Artificial Intelligence Ai The Bumpy Path Through Defense Acquisition The Construction of Systems Which ACT Rationally Behave Humanly and Ada

Artificial Intelligence  Ai   The Bumpy Path Through Defense Acquisition   The Construction of Systems Which ACT Rationally  Behave Humanly  and Ada
Author: U. S. Military,Department of Defense (Dod),Eric Ehn
Publsiher: Independently Published
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2018-07-22
ISBN: 9781717867940
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence Ai The Bumpy Path Through Defense Acquisition The Construction of Systems Which ACT Rationally Behave Humanly and Ada Book Excerpt:

The use of artificial intelligence systems is ready to transition from basic science research and a blooming commercial industry to strategic implementation in the Defense Acquisition system. The purpose of this research is to determine the problems awaiting artificial intelligence (AI) systems inherent to defense acquisition. AI is a field of scientific study focused on the construction of systems that can act rationally, behave humanly, and adapt. To achieve AI behavior takes AI essentials, which consider mobility, system perspective, and algorithms. Unfortunately, AI essentials are under addressed in the concept of operations that fuels the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System. Influences to the concept of operations analyzed in this research include strategic documentation, joint technology demonstrations, and exercises that aim to capture technology-based lessons learned. Failure to address AI essentials causes problems in defense acquisition: system requirements are impossible to define; transition of AI technology fails; testing cannot be evaluated with confidence; and life cycle planning is at best a guess. To address these issues, the Department of Defense needs improved planning, acquisition personnel training, and AI-supported acquisition processes to achieve cost, schedule, and performance goals. Chapter II, "Literature Review" provides a snapshot of AI today. It works to provide a general understanding of the scientific field and technology that is AI, the spectrum of behaviors expected from AI systems, what composition of an AI system, and the identities of AI industry leaders. The reader should be able to understand a working definition of AI systems, a general sense of AI technology readiness, and the emerging industry surrounding AI. Next, Chapter III, "JCIDS," examines the ability for DOD processes to develop requirements for AI applications. Requirements developments starts at a strategic level, directing military resources to achieve present and future military needs. The JCIDS clarifies strategic direction, identifying capability gaps and validating needs (CJCS, 2012, p. 2). This chapter outlines how the JCIDS builds validated requirement documents, then focuses on grading AI elements in the joint CONOPs. The reader should leave this section with an understanding of CONOPs AI maturity and its influence on validated requirements headed for the DAS. Chapter IV, "DAS," focuses on the DAS and the processes that PMs use to manage system acquisition. The DAS is defined by DOD regulation, and gives direction for management of systems engineering, financial management, and contracting efforts (DOD, 2017, p. 51). This chapter analyzes the general process for developing and purchasing defense systems and the seminal areas inside of the DAS where software-intensive systems have struggled. The reader should leave this section understanding the consequences that poorly defined AI requirements would have on program cost, performance, and schedule. Chapter V, "Conclusion," integrates the ideas uncovered from the research in order to answer the secondary research questions and then the primary research question. Next, it makes recommendations based on the research that should help to prepare JCIDS and DAS for success with AI systems. Lastly, Chapter V proposes future areas of research that will generate more comprehensive information about the definition of AI requirements and how to meet cost, schedule, and performance during system fielding.

Comprehensive Energy Systems

Comprehensive Energy Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 5540
Release: 2018-02-07
ISBN: 0128149256
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Energy Systems Book Excerpt:

Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

Advanced Artificial Intelligence

Advanced Artificial Intelligence
Author: Zhongzhi Shi
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 613
Release: 2011
ISBN: 981429134X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

'Advanced Artificial Intelligence' consists of 16 chapters. The content of the book is novel, reflects the research updates in this field, and especially summarises the author's scientific efforts over many years.

Advanced Artificial Intelligence Second Edition

Advanced Artificial Intelligence  Second Edition
Author: Shi Zhongzhi
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2019-08-05
ISBN: 9811200890
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Artificial Intelligence Second Edition Book Excerpt:

The joint breakthrough of big data, cloud computing and deep learning has made artificial intelligence (AI) the new focus in the international arena. AI is a branch of computer science, developing intelligent machine with imitating, extending and augmenting human intelligence through artificial means and techniques to realize intelligent behaviour.This comprehensive compendium, consisting of 15 chapters, captures the updated achievements of AI. It is completely revised to reflect the current researches in the field, through numerous techniques and strategies to address the impending challenges facing computer scientists today.The unique volume is useful for senior or graduate students in the information field and related tertiary specialities. It is also a suitable reference text for professionals, researchers, and academics in AI, machine learning, electrical & electronic engineering and biocomputing.

Ubiquitous Intelligent Systems

Ubiquitous Intelligent Systems
Author: P. Karuppusamy,Fausto Pedro García Márquez,Tu N. Nguyen
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2022-08-26
ISBN: 9811925410
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ubiquitous Intelligent Systems Book Excerpt:

This book features a collection of high-quality, peer-reviewed papers presented at the Second International Conference on Ubiquitous Intelligent Systems (ICUIS 2022) organized by Shree Venkateshwara Hi-Tech Engineering College, Tamil Nadu, India, during March 10–11, 2022. The book covers topics such as cloud computing, mobile computing and networks, embedded computing frameworks, modeling and analysis of ubiquitous information systems, communication networking models, big data models and applications, ubiquitous information processing systems, next-generation ubiquitous networks and protocols, advanced intelligent systems, Internet of Things, wireless communication and storage networks, intelligent information retrieval techniques, AI-based intelligent information visualization techniques, cognitive informatics, smart automation systems, health care informatics and bioinformatics models, security and privacy of intelligent information systems, and smart distributed information systems.

2020 International Conference on Applications and Techniques in Cyber Intelligence

2020 International Conference on Applications and Techniques in Cyber Intelligence
Author: Jemal H. Abawajy,Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo,Zheng Xu,Mohammed Atiquzzaman
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1144
Release: 2020-08-12
ISBN: 3030539806
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

2020 International Conference on Applications and Techniques in Cyber Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book presents innovative ideas, cutting-edge findings, and novel techniques, methods, and applications in a broad range of cybersecurity and cyberthreat intelligence areas. As our society becomes smarter, there is a corresponding need to secure our cyberfuture. The book describes approaches and findings that are of interest to business professionals and governments seeking to secure our data and underpin infrastructures, as well as to individual users.

Cognitive Computing for Human Robot Interaction

Cognitive Computing for Human Robot Interaction
Author: Mamta Mittal,Rajiv Ratn Shah,Sudipta Roy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2021-08-13
ISBN: 0323856470
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Computing for Human Robot Interaction Book Excerpt:

Cognitive Computing for Human-Robot Interaction: Principles and Practices explores the efforts that should ultimately enable society to take advantage of the often-heralded potential of robots to provide economical and sustainable computing applications. This book discusses each of these applications, presents working implementations, and combines coherent and original deliberative architecture for human–robot interactions (HRI). Supported by experimental results, it shows how explicit knowledge management promises to be instrumental in building richer and more natural HRI, by pushing for pervasive, human-level semantics within the robot's deliberative system for sustainable computing applications. This book will be of special interest to academics, postgraduate students, and researchers working in the area of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Key features: Introduces several new contributions to the representation and management of humans in autonomous robotic systems; Explores the potential of cognitive computing, robots, and HRI to generate a deeper understanding and to provide a better contribution from robots to society; Engages with the potential repercussions of cognitive computing and HRI in the real world. Introduces several new contributions to the representation and management of humans in an autonomous robotic system Explores cognitive computing, robots and HRI, presenting a more in-depth understanding to make robots better for society Gives a challenging approach to those several repercussions of cognitive computing and HRI in the actual global scenario

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: Tencent Research Institute,CAICT,Tencent AI Lab,Tencent open platform
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2020-10-01
ISBN: 9811565481
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book begins with the past and present of the subversive technology of artificial intelligence, clearly analyzes the overall picture, latest developments and development trends of the artificial intelligence industry, and conducts in-depth research on the competitive situation of various countries. The book also provides an in-depth analysis of the opportunities and challenges that artificial intelligence brings to individuals, businesses, and society. For readers who want to fully understand artificial intelligence, this book provides an important reference and is a must-read.

AI IA 2005 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

AI IA 2005  Advances in Artificial Intelligence
Author: Sara Manzoni
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2005-10-06
ISBN: 3540317333
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AI IA 2005 Advances in Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This volume collects the papers selected for presentation at the IX Congress of the Italian Association for Arti?cial Intelligence (AI*IA), held in Milan at the University of Milano–Bicocca (September 21–23, 2005). On the one hand this congress continues the tradition of AI*IA in organizing its biannual s- enti?c meeting from 1989; on the other hand, this edition is a landmark in the involvement of the international community of arti?cial intelligence (AI), directly involving a broad number of experts from several countries in the P- gramCommittee. Moreover,the peculiar nature of scienti?c researchin arti?cial intelligence (which is intrinsically international) and several consolidated int- national collaborations in projects and mobility programs allowed the collection and selection of papers from many di?erent countries, all around the world, enlarging the visibility of the Italian contribution within this research ?eld. Arti?cial intelligence is today a growing complex set of conceptual, theor- ical, methodological, and technological frameworks, o?ering innovative com- tational solutions in the design and development of computer-based systems. Within this perspective, researchers working in this area must tackle a broad range of knowledge about methods, results, and solutions coming from di?erent classical areas of this discipline. The congress was designed as a forum allowing researchers to present and discuss specialized results as general contributions to AI growth.

AI 2013 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

AI 2013  Advances in Artificial Intelligence
Author: Stephen Cranefield,Abhaya C. Nayak
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2013-11-08
ISBN: 3319036807
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AI 2013 Advances in Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th Australasian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI 2013, held in Dunedin, New Zealand, in December 2013. The 35 revised full papers and 19 revised short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 120 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections as agents; AI applications; cognitive modelling; computer vision; constraint satisfaction, search and optimisation; evolutionary computation; game playing; knowledge representation and reasoning; machine learning and data mining; natural language processing and information retrieval; planning and scheduling.

An Intuitive Exploration of Artificial Intelligence

An Intuitive Exploration of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Simant Dube
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 355
Release: 2021-06-21
ISBN: 3030686248
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Intuitive Exploration of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book develops a conceptual understanding of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Deep Learning and Machine Learning in the truest sense of the word. It is an earnest endeavor to unravel what is happening at the algorithmic level, to grasp how applications are being built and to show the long adventurous road in the future. An Intuitive Exploration of Artificial Intelligence offers insightful details on how AI works and solves problems in computer vision, natural language understanding, speech understanding, reinforcement learning and synthesis of new content. From the classic problem of recognizing cats and dogs, to building autonomous vehicles, to translating text into another language, to automatically converting speech into text and back to speech, to generating neural art, to playing games, and the author's own experience in building solutions in industry, this book is about explaining how exactly the myriad applications of AI flow out of its immense potential. The book is intended to serve as a textbook for graduate and senior-level undergraduate courses in AI. Moreover, since the book provides a strong geometrical intuition about advanced mathematical foundations of AI, practitioners and researchers will equally benefit from the book.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: Charles Jennings
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2019-05-08
ISBN: 1538116812
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

Self-learning machines called AIs are popping up all around us. They will alter our lives as workers, consumers, investors, citizens, patients and students. We all need to get smart about AIs, now! That’s Charles Jennings’ message in his provocative new book, Artificial Intelligence: The Rise of the Lightspeed Learners.

Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4 0 and 5G Technology

Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4 0 and 5G Technology
Author: Pandian Vasant,Elias Munapo,J. Joshua Thomas,Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2022-07-20
ISBN: 1119798760
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4 0 and 5G Technology Book Excerpt:

Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4.0 and 5G Technology Explores innovative and value-added solutions for application problems in the commercial, business, and industry sectors As the pace of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology innovation continues to accelerate, identifying the appropriate AI capabilities to embed in key decision processes has never been more critical to establishing competitive advantage. New and emerging analytics tools and technologies can be configured to optimize business value, change how an organization gains insights, and significantly improve the decision-making process across the enterprise. Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4.0 and 5G Technology helps readers solve real-world technological engineering optimization problems using evolutionary and swarm intelligence, mathematical programming, multi-objective optimization, and other cutting-edge intelligent optimization methods. Contributions from leading experts in the field present original research on both the theoretical and practical aspects of implementing new AI techniques in a variety of sectors, including Big Data analytics, smart manufacturing, renewable energy, smart cities, robotics, and the Internet of Things (IoT). Presents detailed information on meta-heuristic applications with a focus on technology and engineering sectors such as smart manufacturing, smart production, innovative cities, and 5G networks. Offers insights into the use of metaheuristic strategies to solve optimization problems in business, economics, finance, and industry where uncertainty is a factor. Provides guidance on implementing metaheuristics in different applications and hybrid technological systems. Describes various AI approaches utilizing hybrid meta-heuristics optimization algorithms, including meta-search engines for innovative research and hyper-heuristics algorithms for performance measurement. Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4.0 and 5G Technology is a valuable resource for IT specialists, industry professionals, managers and executives, researchers, scientists, engineers, and advanced students an up-to-date reference to innovative computing, uncertainty management, and optimization approaches.

Advances in Artificial Intelligence

Advances in Artificial Intelligence
Author: Osmar Zaiane,Sandra Zilles
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2013-11-18
ISBN: 3642384579
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2012, held in Regina, SK, Canada, in May 2013. The 17 regular papers and 15 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 73 initial submissions and are accompanied by 8 papers from the Graduate Student Symposium that were selected from 14 submissions. The papers cover a variety of topics within AI, such as: information extraction, knowledge representation, search, text mining, social networks, temporal associations.

The Road to General Intelligence

The Road to General Intelligence
Author: Jerry Swan,Eric Nivel,Neel Kant,Jules Hedges,Timothy Atkinson,Bas Steunebrink
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2022-06-22
ISBN: 3031080203
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Road to General Intelligence Book Excerpt:

Humans have always dreamed of automating laborious physical and intellectual tasks, but the latter has proved more elusive than naively suspected. Seven decades of systematic study of Artificial Intelligence have witnessed cycles of hubris and despair. The successful realization of General Intelligence (evidenced by the kind of cross-domain flexibility enjoyed by humans) will spawn an industry worth billions and transform the range of viable automation tasks.The recent notable successes of Machine Learning has lead to conjecture that it might be the appropriate technology for delivering General Intelligence. In this book, we argue that the framework of machine learning is fundamentally at odds with any reasonable notion of intelligence and that essential insights from previous decades of AI research are being forgotten. We claim that a fundamental change in perspective is required, mirroring that which took place in the philosophy of science in the mid 20th century. We propose a framework for General Intelligence, together with a reference architecture that emphasizes the need for anytime bounded rationality and a situated denotational semantics. We given necessary emphasis to compositional reasoning, with the required compositionality being provided via principled symbolic-numeric inference mechanisms based on universal constructions from category theory.• Details the pragmatic requirements for real-world General Intelligence.• Describes how machine learning fails to meet these requirements.• Provides a philosophical basis for the proposed approach.• Provides mathematical detail for a reference architecture.• Describes a research program intended to address issues of concern in contemporary AI.The book includes an extensive bibliography, with ~400 entries covering the history of AI and many related areas of computer science and mathematics.The target audience is the entire gamut of Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning researchers and industrial practitioners. There are a mixture of descriptive and rigorous sections, according to the nature of the topic. Undergraduate mathematics is in general sufficient. Familiarity with category theory is advantageous for a complete understanding of the more advanced sections, but these may be skipped by the reader who desires an overall picture of the essential concepts This is an open access book.

The Politics of Technology in Latin America Volume 1

The Politics of Technology in Latin America  Volume 1
Author: Avery Plaw,Barbara Carvalho Gurgel,David Ramírez Plascencia
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2020-12-30
ISBN: 1000317722
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of Technology in Latin America Volume 1 Book Excerpt:

This book analyses the arrival of emerging and traditional information and technology for public and economic use in Latin America. It focuses on the governmental, economic and security issues and the study of the complex relationship between citizens and government. The book is divided into three parts: • ‘Digital data and privacy, prospects and barriers’ centers on the debates among the right of privacy and the loss of intimacy in the Internet, • ‘Homeland security and human rights’ focuses on how novel technologies such as drones and autonomous weapons systems reconfigure the strategies of police authorities and organized crime, • ‘Labor Markets, digital media and emerging technologies’ emphasize the legal, economic and social perils and challenges caused by the increased presence of social media, blockchain-based applications, artificial intelligence and automation technologies in the Latin American economy. This first volume in a two volume set will be important reading for scholars and students of governance in Latin American, the protection of human rights and the use of technology to combat crime and the new advances of digital economy in the region.

Overcome AI

Overcome AI
Author: Scott Gamm
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-11-12
ISBN: 1529361036
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Overcome AI Book Excerpt:

YOUR GUIDE TO SURVIVING AND THRIVING IN THE AI ECONOMY. No one can be completely sure what the future of work is going to look like, but one thing's for certain - it will be completely transformed by AI. That means an uncertain future for millennials, including the need to switch jobs and learn new skills. Taking steps towards financial freedom and early retirement now, on your own terms, will put you in the driving seat for the bumpy road ahead. In HOW TO BUILD AND AI-PROOF FINANCIAL FUTURE, Yahoo Finance reporter and Wall Street expert Scott Gamm's sets out a practical guide to financial freedom and early retirement. Discover: * Why retiring early will become a necessity, not just a goal. * How much money you'll need to live well without a steady 9-5 job. * The importance of reducing or eliminating debt. * How to invest in the stock market. * How to use alternative retirement savings vehicles. * And what some of the world's most respected billionaires advise for achieving financial independence in the new economy. HOW TO BUILD AN AI-PROOF FINANCIAL FUTURE is full of actionable investing tips that can be applied within minutes of reading. This is truly the first book to provide a clear plan for wealth-building and financial security in the automation era.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Author: Ankur Choudhary,Arun Prakash Agrawal,Rajasvaran Logeswaran,Bhuvan Unhelkar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 738
Release: 2021-07-27
ISBN: 9811630674
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Book Excerpt:

The book presents a collection of peer-reviewed articles from the International Conference on Advances and Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning - ICAAAIML 2020. The book covers research in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning applications in healthcare, agriculture, business, and security. This volume contains research papers from academicians, researchers as well as students. There are also papers on core concepts of computer networks, intelligent system design and deployment, real-time systems, wireless sensor networks, sensors and sensor nodes, software engineering, and image processing. This book will be a valuable resource for students, academics, and practitioners in the industry working on AI applications.

AETA 2018 Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences Theory and Application

AETA 2018   Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences  Theory and Application
Author: Ivan Zelinka,Pavel Brandstetter,Tran Trong Dao,Vo Hoang Duy,Sang Bong Kim
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 994
Release: 2019-04-13
ISBN: 3030149072
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AETA 2018 Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences Theory and Application Book Excerpt:

These proceedings address a broad range of topic areas, including telecommunication, power systems, digital signal processing, robotics, control systems, renewable energy, power electronics, soft computing and more. Today’s world is based on vitally important technologies that combine e.g. electronics, cybernetics, computer science, telecommunication, and physics. However, since the advent of these technologies, we have been confronted with numerous technological challenges such as finding optimal solutions to various problems regarding controlling technologies, signal processing, power source design, robotics, etc. Readers will find papers on these and other topics, which share fresh ideas and provide state-of-the-art overviews. They will also benefit practitioners, who can easily apply the issues discussed here to solve real-life problems in their own work. Accordingly, the proceedings offer a valuable resource for all scientists and engineers pursuing research and applications in the above-mentioned fields.

What Is Artificial Intelligence A Conversation Between An Ai Engineer And A Humanities Researcher

What Is Artificial Intelligence   A Conversation Between An Ai Engineer And A Humanities Researcher
Author: Suman Gupta,Peter H Tu
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-06-22
ISBN: 1786348659
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What Is Artificial Intelligence A Conversation Between An Ai Engineer And A Humanities Researcher Book Excerpt:

This book engages with the title question: what is artificial intelligence (AI)? Instead of reiterating received definitions or surveying the field from a disciplinary perspective, the question is engaged here by putting two standpoints into conversation. The standpoints are different in their disciplinary groundings — i.e. technology and the humanities — and also in their approaches — i.e. applied and conceptual. Peter is an AI engineer: his approach is in terms of how to make AI work. Suman is a humanities researcher: his approach is in terms of what people and academics mean when they say 'AI'.A coherent argument, if not a consensus, develops by putting the two standpoints into conversation. The conversation is presented in 32 short chapters, in turn by Suman and Peter. There are two parts: Part 1, Questioning AI, and Part 2, AI and Government Policy. The first part covers issues such as the meaning of intelligence, automation, evolution, artificial and language. It outlines some of the processes through which these concepts may be technologically grounded as AI. The second part addresses policy considerations that underpin the development of AI and responds to the consequences. Themes taken up here include: rights and responsibilities; data usage and state-level strategies in the USA, UK and China; unemployment and policy futures.