Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
Author: Dipesh Kumar,Bhaskar Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2021-01-15
ISBN: 9780128218174
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel Book Excerpt:

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel provides a fundamental understanding of the state-of-the-art processes involved in the production of biodiesel. It offers a holistic analysis of mass scale biodiesel production in terms of techno-economic viability and sustainability challenges of the 21st century. This book encompasses the entire biodiesel value chain, from feedstock production and conversion processes, to post-production refining and fuel quality assessment. Besides conventional approaches, recent technologies holding promising opportunities are discussed in depth. The authors analyze and address major industry and environmental concerns in their discussion of life cycle assessment and techno-economic assessment. A comparison of biodiesel and renewable diesel produced through hydro-processing of triglycerides is presented a separate chapter, as well as the significant hurdles and opportunities in the industrial scale production and commercialization of biodiesel. By exploring the fundamental concepts, latest developments and sustainability aspects, Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel offers a complete understanding of the feasibility and sustainability of biodiesel. Researchers and PhD students coming into the field will be able to use this reference to acquire a holistic perspective of the subject. More experienced researcher and industry practitioners will benefit from the book's techno-economic approach to make better-informed decisions when developing and deploying biodiesel-based technologies. Presents the state-of-the-art production strategies to transform the state of the biodiesel industry Explores the significant challenges and opportunities in improving the scale of production, acceptability, and marketability of biodiesel Compares biodiesel and renewable diesel on a range of parameters, including techno-economic viability and sustainability dimensions in the medium to long term

Alternative Fuel

Alternative Fuel
Author: Maximino Manzanera
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2011-08-09
ISBN: 9533073721
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuel Book Excerpt:

Renewable energy sources such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane, biomass from wastes or hydrogen are subject of great interest in the current energy scene. These fuels contribute to the reduction of prices and dependence on fossil fuels. In addition, energy sources such as these could partially replace the use of what is considered as the major factor responsible for global warming and the main source of local environmental pollution. For these reasons they are known as alternative fuels. There is an urgent need to find and optimise the use of alternative fuels to provide a net energy gain, to be economically competitive and to be producible in large quantities without compromising food resources.

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies Second Edition

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies  Second Edition
Author: Sunggyu Lee,James G. Speight,Sudarshan K. Loyalka
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2014-07-08
ISBN: 146659456X
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies Second Edition Book Excerpt:

While strides are being made in the research and development of environmentally acceptable and more sustainable alternative fuels—including efforts to reduce emissions of air pollutants associated with combustion processes from electric power generation and vehicular transportation—fossil fuel resources are limited and may soon be on the verge of depletion in the near future. Measuring the correlation between quality of life, energy consumption, and the efficient utilization of energy, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition thoroughly examines the science and technology of alternative fuels and their processing technologies. It focuses specifically on environmental, technoeconomic, and socioeconomic issues associated with the use of alternative energy sources, such as sustainability, applicable technologies, modes of utilization, and impacts on society. Written with research and development scientists and engineers in mind, the material in this handbook provides a detailed description and an assessment of available and feasible technologies, environmental health and safety issues, governmental regulations, and issues and agendas for R&D. It also includes alternative energy networks for production, distribution, and consumption. What’s New in This Edition: Contains several new chapters of emerging interest and updates various chapters throughout Includes coverage of coal gasification and liquefaction, hydrogen technology and safety, shale fuel by hydraulic fracturing, ethanol from lignocellulosics, biodiesel, algae fuels, and energy from waste products Covers statistics, current concerns, and future trends A single-volume complete reference, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition contains relevant information on chemistry, technology, and novel approaches, as well as scientific foundations for further enhancements and breakthroughs. In addition to its purposes as a handbook for practicing scientists and engineers, it can also be used as a textbook or as a reference book on fuel science and engineering, energy and environment, chemical process design, and energy and environmental policy.

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author: Mark S. Danigole
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2009-05
ISBN: 1437911080
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Book Excerpt:

The USAF is the largest energy consumer in the DoD. In conjunction with the Pres¿s. mandate to reduce dependency on foreign oil and in an effort to stem fuel exp., the USAF estab. an alternative energy program focused on increased conservation and the dev¿t. of new, domestic sources of fuel. This report examines biologically produced fuel alternatives and their ability to meet USAF jet fuel requirements by the year 2025. It examines ethanol, terrestrial produced biodiesel, algae oil and biobutanol and each fuel¿s ability to meet JP-8 fuel standards while achieving compatibility with USAF aircraft and fuel distribution systems. It recommends the continued development of biofuel technology to reduce USAF dependency on foreign oil. Illus.

Methanol and the Alternate Fuel Economy

Methanol and the Alternate Fuel Economy
Author: Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Anirudh Gautam,Nikhil Sharma,Akhilendra Pratap Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 231
Release: 2018-11-01
ISBN: 9811332878
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methanol and the Alternate Fuel Economy Book Excerpt:

This book discusses the emerging research centred on using methanol- whose excellent fuel properties, easy production and relative compatibility with existing technology- make it attractive to researchers looking to alternative fuels to meet the rising energy demand. The volume is divided into broadly 4 parts which discuss various aspects of the proposed methanol economy and the technological advances in engine design for the utilisation of this fuel. This book will be of interest to researchers and policy makers interested in using methanol as the principal source of ready and stored energy in societal functioning.

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank
Author: Joshua Tickell,Kaia Tickell
Publsiher: Biodiesel America
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9780970722706
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank Book Excerpt:

Discusses the American dependence on imported fossil fuel and proposes a solution in the form of biodiesel engines.

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels
Author: Akhilendra P Singh,Rashmi Avinash Agarwal,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Atul Dhar,Mritunjay Kumar Shukla
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2017-11-28
ISBN: 9811075182
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels Book Excerpt:

This book discusses different types of alternative fuels, including biodiesel, alcohol, synthetic fuels, compressed natural gas (CNG) and its blend with hydrogen, HCNG, and provides detailed information on the utilization of these alternative fuels in internal combustion (IC) engines. Further, it presents methods for production of these alternative fuels and explores advanced combustion techniques, such as low-temperature and dual-fuel combustion, using alternative fuels. It includes a chapter on the soot morphology of biodiesel, which focuses on the toxicity. There are also four chapters on hydrogen-fueled engines, which discuss use of hydrogen in IC engines and also provide important information on the methodologies. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
Author: Saikarthik Gunti
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2016
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Biodiesel fuels
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel Book Excerpt:

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil
Author: Ravindra Ghodke,Sagar Kadam,Yogesh Katare
Publsiher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Total Pages: 68
Release: 2013
ISBN: 9783659442346
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil Book Excerpt:

This study evaluates the use of biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. The fuel properties, performance, emission characteristics and combustion characteristics of a four-stroke, four-cylinder water cooled, direct injection (DI) diesel engine operated on biodiesel, 20% biodiesel,30% biodiesel and 50% biodiesel blended fuels were measured. Results related to the direct use of biodiesel as a diesel engine fuel indicate that this is possible but not preferable because of its high viscosity and cetane number. Biodiesel could be used in the blends with diesel fuel, because most of the measured properties of the biodiesel-diesel blended fuels were close to those of the diesel fuel. It was found that the performance parameters of the biodiesel-diesel blended fuels did not differ greatly from those of diesel fuel. A slight power decrease, with an increase in brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), was noticed with the blend fuels. Smoke emissions were reduced for the blends while NOx was increased remarkably for the biodiesel-blended fuels. It is consequently argued that biodiesel appears to offer a potential alternative "greener" energy substitute for fossil fuel.

Biodiesel

Biodiesel
Author: Ayhan Demirbas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2007-12-20
ISBN: 1846289955
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel Book Excerpt:

Biodiesel: A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines describes the production and characterization of biodiesel. The book also presents current experimental research work in the field, including techniques to reduce biodiesel’s high viscosity. Researchers in renewable energy, as well as fuel engineers, will discover a myriad of new ideas and promising possibilities.

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines
Author: Akhilendra Pratap Singh,Yogesh C. Sharma,Nirendra N. Mustafi,Avinash Kumar Agarwal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-10-10
ISBN: 9811504180
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines Book Excerpt:

This book covers alternative fuels and their utilization strategies in internal combustion engines. The main objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in the production and utilization aspects of different types of liquid and gaseous alternative fuels. In the last few years, methanol and DME have gained significant attention of the energy sector, because of their capability to be utilized in different types of engines. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

Green Diesel Engines

Green Diesel Engines
Author: Breda Kegl,Marko Kegl,Stanislav Pehan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2013-10-19
ISBN: 1447153251
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Diesel Engines Book Excerpt:

With a focus on ecology, economy and engine performance, diesel engines are explored in relation to current research and developments. The prevalent trends in this development are outlined with particular focus on the most frequently used alternative fuels in diesel engines; the properties of various type of biodiesel and the concurrent improvement of diesel engine characteristics using numeric optimization alongside current investigation and research work in the field. Following of a short overview of engine control, aftertreatment and alternative fuels, Green Diesel Engine explores the effects of biodiesel usage on injection, fuel spray, combustion, and tribology characteristics, and engine performance. Additionally, optimization procedures of diesel engine characteristics are discussed using practical examples and each topic is corroborated and supported by current research and detailed illustrations. This thorough discussion provides a solid foundation in the current research but also a starting point for fresh ideas for engineers involved in developing/adjusting diesel engines for usage of alternative fuels, researchers in renewable energy, as well as to engineers, advanced undergraduates, and postgraduates.

Alternative Fuels

Alternative Fuels
Author: Richard L Bechtold
Publsiher: SAE International
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2002-09-30
ISBN: 076807049X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuels Book Excerpt:

With the vitality and economic growth of the U.S. being linked to affordable transportation, the use of alternative fuels is beginning to play a larger role. The use "e;alternative fuel"e; has been used to describe any fuel suggested for use in transportation vehicles other than gasoline or diesel. Since 1998, more than half of the petroleum the U.S. economy requires has been supplied by imports. In addition, the climatological and scientific community has warned that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will cause global change. Alternative Fuels examines the accepted alternative fuels, providing historical background, physical and chemical properties, production technology, and forecasts for each fuel. Alternative transportation fuels addressed include: methanol, ethanol, propane, natural gas, biodiesel, hydrogen, and electricity. Chapters include: The Argument for Alternative Fuels Methanol Ethanol Propane Natural Gas Electricity and more

Alternative Fuels

Alternative Fuels
Author: Krzysztof Biernat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2016-03-24
ISBN: 953512269X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuels Book Excerpt:

The presented book provides an overview of the most widely used alternative fuels in the power supply systems in spark-ignition engines and compression-ignition engines, such as LPG, CNG and RME, including the assessment of their operational usefulness, especially in terms of environmental impact in urban traffic. The possibilities of optimizing the ignition processes in engines fueled by gas are presented. The monograph also contains the results of exploitation tests with an assessment of the environmental impact of fuels containing oxygen additives in diesel engines. The possibilities of producing a wide range of advanced alternative fuels (biofuels) with the use of microorganisms as raw materials are also presented.

Alternative Fuels for Transport

Alternative Fuels for Transport
Author: Kerr C. Walker
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 119
Release: 1996
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agricultural engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuels for Transport Book Excerpt:

Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs

Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs
Author: Bruno Miller
Publsiher: Transportation Research Board
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2013
ISBN: 9780309258968
Category: Airports
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs Book Excerpt:

"TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 83: Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs consists of a guidebook and toolkit designed to help airports introduce and market alternative fuels to their airport community that includes tenants and consumers off airport. Alternative fuels considered include alternative jet fuel, green diesel, biodiesel, ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and electricity. The guidebook includes a step-by-step process to evaluate opportunities and constraints for alternative fuel distribution programs."--Publisher's description.

Transitioning to a Hydrogen Future

Transitioning to a Hydrogen Future
Author: M. Melendez
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 20
Release: 2009-05
ISBN: 1437911110
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transitioning to a Hydrogen Future Book Excerpt:

The challenges faced by alternative fuels during the last 20 years have much in common with those that face hydrogen (i.e., building markets simultaneously for new vehicle technologies, new fuels, and new infrastructure to support them both). The U.S. set goals in the 1980s and 1990s to derive a substantial portion of its fuel for transportation from non-petroleum alternative fuels by the early 2000s (10% in 2000, 30% in 2010). Although progress has been made through government and private efforts, these goals have not been met for a variety of reasons. To increase the chances for a timely and successful transition to hydrogen, the experiences of the alternative fuels industry must be understood and used to shape hydrogen transition strategies.

Implications of Alternative Fuel Use and Regulations in the Mountain Plains Region

Implications of Alternative Fuel Use and Regulations in the Mountain Plains Region
Author: Mark Lofgren
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 42
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Alcohol as fuel
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implications of Alternative Fuel Use and Regulations in the Mountain Plains Region Book Excerpt:

The objective of this study is to provide an overview of alternative fuel use and potential in the Mountain Plains Region (MPR) as well as benefit/cost analysis of switching from traditional to alternative fuels (such as ethanol and biodiesel) for a specific university in the region. The study will analyze users that would be affected by alternative fuel policy mandates and also examine potential demand for such products. Included will be a comparison of existing alternative fuels and related effects on the transportation sectors, as well as an overview of associated mandates/incentives that have been implemented in other states.

Advanced Biofuels

Advanced Biofuels
Author: Kalam Abul Azad,Mohammad Rasul
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2019-06-09
ISBN: 0081027923
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Biofuels Book Excerpt:

Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author: Krzysztof Biernat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN: 1789233461
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Book Excerpt:

This book offers the current state of knowledge in the field of biofuels, presented by selected research centers from around the world. Biogas from waste production process and areas of application of biomethane were characterized. Also, possibilities of applications of wastes from fruit bunch of oil palm tree and high biomass/bagasse from sorghum and Bermuda grass for second-generation bioethanol were presented. Processes and mechanisms of biodiesel production, including the review of catalytic transesterification process, and careful analysis of kinetics, including bioreactor system for algae breeding, were widely analyzed. Problem of emissivity of NOx from engines fueled by B20 fuel was characterized. The closing chapters deal with the assessment of the potential of biofuels in Turkey, the components of refinery systems for production of biodegradable plastics from biomass. Also, a chapter concerning the environmental conditions of synthesis gas production as a universal raw material for the production of alternative fuels was also added.