Beyond Al Qaeda Part 1 The Global Jihadist Movement

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Defeating the global jihadist movement--which we define as al-Qaeda and the universe of jihadist groups that are associated with or inspired by al-Qaeda--is the most pressing security challenge facing the United States today. The global jihadist movement can be distinguished from traditional or local jihads, which are armed campaigns conducted by Islamist groups against local adversaries with usually limited aims and geographic scope, in that it targets the United States and its allies across the globe and pursues broad geopolitical aims. Although the U.S. campaign against al-Qaeda and the global jihadist movement campaign has had some notable successes, such as the destruction of al-Qaeda's sanctuary in Afghanistan, the elimination of many of the group's leaders, and the growing resolve of many countries to take action against al-Qaeda and its associates, no informed observers believe that al-Qaeda will be eliminated anytime soon. The United States itself continues to be threatened by large-scale attacks, as suggested by heightened security alerts and reports of plans to attack financial targets in New York and Washington. Countering al-Qaeda is thus likely to preoccupy U.S. national security institutions for at least the remainder of the decade, and perhaps longer. This study explores some of the most salient aspects associated with terrorist phenomena across the world and their implications for the security of the United States and its friends and allies. The results of the study are reported in two volumes: The subject of this first volume is al-Qaeda and what we refer to as the "al-Qaeda nebula," an ecosystem of terrorist groups around the world that have internalized the al-Qaeda worldview and its methodology of mass-casualty terrorist attacks.


Beyond Al Qaeda

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


Beyond Al Qaeda Part 1 The Global Jihadist Movement

Author by : Angel Rabasa
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rand Corporation
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Description : Examines al-Qaeda??s evolution and the emergence of the broader global jihadist movement-groups affiliated, associated, or inspired by al-Qaeda-and the threat that they pose to the United States and U.S. allies and interests. The authors conclude by setting out a four-pronged strategy to counter the jihadist threat.


Beyond Al Qaeda Part 2 The Outer Rings Of The Terrorist Universe

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : The "al-Qaeda universe" does not incorporate the entirety of the terrorist threat or potential threat. A number of other militant groups threaten U.S. regional interests or allies and pose a potential direct threat to the United States. This volume, Part 2 of the study, focuses on three categories in this "second circle" of terrorist groups: (1) terrorist groups that articulate an Islamist agenda for their own country but are not directly linked to the global jihadist movement; (2) Muslim terrorist groups whose agendas are primarily separatist or ethno-nationalist but that present a threat to the stability or territorial integrity of U.S. allies, although not to the United States directly; and (3) highly capable, non-Islamist terrorist groups. By examining these groups, we hope to establish a framework for evaluating the threat that these groups currently pose and assessing the likelihood and the conditions under which some of them could evolve into regional or global threats. We also examine antiglobalization threats. Some of these groups have risen to the level of terrorism; others have not, but could. Finally, we discuss the nexus between terrorism, insurgency, and crime.


Beyond Al Qaeda Part 2 The Outer Rings Of The Terrorist Universe

Author by : Angel Rabasa
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rand Corporation
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Description : Examines violent terrorist groups that, while not formally allied with al-Qaeda, could pose a threat to Americans now or in the future and to the security of our friends and allies. The authors show how terrorists use criminal organizations and connections to finance their activities, and they identify distinct strategies to neutralize or mitigate these threats.


Ending Terrorism

Author by : Audrey Kurth Cronin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Like all other terrorist movements, al-Qaeda will end. While it has traits that exploit and reflect the current international context, it is not utterly without precedent: some aspects of al-Qaeda are unusual, but many are not. Terrorist groups end according to recognisable patterns that have persisted for centuries, and they reflect, among other factors, the counter-terrorist policies taken against them. It makes sense to formulate those policies with a specific image of an end in mind. Understanding how terrorism ends is the best way to avoid being manipulated by the tactic. There is vast historical experience with the decline and ending of terrorist campaigns, yet few policymakers are familiar with it. This paper first explains five typical strategies of terrorism and why Western thinkers fail to grasp them. It then describes historical patterns in ending terrorism to suggest how insights from that history can lay a foundation for more effective counter-strategies. Finally, it extracts policy prescriptions specifically relevant to ending the campaign of al-Qaeda and its associates, moving towards a post-al-Qaeda world.


Ethnic Identity And National Conflict In China

Author by : A. Acharya
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : While, not discounting the potency of the radical Islamic religious discourse in fuelling the contemporary wave of terrorism, this book makes an attempt to explain terrorism in China as an ethno-nationalist conflict rooted in issues involving minority identity. However, a largely domestic conflict is being hijacked by the radical Islamists.


Religious Ideology And The Roots Of The Global Jihad

Author by : J. Turner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 19
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Description : The events of 9/11 prompted questions as to the origins, nature and purpose of international jihadist organisations. In particular, why had they chosen to target the US and the West in general? Turner's book provides a unique, holistic insight into these debates, taking into account historical perceptions and ideology as key factors.


The Globalization Of World Politics

Author by : John Baylis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : This title provides an introduction to international relations (IR), supporting over 300,000 students taking their first steps in IR and beyond.


The War On Terror Encyclopedia From The Rise Of Al Qaeda To 9 11 And Beyond

Author by : Jan Goldman Ph.D.
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
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Description : This fascinating reference chronicles the individuals, operations, and events of the War on Terror around the world, exploring its causes and consequences through the lens of policy, doctrine, and tactics of combat. • Features a timeline that enables readers to quickly grasp the succession of key events and developments in the War on Terror • Highlights specific individuals on both sides of this conflict, providing an objective and fair-minded approach to the topic • Provides a bibliography that directs students toward additional sources of information for further research • Connects related entries through helpful cross references


Film Piracy Organized Crime And Terrorism

Author by : Gregory F Treverton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rand Corporation
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Total Read : 34
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Description : A study of the involvement of organized-crime and terrorist groups in product counterfeiting. Case studies of film piracy illustrate the problem of criminal--and perhaps terrorist--groups using this new high-payoff, low-risk way to fund their activities. Cooperation among law enforcement and governments worldwide is needed to combat intellectual-property theft, which threatens the global information economy, public safety, and national security.


Strategic Interaction Between Islamist Terror Groups

Author by : Nina Ismael
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Total Read : 65
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Description : This book applies game theory to the phenomenon of terrorism and investigates how the competition for support can influence the attack behavior of terror organizations. In addition, it examines the economics of terrorism. The so-called outbidding theory, which has become increasingly popular within the field of terrorism research, argues that terror groups vying for resources will engage in more and more violence to demonstrate their capabilities and commitment to their cause. This book challenges the outbidding concept by providing a game-theoretical analysis, which shows that a contest between two terror groups can be interpreted as a race for support. This interpretation may help explain why major attacks occur at all: not as a result of outbidding, but as a result of losing the race. In addition, the author shows that rivalry between terror groups does not necessarily lead to more attacks, but can result in less terrorism due to an increased probability of attack failure induced by the race. Lastly, the model is applied to the rivalry between al-Qaeda and Daesh, elaborated on with empirical evidence. Given its scope, the book is a must read for researches and scholars working in the fields of economics, politics, the social sciences, and military history, as well as military and political decision-makers and authorities working in the field of risk management.


Contending With Terrorism

Author by : Michael E. Brown
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
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Description : Experts explore the sources of contemporary terrorism, what terrorists want, and how the United States and other countries should respond. Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, scholars and policy analysts in national security have turned their attention to terrorism, considering not only how to prevent future attacks but also the roots of the problem. This book offers some of the latest research in terrorism studies. The contributors examine the sources of contemporary terrorism, discussing the impact of globalization, the influence of religious beliefs, and the increasing dissatisfaction felt by the world's powerless. They consider the strategies and motivations of terrorists, offering contending perspectives on whether or not terrorists can be said to achieve their goals; explore different responses to the threat of terrorism, discussing such topics as how the United States can work more effectively with its allies; and contemplate the future of al-Qaida, asking if its networked structure is an asset or a liability. The essays in Contending with Terrorism address some of the central topics in the analysis of contemporary terrorism. They promise to guide future policy and inspire further research into one of most important security issues of the twenty-first century. Contributors Max Abrahms, Daniel Byman, Erica Chenoweth, Audrey Kurth Cronin, Renée de Nevers, Mette Eilstrup-Sangiovanni, Hillel Frisch, Calvert Jones, Andrew Kydd, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Elizabeth McClellan, Nicholas Miller, Assaf Moghadam, Michael Mousseau, Rysia Murphy, William Rose, Paul Staniland, Robert Trager, Barbara Walter, Dessislava Zagorcheva


Strategic Culture And Violent Non State Actors

Author by : Edward D. Last
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book applies strategic culture concepts to violent non-state actors (VNSAs) in a comparative analysis. In recent years, Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has become notorious for kidnapping Western hostages in north-western Africa and for its role in the short-lived Islamist takeover of Mali. The group, formerly known as the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat, rebranded itself as an Al-Qaida franchise in 2007, leading to speculation of a change from its Algeria-centric agenda to an anti-Western one. This study compares and contrasts the ideas and behaviour of these two groups, using a strategic-cultural approach, and finds that, despite some commonalities, AQIM has a distinct strategic culture from Al-Qaida central, thereby debunking the notion of Al-Qaida as a monolithic movement. This is the first comparative analysis of violent non-state actors to employ a strategic-cultural approach and the first such study on AQIM. While strategic culture has traditionally been applied to states, this work adds to the emerging literature applying such approaches to non-state armed groups, and employs a novel conception of strategic culture consisting of narratives and practices. This book will be of much interest to students of strategic culture, political violence, Middle Eastern politics and Security Studies in general.


The Globalization Of Martyrdom

Author by : Assaf Moghadam
Languange : en
Publisher by : JHU Press
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Description : This unflinching analysis provides new information about the relationship between ideology and suicide attacks and recommends policies focused on containing Salafi Jihadism.


The Routledge Handbook Of Terrorism Research

Author by : Alex P. Schmid
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
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Description : This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies. The content of the Handbook is based on the responses to a questionnaire by nearly 100 experts from more than 20 countries as well as the specific expertise and experience of the volume editor and the various contributors. Together, they guide the reader through the voluminous literature on terrorism, and propose a new consensus definition of terrorism, based on an extensive review of existing conceptualisations. The work also features a large collection of typologies and surveys a wide range of theories of terrorism. Additional chapters survey terrorist databases and provide a guide to available resources on terrorism in libraries and on the Internet. It also includes the most comprehensive World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized- and Cyber-Crime. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers of terrorism and political violence, security studies, criminology, political science and international relations, and of great interest to policymakers and professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.


It Takes More Than A Network

Author by : Chad C. Serena
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
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Description : It Takes More than a Network presents a structured investigation of the Iraqi insurgency's capacity for and conduct of organizational adaptation. In particular, it answers the question of why the Iraqi insurgency was seemingly so successful between 2003 and late 2006 and yet nearly totally collapsed by 2008. The book's main argument is that the Iraqi insurgency failed to achieve longer-term organizational goals because many of its organizational strengths were also its organizational weaknesses: these characteristics abetted and then corrupted the Iraqi insurgency's ability to adapt. The book further compares the organizational adaptation of the Iraqi insurgency with the organizational adaptation of the Afghan insurgency. This is done to refine the findings of the Iraq case and to present a more robust analysis of the adaptive cycles of two large and diverse covert networked insurgencies. The book finds that the Afghan insurgency, although still ongoing, has adapted more successfully than the Iraqi insurgency because it has been better able to leverage the strengths and counter the weaknesses of its chosen organizational form.


U S Marines And Irregular Warfare 1898 2007

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Product Description: Since the tragic events of 9/11 and the consequent advent of the Global War on Terrorism, there has been a remarkable surge of interest in counterinsurgency. This anthology presents 27 articles on counterinsurgency and irregular warfare, particularly highlighting and examining the U.S. Marine Corps' roles in conflicts from 1898 through 2007. It also includes an extensive bibliography of works on these conflicts. Continuing discussion and study of these subjects is of critical importance to the ongoing efforts of the United States and its allies in the Global War on Terrorism. The anthology is divided broadly into two halves: the first half presents historical examples of counterinsurgency involving the United States-from the Philippines and the "Banana Wars" up through Vietnam-while the second half addresses the nation's contemporary efforts in this regard. Articles cover the situations in Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Horn of Africa. The selected bibliography addresses a broad range of subjects: on higher-end operational/strategic level of war considerations, on geopolitical context, and on a varied array of related topics-political theory, historical case studies, failed states, cultural studies and analysis, and many others-that all provide context or play a role in conducting a counterinsurgency and achieving success in the realm of irregular warfare. Colonel Stephen S. Evans, USMCR, researched and compiled this work as a field historian with the Marine Corps History Division. He has experience at various operational levels, both joint and multinational, in CONUS and overseas, and has performed duty with all three MEFs, MARFORLANT, MARFOREUR, and U.S. forces in Korea. He has also held a range of positions in administrative and educational roles at Quantico and the Pentagon. Colonel Evans holds a doctorate in history from Temple University and has published two historical monographs.


The Geography Of International Terrorism

Author by : Richard M. Medina
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Description : While geography is not the only factor to shape human behavior, its influence on terrorists motivations, behaviors, options, and activities is a primary consideration in understanding terrorism. Taking a different approach than many other books on terrorism, The Geography of International Terrorism: An Introduction to Spaces and Places of Violent


The Sage Encyclopedia Of Terrorism Second Edition

Author by : Gus Martin
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
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Total Read : 56
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Description : Six years after publication of the first edition of the best-selling Encyclopedia of Terrorism, much has changed on the national security scene. Despite the dark promises of Osama bin Laden following the 9/11 attacks, the United States has not experienced any major domestic terror incidents. Al-Qaeda itself is believed to be a severely crippled organization. But while U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq--not to mention the arrival of the Obama administration, a new balance of power within Congress, and an increasingly fragile economic picture--have significantly affected the national security picture, the threat of economic chaos and massive loss of life due to terror attacks has not abated. Indeed, in July 2008 analysts pointed out that even a relatively small terrorist organization could present a dire threat, with some experts arguing that a biological, chemical, or even nuclear attack on a major U.S. city is all but inevitable. In this highly charged, rapidly shifting environment, we are pleased to present the The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition, a thoroughly updated and expanded edition of the original, highly regarded reference work. Nearly 100,000 words of new material will be added, along with fully updated original entries, and expanded coverage. New introductory essays will explore the impact of terrorism on economics, public health, religion, and even pop culture. Ethical issues such as the role of torture in interrogations, competing notions of security versus liberty, and the debates over FISA legislation and Guantanamo Bay will also be covered. Two dozen entries on significant recent events—such as the London bombings, Chechen attacks on Russian interests, and the rescue of Ingrid Bettancourt—and some 60 additional new entries will restore the work as an up-to-the-minute, natural first-stop for researchers.


The Islamic State

Author by : Ondrej Filipec
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
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Description : The Islamic State analyzes the transformation of ISIS (Daesh) from an underground insurgent organization to a quasi-state entity. It traces the genesis and evolution of what may be interpreted as a revolutionary war aimed at the creation and expansion of a new society and world order in the ruins of Syria and Iraq. This book: Analyzes the regime’s totalitarian features including structure, ideology, propaganda, and violence; Examines its ideology with a focus on radical Islamism and Salafi-jihadism; Studies the economics behind its continued existence; and Explores the attitude of key state and non-state actors, especially Russia, USA, and the Global Coalition, towards Daesh. An indispensable guide to the study of modern terrorism, this book will be of great interest to students and researchers of Middle East studies, terrorism, with a focus on ISIS, military and strategic studies, politics and international relations, as well as general readers.


The Iraq War Encyclopedia

Author by : Thomas R. Mockaitis
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
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Total Read : 60
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Description : This reference work is an ideal resource for anyone interested in better understanding the controversial Iraq War. It treats the war in its entirety, covering politics, religion, and history, as well as military issues.


The Long Shadow Of 9 11

Author by : Brian Michael Jenkins
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rand Corporation
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Description : This book provides a multifaceted array of answers to the question, In the ten years since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, how has America responded? In a series of essays, RAND authors lend a farsighted perspective to the national dialogue on 9/11's legacy. The essays assess the military, political, fiscal, social, cultural, psychological, and even moral implications of U.S. policymaking since 9/11. Part One of the book addresses the lessons learned from America's accomplishments and mistakes in its responses to the 9/11 attacks and the ongoing terrorist threat. Part Two explores reactions to the extreme ideologies of the terrorists and to the fears they have generated. Part Three presents the dilemmas of asymmetrical warfare and suggests ways to resolve them. Part Four cautions against sacrificing a long-term strategy by imposing short-term solutions, particularly with respect to air passenger security and counterterrorism intelligence. Finally, Part Five looks at the effects of the terrorist attacks on the U.S. public health system, at the potential role of compensation policy for losses incurred by terrorism, and at the possible long-term effects of terrorism and counterterrorism on American values, laws, and society.--Publisher description.


Jihad 2 0 The Impact Of Social Media On The Salafist Scene And The Nature Of Terrorism

Author by : Janis Just
Languange : en
Publisher by : diplom.de
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Description : More than a decade ago, in 2002, al-Qaeda declared their cyber-aspirations: “We strongly urge Muslim Internet professionals to spread and disseminate news and information about the jihad through e-mail lists, discussion groups and their own Web sites (...). The more Web sites, the better it is for us. We must make the Internet our tool.” Social media is part of today ́s battlefield. Over the past decade the Internet has become increasingly important to the loose and decentralized jihadist movement. This book illustrates that Jihadism online has had tremendous significance within the global jihad movement and no doubt its importance will rise in the future, as improved bandwidth, increased functionality, and the fast growing number of users will make the Internet a far more vital nerve than it is today. Salafi-Jihadist websites and social media spaces legitimate the actions of Islamic terrorists and encourage readers to support the Jihad wherever they can. Social media has offered new ways in which to promote terrorism or Jihad, and thus facilitated its intensification. Today everyone can be a part of a radical movement, anywhere. Due to the availability of propaganda material online, the Internet has not only changed the process of radicalization but influenced the nature of terrorism: the autodidactiv terrorist has become the new threat to Western security services.


The National Interest In Question

Author by : Christopher Hill
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : European societies, congratulating themselves after the end of the Cold War on living in a zone of unparalleled peace and prosperity, have been shocked to find themselves once again involved in faraway wars, while at home a new wave of terrorism followed on the events of 9.11 in the United States. On top of this they have been grappling with rapid social change associated with inward migration and increased ethnic and cultural diversity. If in the age of empireEurope went out to the world, the world is now turning up on Europe's doorstep. This book analyses the problems arising from the interplay between international politics and the changing nature ofsociety in ten Member States of the European Union, weighing up the relative importance of the kind of national foreign policy pursued and the approach taken towards multiculturalism at home


Encyclopedia Of Terrorism

Author by : Peter Chalk
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
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Description : Catalogs groups, individuals, and incidents that have been associated with violent extremism.


Strategic Competition And Resistance In The 21st Century

Author by : Nathan Freier
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 58
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Description : The 2005 National Defense Strategy introduced the now prolific concept of the four challenges -- traditional, irregular, catastrophic, and disruptive. Reference to the challenges is now an essential feature of defense deliberations. Yet in spite of the concept's central place in the defense debates in and out of government, there have been persistent gaps in how the individual challenges are defined and how they should be applied in defense and security policymaking. Written by one of two working-level strategists responsible for the 2005 defense strategy's conceptual development, this monograph addresses that deficit. It provides the reader with the foundational substance underwriting the three most active challenges -- irregular, catastrophic, and traditional -- while introducing the concept of the "hybrid norm."


Stand On Guard

Author by : Stephanie Carvin
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Toronto Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
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Description : Stand on Guard provides a nuanced explanation of Canadian national security threats such as violent extremism, espionage, and clandestine foreign influence, emphasizing trust and empathy in developing national security policies to counter them.


Ten Years After 9 11

Author by : Arabinda Acharya
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
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Description : Ten years after the 9/11 attacks this book reassesses the effectiveness of the "War on Terror", considers how al-Qaeda and other jihadist movements are faring, explores the impact of wider developments in the Islamic world such as the Arab Spring, and discusses whether all this suggests that a new approach to containing international, especially jihadist, terrorism is needed. Among the book’s many richly argued conclusions are that the "War on Terror" and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq have brutalised the United States; that the jihadist threat is not one, but rather a wide range of separate, unconnected struggles; and that al-Qaeda’s ideology contains the seeds of its own destruction, in that although many Muslims are content to see the United States worsted, they do not approve of al-Qaeda’s violence and are not taken in by the jihadists’ empty promises of utopia.


A Strategic Planning Approach

Author by : Lynn Etheridge Davis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rand Corporation
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
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Description : While the United States government has historically undertaken strategic reviews and produced numerous strategy documents, these have provided only very general directions for U.S. policymakers. This paper defines an approach to strategic planning and illustrates its application using the example of the critical national security topic of counterterrorism.