 0393608999
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Army of None Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War Book Excerpt:

"The book I had been waiting for. I can't recommend it highly enough." —Bill Gates The era of autonomous weapons has arrived. Today around the globe, at least thirty nations have weapons that can search for and destroy enemy targets all on their own. Paul Scharre, a leading expert in next-generation warfare, describes these and other high tech weapons systems—from Israel’s Harpy drone to the American submarine-hunting robot ship Sea Hunter—and examines the legal and ethical issues surrounding their use. “A smart primer to what’s to come in warfare” (Bruce Schneier), Army of None engages military history, global policy, and cutting-edge science to explore the implications of giving weapons the freedom to make life and death decisions. A former soldier himself, Scharre argues that we must embrace technology where it can make war more precise and humane, but when the choice is life or death, there is no replacement for the human heart.

Journal of Book Reviews Army of None Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War

Journal of Book Reviews Army of None Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War
Author: Agha Amin
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 30
Release: 2018-06-07
ISBN: 9781720848905
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Book Reviews Army of None Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War Book Excerpt:

Journal of Book Reviews-Army of None-Autonomous weapons and the future of war

Autonomous Weapons Systems and International Law

Autonomous Weapons Systems and International Law
Author: Daniele Amoroso
Publsiher: Nomos Verlag
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2020-11-24
ISBN: 3748909535
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autonomous Weapons Systems and International Law Book Excerpt:

Jüngste Fortschritte in Robotik und KI machen es möglich, Roboter auch mit ethisch und rechtlich sensiblen Aufgaben zu betrauen. Besonders umstritten ist der Einsatz so genannter autonomer Waffensysteme (AWS), die eigenständig Entscheidungen über Leben und Tod von 'Zielpersonen' treffen. Damit berühren sie zentrale Grundlagen des humanitären Völkerrechts, der internationalen Menschenrechte, des internationalen Strafrechts sowie der staatlichen Verantwortung. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht das Buch die Legalität und die völkerrechtlichen Folgen des Einsatzes autonomer Waffensysteme. Es zeigt Wege für künftige internationale Regelungen auf und skizziert das Konzept einer 'geteilten Verantwortung' zwischen menschlichen Entscheidungsträgern und intelligenten Systemen. Daniele Amoroso ist Professor für Völkerrecht an der Universität Cagliari und Mitglied des Internationalen Komitees für die Kontrolle von Roboterwaffen (ICRAC).

The Global Politics of Artificial Intelligence

The Global Politics of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Maurizio Tinnirello
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2022-04-24
ISBN: 0429822561
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Global Politics of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

Technologies such as artificial intelligence have led to significant advances in science and medicine, but have also facilitated new forms of repression, policing and surveillance. AI policy has become without doubt a significant issue of global politics. The Global Politics of Artificial Intelligence tackles some of the issues linked to AI development and use, contributing to a better understanding of the global politics of AI. This is an area where enormous work still needs to be done, and the contributors to this volume provide significant input into this field of study, to policy makers, academics, and society at large. Each of the chapters in this volume works as freestanding contribution, and provides an accessible account of a particular issue linked to AI from a political perspective. Contributors to the volume come from many different areas of expertise, and of the world, and range from emergent to established authors.

The Disruptive Impact of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems Diffusion

The Disruptive Impact of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems Diffusion
Author: Austin Wyatt
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2021-11-05
ISBN: 1000469026
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Disruptive Impact of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems Diffusion Book Excerpt:

Challenging the focus on great powers in the international debate, this book explores how rising middle power states are engaging with emerging major military innovations and analyses how this will affect the stability and security of the Indo Pacific. Presenting a data-based analysis of how middle power actors in the Indo-Pacific are responding to the emergence of military Artificial Intelligence and Killer Robots, the book asserts that continuing to exclude non-great power actors from our thinking in this field enables the dangerous diffusion of Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems (LAWS) to smaller states and terrorist groups, and demonstrates the disruptive effects of these military innovations on the balance of power in the Indo-Pacific. Offering a detailed analysis of the resource capacities of China, United States, Singapore and Indonesia, it shows how major military innovation acts as a circuit breaker between competitor states disrupting the conventional superiority of the dominant hegemonic state and giving a successful adopter a distinct advantage over their opponent. This book will appeal to researchers, end-users in the military and law enforcement communities, and policymakers. It will also be a valuable resource for researchers interested in strategic stability for the broader Asia-Pacific and the role of middle power states in hegemonic power transition and conflict.

Proportionality in International Humanitarian Law

Proportionality in International Humanitarian Law
Author: Amichai Cohen,David Zlotogorski
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-04-23
ISBN: 0197556728
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proportionality in International Humanitarian Law Book Excerpt:

"There are few concepts in international law that captivate the mind and cause bitter debates as much as the application of the principle of proportionality in contemporary armed conflict. As conflicts are increasingly fought in urban settings, the concept of proportionality plays a crucial role in the protection of civilians from the horrors of war. This book is a study of proportionality as it is currently understood in the laws of armed conflict-also known as international humanitarian law (IHL). The principle of proportionality is one of the cornerstones of IHL, together with the other basic principles of distinction between civilians and combatants, the prohibition on the infliction of unnecessary suffering, the notion of military necessity, and the principle of humanity. Although proportionality is notoriously opaque and can seem a topic for theoreticians, the real-world impact of this principle and its interpretation is very concrete. States, and their armed forces, treat it as a serious limitation on their military activity. There are many reasons for the prominence of the principle of proportionality, especially, as Thomas Franck explained, its hold on the "imagination of the epistemic community in which it is used as the prism for viewing, arguing, and ultimately resolving disputes." It is, perhaps, useful to present the principle of proportionality in the context of two other cardinal principles of IHL: the principles of necessity and of distinction. According to these, only combatants and military objectives may be targeted during armed conflicts. The attacking party must ascertain whether a given target is military or civilian, and refrain from attacking the latter. The principle of proportionality adds a further constraint to the principle of distinction. Even if the target is a military objective, attacking it is prohibited if it is expected to cause incidental harm to civilians "which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated." For example, while civilian buildings cannot be attacked during a military operation, a building which is housing a group of soldiers can be attacked, because this makes it a military objective. However, the principle of proportionality place limits on how and when this building may be attacked. It is prohibited to attack the building if it is known that a large number of civilians either in the building or in its vicinity would be harmed, even if unintentionally, to an extent that this harm ("collateral damage") would be excessive relative to the military advantage gained by the attack. Thus, distinction and proportionality impose two cumulative conditions which must both be fulfilled in order for an attack to be lawful. Both principles limit the freedom of operation and the discretion of the belligerent parties, and thereby play an important role in protecting civilians from the vicissitudes of armed conflict"--

Lethal Autonomous Weapons

Lethal Autonomous Weapons
Author: Jai Galliott,Duncan MacIntosh,Jens David Ohlin
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-01-19
ISBN: 0197546048
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lethal Autonomous Weapons Book Excerpt:

The question of whether new rules or regulations are required to govern, restrict, or even prohibit the use of autonomous weapon systems has been the subject of debate for the better part of a decade. Despite the claims of advocacy groups, the way ahead remains unclear since the international community has yet to agree on a specific definition of Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems and the great powers have largely refused to support an effective ban. In this vacuum, the public has been presented with a heavily one-sided view of Killer Robots. This volume presents a more nuanced approach to autonomous weapon systems that recognizes the need to progress beyond a discourse framed by the Terminator and HAL 9000. Re-shaping the discussion around this emerging military innovation requires a new line of thought and a willingness to challenge the orthodoxy. Lethal Autonomous Weapons focuses on exploring the moral and legal issues associated with the design, development and deployment of lethal autonomous weapons. In this volume, we bring together some of the most prominent academics and academic-practitioners in the lethal autonomous weapons space and seek to return some balance to the debate. As part of this effort, we recognize that society needs to invest in hard conversations that tackle the ethics, morality, and law of these new digital technologies and understand the human role in their creation and operation.

The Legality and Accountability of Autonomous Weapon Systems

The Legality and Accountability of Autonomous Weapon Systems
Author: Afonso Seixas-Nunes
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2022-05-19
ISBN: 1316514838
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Legality and Accountability of Autonomous Weapon Systems Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive definition of autonomous weapons systems and their operation and what happens when they cause violations of international law.

The Right to Life Under International Law

The Right to Life Under International Law
Author: Stuart Casey-Maslen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 960
Release: 2021-09-23
ISBN: 1108494781
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Right to Life Under International Law Book Excerpt:

Offers the first-ever comprehensive treatment under international law of the foundational human right to life.

The Age of AI

The Age of AI
Author: Henry A Kissinger,Eric Schmidt,Daniel Huttenlocher
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2021-11-16
ISBN: 1529376009
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Age of AI Book Excerpt:

A Wall Street Journal Bestseller 'IT SHOULD BE READ BY ANYONE TRYING TO MAKE SENSE OF GEOPOLITICS TODAY' FINANCIAL TIMES Three of our most accomplished and deep thinkers come together to explore Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the way it is transforming human society - and what it means for us all. An AI learned to win chess by making moves human grand masters had never conceived. Another AI discovered a new antibiotic by analysing molecular properties human scientists did not understand. Now, AI-powered jets are defeating experienced human pilots in simulated dogfights. AI is coming online in searching, streaming, medicine, education, and many other fields and, in so doing, transforming how humans are experiencing reality. In The Age of AI, three leading thinkers have come together to consider how AI will change our relationships with knowledge, politics, and the societies in which we live. The Age of AI is an essential roadmap to our present and our future, an era unlike any that has come before.

Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence The Past Present and Future of AI

Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence  The Past  Present  and Future of AI
Author: Philip L. Frana,Michael J. Klein
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2021-04-07
ISBN: 1440853274
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence The Past Present and Future of AI Book Excerpt:

This authoritative reference work will provide readers with a complete overview of artificial intelligence (AI), including its historic development and current status; existing and projected AI applications; and present and potential future impact on the United States and the world. Some people believe that artificial intelligence (AI) will revolutionize modern life in ways that improve human existence. Others say that the promise of AI is overblown. Still others contend that AI applications could pose a grave threat to the economic security of millions of people by taking their jobs and otherwise rendering them "obsolete"—or, even worse, that AI could actually spell the end of the human race. This volume will help users understand the reasons AI development has both spirited defenders and alarmed critics; explain theories and innovations like Moore's Law, mindcloning, and Technological Singularity that drive AI research and debate; and give readers the information they need to make their own informed judgment about the promise and peril of this technology. All of this coverage is presented using language and terminology accessible to a lay audience. Introduction explaining the historical evolution of AI Chronology of important AI-related events Authoritative entries on leading pioneers, entrepreneurs, and thinkers; AI concepts and theories; AI's potential impact on different facets of society; and major movies and other cultural touchstones exploring AI technology

The Age of AI

The Age of AI
Author: Jason Thacker
Publsiher: Zondervan
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-03-03
ISBN: 0310357659
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Age of AI Book Excerpt:

Are robots going to take my job? How are smartphones affecting my kids? Do I need to worry about privacy when I get online or ask Siri for directions? Whatever questions you have about AI, The Age of AI gives you insights on how to navigate this brand-new world as you apply God's ageless truths to your life and future. Alexa, how is AI changing our world? We interact with artificial intelligence, or AI, nearly every moment of the day without knowing it. From our Twitter and Facebook social media feeds to our online carts to smart thermostats and Alexa and Google Home, AI is everywhere. In The Age of AI, Jason Thacker--associate research fellow at the Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission--helps us navigate our digital age in this thoughtful exploration of the social, moral, and ethical challenges of our ongoing interactions with artificial intelligence. Applying God's Word to this new AI-empowered age, The Age of AI shows us how Christian truth transforms how we use AI in order to love God and our neighbor better. It serves as a guide for those wary of technology's impact on our society and also for those who are enthusiastic about where AI is taking us. Jason explains how AI affects us individually, in our relationships, and in our society at large as he addresses AI's impact on our bodies, sexuality, work, economics, and privacy. With theological depth and a wide awareness of the current trends in AI, Jason is a steady guide reminding us that while AI is changing most things, it does not change the foundations of the Christian faith.

Journal of Moral Theology Volume 11 Special Issue 1

Journal of Moral Theology  Volume 11  Special Issue 1
Author: Matthew J. Gaudet,Brian Patrick Green
Publsiher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2022-04-07
ISBN: 1666744476
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Moral Theology Volume 11 Special Issue 1 Book Excerpt:

Table of Contents An Introduction to the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence Matthew J. Gaudet Artificial Intelligence and Moral Theology: A Conversation Brian Patrick Green, Matthew Gaudet, Levi Checketts, Brian Cutter, Noreen Herzfeld, Cory Labrecque, Anselm Ramelow, OP, Paul Scherz, Marga Vega, Andrea Vicini, SJ, Jordan Joseph Wales Artificial Intelligence and Social Control: Ethical Issues and Theological Resources Andrea Vicini, SJ Can Lethal Autonomous Weapons Be Just? Noreen Herzfeld Artificial Intelligence and the Marginalization of the Poor Levi Checketts We Must Find a Stronger Theological Voice: A Copeland Dialectic to Address Racism, Bias, and Inequity in Technology John P. Slattery Can a Robot Be a Person? De-Facing Personhood and Finding It Again with Levinas Roberto Dell’Oro Metaphysics, Meaning, and Morality: A Theological Reflection on A.I. Jordan Joseph Wales Theological Foundations for Moral Artificial Intelligence Mark Graves The Vatican and Artificial Intelligence: An Interview with Bishop Paul Tighe Brian Patrick Green Epilogue on AI and Moral Theology: Weaving Threads and Entangling Them Further Brian Patrick Green

Research Handbook on the Arms Trade

Research Handbook on the Arms Trade
Author: Andrew T.H. Tan
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2020-12-25
ISBN: 1789900999
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Handbook on the Arms Trade Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive Research Handbook examines the key drivers of the arms trade, mapping the main trends in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. It also explores the principal defence markets internationally, including the US, China, India, Russia and the UK in greater detail.

Counter Terrorism Ethics and Technology

Counter Terrorism  Ethics and Technology
Author: Adam Henschke,Alastair Reed,Scott Robbins,Seumas Miller
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 221
Release: 2021-12-14
ISBN: 3030902218
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counter Terrorism Ethics and Technology Book Excerpt:

This open access book brings together a range of contributions that seek to explore the ethical issues arising from the overlap between counter-terrorism, ethics, and technologies. Terrorism and our responses pose some of the most significant ethical challenges to states and people. At the same time, we are becoming increasingly aware of the ethical implications of new and emerging technologies. Whether it is the use of remote weapons like drones as part of counter-terrorism strategies, the application of surveillance technologies to monitor and respond to terrorist activities, or counterintelligence agencies use of machine learning to detect suspicious behavior and hacking computers to gain access to encrypted data, technologies play a significant role in modern counter-terrorism. However, each of these technologies carries with them a range of ethical issues and challenges. How we use these technologies and the policies that govern them have broader impact beyond just the identification and response to terrorist activities. As we are seeing with China, the need to respond to domestic terrorism is one of the justifications for their rollout of the “social credit system.” Counter-terrorism technologies can easily succumb to mission creep, where a technology’s exceptional application becomes normalized and rolled out to society more generally. This collection is not just timely but an important contribution to understand the ethics of counter-terrorism and technology and has far wider implications for societies and nations around the world.

Militarizing Artificial Intelligence

Militarizing Artificial Intelligence
Author: Nik Hynek,Anzhelika Solovyeva
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2022-07-01
ISBN: 1000609294
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Militarizing Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book examines the military characteristics and potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the new global revolution in military affairs. Offering an original perspective on the utilization, imagination, and politics of AI in the context of military development and weapons regulation, the work provides a comprehensive response to the question of how we might reflect on the AI revolution in warfare and what can be said about the ways in which this has been handled. In the first part of the book, AI is accommodated, both theoretically and empirically, in the strategic context of the 'Revolution in Military Affairs' (RMA). The book offers a novel understanding of autonomous weapons as multi-layered composite systems, pointing to a complex, non-linear interplay between evolutionary and revolutionary dynamics. In the second section, the book provides an impartial analysis of the related politics and operations of power, whereby increases in military budgets and R&D of the great powers are met and countered by advocacy networks and scientists campaigning for a ban on lethal autonomous weapons. As such, it moves beyond popular caricatures of ‘killer robots’ and points out some of the problems which result from over-reliance on such imagery. This book will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, critical security studies, arms control and disarmament, science and technology studies and general International Relations.

The Routledge Handbook on Responsibility in International Relations

The Routledge Handbook on Responsibility in International Relations
Author: Hannes Hansen-Magnusson,Antje Vetterlein
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2021-07-29
ISBN: 0429556810
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook on Responsibility in International Relations Book Excerpt:

What does responsibility mean in International Relations (IR)? This handbook brings together cutting-edge research on the critical debates about responsibility that are currently being undertaken in IR theory. This handbook both reflects upon an emerging field based on an engagement in the most crucial theoretical debates and serves as a foundational text by showing how deeply a discussion of responsibility is embedded in broader questions of IR theory and practice. Contributions cover the way in which responsibility is theorized across different approaches in IR and relevant neighboring disciplines and demonstrate how responsibility matters in different policy fields of global governance. Chapters with an empirical focus zoom in on particular actor constellations of (emerging) states, international organizations, political movements, or corporations, or address how responsibility matters in structuring the politics of global commons, such as oceans, resources, or the Internet. Providing a comprehensive overview of IR scholarship on responsibility, this accessible and interdisciplinary text will be a valuable resource for scholars and students in many fields including IR, international law, political theory, global ethics, science and technology, area studies, development studies, business ethics, and environmental and security governance.

Fighting Machines

Fighting Machines
Author: Dan Saxon
Publsiher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2021-12-03
ISBN: 0812253558
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fighting Machines Book Excerpt:

"This book addresses the relationship between lethal autonomous weapon systems, human dignity, and international law. Its central thesis is that the delegation of human responsibility for moral judgments to lethal autonomous weapon systems erodes human dignity and, consequently, international law"--

The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI

The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI
Author: Anthony Elliott
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2021-07-12
ISBN: 0429582064
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI Book Excerpt:

The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI is a landmark volume providing students and teachers with a comprehensive and accessible guide to the major topics and trends of research in the social sciences of artificial intelligence (AI), as well as surveying how the digital revolution – from supercomputers and social media to advanced automation and robotics – is transforming society, culture, politics and economy. The Handbook provides representative coverage of the full range of social science engagements with the AI revolution, from employment and jobs to education and new digital skills to automated technologies of military warfare and the future of ethics. The reference work is introduced by editor Anthony Elliott, who addresses the question of relationship of social sciences to artificial intelligence, and who surveys various convergences and divergences between contemporary social theory and the digital revolution. The Handbook is exceptionally wide-ranging in span, covering topics all the way from AI technologies in everyday life to single-purpose robots throughout home and work life, and from the mainstreaming of human-machine interfaces to the latest advances in AI, such as the ability to mimic (and improve on) many aspects of human brain function. A unique integration of social science on the one hand and new technologies of artificial intelligence on the other, this Handbook offers readers new ways of understanding the rise of AI and its associated global transformations. Written in a clear and direct style, the Handbook will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience.

AI at War

AI at War
Author: Sam J. Tangredi,George Galdorisi
Publsiher: Naval Institute Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2021-04-15
ISBN: 1682476340
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AI at War Book Excerpt:

Artificial intelligence (AI) may be the most beneficial technological development of the twenty-first century.Media hype and raised expectations for results, however, have clouded understanding of the true nature of AI—including its limitations and potential. AI at War provides a balanced and practical understanding of applying AI to national security and warfighting professionals as well as a wide array of other readers. Although the themes and findings of the chapters are relevant across the U.S. Department of Defense, to include all Services, the Joint Staff and defense agencies as well as allied and partner ministries of defense, this book is a case study of warfighting functions in the Naval Services—the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps. Sam J. Tangredi and George Galdorisi bring together over thirty experts, ranging from former DOD officials and retired flag officers to scientists and active duty junior officers. These contributors present views on a vast spectrum of subjects pertaining to the implementation of AI in modern warfare, including strategy, policy, doctrine, weapons, and ethical concerns.