Description : Germany today has one of the lowest incarceration rates in the industrialized world, and social welfare principles play an essential role at all levels of the German criminal justice system. Warren Rosenblum examines the roots of this social approach to criminal policy in the reform movements of the Wilhelmine and Weimar periods, when reformers strove to replace state institutions of control and incarceration with private institutions of protective supervision. Reformers believed that private charities and volunteers could diagnose and treat social pathologies in a way that coercive state institutions could not. The expansion of welfare for criminals set the stage for a more economical system of punishment, Rosenblum argues, but it also opened the door to new, more expansive controls over individuals marked as "asocial." With the reformers' success, the issue of who had power over welfare became increasingly controversial and dangerous. Other historians have suggested that the triumph of eugenics in the 1890s was predicated upon the abandonment of liberal and Christian assumptions about human malleability. Rosenblum demonstrates, however, that the turn to "criminal biology" was not a reaction against social reform, but rather an effort to rescue its legitimacy.
Description : Report examines state parole systems in America, documenting how parole boards make decisions to release inmates from prison, analyzing the population under parole supervision, and examining parole revocation.
Description : Smart Decarceration is a forward-thinking, practical volume that provides innovative concepts and concrete strategies for ushering in an era of decarceration -- a proactive and effective undoing of the era of mass incarceration. The text grapples with tough questions and takes up the challenge of transforming America's approach to criminal justice in the 21st century. This timely work consists of chapters written from multiple perspectives and disciplines including advocates, researchers, academics, practitioners, and persons with incarceration histories who are now leaders in the movement. The primary purpose of this book is to inform both academic and public understanding -- to place the challenge of smart decarceration at the center of the current national discourse, taking into account the realities of the current sociopolitical context -- and to propose beginning action steps. This is achieved by first outlining and addressing questions such as: What if incarceration were not an option for most?; Whose voices are essential in this era of decarceration?; What is the state of evidence for solutions?; How do we generate and adopt empirically driven reforms?; How do we redefine and rethink justice in the United States? Smart Decarceration offers a way forward in building a field for decarceration through provocative but reasoned challenges to existing approaches to criminal justice reforms, lively focus on potential solutions, and action steps for reform.
Description : Joe Sim traces the development of penal strategy over the past three decades, through a critical analysis of the relationship between penal policy and state power. Exploring the contested histories of punishment that are prominent in criminology, and its development in penal policy, the book analyzes four key dimensions of modern penal trends continuity and discontinuity in penal policy and practice, reform and rehabilitation, contesting penal power, and abolitionism. Articulate, innovative, and theoretically informed, Punishment and Prisons offers a critical overview of contemporary penal politics that will prove a compelling addition to the criminological library.
Description : This unique book provides a rare insight into the debilitating impact of regimes that fail to respond to the complex and gender specific needs of women behind bars. Exploring the marginalization, mental health and experiences of women in prison, it specifically focuses on the legacy of women's imprisonment in Northern Ireland.
Description : In The Home Stretch, Erwin James writes about the end of his life sentence and prospect of release. Like his previous prison notebooks, A Life Inside, James writes about his imminent freedom without self pity but with humanity and honesty. He tries to imagine what his life on the outside will be like and comes to grips with how the world has changed since he began his long sentence. In his memoirs Erwin James has produced two classic portraits of modern prison life, as eye-opening as they are compelling.
Description : The United States incarcerates far more people than any other country in the world, at rates nearly ten times higher than other liberal democracies. Indeed, while the U.S. is home to 5 percent of the world's population, it contains nearly 25 percent of its prisoners. But the extent of American cruelty goes beyond simply locking people up. At every stage of the criminal justice process - plea bargaining, sentencing, prison conditions, rehabilitation, parole, and societal reentry - the U.S. is harsher and more punitive than other comparable countries. In Unusually Cruel, Marc Morjé Howard argues that the American criminal justice and prison systems are exceptional - in a truly shameful way. Although other scholars have focused on the internal dynamics that have produced this massive carceral system, Howard provides the first sustained comparative analysis that shows just how far the U.S. lies outside the norm of established democracies. And, by highlighting how other countries successfully apply less punitive and more productive policies, he provides plausible solutions to addressing America's criminal justice quagmire.
Description : Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.
Description : “... it will be a ‘Number 1 Book Seller’ around the world” -Dawn Gobourne- Librarian, Marcus Garvey Library, London “The Taste of Champagne Urge by Lyndon Walters . . . needs to be given credit for attempting an unusual concept . . . The central plot is dreamt up by two brains. . . The identity of the person in whose head the two brains reside, is a mystery almost till the very end of the novel .The author’s aim with this book is to analyze human behavior . . . definitely worth a read and I would recommend it to all readers”. -Online Book Club “What a fantastic work by Lyndon Walters! I do honestly believe that this huge piece of writing would be turned to a futuristic movie series . . . put together in one of the clearest contrast of writing in relating complex ideas and stories . . . what a perfect way to narrate a story about Man, Love, Relationship, Politics and Ruler- ship in a dramatic and futuristic symbolism”. -Godson Azu - Writer and Commentator, BenTV/Freevoiceradio London “Lyndon Walters debut novel is an unputdownable epic of gargamtuan proportions literally and literarily . . . a plot and diversions that take you on a rollercoaster of a narrative that is relentless in its grip . . . To capture what its all about in a précis would be like unlocking the secret of the universe in a sentence . . . Cannot recommend it enough”. -Dotun Adebayo BBC Radio “The author effectively creates an alternate reality and through it challenges the audience to explore the things they often take for granted . . . he cleverly creates a complex and complicated narrative and elevates the genre into one that will resonate with audiences of all stripes . . . several similar books have been adapted and produced into films to both critical and financial successes including The Matrix and Cloud Atlas . . . audiences around the world will one day enjoy The Taste of Champagne Urge”. -Lawrence Koster – Hollywood Treatment Film Screen Writer
Description : "This is an exceptional personal testimony and story of achievement – Ahmed Othmani tells of his own appalling treatment when in detention and how it informed and inspired a lifetime vocation to struggle for the rights of all prisoners everywhere. As the story demonstrates, Othmani is one of those rare individuals who moved from passion and conviction to effective action – he was responsible for the establishment of one of the world's most reliable and mature human rights organizations, in the field of penal reform, Penal Reform International (PRI). His untimely death in Morocco in 2004 deprived the cause of a passionate advocate, but the work goes on." [From the Preface]