Bio Objects

Author by : Niki Vermeulen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Increasing knowledge of the biological is fundamentally transforming what life itself means and where its boundaries lie. New developments in the biosciences - especially through the molecularisation of life - are (re)shaping healthcare and other aspects of our society. This cutting edge volume studies contemporary bio-objects, or the categories, materialities and processes that are central to the configuring of 'life' today, as they emerge, stabilize and circulate through society. Examining a variety of bio-objects in contexts beyond the laboratory, Bio-Objects: Life in the 21st Century explores new ways of thinking about how novel bio-objects enter contemporary life, analysing the manner in which, among others, the boundaries between human and animal, organic and non-organic, and being 'alive' and the suspension of living, are questioned, destabilised and in some cases re-established. Thematically organised around questions of changing boundaries; the governance and regulation of bio-objects; and changing social, economic and political relations, this book presents rich new case studies from Europe that will be of interest to scholars of science and technology studies, social theory, sociology and law.


Secure Programming Cookbook For C And C

Author by : John Viega
Languange : en
Publisher by : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
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Total Read : 23
Total Download : 588
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : Password sniffing, spoofing, buffer overflows, and denial of service: these are only a few of the attacks on today's computer systems and networks. At the root of this epidemic is poorly written, poorly tested, and insecure code that puts everyone at risk. Clearly, today's developers need help figuring out how to write code that attackers won't be able to exploit. But writing such code is surprisingly difficult. Secure Programming Cookbook for C and C++ is an important new resource for developers serious about writing secure code. It contains a wealth of solutions to problems faced by those who care about the security of their applications. It covers a wide range of topics, including safe initialization, access control, input validation, symmetric and public key cryptography, cryptographic hashes and MACs, authentication and key exchange, PKI, random numbers, and anti-tampering. The rich set of code samples provided in the book's more than 200 recipes will help programmers secure the C and C++ programs they write for both Unix® (including Linux®) and Windows® environments. Readers will learn: How to avoid common programming errors, such as buffer overflows, race conditions, and format string problems How to properly SSL-enable applications How to create secure channels for client-server communication without SSL How to integrate Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) into applications Best practices for using cryptography properly Techniques and strategies for properly validating input to programs How to launch programs securely How to use file access mechanisms properly Techniques for protecting applications from reverse engineering The book's web site supplements the book by providing a place to post new recipes, including those written in additional languages like Perl, Java, and Python. Monthly prizes will reward the best recipes submitted by readers. Secure Programming Cookbook for C and C++ is destined to become an essential part of any developer's library, a code companion developers will turn to again and again as they seek to protect their systems from attackers and reduce the risks they face in today's dangerous world.


Systems Science And Cybernetics Volume Iii

Author by : Francisco Parra-Luna
Languange : en
Publisher by : EOLSS Publications
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Total Read : 73
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Description : The subject “Systems sciences and cybernetics” is the outcome of the convergence of a number of trends in a larger current of thought devoted to the growing complexity of (primarily social) objects and arising in response to the need for globalized treatment of such objects. This has been magnified by the proliferation and publication of all manner of quantitative scientific data on such objects, advances in the theories on their inter-relations, the enormous computational capacity provided by IT hardware and software and the critical revisiting of subject-object interaction, not to mention the urgent need to control the efficiency of complex systems, where “efficiency” is understood to mean the ability to find a solution to many social problems, including those posed on a planetary scale. The result has been the forging of a new, academically consolidated scientific trend going by the name of Systems Theory and Cybernetics, with a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary focus and therefore apt for understanding realities still regarded to be inescapably chaotic. This subject entry is subdivided into four sections. The first, an introduction to systemic theories, addresses the historic development of the most commonly used systemic approaches, from new concepts such as the so-called “geometry of thinking” or the systemic treatment of “non-systemic identities” to the taxonomic, entropic, axiological and ethical problems deriving from a general “systemic-cybernetic” conceit. Hence, the focus in this section is on the historic and philosophical aspects of the subject. Moreover, it may be asserted today that, beyond a shadow of a doubt, problems, in particular problems deriving from human interaction but in general any problem regardless of its nature, must be posed from a systemic perspective, for otherwise the obstacles to their solution are insurmountable. Reaching such a perspective requires taking at least the following well-known steps: a) statement of the problem from the determinant variables or phenomena; b) adoption of theoretical models showing the interrelationships among such variables; c) use of the maximum amount of – wherever possible quantitative – information available on each; d) placement of the set of variables in an environment that inevitably pre-determines the problem. That epistemology would explain the substantial development of the systemic-cybernetic approach in recent decades. The articles in the second section deal in particular with the different methodological approaches developed when confronting real problems, from issues that affect humanity as a whole to minor but specific questions arising in human organizations. Certain sub-themes are discussed by the various authors – always from a didactic vantage –, including: problem discovery and diagnosis and development of the respective critical theory; the design of ad hoc strategies and methodologies; the implementation of both qualitative (soft system methodologies) and formal and quantitative (such as the “General System Problem Solver” or the “axiological-operational” perspective) approaches; cross-disciplinary integration; and suitable methods for broaching psychological, cultural and socio-political dynamisms. The third section is devoted to cybernetics in the present dual meaning of the term: on the one hand, control of the effectiveness of communication and actions, and on the other, the processes of self-production of knowledge through reflection and the relationship between the observing subject and the observed object when the latter is also observer and the former observed. Known as “second order cybernetics”, this provides an avenue for rethinking the validity of knowledge, such as for instance when viewed through what is known as “bipolar feedback”: processes through which interactions create novelty, complexity and diversity. Finally, the fourth section centres around artificial and computational intelligence, addressing sub-themes such as “neural networks”, the “simulated annealing” that ranges from statistical thermodynamics to combinatory problem-solving, such as in the explanation of the role of adaptive systems, or when discussing the relationship between biological and computational intelligence.


Intelligent Robotics And Applications

Author by : Ming Xie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 649
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : The market demands for skills, knowledge and personalities have positioned robotics as an important field in both engineering and science. To meet these challenging - mands, robotics has already seen its success in automating many industrial tasks in factories. And, a new era will come for us to see a greater success of robotics in n- industrial environments. In anticipating a wider deployment of intelligent and auto- mous robots for tasks such as manufacturing, eldercare, homecare, edutainment, search and rescue, de-mining, surveillance, exploration, and security missions, it is necessary for us to push the frontier of robotics into a new dimension, in which motion and intelligence play equally important roles. After the success of the inaugural conference, the purpose of the Second Inter- tional Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Applications was to provide a venue where researchers, scientists, engineers and practitioners throughout the world could come together to present and discuss the latest achievement, future challenges and exciting applications of intelligent and autonomous robots. In particular, the emphasis of this year’s conference was on “robot intelligence for achieving digital manufact- ing and intelligent automations. ” This volume of Springer’s Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Computer Science contains accepted papers presented at ICIRA 2009, held in Singapore, December 16–18, 2009. On the basis of the reviews and recommendations by the international Program Committee members, we decided to accept 128 papers having technical novelty, out of 173 submissions received from different parts of the world.


Buried Waste In The Seabed Acoustic Imaging And Bio Toxicity

Author by : Philippe Blondel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 712
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : Buried waste on the seabed is a major source of pollution. But, very often, waste sites are not known until a serious problem occurs, or are not adequately mapped. Recent examples around Europe include WWI and WWII ammunition dump sites (e.g. Beufort Dyke in the UK), dumped nuclear submarines in the Arctic Seas, clandestine or hidden toxic-waste in the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. Even if properly documented, waste sites evolve with time (dumped material can move with currents and tides, especially on a scale of decades; toxic-material barrels can corrode and leak). This book shows the results of a concerted EU-funded effort to tackle this problem and find innovative ways to identify and map toxic waste sites on the seabed, whether they have been covered with sediments or not. These results are applicable to any region on the seabed in the entire world.


Learning Php Data Objects

Author by : Dennis Popel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Packt Publishing Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 358
File Size : 44,6 Mb
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Description : A Beginner's Guide to PHP Data Objects, Database Connection Abstraction Library for PHP 5


Perl For Bio Informatics I

Author by : David Scott
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lulu.com
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 317
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description :


Computational Modelling Of Objects Represented In Images Iii

Author by : Paolo Di Giamberardino
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 599
File Size : 41,8 Mb
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Description : Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications III contains all contributions presented at the International Symposium CompIMAGE 2012 - Computational Modelling of Object Presented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications (Rome, Italy, 5-7 September 2012). The contributions cover the state-of-art and new trends in the fields of: - 3D Vision; - Biometric Recognition; - Computational Bioimaging and Visualization; - Computer Vision in Robotics and Automation; - Data Acquisition, Interpolation, Registration and Compression; - Image Enhancement and Restoring; - Image Processing and Analysis; - Image Segmentation; - Medical Imaging; - Modeling and Simulation; - Motion and Deformation Analysis; - Remote Sensing; - Scientific Visualization Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications III addresses different techniques, such as optimization methods, geometry, finite element method, principal component analysis, stochastic methods, neural networks and fuzzy logic. The book is useful to researchers and students with multidisciplinary interests related to Computational Vision, Computational Mechanics, Medicine, Engineering and Architecture.


Geometric Methods In Bio Medical Image Processing

Author by : Ravikanth Malladi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
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File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : showcleverapplicationsinvesseldetectionin3Dmedicaldata. Finally,in Chapter7,A. Sarti,K. Mikula,F. Sgallari,andC. Lamberti,describean- linearmodelfor?lteringtimevarying3Dmedicaldataandshowimpressive resultsinbothultrasoundandechoimages. IoweadebtofgratitudetoClaudioLambertiandAlessandroSartifor invitingmetoBologna,andlogisticalsupportfortheconference. Ithank thecontributingauthorsfortheirenthusiasmand?exibility,theSpringer mathematicseditorMartinPetersforhisoptimismandpatience,andJ. A. Sethianforhisunfailingsupport,goodhumor,andguidancethroughthe years. Berkeley,California R. Malladi October,2001 Contents 1 FastMethodsforShapeExtractioninMedicaland BiomedicalImaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 R. Malladi,J. A. Sethian 1. 1Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. 2TheFastMarchingMethod. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. 3ShapeRecoveryfromMedicalImages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1. 4Results. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2 AGeometricModelforImageAnalysisinCytology. . . . . . . 19 C. OrtizdeSolorzano,R. Malladi,,S. J. Lockett 2. 1Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2. 2GeometricModelforImageAnalysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2. 3SegmentationofNuclei. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2. 4SegmentationofNucleiandCellsUsingMembrane-RelatedProtein Markers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2. 5Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 3 LevelSetModelsforAnalysisof2Dand3D EchocardiographicData. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 A. Sarti,C. Lamberti,R. Malladi 3. 1Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 3. 2TheGeometricEvolutionEquation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 3. 3TheShock-TypeFiltering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 3. 4ShapeExtraction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 3. 52DEchocardiography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 3. 62D+timeEchocardiography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3. 73DEchocardiography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3. 83D+timeEchocardiography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3. 9Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 4 ActiveContourandSegmentationModelsusing GeometricPDE'sforMedicalImaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 T. F. Chan,L. A. Vese 4. 1Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 4. 2DescriptionoftheModels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 4. 3ApplicationstoBio-MedicalImages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 4. 4ConcludingRemarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Database Theory And Application Bio Science And Bio Technology

Author by : Tai-hoon Kim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
Total Download : 299
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : This book comprises selected papers of the International Conferences, DTA and BSBT 2011, held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, in December 2011. The papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions and focuse on the various aspects of database theory and application, and bio-science and bio-technology.