Behavioral and Neural Genetics of Zebrafish

Behavioral and Neural Genetics of Zebrafish
Author: Robert T. Gerlai
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2020-04-03
ISBN: 012817529X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioral and Neural Genetics of Zebrafish Book Excerpt:

Behavioral and Neural Genetics of Zebrafish assembles the state-of-the-art methodologies and current concepts pertinent to their neurobehavioral genetics. Discussing their natural behavior, motor function, learning and memory, this book focuses on the fry and adult zebrafish, featuring a comprehensive account of modern genetic and neural methods adapted to, or specifically developed for, Danio rerio. Numerous examples of how these behavioral methods may be utilized for disease models using the zebrafish are presented, as is a section on bioinformatics and "big-data" related questions. Provides the most comprehensive snapshot of the fast-evolving zebrafish neurobehavior genetics field Describes behavioral, genetic and neural methods and concepts for use in adult and larval zebrafish Features examples of zebrafish models of human central nervous system disorders Discusses bioinformatics questions pertinent to zebrafish neurobehavioral genetics

Laboratory Fish in Biomedical Research

Laboratory Fish in Biomedical Research
Author: Livia d'Angelo,Paolo de Girolamo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2021-08-28
ISBN: 0128212454
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laboratory Fish in Biomedical Research Book Excerpt:

Fish, and particularly zebrafish, have become the fastest-growing segment of the research population. They offer several advantages, in terms of biology and technologies to apply, and thus are employed in numerous research fields. Laboratory Fish in Biomedical Research: Biology, Husbandry and Research Applications for Zebrafish, Medaka, Killifish, Swordtail Fish, Cavefish, Stickleback, Goldfish and Danionella Translucida addresses the relevant and increasing need to collect cutting-edge knowledge on husbandry, maintenance, welfare and experimental protocols of the most common freshwater species under standard laboratory conditions. Provides husbandry and management protocols, devices and water systems Shows strength and weakness of breeding Explores potential scientific applications and experimental protocols. with regards to the most used freshwater fish used for scientific purposes

Psychophysics and Genetics of Zebrafish Visual Behavior

Psychophysics and Genetics of Zebrafish Visual Behavior
Author: Michael Brian Orger
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics and Genetics of Zebrafish Visual Behavior Book Excerpt:

A central goal of neuroscience is to understand the neural basis of behavior. The zebrafish is a vertebrate model system that allows behavior to be studied using both systems and molecular genetic approaches. Here we present a psychophysical and genetic analysis of optomotor behavior in zebrafish larvae. By applying psychophysical methods developed for primates to zebrafish we have demonstrated than motion detection in zebrafish uses mechanisms that are broadly similar to humans. The larvae are susceptible to visual illusions that indicate that they detect Fourier motion energy in visual scenes. They also respond to non-Fourier motion, an ability that is believed to depend on visual cortex in humans. Different visual behaviors in the fish use different chromatic information. The optomotor response, in particular, is colorblind and pools signals from longer wavelength cones, while excluding shorter wavelength inputs. Motion processing seems to be functionally similar between higher and lower vertebrates despite large differences in neuroanatomy. Using an automated assay, we have conducted a large-scale genetic screen for recessive mutants affecting the optomotor response. Testing these mutants with a battery of behavioral assays allows us to categorize them into motor and visual system mutants, as well as some that are specific to the optomotor response. Many have normal visual system anatomy, but some are missing specific cell-types or have defects in axon target selection.

Molecular Genetic and Statistical Techniques for Behavioral and Neural Research

Molecular Genetic and Statistical Techniques for Behavioral and Neural Research
Author: Robert T. Gerlai
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 708
Release: 2018-04-24
ISBN: 0128041161
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Genetic and Statistical Techniques for Behavioral and Neural Research Book Excerpt:

Molecular-Genetic and Statistical Techniques for Behavioral and Neural Research presents the most exciting molecular and recombinant DNA techniques used in the analysis of brain function and behavior, a critical piece of the puzzle for clinicians, scientists, course instructors and advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Chapters examine neuroinformatics, genetic and neurobehavioral databases and data mining, also providing an analysis of natural genetic variation and principles and applications of forward (mutagenesis) and reverse genetics (gene targeting). In addition, the book discusses gene expression and its role in brain function and behavior, along with ethical issues in the use of animals in genetics testing. Written and edited by leading international experts, this book provides a clear presentation of the frontiers of basic research as well as translationally relevant techniques that are used by neurobehavioral geneticists. Focuses on new techniques, including electrocorticography, functional mapping, stereo EEG, motor evoked potentials, optical coherence tomography, magnetoencephalography, laser evoked potentials, transmagnetic stimulation, and motor evoked potentials Presents the most exciting molecular and recombinant DNA techniques used in the analysis of brain function and behavior Written and edited by leading international experts

The Orexin System Basic Science and Role in Sleep Pathology

The Orexin System  Basic Science and Role in Sleep Pathology
Author: M.A. Steiner,M. Yanagisawa,M. Clozel
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN: 3318068446
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Orexin System Basic Science and Role in Sleep Pathology Book Excerpt:

The orexin system, discovered in 1998, has emerged as a crucial player in regulating the sleep and wake balance inside our brain. This discovery has sparked a burst of novel and dynamic research on the physiology and pathology of sleep. The Orexin System: Basic Science and Role in Sleep Pathology honors this research and the authors share their ideas and perspectives on the novel developments within the field. The book examines the intricate role of the orexin system in regulating sleep and wake, and its interaction with other wake-regulating systems. The orexin system is dissected at the cellular and molecular level to explore the diversity of the orexin-producing neurons, their projections, and their signaling pathways. Additionally, the book discusses the diseases which are associated with a dysfunctional orexin system, such as narcolepsy, insomnia, substance abuse, and Alzheimer’s disease, and explores the new potential therapeutic applications derived from the burst of research around this fascinating system. This publication is essential reading for neurobiologists, neurologists, psychopharmacologists, sleep researchers, and other researchers and clinical scientists interested in sleep, sleep research, insomnia, and medicine in general.

Digital Transformations

Digital Transformations
Author: Daim, Tugrul U.,Yalçın, Haydar
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2022-01-18
ISBN: 1789908639
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Transformations Book Excerpt:

Technology is not just limited to technology companies, it impacts sectors such as healthcare, agriculture, and security. In the last few decades, countries, too, have started developing technologies or integrating technologies into their systems. As a result, all countries, regardless of size, need to understand the management of engineering and technology concepts. Digital Transformations reviews fundamentals and applications through existing and emerging technologies all around the world.

Handbook of Psychology Behavioral Neuroscience

Handbook of Psychology  Behavioral Neuroscience
Author: Irving B. Weiner,Randy J. Nelson,Sheri Mizumori
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2012-10-16
ISBN: 0470890592
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Psychology Behavioral Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Psychology is of interest to academics from many fields, as well as to the thousands of academic and clinical psychologists and general public who can't help but be interested in learning more about why humans think and behave as they do. This award-winning twelve-volume reference covers every aspect of the ever-fascinating discipline of psychology and represents the most current knowledge in the field. This ten-year revision now covers discoveries based in neuroscience, clinical psychology's new interest in evidence-based practice and mindfulness, and new findings in social, developmental, and forensic psychology.

The rights and wrongs of zebrafish Behavioral phenotyping of zebrafish

The rights and wrongs of zebrafish  Behavioral phenotyping of zebrafish
Author: Allan V. Kalueff
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2017-02-06
ISBN: 3319337742
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The rights and wrongs of zebrafish Behavioral phenotyping of zebrafish Book Excerpt:

Animal models and tests have become increasingly important for biomedical research, enabling a better understanding of pathogenic pathways involved in various human disorders. Over the last decades, zebrafish (Danio rerio) have become a very popular model organism in biomedical research. Recently, this fish has entered the waters of neuroscience and biological psychiatry, quickly becoming an indispensable model species in this field. With a high genetic homology to humans (~75% based on coding regions), it is not surprising that humans and fish are very similar physiologically (and behaviorally). Therefore, it should not come as a surprise that zebrafish can be an excellent model of human neuropsychiatric disorders. While some classical psychiatrists may not too easily be persuaded by this generalization, the current book “The rights and wrongs of zebrafish: principles of behavioral phenotyping and CNS disease modeling” explains, in a domain-by-domain manner, how exactly zebrafish models can be used to target a wide range of human brain disorders and aberrant phenotypes. The contributors to this book are leading international scholars whose work spearheads innovative zebrafish neuroscience research around the world. Written by top experts in the field, this book makes for a useful, balanced and up-to-date reading that outlines the use of zebrafish to study the pathological mechanisms underlying neuropsychiatric disorders.

Optogenetics

Optogenetics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 0444594450
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optogenetics Book Excerpt:

Optogenetics is a fast-growing field concerning the invention, and use, of molecules that are genetically expressed in cells, and then either report on cellular physiology in optical form, or enable control of specific pathways in cells when actuated by light. This book reviews the current state, as well as the underlying principles and future directions, of a diversity of optogenetic tools of importance for observing and controlling cellular signaling and physiology. These tools are already revolutionizing neuroscience, and are starting to have impact on fields ranging from metabolism to development to cardiology. The book contains a dozen chapters written by world experts on these topics, half focusing on the optogenetic molecular tools themselves, and half on the genetic and hardware approaches that make them powerfully useful in intact tissues and organisms. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Optogenetics

Optogenetics
Author: Peter Hegemann,Stephan Sigrist
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2013-08-28
ISBN: 3110270722
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optogenetics Book Excerpt:

Optogenetics combines genetic engineering with optics to observe and control the function of cells using light, with clinical implications for restoration of vision and treatment of neurological diseases. As a new discipline much of the basic science and methods are currently under investigation and active development, thus there is a strong need for introductory literature in this field. This graduate level textbook provides an overview of the field of optogenetics in 5 concise chapters: Optogenetic tools, Applications in cellular systems, Mapping neuronal networks, Clinical applications and Restoration of vision and hearing. The concept and content was developed with top international researchers and students at a prestigious Dahlem Conference workshop.

Handbook of Neurobehavioral Genetics and Phenotyping

Handbook of Neurobehavioral Genetics and Phenotyping
Author: Valter Tucci
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2017-03-06
ISBN: 1118540719
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Neurobehavioral Genetics and Phenotyping Book Excerpt:

The Handbook of Behavioral Genetics and Phenotyping represents an integrative approach to neurobehavioural genetics; worldwide experts in their field will review all chapters. Advanced overviews of neurobehavioural characteristics will add immense value to the investigation of animal mutants and provide unique information about the genetics and behavioural understanding of animal models, under both normal and pathological conditions. Cross-species comparisons of neurobehavioural phenotypes will pave the way for an evolutionary understanding of behaviour. Moreover, while biological sciences are progressing towards a holistic approach to investigate the complexity of organisms (i.e., “systems biology” approach), an integrated analysis of behavioural phenotyping is still lacking. The Handbook of Behavioral Genetics and Phenotyping strengthens the cross-talk within disciplines that investigate the fundamental basis of behaviour and genetics. This will be the first volume in which traditionally distant fields including genomics, behaviour, electrophysiology, neuroeconomics, and computational neuroscience, among others, are evaluated together and simultaneously accounted for during discussions of future perspectives.

Behavioral Neurogenetics

Behavioral Neurogenetics
Author: John F. Cryan,Andreas Reif
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2012-05-04
ISBN: 3642278590
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioral Neurogenetics Book Excerpt:

This book covers a wide array of topics relevant to behavioral genetics from both a preclinical and clinical standpoint. Indeed in juxtaposing both areas of research the reader will appreciate the true translational nature of the field. Topics covered range from technical advances in genetic analysis in humans and animals to specific descriptions of advances in schizophrenia, attention disorders, depression and anxiety disorders, autism, aggression, neurodegeneration and neurodevelopmental disorders. The importance of gene-environment interactions is emphasised and the role of neuroimaging in unravelling the functional consequences of genetic variability described. This volume will be valued by both the basic scientist and clinician alike who may use it as a detailed reference book. It will also be of use to the novice to the field, to whom it will serve as an in-depth introduction to this exciting area of research.

Genetic Dissection of Neural Circuits and Behavior

Genetic Dissection of Neural Circuits and Behavior
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2009-08-21
ISBN: 9780123748362
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Dissection of Neural Circuits and Behavior Book Excerpt:

Genes interact with the environment, experience, and biology of the brain to shape an animal's behavior. This latest volume in Advances in Genetics, organized according to the most widely used model organisms, describes the latest genetic discoveries in relation to neural circuit development and activity. * Explores the latest topics in neural circuits and behavior research in zebrafish, drosophila, C.elegans, and mouse models * Includes methods for testing with ethical, legal, and social implications * Critically analyzes future prospects

Biological Research on Addiction

Biological Research on Addiction
Author: Robert Gerlai
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 758
Release: 2013-05-17
ISBN: 0128064633
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Research on Addiction Book Excerpt:

Optogenetics

Optogenetics
Author: Hiromu Yawo,Hideki Kandori,Amane Koizumi,Ryoichiro Kageyama
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 663
Release: 2021
ISBN: 9811587639
Category: Biomedical engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optogenetics Book Excerpt:

This book, now in a thoroughly revised second edition, offers a comprehensive review of the rapidly growing field of optogenetics, in which light-sensing proteins are genetically engineered into cells in order to acquire information on cellular physiology in optical form or to enable control of specific network in the brain upon activation by light. Light-sensing proteins of various living organisms are now available to be exogenously expressed in neurons and other target cells both in vivo and in vitro. Cellular functions can thus be manipulated or probed by light. The new edition documents fully the extensive progress since publication of the first edition to provide an up-to-date overview of the physical, chemical, and biological properties of light-sensing proteins and their application in biological systems, particularly in neuroscience but also in medicine and the optical sciences. Underlying principles are explained and detailed information provided on a wide range of optogenetic tools for the observation and control of cellular signaling and physiology, gene targeting technologies, and optical methods for biological applications. In presenting the current status of optogenetics and emerging directions, this milestone publication will be a "must read" for all involved in research in any way related to optogenetics.

Mouse Brain Development

Mouse Brain Development
Author: Andre M. Goffinet,Pasko Rakic
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 339
Release: 2012-08-10
ISBN: 3540480021
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mouse Brain Development Book Excerpt:

Our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in mammalian brain development remains limited. However, the last few years have wit nessed a quantum leap in our knowledge, due to technological improve ments, particularly in molecular genetics. Despite this progress, the available body of data remains mostly phenomenological and reveals very little about the grammar that organizes the molecular dictionary to articulate a pheno type. Nevertheless, the recent progress in genetics will allow us to contem plate, for the first time, the integration of observation into a coherent view of brain development. Clearly, this may be a major challenge for the next century, and arguably is the most important task of contemporary develop mental biology. The purpose of the present book is to provide an overview that syn thesizes up-to-date information on selected aspects of mouse brain devel opment. Given the format, it was not possible to cover all aspects of brain development, and many important subjects are missing. The selected themes are, to a certain extent, subjective and reflect the interests of the contributing authors. Examples of major themes that are not covered are peripheral nervous system development, including myelination, the development of the hippocampus and several other CNS structures, as well as the developmental function of some important morphoregulatory molecules.

Handbook of Sleep Research

Handbook of Sleep Research
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2019-06-21
ISBN: 0128137444
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Sleep Research Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Sleep Research, Volume 30, provides a comprehensive review of the current status of the neuroscience of sleep research. It begins with an overview of the neural, hormonal and genetic mechanisms of sleep and wake regulation before outlining the various proposed functions of sleep and the role it plays in plasticity, and in learning and memory. Finally, the book discusses disorders of sleep and waking, covering both lifestyle factors that cause disrupted sleep and psychiatric and neurological conditions that contribute to disorders. Emphasizes a comparative and multidisciplinary approach to the topic of sleep Covers the neurobiology and physiology of sleep stages, mechanisms of waking, and dreaming Discusses in detail the proposed functions of sleep, from health and rest, to memory consolidation and synaptic plasticity Examines the current state of research in mammalian and non-mammalian species, ranging from primates to invertebrates

The Zebrafish in Biomedical Research

The Zebrafish in Biomedical Research
Author: Samuel Cartner,Judith S. Eisen,Susan F. Farmer,Karen J. Guillemin,Michael L. Kent,George E. Sanders
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 718
Release: 2019-11-22
ISBN: 0128124326
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Zebrafish in Biomedical Research Book Excerpt:

The Zebrafish in Biomedical Research: Biology, Husbandry, Diseases, and Research Applications is a comprehensive work that fulfills a critical need for a thorough compilation of information on this species. The text provides significant updates for working vivarium professionals maintaining zebrafish colonies, veterinarians responsible for their care and well-being, zoologists and ethologists studying the species, and investigators using the species to gain critical insights into human physiology and disease. As the zebrafish has become an important model organism for the study of vertebrate development and disease, organ function, behavior, toxicology, cancer, and drug discovery, this book presents an important resource for future research. Presents a complete view of the zebrafish, covering their biology, husbandry, diseases and research applications Includes the work of world-renowned authors Provides the first authoritative and comprehensive treatment of zebrafish in biomedical research as part of the ACLAM series

Behavioral Genetics of the Mouse Volume 1 Genetics of Behavioral Phenotypes

Behavioral Genetics of the Mouse  Volume 1  Genetics of Behavioral Phenotypes
Author: Wim E. Crusio,Frans Sluyter,Robert T. Gerlai,Susanna Pietropaolo
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-04-25
ISBN: 1107355575
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioral Genetics of the Mouse Volume 1 Genetics of Behavioral Phenotypes Book Excerpt:

The first volume in the new Cambridge Handbooks in Behavioral Genetics series, Behavioral Genetics of the Mouse provides baseline information on normal behaviors, essential in both the design of experiments using genetically modified or pharmacologically treated animals and in the interpretation and analyses of the results obtained. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the genetics of naturally occurring variation in mouse behavior, from perception and spontaneous behaviors such as exploration, aggression, social interactions and motor behaviors, to reinforced behaviors such as the different types of learning. Also included are numerous examples of potential experimental problems, which will aid and guide researchers trying to troubleshoot their own studies. A lasting reference, the thorough and comprehensive reviews offer an easy entrance into the extensive literature in this field, and will prove invaluable to students and specialists alike.

The Genetic Basis of Sleep and Sleep Disorders

The Genetic Basis of Sleep and Sleep Disorders
Author: Paul Shaw,Mehdi Tafti,Michael J. Thorpy
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 413
Release: 2013-10-24
ISBN: 1107041252
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Genetic Basis of Sleep and Sleep Disorders Book Excerpt:

The first comprehensive book on the subject, The Genetic Basis of Sleep and Sleep Disorders covers detailed reviews of the general principles of genetics and genetic techniques in the study of sleep and sleep disorders. The book contains sections on the genetics of circadian rhythms, of normal sleep and wake states and of sleep homeostasis. There are also sections discussing the role of genetics in the understanding of insomnias, hypersomnias including narcolepsy, parasomnias and sleep-related movement disorders. The final chapter highlights the use of gene therapy in sleep disorders. Written by genetic experts and sleep specialists from around the world, the book is up to date and geared specifically to the needs of both researchers and clinicians with an interest in sleep medicine. This book will be an invaluable resource for sleep specialists, neurologists, geneticists, psychiatrists and psychologists.