Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering

Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering
Author: W. Richard Bowen,Nidal Hilal
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2009-06-30
ISBN: 9780080949574
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering Book Excerpt:

This is the first book to bring together both the basic theory and proven process engineering practice of AFM. It is presented in a way that is accessible and valuable to practising engineers as well as to those who are improving their AFM skills and knowledge, and to researchers who are developing new products and solutions using AFM. The book takes a rigorous and practical approach that ensures it is directly applicable to process engineering problems. Fundamentals and techniques are concisely described, while specific benefits for process engineering are clearly defined and illustrated. Key content includes: particle-particle, and particle-bubble interactions; characterization of membrane surfaces; the development of fouling resistant membranes; nanoscale pharmaceutical analysis; nanoengineering for cellular sensing; polymers on surfaces; micro and nanoscale rheometry. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an important tool for process engineers and scientists as it enables improved processes and products The only book dealing with the theory and practical applications of atomic force microscopy in process engineering Provides best-practice guidance and experience on using AFM for process and product improvement

Nonlinearity Bifurcation and Chaos

Nonlinearity  Bifurcation and Chaos
Author: Jan Awrejcewicz,Peter Hagedorn
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2012-10-24
ISBN: 9535108166
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nonlinearity Bifurcation and Chaos Book Excerpt:

Nonlinearity, Bifurcation and Chaos - Theory and Application is an edited book focused on introducing both theoretical and application oriented approaches in science and engineering. It contains 12 chapters, and is recommended for university teachers, scientists, researchers, engineers, as well as graduate and post-graduate students either working or interested in the field of nonlinearity, bifurcation and chaos.

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment
Author: Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Sacide Alsoy Altinkaya,Jochen Bundschuh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN: 1351715267
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment Book Excerpt:

The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials
Author: Marc Descamps
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-03-28
ISBN: 3527652728
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials Book Excerpt:

A one-stop resource for researchers, developers, and post graduate students in pharmaceutical science. This handbook and ready reference provides detailed, but not overloaded information -- presenting the topic without unnecessarily complex formalism. As such, it gives a systematic and coherent overview of disordered materials for pharmaceutical applications, covering fundamental aspects, as well as preparation and characterization techniques for the target-oriented development of drug delivery systems based on disordered crystals and amorphous solids. Special attention is paid to examine the different facets and levels of disorder in their structural and dynamic aspects as well as the effect of disorder on dissolution and stability. Chapters on processing induced disorder and on patenting issues round off the book. As a result the book helps overcoming the challenges of using these materials in the pharmaceutical industry. For pharmaceutical and medicinal chemists, materials scientists, clinical physicists, and pharmaceutical laboratories looking to make better and more potent pharmaceuticals.

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology
Author: Boris Ildusovich Kharisov,Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova,Ubaldo Ortiz-Mendez
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1212
Release: 2016-01-06
ISBN: 1466580895
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

The CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are measured. As such, it is a major resource for both skilled professionals and novices to nanotechnology.The book examines the design, application, and utilization of devices, techniques, and technologies critical to research at the

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools
Author: Haijiang Wang,Xiao-Zi Yuan,Hui Li
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2011-08-25
ISBN: 1439839204
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools Book Excerpt:

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools presents various tools for diagnosing PEM fuel cells and stacks, including in situ and ex situ diagnostic tools, electrochemical techniques, and physical/chemical methods. The text outlines the principles, experimental implementation, data processing, and application of each technique, along with its capabilities and weaknesses. The book covers many diagnostics employed in the characterization and determination of fuel cell performance. It discusses commonly used conventional tools, such as cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It also examines special tools developed specifically for PEM fuel cells, including transparent cells, cathode discharge, and current mapping, as well as recent advanced tools for diagnosis, such as magnetic resonance imaging and atomic force microscopy. For clarity, the book splits these diagnostic methodologies into two parts—in situ and ex situ. To better understand the tools, PEM fuel cell testing is also discussed. Each self-contained chapter provides cross-references to other chapters. Written by international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, this volume incorporates state-of-the-art technical advances in PEM fuel cell diagnosis. The diagnostic tools presented help readers to understand the physical and chemical phenomena involved in PEM fuel cells.

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook Two Volume Set

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook  Two Volume Set
Author: Haijiang Wang,Hui Li,Xiao-Zi Yuan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 952
Release: 2019-08-21
ISBN: 1439863164
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook Two Volume Set Book Excerpt:

While PEM fuel cells are highly efficient, environmentally friendly sources of power, their durability hinders the commercialization of this technology. With contributions from international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook, Two-Volume Set provides a comprehensive source of state-of-the-art research in

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics
Author: K. L. Mittal,H. S. Bui
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN: 1119654823
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics Book Excerpt:

Activity in the arena of surface chemistry and adhesion aspects in cosmetics is substantial, but the information is scattered in many diverse publications media and no book exists which discusses surface chemistry and adhesion in cosmetics in unified manner. This book containing 15 chapters written by eminent researchers from academia and industry is divided into three parts: Part 1: General Topics; Part 2:Surface Chemistry Aspects; and Part 3: Wetting and Adhesion Aspects. The topics covered include: Lip biophysical properties and characterization; use of advanced silicone materials in long-lasting cosmetics; non-aqueous dispersions of acrylate copolymers in lipsticks; cosmetic oils in Lipstick structure; chemical structure of the hair surface, surface forces and interactions; AFM for hair surface characterization; application of AFM in characterizing hair, skin and cosmetic deposition; SIMS as a surface analysis method for hair, skin and cosmetics; surface tensiometry approach to characterize cosmetic products; spreading of hairsprays on hair; color transfer from long-wear face foundation products; interaction of polyelectrolytes and surfactants on hair surfaces; cosmetic adhesion to facial skin; and adhesion aspects in semi-permanent mascara; lipstick adhesion measurement.

What is What in the Nanoworld

What is What in the Nanoworld
Author: Victor E. Borisenko,Stefano Ossicini
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 615
Release: 2013-02-21
ISBN: 3527648380
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What is What in the Nanoworld Book Excerpt:

The third, partly revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended secondary sources for an extended study of any given subject. Each of the more than 2,200 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length, interprets the term or definition in question and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources. Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering Band 9

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering  Band 9
Author: Simon Matthes
Publsiher: Cuvillier Verlag
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2021-10-25
ISBN: 3736965117
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering Band 9 Book Excerpt:

Multiphase contact apparatuses are widely used in the chemical and biocatalytic process industry in which a gaseous reactant has to be supplied. The achievement of high mass transfer rates with regard to process efficiency is mostly challenging. In this work a novel aeration technique based on fine bubbles with diameters smaller 100 µm is experimentally analyzed, providing large interfacial areas for the mass transfer process. The experiments show the benefit of using fine bubbles by reaching significantly higher mass transfer rates compared to conventional aeration. Especially stirred tank reactors prove to be most suitable for fine bubble aeration. Finally, models are developed, describing the mass transfer characteristics at microscales.

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes  Volume 1
Author: Visakh P. M.,Olga Nazarenko
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2016-11-18
ISBN: 1118831748
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1 Book Excerpt:

This book is intended to serve as a "one-stop" reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of nanostructured polymer membranes and their processing and characterizations. It will be a very valuable reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, post-doctoral research fellows, senior graduate students, and researchers from R&D laboratories working in the area of polymer nanobased membranes. The various chapters are contributed by prominent researchers from industry, academia and government/private research laboratories across the globe and comprise an up-to-date record on the major findings and observations in the field.

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications
Author: Mariam Al Ali Al-Maadeed,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Marcelo A. Carignano
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2020-05-29
ISBN: 0128173033
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications Book Excerpt:

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications: Materials, Techniques, and Future Developments introduces the science of innovative polymers and composites, their analysis via experimental techniques and simulation, and their utilization in a variety of application areas. This approach helps to unlock the potential of new materials for product design and other uses. The book also examines the role that these applications play in the human world, from pollution and health impacts, to their potential to make a positive contribution in areas including environmental remediation, medicine and healthcare, and renewable energy. Advantages, disadvantages, possibilities, and challenges relating to the utilization of polymers in human society are included. Presents the latest advanced applications of polymers and their composites and identifies key areas for future development Introduces the simulation methods and experimental techniques involved in the modification of polymer properties, supported by clear and detailed images and diagrams Supports an interdisciplinary approach, enabling readers across different fields to harness the power of new materials for innovative applications

Optical Fiber Biosensors

Optical Fiber Biosensors
Author: Daniele Tosi,Marzhan Sypabekova,Aliya Bekmurzayeva,Carlo Molardi,Kanat Dukenbayev
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2021-11-17
ISBN: 0128195681
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Fiber Biosensors Book Excerpt:

Optical Fiber Biosensors: Device Platforms, Biorecognition, Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the field of fiber optic sensors using an interdisciplinary approach that covers the fabrication of sensing devices and optical hardware, the functionalization to perform selective biorecognition, and the main applications of biosensors, with a present and a future outlook. Chapters discuss the principles of light propagation and the sensing devices suitable to perform biosensing with optical fibers, the process to functionalize the previous devices to selective biosensing, and applications in cells, small molecules, biomarkers and protein sensing, with a birds eye view on the most important results. This book provides a coherent picture of fiber optic biosensors, from the start (the device) to the end (the application), explaining in simple terms what is the whole process for development of a biosensor. The book also contains practical material (e.g. commercial instruments, fabrication instructions, medical standards for biocompatibility) that cannot be easily found elsewhere, and this is very useful for researchers to plan their development and build their labs. Covers the technologies and operating principles of optical fiber devices used in biosensing Contains chapters on the chemistry and operational strategy to functionalize a fiber device to become an effective biosensor Addresses the main applications of fiber optic biosensors and their specialization

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites
Author: Sabu Thomas,Saju Daniel
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 874
Release: 2019-11-28
ISBN: 0081019041
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites Book Excerpt:

Nanocomposites based on layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have recently become a formidable research area due to their amendable properties and potential applications. The distinct properties of LDH polymer nanocomposites include a wide range of chemical compositions, structural homogeneity, unique anion exchanging ability, easy synthesis, high bound water content, memory effect, non-toxicity and biocompatibility. This means that LDH polymer nanocomposites have the potential for new and innovative applications. Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites presents a comprehensive overview of the recent innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. As well as covering fundamental structural and chemical knowledge, this book also explores various properties and characterization techniques including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. There is also a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as energy, electrical and electronic, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and their future applications. This book will be an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Extensive review on cutting-edge research for potential future applications, in a variety of industries

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass
Author: Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2016-10-27
ISBN: 3319414143
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass Book Excerpt:

This book deals with the application of techniques and methods of chemical analysis for the study of biomass and its conversion processes, aiming to fill the current gap in the book literature on the subject. The use of various techniques and analytical methods is presented and discussed in a straightforward manner, providing the reader with the possibility of choosing the most appropriate methodologies for analysis of the major classes of plant biomass and its products. In the present volume, a select group of international specialists describes different approaches to understand the biomass structure, their physical and chemical properties, the parameters of conversion processes, the products and by-products formation and quantification, quality parameters, etc. Modern chemistry plays a strong economic role in industrial activities based on biomass, with an increasing trend of the importance of its application from the deployment of biorefineries and the principles of green chemistry, which make use of the potential of biomass with decreasing impact negative environmental. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the supply chains of biomass, be it plant or animal origin; however, with the first offering the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for technical, scientific and economic progress, given its diversified chemical constitution. Thus, the chemical analysis can be used to examine the composition for characterizing physicochemical properties and to monitor their conversion processes, in order to obtain better products and uses of biomass. The quality of the biomass used determines the product quality. Therefore, reliable information is required about the chemical composition of the biomass to establish the best use (e.g., most suitable conversion process and its conditions), which will influence harvest and preparation steps. Conversion processes should be monitored for their yield, integrity, safety, and environmental impact. Effluent or residues should be monitored and analyzed for environmental control. Co-products need to be monitored to avoid interference with the product yield and product purity; however, co-products are also a good opportunity to add value to the biomass chain. Finally, products need to be monitored and analyzed to determine their yields and purity and to ensure their quality. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the biomass supply chains, be it of plant or animal origin.

Polyolefin Compounds and Materials

Polyolefin Compounds and Materials
Author: Mariam Al-Ali AlMa'adeed,Igor Krupa
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2015-12-23
ISBN: 3319259822
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polyolefin Compounds and Materials Book Excerpt:

This book describes industrial applications of polyolefins from the researchers' perspective. Polyolefins constitute today arguably the most important class of polymers and polymeric materials for widespread industrial applications. This book summarizes the present state of the art. Starting from fundamental aspects, such as the polymerization techniques to synthesize polyolefins, the book introduces the topic. Basic knowledge about polyolefin composites and blends is explained, before applications aspects in different industry sectors are discussed. The spectrum comprises a wide range of applications and industry sectors, such as the packaging and food industry, the textile industry, automotive and buildings, and even biomedical applications. Topics, which are addressed in the various chapters, comprise synthesis and processing of the materials; their classification; mechanical, physical and technical requirements and properties; their characterization; and many more. In the end of the book, even the disposal, degradation and recycling of polyolefins are addressed, and light is shed on their commercial significance and economic value. In this way, the book follows the entire 'lifetime' of polyolefin compounds and materials: from their synthesis and processing, over applications, to the recycling and reuse of disposed or degraded polyolefin substrates.

Advances in Food Process Engineering Research and Applications

Advances in Food Process Engineering Research and Applications
Author: Stavros Yanniotis,Petros Taoukis,Nikolaos G. Stoforos,Vaios T. Karathanos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 677
Release: 2013-10-21
ISBN: 1461479061
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Food Process Engineering Research and Applications Book Excerpt:

This is the second publication stemming from the International Congress on Engineering in Food, the first being Food Engineering Interfaces, based on the last ICEF10. The theme of ICEF 11, held in Athens, Greece in May 2011, is “Food Process Engineering in a Changing World.” The conference explored the ways food engineering contributes to the solutions of vital problems in a world of increasing population and complexity that is under the severe constraints of limited resources of raw materials, energy, and environment. The book, comprised of 32 chapters, features an interdisciplinary focus, including food materials science, engineering properties of foods, advances in food process technology, novel food processes, functional foods, food waste engineering, food process design and economics, modeling food safety and quality, and innovation management.

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 3042
Release: 2017-09-21
ISBN: 0444639705
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering Book Excerpt:

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, Volume 40 contains the papers presented at the 27th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event held in Barcelona, October 1-5, 2017. It is a valuable resource for chemical engineers, chemical process engineers, researchers in industry and academia, students, and consultants for chemical industries. Presents findings and discussions from the 27th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event

Sustainable Process Engineering

Sustainable Process Engineering
Author: Gyorgy Szekely
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2021-03-08
ISBN: 3110717131
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Process Engineering Book Excerpt:

Sustainable process engineering is a methodology to design new and redesign existing processes that follow the principles of green chemistry and green engineering, and ultimately contribute to a sustainable development. The newest achievements of chemical engineering, opened new opportunities to design more efficient, safe, compact and environmentally benign chemical processes. The book provides a guide to sustainable process design applicable in various industrial fields. • Discusses the topic from a wide angle: chemistry, materials, processes, and equipment. • Includes state-of-the-art research achievements that are yet to be industrially implemented. • Transfers knowledge between chemists and chemical engineers. • QR codes direct the readers to animations, short videos, magazines, and blogs on specific topics • Worked examples deepen the understanding of the sustainable assessment of chemical manufacturing processes

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science
Author: P. Somasundaran
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 6675
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9780849396076
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science Book Excerpt: