Australia And The United Nations

Author by : James Cotton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Longueville Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : This landmark reference work is the first complete history of Australia and its relationship with, and role within, the United Nations. On 17 January 1946, when the United Nations Security Council held its inaugural session, an Australian representative, Norman Makin, presided.If all members adhered to the principles of the United Nations Charter, predicted Makin, the United Nations would become "a great power for the good of the world, bringing that freedom from fear, which is necessary before we can hope for progress and welfare in all lands". Australia and the United Nations traces how Australia committed itself to the United Nations project, from before the convening of the first United Nations Security Council until the eve of its election to a fifth term on that body. The book begins with Australian involvement with the organisation that preceded the United Nations, the League of Nations. It then analyses the role played by Australian Minister for External Affairs, HV Evatt, and his staff in framing the United Nations Charter at San Francisco in 1945. Three chapters analyse Australia's diplomacy towards the Security Council, its efforts in peacekeeping, and evolving policies and attitudes towards arms control and disarmament. Two chapters discuss Australia's engagement with the United Nations' manifold specialised agencies and the role of the broader UN family in development. Another two chapters are devoted to a study of Australia's role in areas of United Nations operation only dimly foreseen by its founders at San Francisco-decolonisation and the environment. The two final chapters examine Australia's contribution to the promotion of human rights and international law and the important role it has played seeking to improve the United Nations' performance to equip it to meet new challenges in global politics. Australia and the United Nations tells us what was done in the past, and why. It is essential reading for anyone who wants to better understand Australia's multilateral diplomacy, and our future choices.


Internationalism In The Age Of Nationalism

Author by : Glenda Sluga
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
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Description : The twentieth century, a time of profound disillusionment with nationalism, was also the great age of internationalism. To the twenty-first-century historian, the period from the late nineteenth century until the end of the Cold War is distinctive for its nationalist preoccupations, while internationalism is often construed as the purview of ideologues and idealists, a remnant of Enlightenment-era narratives of the progress of humanity into a global community. Glenda Sluga argues to the contrary, that the concepts of nationalism and internationalism were very much entwined throughout the twentieth century and mutually shaped the attitudes toward interdependence and transnationalism that influence global politics in the present day. Internationalism in the Age of Nationalism traces the arc of internationalism through its rise before World War I, its apogee at the end of World War II, its reprise in the global seventies and the post-Cold War nineties, and its decline after 9/11. Drawing on original archival material and contemporary accounts, Sluga focuses on specific moments when visions of global community occupied the liberal political mainstream, often through the maneuvers of iconic organizations such as the League of Nations and the United Nations, which stood for the sovereignty of nation-states while creating the conditions under which marginalized colonial subjects and women could make their voices heard in an international arena. In this retelling of the history of the twentieth century, conceptions of sovereignty, community, and identity were the objects of trade and reinvention among diverse intellectual and social communities, and internationalism was imagined as the means of national independence and national rights, as well as the antidote to nationalism. This innovative history highlights the role of internationalism in the evolution of political, economic, social, and cultural modernity, and maps out a new way of thinking about the twentieth century.


Australia And The World

Author by : Joan Beaumont
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 88
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Description : Australia and the World celebrates the pioneering role of Neville Meaney in the formation and development of foreign relations history in Australia and his profound influence on its study, teaching and application. The contributors to the volume, historians, practitioners of foreign relations and political commentators, many of whom were taught by Meaney at the University of Sydney over the years, focus especially on the interaction between geopolitics, culture and ideology in shaping Australian and American approaches to the world. Individual chapters examine a number of major themes informing Neville Meaney's work, including the sources and nature of Australia's British identity; the hapless, if dedicated, efforts of Australian politicians, public servants and intellectuals to reconcile this intense cultural identity with Australia's strategic anxieties in the Asia-Pacific region; and the sense of trauma created when the myth of 'Britishness' collapsed under the weight of new historical circumstances in the 1960s. They survey relations between Australia and the United States in the years after World War Two. Finally, they assess the US perceptions of itself as an 'exceptional' nation with a mission to spread democracy and liberty to the wider world and the way in which this self-perception has influenced its behaviour in international affairs.


Moving In The Open Daylight

Author by : Ashley Hogan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Sydney University Press
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Total Read : 16
Total Download : 999
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Description : The year was 1945. The place was San Francisco. The topicwas the world.Ashley Hogan tells the story of a moment in human history whenAustralia became known for its courage and liberalism. At theconference that founded the United Nations, Australia spoke tothe Great Powers on behalf of the other nations of the world with a voice that commanded universal respect. That voice belonged to Dr Herbert Vere Evatt.


Australia And The Birth Of The International Bill Of Human Rights 1946 1966

Author by : Annemarie Devereux
Languange : en
Publisher by : Federation Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
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Description : Australia and the Birth of the International Bill of Human Rights provides the first in depth examination of Australia's first reactions to 'international human rights' during the negotiations for the International Bill of Rights: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the ICCPR and ICESCR. It follows Australian policy from 1946, the first year in which the United Nations began discussing a Bill of Rights until 1966 when the twin Covenants were finalized. The book looks at what successive Australian Governments understood by 'human rights' and how they responded to discussion of sensitive domestic topics such as: immigration policies self-determination for inhabitants of trust territories equal pay for men and women and balancing human rights and national security. As well as considering Australian policies towards substantive rights, the book looks at Australian policies towards international schemes for protecting rights including early proposals for an International Court of Human Rights and its later support for more modest, technical expertise based assistance for States, debates often taking place against the background of highly politicised issues such as the Cold War and the fight against apartheid. In looking at this 20 year period, the book demonstrates the way in which Australian policy changed substantially over time: as between Labor and Liberal administrations, between Ministers and bureaucrats and as between decision makers with markedly distinct visions of the ideal relationship between citizens and a State, and the individual State and the international community. In highlighting the diversity of views about human rights, this book thus challenges the notion that Australia has historically supported a universally understood set of human rights norms and underlines the number of variables which may be affecting ongoing implementation of human rights standards.


Ministers Mandarins And Diplomats

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Melbourne Univ. Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 432
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Description : In the three decades from the beginning of World War II Australia emerged on the world stage as an independent actor in foreign affairs. The key institution overseeing the development of Australia's international status and foreign policy during that period was the Department of External Affairs. This stimulating collection of essays explores the history of this government department as it grew from being a small amateur bureaucratic player to become a professional global network. This book sheds new light on the major figures in Australian international history, H. V. 'Doc' Evatt, Percy Spender, Richard Casey, Garfield Barwick and Paul Hasluckandmdash;and their relationships with their senior bureaucratic advisers. The experiences of Australian diplomats, as they joined the Department of External Affairs as junior recruits and worked overseas, are also examined. Ministers, Mandarins and Diplomats tells the story of the people, the events and the ideas that shaped Australian foreign policy and gave Australia its identity in the eyes of the rest of the world.


Australia S War 1939 45

Author by : Joan Beaumont
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 323
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : The Second World War was a dominant experience in Australian history. For the first time the country faced the threat of invasion. The economy and society were mobilised to an unprecedented degree, with 550 000 men and women, or one in twelve of a population of over 7 million, serving in the armed forces overseas. Social patterns and family life were disrupted. Politically, the war gave a new legitimacy to the Australian Labor Party which had been confined to the wilderness of the Opposition at the Federal level for most of the inter-war years. The powers of the Federal government increased and a new momentum for social reform was generated at the popular and governmental level. In the international sphere, the war fundamentally shook Australian confidence in the power on which it had relied for generations, Great Britain. It generated a sense of independence in Australian foreign policy and initiated a new, if halting and problematic, realignment towards the United States. In this accessible book Joan Beaumont, Kate Darian-Smith, David Lee, David Lowe, Marnie Haig-Muir, Roy Hay and David Walker consider the range of Australia's experience of this conflict. In a single volume they draw together the many aspects of the war and distil the current state of historical scholarship. Australia's War 1939-45 will be invaluable to tertiary students and of enormous interest to the reader concerned with the social, political and military history of Australia. A companion volume on the First World War is also available.


Securing Village Life

Author by : Scott MacWilliam
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU E Press
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Total Read : 58
Total Download : 900
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Description : SECURING VILLAGE LIFE: DEVELOPMENT IN LATE COLONIAL PAPUA NEW GUINEA examines the significance for post-World War II Australian colonial policy of the modern idea of development. Australian officials emphasised the importance of bringing development for both the colony of Papua and the United Nations Trust Territory of New Guinea. The principal form that development took involved securing smallholders against the tendencies of other forms of capitalist development that might have separated households from land. In order to make household occupation of their holdings more secure and at higher standards of living, the colonial administration coordinated and supervised increases in production of crops and other agricultural produce. Contrary to suggestions that colonial policy and practice ignored indigenous agriculture and concentrated on plantation crops grown by international firms and expatriate owner-occupiers, the study shows how the main focus was instead upon increasing smallholder output for immediate consumption as well as for local and international markets. Simultaneously development stimulated increases in consumption, including of goods produced through manufacturing processes and imported into the colony. Only as Independence approached was the pre-eminence of the earlier focus upon smallholders weakened. In part the change occurred due to the political advance of the indigenous capitalist class and their allies seeking to extend their base in largeholding agriculture and related commercial activities. This advance and the uncertainty over which form of development would prevail once indigenes held state power in post-colonial Papua New Guinea stood in marked contrast to the definite direction pursued under the colonial administration of the 1950s and early 1960s.


Remnants Of Empire

Author by : David Walter Wainhouse
Languange : en
Publisher by : New York : Published for the Council on Foreign Relations, by Harper & Row
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Total Read : 21
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File Size : 54,7 Mb
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World Review

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 294
File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Letters To Australia The Radio Broadcasts 1942 72 The 1940s Volume 2

Author by : Jonathan Stone
Languange : en
Publisher by : Sydney University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 561
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Description : Volume 2 completes the 1940s broadcasts, with a series on decolonisation, and a remarkable set of commentaries on the events and people nations and regions, starting with Europe and concluding with the Americas. The volume closes with a series of talks on the jurisprudence of international relations, and four insightful end-of-the-decade talks on the key challenges he believed must be met?to maintain intellectual freedom, to counter the narrowness of indoctrination, to respond constructively to the threat of racial conflict, and to assert the value and power of gradual reform.


Papua New Guinean History Politics

Author by : Gregory Philip Jones
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 410
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook

Author by : National Library of Australia
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Library Australia
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 414
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Lawasia

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 289
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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20 000 Mcqs General Studies Subjectwise Question Bank Based On Previous Papers For Upsc State Psc

Author by : Mocktime Publication
Languange : en
Publisher by : by Mocktime Publication
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 318
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : 20,000 MCQs - Objective General Studies - Subjectwise Question Bank based on Previous Papers for UPSC & State PSC Important for - UTTAR PRADESH UPPSC UPPCS, ANDHRA PRADESH APPSC, ASSAM APSC, BIHAR BPSC, CHHATISGARH CGPSC, GUJARAT GPSC, HARYANA HPSC, HIMACHAL PRADESH HPPSC, JHARKHAND JPSC, KARNATAKA KPSC, KERALA Kerala PSC, MADHYA PRADESH MPPSC, MAHARASHTRA MPSC, ORISSA OPSC, PUNJAB PPSC, RAJASTHAN RPSC, TAMIL NADU TNPSC, TELANGANA TSPSC, UTTARAKHAND UKPSC, WEST BENGAL WBPSC Keywords: Objective Economy, Polity, History, Ecology, Geography Objective Indian Polity by Laxmikant, General Studies Manual, Indian Economy Ramesh Singh, GC Leong, Old NCERT History, GIST of NCERT,


International Status In The Shadow Of Empire

Author by : Cait Storr
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
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Description : Nauru is often figured as an anomaly in the international order. This book offers a new account of Nauru's imperial history and examines its significance to the histories of international law. Drawing on theories of jurisdiction and bureaucracy, it reconstructs four shifts in Nauru's status – from German protectorate, to League of Nations C Mandate, to UN Trust Territory, to sovereign state – as a means of redescribing the transition from the nineteenth century imperial order to the twentieth century state system. The book argues that as international status shifts, imperial form accretes: as Nauru's status shifted, what occurred at the local level was a gradual process of bureaucratisation. Two conclusions emerge from this argument. The first is that imperial administration in Nauru produced the Republic's post-independence 'failures'. The second is that international recognition of sovereign status is best understood as marking a beginning, not an end, of the process of decolonisation.


The Australian Encyclopaedia

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
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File Size : 51,5 Mb
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The Colonial Politics Of Global Health

Author by : Jessica Lynne Pearson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 445
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : Jessica Lynne Pearson explores the collision between imperial and international visions of health and development in French Africa as postwar decolonization movements gained strength. The consequences of putting politics above public health continue to play out in constraints placed on international health organizations half a century later.


Australia

Author by : Dante Alighieri
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 167
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : Annotated bibliography of 960 entries, covering all aspects of Australia ; includes 'Australian Aborigines', pp. 154-160.


Australian Daily News

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
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East Timor And The United Nations

Author by : Geoffrey C. Gunn
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Red Sea Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
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Description : An analysis of the present situation in East Timor which advocates a policy of self-determination for the country and urges intervention by the United Nations whose previous resolutions have been ignored by the occupying Indonesians.


Australia And The United Nations

Author by : Alex Cuthbert Castles
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hawthorn, Victoria : Longman
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 701
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description :