Behavioral Neuroscience Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder And Its Treatment

Author by : Clare Stanford
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
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File Size : 43,8 Mb
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Description : In this volume there is a strong emphasis on translational science, with preclinical approaches suggesting new directions for development of new treatments. Individual chapters describe how neuroimaging, neuroendocrine, genetic and behavioral studies use powerful research tools that are offering a completely new understanding of the factors that increase vulnerability to ADHD. The clinical impact of co-morbid problems, especially obesity and substance misuse, are highlighted and explain what such problems can tell us about the etiology of ADHD, more generally. Reviews of the pharmacology of established drug treatments for ADHD justify an exciting novel theory for their therapeutic actions and address questions about the effects of their long‐term use.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Author by : David Gozal
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
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File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder affecting 5–10% of children and adolescents and 3% of adults. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: From Genes to Patients aims to provide a comp- hensive, state-of-the-art overview of the critical aspects of ADHD, and hopefully will serve as a quick and up-to-date reference source for professionals with an int- est in ADHD. The book is divided into three major areas that follow an historical survey. The first group of chapters deals with current theories on the pathophysiology of ADHD, and focuses on neurotransmitters and the contributions and validity of animal m- els. The second section emphasizes the evaluation and treatment of patients with ADHD, from the day-to-day approach by the clinical psychologist to the more sophisticated anatomical and functional imaging strategies that have emerged in the last decade. In addition, chapters dealing with specific impairments, such as those pertaining to reading, social interaction, and working memory, are also included for more detailed analysis of these important aspects and their respective contributions to global functioning. The third and final section provides an expanded review on the pharmacotherapy of ADHD and the appropriate methods for selection of specific drugs for individual patients based on drug kinetics and gene expression. David Gozal, MD Dennis L. Molfese, PhD vii CONTENTS Dedication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi 1 Historical Aspects of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Roscoe A. Dykman 2 Scanning the Genome for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


New Developments In Diagnosing Assessing And Treating Adhd

Author by : Gopalan, Rejani Thudalikunnil
Languange : en
Publisher by : IGI Global
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 421
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : It seems as though each day more children are diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD causes challenges not only for the patient but also for their parents, siblings, teachers, and other significant people in their lives. They have an increased vulnerability to addiction and crime. Controversially, stimulants are the primary choice for treatment of ADHD in medical management, and the side effects of this long-term pharmacological management has raised many questions. Psychosocial management including parent training, behavior therapy, and educational inputs are also major components of treatment and should not be ignored. Thus, it is vital to explore the latest best practices for the diagnosis, assessment, and management of ADHD. New Developments in Diagnosing, Assessing, and Treating ADHD is a collection of research on innovations in the management of ADHD. While highlighting topics including adolescent care, neurological disorders, and mental health, this book is ideally designed for academicians, clinicians (especially psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and pediatricians), social workers, psychiatric nurses, rehabilitation centers, researchers, and students interested in the handling of this disorder and the long-term effects and social risk factors associated with treatment.


Adhd In Preschool Children

Author by : Jaswinder Ghuman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 153
File Size : 55,8 Mb
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Description : Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. This book focuses on preschool-age children and provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date information regarding assessment including diagnostic interview, neuropsychological testing, comorbidity and differential diagnosis, sleep problems, and treatment interventions including psychosocial, pharmacological and complementary and alternative treatments.


Autism And Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author by : Robin L. Hansen
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Psychiatric Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 792
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders gathers and organizes the most recent information in this important and rapidly expanding field into a clinically useful volume that will enable clinicians, patients, and families to understand these disorders and make sound treatment decisions in light of recent research. The editors, as well as most of the chapter authors, are faculty or former trainees at the prestigious Medical Investigation of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (MIND) Institute at UC-Davis, a collaborative international research center committed to the awareness, understanding, prevention, care, and cure of neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders, ADHD, learning disorders, and more. Each chapter presents signs and symptoms; epidemiology and etiology; diagnostic approaches; evidence based interventions; and reviews of promising research. By focusing on the range of neurodevelopmental disorders commonly seen and managed by both primary and subspecialist health care professionals. Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders explains cutting-edge research and advances in clinical care, and assembles them into a single, indispensable volume.


Dulcan S Textbook Of Child And Adolescent Psychiatry

Author by : Mina K. Dulcan
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Psychiatric Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 108
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : Since publication of the first edition, Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry has become the recognized standard in child and adolescent psychiatry textbooks. In this thoroughly revised second edition, the editor and chapter authors, leaders in the field of child and adolescent mental health, have again provided a complete, state-of-the-art textbook with notable updates and improvements that enhance accessibility and learning. The new edition is more concise and compact, while remaining comprehensive in scope. The number of chapters has been reduced to sharpen the book's focus on topics most relevant to clinical work. The textbook reflects the new DSM-5 classifications that all clinicians and trainees must know to function in today's health care environment. Many other features contribute to the textbook's user-friendly design and broad appeal: Chapters on the disorders (neurodevelopmental, psychiatric, and those affecting somatic function) have a consistent structure of definition and clinical description, diagnosis, epidemiology, comorbidity, etiology and risk factors, prevention, course and prognosis, evaluation, and treatments, making it easy for readers to locate information and facilitating learning. The textbook is useful as both a core textbook for child and adolescent psychiatry fellowship training and a reference for a wide variety of health care professionals, including pediatricians, family physicians, general psychiatrists, child neurologists, psychologists, advanced practice nurses, and psychiatric social workers. The full range of psychosocial treatments is included, focusing on individuals, families, therapeutic milieus, and systemic models of care. The increasing emphasis on taking mental health care beyond the clinician's office is reflected in chapters on consultations related to schools and to primary care. A section on specialized topics includes chapters on a range of critically important issues, including evidence-based practice, cultural and religious issues, legal and ethical issues, and telehealth. Each chapter in the book ends with "Summary Points," take-away messages that emphasize the most important concepts and promote consolidation of knowledge. The section Additional Resources includes selected books for professionals and web sites for professionals, patients, and families, which provide avenues for further study and connections with others treating or living with mental health issues. Reflecting both the art and the science of this fascinating field, Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Second Edition, provides authoritative, practical guidance and is a resource that mental health practitioners at all levels of experience should have on their desks and handheld devices.


Neuropsychology

Author by : Sandra Koffler PhD, ABPP-CN
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 549
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : Compiling reviews of the recent literature is a long-established tradition in the laboratory and clinical sciences, providing a useful and timely summary of advances in the field. Neuropsychology has matured as a science and profession to the point where a like effort to summarize the status and direction of the field is needed. The authors of chapters in the second volume of Neuropsychology: A Review of Science and Practice are authorities in the subjects they review; they offer investigators, practitioners, and students an overview of the important developments in neuropsychology that cannot be found from perusal of journals alone. Interest in the reviews collected in this volume is likely to go beyond the discipline of neuropsychology and will extend to those working in the science of brain-behavior relationships, the study of disease and injury as they affect brain function, and the rehabilitation of individuals who have suffered brain injury. A unique and valuable resource, Neuropsychology: A Review of Science and Practice provides the means for clinicians and researchers to acquire a sound, up-to-date perspective on important advances and future directions in the field.


Treatment Of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author by : Randi Hagerman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
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Description : This cutting-edge book brings advances in genetics, neurobiology, and psychopharmacology to the clinic to enhance treatment for neurodevelopmental disorders. Significant progress has been made in identifying the neurobiological mechanisms of several disorders and targeted treatments are modifying the outcome of these disorders. However, the ability to utilize this knowledge has not been summarized in one place for the practicing clinician. This book will fill that gap by providing the theoretical underpinnings and the latest advances in targeted treatments. Several neurodevelopmental disorders are reviewed in detail including clinical features and behavioral phenotypes, standard treatments and new targeted treatments based on the latest advances in neurobiology and the animal model studies that have led to new treatments. The disorders covered include psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, depression, autism and ADHD; single gene disorders including Tuberous Sclerosis, Fragile X Syndrome and fragile X- associated disorders, Angelman Syndrome, PKU, and Muscular Dystrophies; and complex genetic disorders such as Down syndrome. This book also highlights the commonalities across disorders and new genetic and molecular concepts in an easy to read format. This is a very exciting time for new targeted treatments and this volume is a landmark treatise on this new age of treatment.


Effects Of Prenatal Opiate Exposure

Author by : Henrietta S. Bada
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers Media SA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
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File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description :


Natural Relief For Adult Adhd

Author by : Stephanie Moulton Sarkis
Languange : en
Publisher by : New Harbinger Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 453
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : For some people with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), medication may not be the right answer, and for others, medication alone may not be enough. Natural Relief for Adult ADHD offers an accessible, research-based guide on the most effective non-medication treatments for ADHD. If you have ADHD, you may find it hard to stay focused on one thing and have trouble with time management and organization. You may also act on impulse—often with negative results. Whether you’re in treatment, on medication, or are looking for alternative ways to get your symptoms under control, this book will provide you with sound, complementary strategies to increase your focus, get organized, and stay motivated. In the book, you’ll find a ton of information on how to manage your ADHD, such as body awareness techniques to prevent sensory overstimulation common in ADHD; working memory training; massage, acupuncture, acupressure, chiropractic treatment; how food additives can affect ADHD symptoms, particularly certain pesticides; how to incorporate organic food into the diet while on a budget; and much, much more. If you are looking for proven-effective alternative treatments to get your ADHD under control and take back your life, this book will be your go-to guide.


Adhd

Author by : John Aspromonte
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 581
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : This book is for teens and their families who want to learn about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The author provides information about ADHD and its effect on school, family, and social life—as well as the difficulties and successes of young people who have ADHD and what students think about ADHD.


Current Directions In Adhd And Its Treatment

Author by : Jill M. Norvilitis
Languange : en
Publisher by : BoD – Books on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 596
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : The treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a matter of ongoing research and debate, with considerable data supporting both psychopharmacological and behavioral approaches. Researchers continue to search for new interventions to be used in conjunction with or in place of the more traditional approaches. These interventions run the gamut from social skills training to cognitive behavioral interventions to meditation to neuropsychologically-based techniques. The goal of this volume is to explore the state-of-the-art in considerations in the treatment of ADHD around the world. This broad survey covers issues related to comorbidity that affect the treatment choices that are made, the effects of psychopharmacology, and non-medication treatments, with a special section devoted to the controversial new treatment, neurofeedback. There is something in this volume for everyone interested in the treatment of ADHD, from students examining the topic for the first time to researchers and practitioners looking for inspiration for new research questions or potential interventions.


Discovering Behavioral Neuroscience An Introduction To Biological Psychology

Author by : Laura Freberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cengage Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
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Description : With its comprehensive, authoritative coverage and student-centered pedagogy, DISCOVERING BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE: AN INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 3rd Edition is ideal for a broad range of students taking a beginning undergraduate course in biological or physiological psychology. Retitled in this edition to reflect the increasing interest in, and importance of, neuroscience, the book provides a foundational understanding of the structure and function of the nervous system and its relationship to both typical and disordered human behavior. Written by an author with more than 30 years of teaching experience at schools ranging from community colleges to the Ivy League, this text presents classic concepts, current topics, and cutting-edge research in a style that is both accessible to beginning and less-prepared students and appealing to students with stronger backgrounds. As a result, the book allows instructors to teach a rigorous course that does not oversimplify the material, while keeping students excited and engaged. Reviewers have praised the text's clear narrative, high-interest examples, pedagogy, and purposeful art program. Updated with hundreds of new citations and to reflect changes in the DSM-5, this edition also includes new boxed features on ethics, careers, research, and health to engage students in the material, promote critical thinking, and prepare students for their future professions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Getting Ahead Of Adhd

Author by : Joel T. Nigg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Guilford Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
Total Download : 105
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : Does toxic pollution cause attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? What about screen use? Are alternative treatments worth exploring? Can dietary changes help? This book explores exciting treatment advances with tremendous promise for improving behavior in kids with ADHD. Leading researcher Joel T. Nigg distinguishes unsupported, even dangerous approaches from bona fide breakthroughs grounded in the new science of epigenetics--how genes and the environment interact. Parents learn which lifestyle changes have been proven to support children's attention and self-control by positively influencing the developing brain. The book is packed with clear information and specific ways to maximize the positive effects of healthy nutrition, exercise, and sleep, and minimize the damage from stress and other known risk factors. Vivid stories illustrate how to integrate Dr. Nigg's practical suggestions into daily life--and how they can help kids succeed.


The Oxford Handbook Of Externalizing Spectrum Disorders

Author by : Theodore P. Beauchaine
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 401
File Size : 47,6 Mb
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Description : Recent developments in the conceptualization of externalizing spectrum disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and substance use disorders, suggest common genetic and neural substrates. Despite this, neither shared vulnerabilities nor their implications for developmental models of externalizing conduct are captured by prevailing nosologic and diagnostic systems, such as the DSM-5. The Oxford Handbook of Externalizing Spectrum Disorders is the first book of its kind to capture the developmental psychopathology of externalizing spectrum disorders by examining causal factors across levels of analysis and developmental epochs, while departing from the categorical perspective. World renowned experts on externalizing psychopathology demonstrate how shared genetic and neural vulnerabilities predispose to trait impulsivity, a highly heritable personality construct that is often shaped by adverse environments into increasingly intractable forms of externalizing conduct across development. Consistent with contemporary models of almost all forms of psychopathology, the Handbook emphasizes the importance of neurobiological vulnerability and environmental risk interactions in the expression of externalizing behavior across the lifespan. The volume concludes with an integrative, ontogenic process model of externalizing psychopathology in which diverse equifinal and multifinal pathways to disorder are specified.


Introduction To Abnormal Child And Adolescent Psychology

Author by : Robert Weis
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
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File Size : 42,6 Mb
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Description : Robert Weis' third edition of Introduction to Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology adopts a developmental psychopathology approach to understanding child disorders. Using case studies, this perspective examines the emergence of disorders over time, pays special attention to risk and protective factors that influence developmental processes and trajectories, and examines child psychopathology in the context of normal development. Designed to be flexible via its focused modular organization, the text reflects the latest changes to the DSM (DSM 5, 2013) and is updated with new research and developments in the field.


The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook Of Neuropsychiatry And Behavioral Neuroscience

Author by : David B. Arciniegas
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Psychiatric Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 604
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : For more than three decades, the Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences has been the gold standard for understanding the structural and functional foundations and rapidly evolving knowledge base of neuropsychiatric disorders. In the new edition, the esteemed editors have undertaken a complete reorganization, reconceptualizing the way the material is presented and integrating considerations of neuropsychiatric symptoms, syndromes, and treatments into chapters addressing the neuropsychiatry of neurodevelopmental disorders, acquired neurological conditions, neurodegenerative disorders, and primary psychiatric disorders. The result is a text that flows easily and logically from general principles to specific diagnostic tools and conditions, making it a clinically relevant and eminently practical guide for medical students and residents, psychiatrists, neurologists, psychologists and neuropsychologists, as well as a broad range of professionals who work in diverse clinical settings (e.g., the general hospital setting, physical medicine/rehabilitation hospitals, psychiatric institutes, community mental health centers, alcohol and chemical dependency programs, and outpatient services and doctors' offices).The book possesses a multitude of useful attributes and features: The new edition is thoroughly compatible with the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The chapters are complete unto themselves, allowing for easy retrieval and use by clinicians facing daily challenges in the field. Extensive references allow for further research and study in quieter moments. Chapters on specific disorders have consistent structures, where appropriate. For example, the chapter on "Autism Spectrum Disorders" has sections on background, prevalence, etiology, neurobiology, clinical presentation, assessment, differential diagnosis, comorbidity, research, interventions and treatment, and medication. The prestigious roster of contributors boasts both luminaries and emerging leaders in behavioral neurology and neuropsychiatry, providing readers with diverse perspectives. The material is supported by scores of tables, graphs, and illustrations, including PET, CT, and MRI images. Neuropsychiatry has come a long way from the days when patients with neuropsychiatric conditions routinely fell through the cracks of the healthcare system. The Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences provides comprehensive, current, and evidence-based coverage in a forward-looking volume to train a new generation of clinicians in this important work.


The Sage Encyclopedia Of Pharmacology And Society

Author by : Sarah E. Boslaugh
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 611
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : The SAGE Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society explores the social and policy sides of the pharmaceutical industry and its pervasive influence in society. While many technical STM works explore the chemistry and biology of pharmacology and an equally large number of clinically oriented works focus on use of illegal drugs, substance abuse, and treatment, there is virtually nothing on the immensely huge business (“Big Pharma”) of creating, selling, consuming, and regulating legal drugs. With this new Encyclopedia, the topic of socioeconomic, business and consumer, and legal and ethical issues of the pharmaceutical industry in contemporary society around the world are addressed. Key Features: 800 signed articles, authored by prominent scholars, are arranged A-to-Z and published in a choice of electronic or print formats Although arranged A-to-Z, a Reader's Guide in the front matter groups articles by thematic areas Front matter also includes a Chronology highlighting significant developments in this field All articles conclude with Further Readings and Cross References to related articles Back matter includes an annotated Resource Guide to further research, a Glossary, Appendices (e.g., statistics on the amount and types of drugs prescribed, etc.), and a detailed Index The Index, Reader’s Guide, and Cross References combine for search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic edition The SAGE Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society is an authoritative and rigorous source addressing the pharmacology industry and how it influences society, making it a must-have reference for all academic libraries as a source for both students and researchers to utilize.


Neuroscience For The Mental Health Clinician Second Edition

Author by : Steven R. Pliszka
Languange : en
Publisher by : Guilford Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
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Description : Accessible and succinct, this book has given thousands of clinicians and students the basic understanding of neuroscience that is essential in contemporary mental health practice. Steven R. Pliszka synthesizes current knowledge on the neurobiological bases of major psychiatric disorders. He explores the brain systems that underlie cognition, emotions, and behavior; how disturbances in these systems can lead to psychopathology; and the impact of genetic and environmental risk factors across development. The book also addresses the ways that both pharmacological and psychosocial treatments act on the brain as they bring about a reduction in symptoms. Illustrations include 93 black-and-white figures and 14 color plates. New to This Edition *Incorporates over a decade of important advances in brain science. *Heightened focus on brain networks. *Cutting-edge discussions of genetics and epigenetics, the biological impact of stress, neurotransmitters, novel depression treatments, and other timely topics. *Detailed chapters on autism spectrum disorder and dementia. *Numerous new and revised figures.


The Energetic Brain

Author by : Cecil R. Reynolds
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
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Description : How to get past the myths, tap into the creativity of the ADHD mind, and thrive ADHD affects millions of people-some 3 to 5% of the general population. Written by a neuroscientist who has studied ADHD, a clinician who has diagnosed and treated it for 30 years, and a special educator who sees it daily, The Energetic Brain provides the latest information from neuroscience on how the ADHD brain works and shows how to harness its potential for success. It distills the latest research findings to give readers the most up-to-date information available and provides practical strategies for managing ADHD-and thriving-at school, at work, and at home, from childhood through adulthood. Debunks popular (and destructive) myths about ADHD Covers how to manage ADHD with medication or without, what parents can do to help, and how to thrive with ADHD throughout the lifespan Offers effective academic and behavioral interventions for school, and helpful accommodations for the workplace The Energetic Brain provides a truly thorough view of ADHD, making it an invaluable guide for parents, teachers, and those living with ADHD.


Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of Healthy And Diseased Brain Networks

Author by : Yong He
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers Media SA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 498
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : An important aspect of neuroscience is to characterize the underlying connectivity patterns of the human brain (i.e., human connectomics). Over the past few years, researchers have demonstrated that by combining a variety of different neuroimaging technologies (e.g., structural MRI, diffusion MRI and functional MRI) with sophisticated analytic strategies such as graph theory, it is possible to noninvasively map the patterns of structural and functional connectivity of human whole-brain networks. With these novel approaches, many studies have shown that human brain networks have nonrandom properties such as modularity, small-worldness and highly connected hubs. Importantly, these quantifiable network properties change with age, learning and disease. Moreover, there is growing evidence for behavioral and genetic correlates. Network analysis of neuroimaging data is opening up a new avenue of research into the understanding of the organizational principles of the brain that will be of interest for all basic scientists and clinical researchers. Such approaches are powerful but there are a number of challenging issues when extracting reliable brain networks from various imaging modalities and analyzing the topological properties, e.g., definitions of network nodes and edges and reproducibility of network analysis. We assembled contributions related to the state-of-the-art methodologies of brain connectivity and the applications involving development, aging and neuropsychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and mood and anxiety disorders. It is anticipated that the articles in this Research Topic will provide a greater range and depth of provision for the field of imaging connectomics.


Adhd Does Not Exist

Author by : Richard Saul
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harper Collins
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
Total Download : 280
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Description : In this groundbreaking and controversial book, behavioral neurologist Dr. Richard Saul draws on five decades of experience treating thousands of patients labeled with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder—one of the fastest growing and widely diagnosed conditions today—to argue that ADHD is actually a cluster of symptoms stemming from over 20 other conditions and disorders. According to recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 6.4 million children between the ages of four and seventeen have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. While many skeptics believe that ADHD is a fabrication of drug companies and the medical establishment, the symptoms of attention-deficit and hyperactivity are all too real for millions of individuals who often cannot function without treatment. If ADHD does not exist, then what is causing these debilitating symptoms? Over the course of half a century, physician Richard Saul has worked with thousands of patients demonstrating symptoms of ADHD. Based on his experience, he offers a shocking conclusion: ADHD is not a condition on its own, but rather a symptom complex caused by over twenty separate conditions—from poor eyesight and giftedness to bipolar disorder and depression—each requiring its own specific treatment. Drawing on in-depth scientific research and real-life stories from his numerous patients, ADHD Does not Exist synthesizes Dr. Saul's findings, and offers and clear advice for everyone seeking answers.


Behavioral Neuroscience For The Human Services

Author by : Harriette C. Johnson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 725
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Description : This book fuses scientific integrity with conversational, humorous presentation of neuroscience knowledge for human services. Knowledge conveyed is essential for practice with mental health, addiction, and developmental challenges, violence, family relationships.


Brain Development And The Attention Spectrum

Author by : Itai Berger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers Media SA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 517
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : Early-onset and enduring developmental deficits in attention, especially if combined with increased hyperactivity, and impulsivity, may result in constant impairments in multiple domains of personal life. The full spectrum of symptoms is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity, which is maladaptive and inconsistent with a comparable level of developmental age known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD is considered one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders and of childhood, and among the most prevalent chronic health conditions. Given the wide heterogeneity and complex manifestations of the disorder, there is an importance in a developmental perspective that views ADHD as a multi-factorial disorder with multiple, causal processes, and pathways. The symptoms of ADHD should be cast, not as static or fixed neurobehavioral deficits, but rather in terms of underlying developmental processes. Even experienced professional might minimize the prevalence of a disorder among certain groups of patients. Therefore, the existence of attention disorders might become "transparent" for both the patient and the professional. This might lead to a non-accurate diagnosis, harm the treatment aspects and has potential non beneficial prognostic aspects. The developmental approach can provide predictions as to how characteristics associated with attention develop over time and how multiple risk and protective factors transact to impact it's development, as well as the development of a broad range of associated co-morbid features. Among children with mental retardation, autistic spectrum disorders, children who were born premature, born with low birth weight, as well as among those who suffer from chronic disorders (such as epilepsy, diabetes, chronic kidney disease or asthma), as well as among otherwise healthy preschoolers – the assessment of attention performance might be very challenging. In this research topic, we explore the latest cutting edge research on the biological and neural pathways as well as on psychosocial and behavioral correlates of brain development and attention spectrum. In doing so we aim to highlight: what is currently known regarding this new conceptualization of attention as a spectrum; the mechanisms underlying this spectrum; and where this field is headed in terms of developing our understanding of the link between brain development and attention performance.


Pet And Spect In Psychiatry

Author by : Rudi A.J.O. Dierckx
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 969
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Description : This book provides a comprehensive overview of the use of PET and SPECT in the classic psychiatric disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia. In addition, it discusses the application of these functional neuroimaging techniques in a variety of other conditions, including sleep disorders, eating disorders, autism, and chronic fatigue syndrome. The new edition has been extensively revised and updated to reflect the latest advances and results in nuclear imaging within the field. Most chapters are written jointly by a clinical psychiatrist and a nuclear medicine expert to ensure a multidisciplinary approach. This state of the art compendium will be of value for all who have an interest in the field of neuroscience, from psychiatrists and radiologists/nuclear medicine specialists to interested general practitioners and cognitive psychologists. Companion volumes on the use of PET and SPECT in neurology and for the imaging of neurobiological systems complete a trilogy.


Abnormal Psychology And Life A Dimensional Approach

Author by : Chris Kearney
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cengage Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
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File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : Chris Kearney and Tim Trull's ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY AND LIFE: A DIMENSIONAL APPROACH provides students with a concise, contemporary, science-based view of psychopathology that emphasizes the individual first and the disorder second. Through consistent pedagogy featuring clinical cases and real first-person narratives, the text illuminates our understanding that abnormal behavior--rather than being either present or absent--exists in everyone to some degree on a continuum from normal to pathological. By highlighting this widely accepted dimensional view--which places the behavior of an individual at the forefront of clinical assessment, prevention, definition, and treatment--the text's goal is to encourage students to become intelligent consumers of mental health information. With its emphasis on assessment and treatment as well as prevention, the book gives students the tools necessary to understand the precursors of abnormal behavior, overcome the stigma associated with it, and identify the real people classified as exhibiting it. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Attention Deficit Disorder Misdiagnosis

Author by : Barbara C. Fisher
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 623
File Size : 50,6 Mb
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Description : Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is one of the least understood medical conditions. With no specific test available, misdiagnosis is common and the results can be devastating for both the parents and the child. Because no one can agree on a single definition for the disorder, confusion is rampant and treatment is only mildly successful at best. Attention Deficit Disorder Misdiagnosis addresses these problems in a systematic and logical fashion. It presents a battery of tests for properly diagnosing ADD, stresses its relationship to brain behavior and proposes practical treatment solutions. Written by an expert in the field who also happens to be the mother of an ADD child, it presents a unique perspective on this complex yet all too pervasive disorder. This is an essential text for doctors, parents and any individual working with an ADD child or adult. It will also help professionals in related disciplines approach ADD as a biochemical medical disorder and understand the reasons for its inherent complexity and frequent misdiagnosis.


Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 218
File Size : 50,6 Mb
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Description : Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists