Balanced Urban Development Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities

Balanced Urban Development  Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities
Author: Basant Maheshwari,Vijay P. Singh,Bhadranie Thoradeniya
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 601
Release: 2016-08-29
ISBN: 3319281127
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Balanced Urban Development Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities Book Excerpt:

This book provides a unique synthesis of concepts and tools to examine natural resource, socio-economic, legal, policy and institutional issues that are important for managing urban growth into the future. The book will particularly help the reader to understand the current issues and challenges and develop strategies and practices to cope with future pressures of urbanisation and peri-urban land, water and energy use challenges. In particular, the book will help the reader to discover underlying principles for the planning of future cities and peri-urban regions in relation to: (i) Balanced urban development policies and institutions for future cities; (ii) Understanding the effects of land use change, population increase, and water demand on the liveability of cities; (iii) Long-term planning needs and transdisciplinary approaches to ensure the secured future for generations ahead; and (iv) Strategies to adapt the cities and land, water and energy uses for viable and liveable cities. There are growing concerns about water, food security and sustainability with increased urbanisation worldwide. For cities to be liveable and sustainable into the future there is a need to maintain the natural resource base and the ecosystem services in the peri-urban areas surrounding cities. This need is increasing under the looming spectre of global warming and climate change. This book will be of interest to policy makers, urban planners, researchers, post-graduate students in urban planning, environmental and water resources management, and managers in municipal councils.

Balanced Urban Development Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities

Balanced Urban Development  Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities
Author: Basant Maheshwari,Vijay P. Singh,Bhadranie Thoradeniya
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 601
Release: 2018-06-09
ISBN: 9783319802756
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Balanced Urban Development Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities Book Excerpt:

This book provides a unique synthesis of concepts and tools to examine natural resource, socio-economic, legal, policy and institutional issues that are important for managing urban growth into the future. The book will particularly help the reader to understand the current issues and challenges and develop strategies and practices to cope with future pressures of urbanisation and peri-urban land, water and energy use challenges. In particular, the book will help the reader to discover underlying principles for the planning of future cities and peri-urban regions in relation to: (i) Balanced urban development policies and institutions for future cities; (ii) Understanding the effects of land use change, population increase, and water demand on the liveability of cities; (iii) Long-term planning needs and transdisciplinary approaches to ensure the secured future for generations ahead; and (iv) Strategies to adapt the cities and land, water and energy uses for viable and liveable cities. There are growing concerns about water, food security and sustainability with increased urbanisation worldwide. For cities to be liveable and sustainable into the future there is a need to maintain the natural resource base and the ecosystem services in the peri-urban areas surrounding cities. This need is increasing under the looming spectre of global warming and climate change. This book will be of interest to policy makers, urban planners, researchers, post-graduate students in urban planning, environmental and water resources management, and managers in municipal councils.

Water Security Conflict and Cooperation in Peri Urban South Asia

Water Security  Conflict and Cooperation in Peri Urban South Asia
Author: Vishal Narain,Dik Roth
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2021-12-09
ISBN: 3030790355
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Security Conflict and Cooperation in Peri Urban South Asia Book Excerpt:

This open access book explores the implications of urbanization in South Asia for water (in-) security in the peri-urban spaces of Dhaka and Khulna in Bangladesh, Bengaluru, Gurugram, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Pune in India, and Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. The book looks into specifically peri-urban water security issues in a context of rapid urbanization and social-environmental changes, including the changing climate and its emerging impacts. It demonstrates how urbanization processes change water flows between rural and urban areas, the implications of this processes for the water security of peri-urban populations, and how new institutions and technologies develop to mediate the relationships between peri-urban communities and water. The book seeks to further the debate on peri-urban water security, including what constitutes the peri-urban, socially differentiated access to water in peri-urban spaces, interventions for improving water access, and emerging forms of cooperation and conflict related to water access in a context of urbanization and climate change. As such, this book is an interesting read for academics with various disciplinary backgrounds, professionals working in the worlds of national and international policy, NGOs, activist groups, research and development institutes, and individual readers interested in water security and urbanization.

Urban Informality

Urban Informality
Author: Ahmed M. Soliman
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2021-04-26
ISBN: 3030689883
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Informality Book Excerpt:

This professional book introduces an analytical framework of urban informality perspectives in the Middle East that is aligned with the Global South. The context of Egypt, Lebanon, and Jordan—in the Middle East— is the transregional focus of this book. In these contexts, the book opens a new arena of academic discussion on the theory and practice of urban informality. Urban Informality: Experiences and Urban Sustainability Transitions in Middle East Cities questions urban informality, "as a site of transitions", interrelated and interlinked with urban sustainability transitions in speedy changes in a given environment. The book presents ‘urban informality sustainability transitions’ regarding resilience and adaptability that require shifts in urban systems. Shifts from a static process to a dynamic process that eradicates the fragmentation between the tensions, anxieties, and pressures of four modes of production, reproduction, consumptions, and distribution of goods and services in the city and its practices. Finally, through eleven chapters, the concluding remarks explore to what extent and how can urban informality transitions be sustainable.

Smart Economy in Smart African Cities

Smart Economy in Smart African Cities
Author: Gora Mboup,Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2019-02-21
ISBN: 9811334714
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Economy in Smart African Cities Book Excerpt:

This book highlights the use of information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructures in order to develop smart cities and produce smart economies in Africa. It discusses a robust set of concepts, including smart planning, smart infrastructure development, smart economic development, smart environmental sustainability, smart social development, resilience, and smart peace and security in several African cities. By drawing on the accumulated knowledge on various conditions that make cities smart, green, livable and healthy, it helps in the planning, design and management of African urbanization. In turn, it fosters the development of e-commerce, e-education, e-governance, etc. The rapid development of ICT infrastructures facilitates the creation of smart economies in digitally served cities and towns through smart urban planning, smart infrastructures, smart land tenure and smart urban policies. In the long term, this can reduce emissions of CO2, promote the creation of low carbon cities, reduce land degradation and promote biodiversity.

Bioclimatic Approaches in Urban and Building Design

Bioclimatic Approaches in Urban and Building Design
Author: Giacomo Chiesa
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 519
Release: 2021-01-04
ISBN: 3030593282
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioclimatic Approaches in Urban and Building Design Book Excerpt:

This book explores the bioclimatic approach to building design. Constant innovations in the field are evident, including the need to face climate changes and increase the local resilience at different scales (regional, urban, architectural). Differently from other contributions, this book provides a definition of the bioclimatic design approach following a technological and performance-driven vision. It includes one of the largest collection of research voices on the topic, becoming also a critical reference work for bioclimatic theory. It is intended for architects, engineers, researchers, and technicians who have professional and research interests in bioclimatic and in sustainable and technological design issues.

Rethinking Sustainable Cities

Rethinking Sustainable Cities
Author: David Simon
Publsiher: Policy Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2016-08-31
ISBN: 1447332849
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rethinking Sustainable Cities Book Excerpt:

Makes a significant contribution to the sustainable urbanisation agenda through authoritative interventions contextualising, assessing and explaining the relevance and importance of three central characteristics of sustainable towns and cities everywhere; that they be accessible, green and fair.

Creative Industries and Entrepreneurship

Creative Industries and Entrepreneurship
Author: Luciana Lazzeretti,,Marilena Vecco
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018
ISBN: 1786435926
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Creative Industries and Entrepreneurship Book Excerpt:

This book investigates the evolving paradigm of creative industries and creative entrepreneurship, and their related economy over time. It explores different stages of the paradigm diffusion in ‘first generation countries’ such as the US, Canada, Australia and Europe, and ‘second generation countries’ in Asia, South America and North Africa in order to identify new trends and their distinctive aspects. By adopting a multidisciplinary approach, the book develops a comprehensive overview of the composite phenomenon of the creative economy and its relationship with entrepreneurship.

Routledge Handbook of Landscape and Food

Routledge Handbook of Landscape and Food
Author: Joshua Zeunert,Tim Waterman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2018-02-02
ISBN: 1317298772
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Handbook of Landscape and Food Book Excerpt:

Since the turn of the millennium, there has been a burgeoning interest in, and literature of, both landscape studies and food studies. Landscape describes places as relationships and processes. Landscapes create people’s identities and guide their actions and their preferences, while at the same time are shaped by the actions and forces of people. Food, as currency, medium, and sustenance, is a fundamental part of those landscape relationships. This volume brings together over fifty contributors from around the world in forty profoundly interdisciplinary chapters. Chapter authors represent an astonishing range of disciplines, from agronomy, anthropology, archaeology, conservation, countryside management, cultural studies, ecology, ethics, geography, heritage studies, landscape architecture, landscape management and planning, literature, urban design and architecture. Both food studies and landscape studies defy comprehension from the perspective of a single discipline, and thus such a range is both necessary and enriching. The Routledge Handbook of Landscape and Food is intended as a first port of call for scholars and researchers seeking to undertake new work at the many intersections of landscape and food. Each chapter provides an authoritative overview, a broad range of pertinent readings and references, and seeks to identify areas where new research is needed—though these may also be identified in the many fertile areas in which subjects and chapters overlap within the book.

Regenerative Urban Design and Ecosystem Biomimicry

Regenerative Urban Design and Ecosystem Biomimicry
Author: Maibritt Pedersen Zari
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2018-05-20
ISBN: 1351627392
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Regenerative Urban Design and Ecosystem Biomimicry Book Excerpt:

It is clear that the climate is changing and ecosystems are becoming severely degraded. Humans must mitigate the causes of, and adapt to, climate change and the loss of biodiversity, as the impacts of these changes become more apparent and demand urgent responses. These pressures, combined with rapid global urbanisation and population growth mean that new ways of designing, retrofitting and living in cities are critically needed. Incorporating an understanding of how the living world works and what ecosystems do into architectural and urban design is a step towards the creation and evolution of cities that are radically more sustainable and potentially regenerative. Can cities produce their own food, energy, and water? Can they be designed to regulate climate, provide habitat, cycle nutrients, and purify water, air and soil? This book examines and defines the field of biomimicry for sustainable built environment design and goes on to translate ecological knowledge into practical methodologies for architectural and urban design that can proactively respond to climate change and biodiversity loss. These methods are tested and exemplified through a series of case studies of existing cities in a variety of climates. Regenerative Urban Design and Ecosystem Biomimicry will be of great interest to students, professionals and researchers of architecture, urban design, ecology, and environmental studies, as well as those interested in the interdisciplinary study of sustainability, ecology and urbanism.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2017

Computational Science and Its Applications     ICCSA 2017
Author: Osvaldo Gervasi,Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Giuseppe Borruso,Carmelo M. Torre,Ana Maria A.C. Rocha,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Elena Stankova,Alfredo Cuzzocrea
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 766
Release: 2017-07-13
ISBN: 3319623982
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2017 Book Excerpt:

The six-volume set LNCS 10404-10409 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2017, held in Trieste, Italy, in July 2017. The 313 full papers and 12 short papers included in the 6-volume proceedings set were carefully reviewed and selected from 1052 submissions. Apart from the general tracks, ICCSA 2017 included 43 international workshops in various areas of computational sciences, ranging from computational science technologies to specific areas of computational sciences, such as computer graphics and virtual reality. Furthermore, this year ICCSA 2017 hosted the XIV International Workshop On Quantum Reactive Scattering. The program also featured 3 keynote speeches and 4 tutorials.

Sustainable Solutions for Urban Water Security

Sustainable Solutions for Urban Water Security
Author: Binaya Kumar Mishra,Shamik Chakraborty,Pankaj Kumar,Chitresh Saraswat
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2020-08-14
ISBN: 3030531104
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Solutions for Urban Water Security Book Excerpt:

This book presents solutions to address water security in rapidly urbanizing cities, and explores the new paradigms of water security in changing contexts. Highlighting the latest developments in water research, changes in water policy, and current discourses on water security, the book also provides information and tools for local stakeholders, water managers, and policymakers to build the capacity for sustainable water governance. The book discusses a wide range of sustainable solutions and their implementation to ensure that the balance between water supply and demand remains sustainable in the long term, with a focus on local solutions to build capacity and developing policy awareness for a wide range of stakeholders. As the concept of urban water security in changing contexts is open to multiple interpretations, the authors set out various approaches. Providing an overview of the changing perspectives of urban water security in different contexts, the book is based on findings of the Asia-Pacific Network water security project at the United Nations University, Tokyo, as well as the authors' current research-based at Pokhara University, Nepal, Hosei University, Tokyo, Institute for the Global Environmental Strategies, Japan and the Australian National University, Australia. The book also includes the views of international authorities (such as water experts) on the subject. The solutions are complemented by analysis of case studies of various localized sustainable solutions at different scales. The book is a valuable resource for water professionals and policymakers around the globe, academics, teachers working in water-related areas, NGOs, think thanks, water research institutes, donor organizations, and international and local water utility services.

Resilience Reset

Resilience Reset
Author: Aditya V. Bahadur,Thomas Tanner
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2021-07-19
ISBN: 1000402053
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resilience Reset Book Excerpt:

Drawing on evidence from urban resilience initiatives around the globe, the authors make a compelling argument for a "resilience reset", a pause and stocktake that critically examines the concepts, practices and challenges of building resilience, particularly in cities of the Global South. In turn, the book calls for the world’s cities to alter their course and "pivot" towards novel approaches to enhancing resilience. The book presents shifts in ways of acquiring and analysing data, building community resilience, approaching urban planning, engaging with informality, delivering financing, and building the skills of those running cities in a post-COVID world grappling with climate impacts. In Resilience Reset, the authors encourage researchers, policymakers, and practitioners to break out of existing modes of thinking and doing that may no longer be relevant for our rapidly urbanising and dynamic world. The book draws on the latest academic and practice-based evidence to provide actionable insights for cities that will enable them to deal with multiple interacting shocks and stresses. The book will be an indispensable resource to those studying urbanisation, development, climate change and risk management as well as for those designing and deploying operational initiatives to enhance urban resilience in businesses, international organisations, civil society organisations and governments. It is a must-read for anyone interested in managing the risks of climate impacts in urban centres in the Global South.

Cities Made of Boundaries

Cities Made of Boundaries
Author: Benjamin N. Vis
Publsiher: UCL Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2018-09-17
ISBN: 178735105X
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cities Made of Boundaries Book Excerpt:

Cities Made of Boundaries presents the theoretical foundation and concepts for a new social scientific urban morphological mapping method, Boundary Line Type (BLT) Mapping. Its vantage is a plea to establish a frame of reference for radically comparative urban studies positioned between geography and archaeology. Based in multidisciplinary social and spatial theory, a critical realist understanding of the boundaries that compose built space is operationalised by a mapping practice utilising Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Benjamin N. Vis gives a precise account of how BLT Mapping can be applied to detailed historical, reconstructed, contemporary, and archaeological urban plans, exemplified by sixteenth to twenty-first century Winchester (UK) and Classic Maya Chunchucmil (Mexico). This account demonstrates how the functional and experiential difference between compact western and tropical dispersed cities can be explored. The methodological development of Cities Made of Boundaries will appeal to readers interested in the comparative social analysis of built environments, and those seeking to expand the evidence-base of design options to structure urban life and development.

Urban Agriculture for Improving the Quality of Life

Urban Agriculture for Improving the Quality of Life
Author: Dona Pickard
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030947432
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Agriculture for Improving the Quality of Life Book Excerpt:

Assessment Framework for Urban Water Security

Assessment Framework for Urban Water Security
Author: Hassan Tolba Aboelnga
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2021-01-01
ISBN: 3737609608
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment Framework for Urban Water Security Book Excerpt:

Urban water security is crucial for achieving sustainable development, peace, and human health and well-being. Framing urban water security is challenging due to the complexity and uncertainty of its definition and assessment framework. Several studies have assessed water security in widely divergent ways by granting priority indicators equal weight without considering or adapting to local conditions. This dissertation develops a new urban water security definition and assessment framework applicable to water scarce cities, with a focus on Madaba, Jordan. It takes a novel and systematic approach to assessing urban water security and culminates in integrated urban water security index (IUWSI) as a diagnostic tool and guide management actions. The dissertation suggests a new working definition of urban water security based on the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 on safe drinking water for all and the human rights on water and sanitation as follows: The dynamic capacity of water systems and stakeholders to safeguard sustainable and equitable access to water of adequate quantity and acceptable quality that is continuously, physically and legally available at an affordable cost for sustaining livelihoods, human well-being and socioeconomic development, ensuring protection against waterborne pollution and water-related disasters, and for preserving ecosystems in a climate of peace and political stability. This proposed definition captures issues at the urban level of technical, environmental and socioeconomic indicators that emphasize credibility, legitimacy and salience. The assessment framework establishes a criteria hierarchy, consisting of four main dimensions to achieve urban water security: drinking water and human well-being, ecosystem, climate change and water-related hazards and socioeconomic aspects (together, DECS). The framework enables the analysis of relationships and trade-offs between urbanization, water security and DECS indicators. The dissertation also provides a structured analysis to understand how urban water is managed in intermittent water supply system, by conducting a water balance analysis after quantifying the components of water losses in Madaba’s water distribution network. The findings showed that Madaba's non-revenue water (NRW) amounted to annual loss of about 3.5 million m3, corresponding to financial losses of 2.8 million USD to the utility, of which 1.7 million USD is the cost of real losses. The dissertation provided an intervention strategy for strengthening infrastructure resilience and reducing leakage via the infrastructure, repair, economic, awareness and pressure (IREAP) framework. The IREAP framework provides a robust strategy to shift intermittent water supply (IWS) into continuous water supply. The IUWSI highlighted the state of water security in Madaba, Jordan and identified the means of implementation to move towards achieving urban water security based on the priorities for Madaba. The drinking water and human wellbeing dimension was the most important priority, receiving a weight of 66.22%, followed by ecosystem (17.15%), socioeconomic aspects (10.18%), and climate change and water-related hazards (6.45%) dimensions. The IUWSI indicated that the urban water security in Madaba is reasonable with a score of 2.5/5 and can meet the minimum requirements in several dimensions, but nonetheless, it has many loopholes to cover. Gaps are clear in the climate change and water-related hazards, and socioeconomic dimensions with scores of 1.6/5 and 2.237/5 respectively. Additionally, specific shortcomings are found in indicators such as water availability, reliability, diversity, and public health. The IUWSI framework assists with a rational and evidence-based decision-making process, which is important for enhancing water resource management in water-scarce cities

Innovation in Urban and Regional Planning

Innovation in Urban and Regional Planning
Author: Daniele La Rosa,Riccardo Privitera
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 639
Release: 2021
ISBN: 3030688240
Category: City planning
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovation in Urban and Regional Planning Book Excerpt:

This book gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in urban and regional planning processes and science, as presented by international researchers at the 11th International Conference on Innovation in Urban and Regional Planning (INPUT), held in Catania, Italy, on September 8-10, 2021. The overarching theme of the conference INPUT 2021 was Integrating Nature-Based Solutions in Planning Science and Practice, with contributes focusing on functionality of urban ecosystems toward more healthier and resilient cities, planning solutions for socio-ecological systems, technologies and hybrid models for spatial planning, geodesign, urban metabolism, computational planning, ecosystems services, green infrastructure, climate change adaptation and mitigation, rural landscapes, cultural heritage, and accessibility for urban planning. The conference brought together international scholars in the field of planning, civil engineering and architecture, ecology and social science, to build and consolidate the knowledge and evidence on NBS in urban and regional planning.

Jungle

Jungle
Author: Patrick Roberts
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2021-09-14
ISBN: 154160010X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jungle Book Excerpt:

"A bold, ambitious and truly wonderful history of the world"—Peter Wohlleben, author of The Hidden Life of Trees From the age of dinosaurs to the first human cities, a groundbreaking new history of the planet that tropical forests made. To many of us, tropical forests are the domain of movies and novels. These dense, primordial wildernesses are beautiful to picture, but irrelevant to our lives. Jungle tells a different story. Archaeologist Patrick Roberts argues that tropical forests have shaped nearly every aspect of life on earth. They made the planet habitable, enabled the rise of dinosaurs and mammals, and spread flowering plants around the globe. New evidence also shows that humans evolved in jungles, developing agriculture and infrastructure unlike anything found elsewhere. Humanity’s fate is tied to the fate of tropical forests, and by understanding how earlier societies managed these habitats, we can learn to live more sustainably and equitably today. Blending cutting-edge research and incisive social commentary, Jungle is a bold new vision of who we are and where we come from.

Research Handbook on Climate Change and Agricultural Law

Research Handbook on Climate Change and Agricultural Law
Author: Mary Jane Angelo,Anél Du Plessis
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2017-03-31
ISBN: 1784710644
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Handbook on Climate Change and Agricultural Law Book Excerpt:

Research Handbook on Climate Change and Agricultural Law

Agricultural Landscapes

Agricultural Landscapes
Author: Dewey Thorbeck
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2019-02-08
ISBN: 1351390392
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agricultural Landscapes Book Excerpt:

Agricultural Landscapes: Seeing Rural Through Design follows on from the author’s previous books, Rural Design and Architecture and Agriculture, to encourage using design thinking to provide greater meaning and understanding of places where humans live and work with the rural landscape. Rural areas around the world are often viewed as special places with cultural, historical and natural significance for people. Dewey Thorbeck emphasizes the importance of these rural sites and their connections to urban areas through full-color case studies of these places with particular emphasis on Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), as identified by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, to document and explore personal experiences, lessons learned, and implications for the future. Rural landscapes are part of everyone’s heritage, and the book shows these connections and the unique GIAHS land use systems and landscapes as models for a more sustainable and prosperous rural and urban future. It includes practical examples of working places where growing food, raising animals, or harvesting from the sea has been the primary economy for centuries to exhibit a clear and sustainable local relationship between humans, animals, buildings, climate and place. Aimed at students, teachers and professionals, this book investigates how design thinking can be used to integrate rural and urban sites to shape land use for more sustainable futures.