Beyond The Miracle Of The Market

Author by : Robert H. Bates
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : This 2005 book focuses on Kenya, a country that continued to grow while others declined in Africa.


Beyond The Miracle Of The Market

Author by : Robert H. Bates
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
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Description : An analysis of the political and economic origins of institutions and the role of these institutions in Kenya's economic development, from the Mau Mau rebellion of the 1950s to the droughts of the 1980s. Annotation(c) 2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)


Open Economy Politics

Author by : Robert H. Bates
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
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Total Read : 16
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Description : Coffee is traded in one of the few international markets ever subject to effective political regulation. In Open-Economy Politics, Robert Bates explores the origins, the operations, and the collapse of the International Coffee Organization, an international "government of coffee" that was formed in the 1960s. In so doing, he addresses key issues in international political economy and comparative politics, and analyzes the creation of political institutions and their impact on markets. Drawing upon field work in East Africa, Colombia, and Brazil, Bates explores the domestic sources of international politics within a unique theoretical framework that blends game theoretic and more established approaches to the study of politics. The book will appeal to those interested in international political economy, comparative politics, and the political economy of development, especially in Latin America and Africa, and to readers wanting to learn more about the economic and political realities that underlie the coffee market. It is also must reading for those interested in "the new institutionalism" and modern political economy.


New Development Strategies

Author by : A. Kohsaka
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 64
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Description : This edited volume examines the flaws in the Washington Consensus. The missing link identified is the relationship between market and government. The East Asian Miracle showed that the market and government are complementary, particularly with regard to economic development. However, the nature of this relationship has not been fully clarified. This book assesses development strategies and policy issues in the context of individual and/or regional economy's history and political-economic reality. The relationship may be conditional to these two factors. With these perceptions in mind, the book focuses on the role and significance of government in economic development in pursuit for new development strategies.


Beyond The East Asian Miracle

Author by : Masahiko Aoki
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 36
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Description :


Critical Political Studies

Author by : Abigail B. Bakan
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
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Description : Written as a tribute to the remarkable intellectual career of Colin Leys, the debates in this book deal with some of the most pressing problems confronting the majority of citizens in both first world and third world contexts. Their contributions provide the confidence to pursue new possibilities that permit a more optimistic, if critical, outlook. Topics covered include contemporary debates about globalization and the nation state, African development, prospects for British socialism after Blair, social movements, and current issues in political and social theory. Contributors include Laurie Adkin (University of Alberta), Abigail Bakan, Bruce Berman (Queen's University), Manfred Bienefeld (Carleton University), Alex Callinicos (University of York, UK), Bonnie Campbell (University of Quebec at Montreal), Michael Chege (University of Florida), Radhika Desai (University of Victoria), Lauren Dobell (PhD candidate, Oxford University), Phil Goldman (Queen's University), Banu Helvacioglu (Bilkent University, Turkey), Robert Jessop (University of Lancaster, UK), Colin Leys (emeritus, Queen's University), Eleanor MacDonald, Marguerite Mendell (Concordia University), Leo Panitch (York University), Anne Phillips (London School of Economics and Political Science), and John Saul (Atkinson College, York University).


Markets In Historical Contexts

Author by : Mark Bevir
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 900
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Description : Markets in Historical Contexts is the result of a dialogue between historians and social scientists thinking about markets in modern society. How should we approach markets after the collapse of Marxism? What alternative ways of thinking about markets can we recover from the past? The essays in this volume set out to challenge essentialist accounts of the market. Instead they suggest that markets are always embedded in distinctive traditions and practices that shape the ways in which they are conceived and the manner of their working. The essays range widely over European and non-European societies from the eighteenth century to the present, from the great transformation to globalization. Rational peasants, republican economists, popular conservatives, guild theorists, early environmentalists, communitarians, progressives, consumers, Gandhi's descendants and others are all revived. The volume thus recovers alternative ways of thinking about markets, many of which are neglected or marginalized in contemporary debates.


Passion Craft And Method In Comparative Politics

Author by : Gerardo L. Munck
Languange : en
Publisher by : JHU Press
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Total Read : 31
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Description : In the first collection of interviews with the most prominent scholars in comparative politics since World War II, Gerardo L. Munck and Richard Snyder trace key developments in the field during the twentieth century. Organized around a broad set of themes -- intellectual formation and training; major works and ideas; the craft and tools of research; colleagues, collaborators, and students; and the past and future of comparative politics -- these in-depth interviews offer unique and candid reflections that bring the research process to life and shed light on the human dimension of scholarship. Giving voice to scholars who practice their craft in different ways yet share a passion for knowledge about global politics, Passion, Craft, and Method in Comparative Politics offers a wealth of insights into contemporary debates about the state of knowledge in comparative politics and the future of the field. -- Margaret Keck, Johns Hopkins University


Business Practices In Emerging And Re Emerging Markets

Author by : S. Singh
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 538
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Description : This book highlights current business practices in the emerging markets of China, Ghana, India, Kenya, Nigeria and UAE, and explains how global competition has created a culture of competitiveness and an era of consumerism. The region-specific issues, tested theories, and empirical evidence make the book of value to both researchers and managers.


Commodity Market Reforms

Author by : John Baffes
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
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Description : Agricultural commodity markets in many developing countries are being reformed and are being based on market forces rather than regulated prices and official monopolies. This book discusses reforms in the markets for cocoa, coffee, cotton, grains, and sugar and looks at the reasons for success and failure.


The African Diaspora And The Disciplines

Author by : Tejumola Olaniyan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
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Description : Focusing on the problems and conflicts of doing African diaspora research from various disciplinary perspectives, these essays situate, describe, and reflect on the current practice of diaspora scholarship. Tejumola Olaniyan, James H. Sweet, and the international group of contributors assembled here seek to enlarge understanding of how the diaspora is conceived and explore possibilities for the future of its study. With the aim of initiating interdisciplinary dialogue on the practice of African diaspora studies, they emphasize learning from new perspectives that take advantage of intersections between disciplines. Ultimately, they advocate a fuller sense of what it means to study the African diaspora in a truly global way.


Making A Market Economy

Author by : Ning Wang
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 691
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Description : First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


The Development Dilemma

Author by : Robert H. Bates
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
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Total Read : 58
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Description : Reassessing the developing world through the lens of Europe's past Today’s developing nations emerged from the rubble of the Second World War. Only a handful of these countries have subsequently attained a level of prosperity and security comparable to that of the advanced industrial world. The implication is clear: those who study the developing world in order to learn how development can be achieved lack the data to do so. In The Development Dilemma, Robert Bates responds to this challenge by turning to history, focusing on England and France. By the end of the eighteenth century, England stood poised to enter “the great transformation.” France by contrast verged on state failure, and life and property were insecure. Probing the histories of these countries, Bates uncovers a powerful tension between prosperity and security: both may be necessary for development, he argues, but efforts to achieve the one threaten the achievement of the other. A fundamental tension pervades the political economy of development. Bates also argues that while the creation of a central hierarchy—a state—may be necessary to the achievement of development, it is not sufficient. What matters is how the power of the state is used. France and England teach us that in some settings the seizure and redistribution of wealth—not its safeguarding and fostering—is a winning political strategy. These countries also suggest the features that mark those settings—features that appear in nations throughout the developing world. Returning to the present, Bates applies these insights to the world today. Drawing on fieldwork in Zambia and Kenya, and data from around the globe, he demonstrates how the past can help us to understand the performance of nations in today’s developing world.


Is Rational Choice Theory All Of Social Science

Author by : Mark I. Lichbach
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Michigan Press
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Total Read : 36
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Description : Advocates of rational choice theory in political science have been perceived by their critics as attempting to establish an intellectual hegemony in contemporary social science, to the detriment of alternative methods of research. The debate has gained a nonacademic audience, hitting the pages of the New York Times and the New Republic. In the academy, the antagonists have expressed their views in books, journal articles, and at professional conferences. Mark I. Lichbach addresses the question of the place of rational choice theory in the social sciences in general and in political science in particular. He presents a typology of the antagonists as either rationalist, culturalist, or structuralist and offers an insightful examination of the debate. He reveals that the rationalist bid for hegemony and synthesis is rooted in the weaknesses, not the strengths, of rationalist thought. He concludes that the various theoretical camps are unlikely to accept the claimed superiority of the rationalist approach but that this opposition is of value in itself to the social sciences, which requires multiple perspectives to remain healthy. With its penetrating examination of the assumptions and basic arguments of each of the sides to this debate, this book cuts through the partisan rhetoric and provides an essential roadmap for the future of the discipline. Mark I. Lichbach is Professor of Government and Politics, University of Maryland.


Russia S Food Revolution

Author by : Stephen K. Wegren
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
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Description : This book analyzes the food revolution that has occurred in Russia since the late 1980s, documenting the transformation in systems of production, supply, distribution, and consumption. It examines the dominant actors in the food system; explores how the state regulates food; considers changes in patterns of food trade interactions with other states; and discusses how all this and changing habits of consumption have impacted consumers. It contrasts the grim food situation of 1980s and 1990s with the much better food situation that prevails at present and sets the food revolution in the context of the wider consumer revolution, which has affected fashion, consumer electronics, and other sectors of the economy.


Individuals Institutions And Markets

Author by : C. Mantzavinos
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 802
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Description : This book shows how the institutional framework of a society emerges and how markets within institutions work.


Odd Markets In Japanese History

Author by : J. Mark Ramseyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 301
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Description : Employing a rational-choice approach, Professor Ramseyer studies the impact of Japanese law on economic growth in Japan. Toward that end, the author investigates the way law governed various markets and the way that people negotiated contracts within those markets. For much of the period at stake, the Japanese government was an oligarchy rather than a democracy; the judges operated a civil rather than common law regime; the economy grew modestly but erratically; and social customs changed rapidly and radically. As a result, this study applies an economic logic, but to markets in a vastly different world, in a different historical period, and with a different political regime and legal system. Findings reveal that the legal system generally promoted mutually advantageous deals, and that people generally negotiated in ways that shrewdly promoted their private best interests. Whether in the markets for indentured servants, prostitutes, or marriage partners, Odd Markets in Japanese History reports little evidence of either age- or gender- related exploitation.


Environmental Movements Around The World Shades Of Green In Politics And Culture 2 Volumes

Author by : Timothy Doyle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Praeger
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 422
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Description : An unprecedented study of environmentalism, environmental movements, and efforts at "greening" across the globe, written by culturally embedded scholars with both academic expertise and first-hand experience with grassroots advocacy. • Features country-based case studies of environmental movements to provide representative research data from different world regions • Provides a cross-discipline perspective from the fields of ecology, environmental studies, political science, international relations, history, sociology, and geography • Compiles a full picture of environmental, green, and conservation movements from around the globe, including nations such as Brazil, China, Germany, India, Israel, New Zealand, Nigeria, and Russia


American Political Scientists

Author by : Glenn H. Utter
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 586
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Description : Profiles nearly two hundred important contributors to the field of American political science, offering brief biographies and commentary on their works and theoretical arguments.


The New Institutionalism In Sociology

Author by : Mary C. Brinton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 440
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Description : Institutions play a pivotal role in structuring economic and social transactions, and understanding the foundations of social norms, networks, and beliefs within institutions is crucial to explaining much of what occurs in modern economies. This volume integrates two increasingly visible streams of research—economic sociology and new institutional economics—to better understand how ties among individuals and groups facilitate economic activity alongside and against the formal rules that regulate economic processes via government and law. Reviews "This volume is a welcome addition to the expanding literature on institutional analysis. . . . Besides sociologists, we are afforded the pleasure of contributions from anthropologists, economists, historians, political scientists, and scholars located in schools of law and education. . . . One of the pleasures of the volume is the wide range of topics, times, and locales addressed by the authors. . . . In all these diverse situations, the application of institutional queries and approaches enhances our understanding and appreciation of the endlessly rich and diverse nature of social life."—Contemporary Society "This admirable book makes a strong contribution to institutional theory, has many excellent chapters . . . and is a model for interdisciplinary exchange and cross-fertilization. . . . It is dense with interesting ideas and points for debate, and I heartily recommend it."—Sociological Research Online


The Battle For Asia

Author by : Mark T. Berger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
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Description : Presents a history of the Asian region, from 1945 to the present day, covering such topics as development, decolonization, the effect of communism, and globalization.


Civil Society And The State In Africa

Author by : John Willis Harbeson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lynne Rienner Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 960
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : This text examines the potential value of the concept of civil society for enhancing the current understanding of state-society relations in Africa. The authors review the meanings of civil society in political philosophy, as well as alternative approaches to employing the concept in African settings. Considering both the patterns of emerging civil society in Africa and issues relating to its further development, they give particular emphasis to the cases of Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zaire.


The Politics Of Poverty

Author by : Felicitas Becker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 480
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Description : An examination of poverty dynamics and developmental failure, shifting emphasis from development as control to development as coping strategy.


The Political Economy Of Africa

Author by : Vishnu Padayachee
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 492
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Description : The Political Economy of Africa addresses the real possibilities for African development in the coming decades when seen in the light of the continent’s economic performance over the last half-century. This involves an effort to emancipate our thinking from the grip of western economic models that have often ignored Africa’s diversity in their rush to peddle simple nostrums of dubious merit. The book addresses the seemingly intractable economic problems of the African continent, and traces their origins. It also brings out the instances of successful economic change, and the possibilities for economic revival and renewal. As well as surveying the variety of contemporary situations, the text will provide readers with a firm grasp of the historical background to the topic. It explores issues such as: employment and poverty social policy and security structural adjustment programs and neo-liberal globalization majority rule and democratization taxation and resource mobilization. It contains a selection of country specific case studies from a range of international contributors, many of whom have lived and worked in Africa. The book will be of particular interest to higher level students in political economy, development studies, area studies (Africa) and economics in general.


Labour Land And Capital In Ghana

Author by : Gareth Austin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boydell & Brewer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
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Description : An examination of the varied ways, outside and inside markets, in which Asante producers obtained labor, land and capital during the transformative era.


Private Sector Responses To Public Investments And Policy Reforms The Case Of Fertilizer And Maize Market Development In Kenya

Author by : Joshua Ariga, T. S. Jayne
Languange : en
Publisher by : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 600
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : This paper documents the factors driving the impressive growth in fertilizer use and maize productivity in Kenya since the early 1990s up to 2007. The basic story is one of synergies between liberalization of input and maize markets and public investments in support of smallholder agriculture, leading to tangible private-sector investment in fertilizer retailing and maize marketing, which in turn has resulted in a 34 percent increase in smallholder fertilizer use per hectare of maize cultivated and an 18 percent increase in maize yields over the 1997-2007 period. There is also evidence of a reduction in maize marketing margins during this period. These developments have improved the welfare of rural and urban maize consumers, who constitute roughly 80 percent of Kenya's population. While certain aspects of liberalization have also benefited maize-selling smallholder farmers, many other developments in the Kenyan agricultural sector have not. Events since 2007 call into question the sustainability of Kenya's achievements in improving smallholders' access to maize and fertilizer markets over the 1990-2007 period.


Politics In The Developing World

Author by : Peter Burnell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 309
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : This well respected textbook is fully up-to-date with recent development policies and important global events. New chapters on the role of institutions, the transition of the state from conflict to post-conflict, and the impact of international aid ensure it remains the most comprehensive introduction to politics in the developing world.


The South America Handbook

Author by : Patrick Heenan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 487
File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Description : First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Strategic Policy And Social Innovation For A Post Industrial Korea

Author by : Joon Nak Choi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 423
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : Export-oriented industrialization has transformed the Korean economy so profoundly that it has become known as the "Miracle on the Han." Yet, this industrial model has become fragile, as Korea’s chaebols are being challenged by Chinese competitors. Attempts to seek out new engines of economic growth have failed, or remain underdeveloped, while a looming demographic crisis threatens to exacerbate Korea’s problems. This book outlines a blueprint for overcoming these challenges, moving beyond the business strategies, government policies, and socio-cultural patterns established under export-oriented industrialization. Written by a stellar line-up of international contributors, its central proposition is that social change is needed to support the strategic and operational transformation of the chaebol and SMEs. Specifically, it stresses the need for an appreciation of the gender, national, and ethnic diversity emerging within the Korean workplace today. If properly leveraged, such diversity has the potential to reduce the groupthink that hampers the creativity and responsiveness of Korean firms today, as well as facilitating greater success in overseas markets. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this book will be useful to students and scholars in Korean Studies, as well as those studying business, economics, and sociology more broadly in East Asia.