Biodiversity and Biomedicine

Biodiversity and Biomedicine
Author: Munir Ozturk,Dilfuza Egamberdieva,Milica Pešić
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2020-07-15
ISBN: 0128223707
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity and Biomedicine Book Excerpt:

Biodiversity and Biomedicine: Our Future provides a new outlook on Earth’s animal, plant, and fungi species as vital sources for human health treatments. While there are over 10 million various species on the planet, only 2 million have been discovered and named. This book identifies modern ways to incorporate Earth’s species into biomedical practices and emphasizes the need for biodiversity conservation. Written by leading biodiversity and biomedical experts, the book begins with new insights on the benefits of biologically active compounds found in fungi and plants, including a chapter on the use of wild fruits as a treatment option. The book goes on to discuss the roles of animals, such as amphibians and reptiles, and how the threatened presence of these species must be reversed to conserve biodiversity. It also discusses marine organisms, including plants, animals, and microbes, as essential in contributing to human health. Biodiversity and Biomedicine: Our Future is a vital source for researchers and practitioners specializing in biodiversity and conservation studies. Students in natural medicine and biological conservation will also find this useful to learn of the world’s most bio-rich communities and the molecular diversity of various species. Presents new developments in documenting and identifying species for biodiversity conservation and ethical considerations for biodiversity research Examines biodiversity as an irreplaceable resource for biomedical breakthroughs using available species for medical research Discusses challenges and opportunities for biodiversity protection and research in biosphere reserves

Biodiversity 101

Biodiversity 101
Author: Melina Laverty,Eleanor Sterling,Amelia Chiles,Georgina Cullman
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2008-10-30
ISBN: 1573569844
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity 101 Book Excerpt:

What should the average person know about science? Because science is so central to life in the 21st century, science educators and other leaders of the scientific community believe that it is essential that everyone understand the basic concepts of the most vital and far-reaching disciplines. Biodiversity 101 does exactly that. This accessible volume provides readers—whether students new to the field or just interested members of the lay public—with the essential ideas of the origins of humans using a minimum of jargon and mathematics. Concepts are introduced in a progressive order so that more complicated ideas build on simpler ones, and each is discussed in small, bite-sized segments so that they can be more easily understood.

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development
Author: Ahmed M. Abdel-Azeem,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav,Minaxi Sharma
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 813
Release: 2021
ISBN: 3030856038
Category: Industrial microbiology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development Book Excerpt:

Fungi are an essential, fascinating and biotechnologically useful group of organisms with an incredible biotechnological potential for industrial exploitation. Knowledge of the world’s fungal diversity and its use is still incomplete and fragmented. There are many opportunities to accelerate the process of filling knowledge gaps in these areas. The worldwide interest of the current era is to increase the tendency to use natural substances instead of synthetic ones. The increasing urge in society for natural ingredients has compelled biotechnologists to explore novel bioresources which can be exploited in industrial sector. Fungi, due to their unique attributes and broad range of their biological activities hold great promises for their application in biotechnology and industry. Fungi are an efficient source of antioxidants, enzymes, pigments, and many other secondary metabolites. The large scale production of fungal pigments and their utility provides natural coloration without creating harmful effects on entering the environment, a safer alternative use to synthetic colorants. The fungal enzymes can be exploited in wide range of industries such as food, detergent, paper, and also for removal toxic waste. This book will serve as valuable source of information as well as will provide new directions to researchers to conduct novel research in field of mycology. Volume 2 of "Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development" provides an overview to understanding bioprospecting of fungal biomolecules and their industrial application for future sustainability. It encompasses current advanced knowledge of fungal communities and their potential biotechnological applications in industry and allied sectors. The book will be useful to scientists, researchers, and students of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, and environmental biology.

From Monsoons to Microbes

From Monsoons to Microbes
Author: Committee on the Ocean's Role in Human Health,National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 159
Release: 1999-05-19
ISBN: 0309519829
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Monsoons to Microbes Book Excerpt:

What can sharks teach us about our immune system? What can horseshoe crabs show us about eyesight? The more we learn about the ocean, the more we realize how critical these vast bodies of water are to our health and well-being. Sometimes the ocean helps us, as when a marine organism yields a new medical treatment. At other times, the ocean poses the threat of coastal storm surges or toxic algal blooms. From Monsoons to Microbes offers a deeper look into the oceans that surround us, often nurturing yet sometimes harming humankind. This book explores the links among physical oceanography, public health, epidemiology, marine biology, and medicine in understanding what the ocean has to offer. It will help readers grasp such important points as: How the ocean's sweeping physical processes create long-term phenomena such as El Nino and short-term disastrous events such as tsunamis--including what communities can do to prepare. What medicines and nutritional products have come from the ocean and what the prospects are for more such discoveries. How estuaries work--where salt and fresh water meet--and what can go wrong, as in the 7,000 square mile "dead zone" at the out-flow of the Mississippi River. How the growing demand for seafood and the expansion of ocean-going transport has increased our exposure to infectious agents--and how these agents can be tracked down and fought. Why "red tides" of toxic algae suddenly appear in previously unaffected coastal areas, and what happens when algal toxins find their way into our food supply or the air we breathe. The book recommends ways we can implement exciting new technologies to monitor the physics, chemistry, and biology of the ocean to recognize change as it happens. From the impact of worldwide atmospheric warming to the significance of exotic bacteria from submarine hydrothermal vents, the ocean has many depths left to explore.

Actinobacteria

Actinobacteria
Author: Loganathan Karthik
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2022-01-29
ISBN: 9811658358
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Actinobacteria Book Excerpt:

This book summarizes the basics of actinobacteria, from microbiology to synthetic biology. It focuses on diversity, NRPS, sesquiterpenes, lantipeptide, bioinformatics apparatuses, cloning, CRISPR, reverse engineering, FDA supported medications, and marine actinobacteria. It also covers the latest trends in drug discovery from actinobacteria, and introduces several recently developed bioinformatics and synthetic biology tools to explore new antibiotics from actinobacteria. Many natural products such as polyketides, isoprenoids, phenazines, peptides, indolocarbarbazoles, sterols, and others have been isolated and characterized from actinobacteria. Some products are synthesized by the non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs), polyketide synthases (PKSs), or other functional genes. Although genome sequencing has uncovered the differing qualities of these chemicals, recognizing new items and their biosynthetic pathways is still under examination. Cryptic metabolic pathways have been explored using molecular techniques or culture-dependent approaches. In recent years, researchers’ primary interest is to identify the specific conditions or agents that wake the cryptic antibiotics. Several bioinformatics and synthetic biology tools were developed to explore new antibiotics from actinobacteria. The book comprises 14 chapters with different aspects of application and utilization of actinomycetes from the microbiology; systems biology, pharmacology of natural products, bioinformatics, actinomycete and its diversity, CRISPR, artificial Intelligence, synthetic biology, metabolic engineering, expressional studies, and biosynthetic gene clusters. The book delivers useful information on actinomyces to researchers, novices in genome designing, specialists, clinicians, policymakers, and professionals.

National Institutes of Health Annual Report of International Activities

National Institutes of Health Annual Report of International Activities
Author: John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

National Institutes of Health Annual Report of International Activities Book Excerpt:

Conservation Medicine

Conservation Medicine
Author: A. Alonso Aguirre
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 407
Release: 2002
ISBN: 0195150937
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation Medicine Book Excerpt:

Conservation medicine is an emerging discipline, focussing on the intersection of ecosystem health, animal health, and human health. Work in the biomedical and veterinary sciences is now being folded into conservation biology; to explore the connections between animal and human health; trace the environmental sources of pathogens and pollutants; develop an understanding of the ecological causes of changes in human and animal health; and understand the consequences of diseases to populations and ecological communities. Conservation Medicine defines this new discipline. It examines ecological health issues from various standpoints, including the emergence and resurgence of infectious disease agents; the increasing impacts of toxic chemicals and hazardous substances; and the health implications of habitat fragmentation and degradation and loss of biodiversity. It will provide a framework to examine the connections between the health of the planet and the health of all species and challenge practitioners and students in the health sciences and natural sciences to think about new, collaborative ways to address ecological health concerns.

Green Infrastructure and Public Health

Green Infrastructure and Public Health
Author: Christopher Coutts
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2016-02-05
ISBN: 1317298578
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Infrastructure and Public Health Book Excerpt:

There is a growing body of knowledge revealing a sweeping array of connections between public health and green infrastructure – but not until now have the links between them been brought together in one comprehensive book. Green Infrastructure and Public Health provides an overview of current research and theories of the ecological relationships and mechanisms by which the environment influences human health and health behaviour. Covering a broad spectrum of contemporary understanding, Coutts outlines: public health models that explicitly promote the importance of the environment to health ways in which the quality of the landscape is tied to health challenges of maintaining viable landscapes amidst a rapidly changing global environment This book presents the case for fundamental human dependence on the natural environment and creates a bridge between contemporary science on the structure and form of a healthy landscape and the myriad ways that a healthy landscape supports healthy human beings. It presents ideal reading for students and practitioners of landscape architecture, urban design, planning, and health studies.

Emanations from the Rainforest

Emanations from the Rainforest
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 72
Release: 1999
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Biology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emanations from the Rainforest Book Excerpt:

Servicewide Benefits sharing

Servicewide Benefits sharing
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Servicewide Benefits sharing Book Excerpt:

Biomedicine biotechnology and biodiversity

Biomedicine  biotechnology  and biodiversity
Author: American Association for the Advancement of Science. National Meeting
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 45
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Biodiversity
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedicine biotechnology and biodiversity Book Excerpt:

Governing Global Biodiversity

Governing Global Biodiversity
Author: Philippe G. Le Prestre
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN: 1351932535
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Governing Global Biodiversity Book Excerpt:

Predictions about the success of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are pessimistic. It has now become commonplace to bemoan the scope, ambition, and deeply political nature of a convention that addresses issues ranging from ecosystems protection to the exploitation of genetic resources, from conservation to justice, and from commerce to scientific knowledge. Ten years after its adoption, how can we assess the difference that the CBD has made? Is it in danger of collapsing under its own weight or is it building the foundations of new patterns of relations between societies and nature? What achievements can we record and what challenges does it face? In this book, which is unique in its scope, diversity and the wealth of information it contains, contributors from a variety of academic disciplines tackle an issue of enduring importance to the protection of biodiversity and enhance our understanding of humanity's capacity to reconcile its various aspirations and halt the destructive path upon which it is set.

Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170 c of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954

Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170  c  of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170 c of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 Book Excerpt:

Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170 c of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986

Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170  c  of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170 c of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 Book Excerpt:

Rethinking Biomedicine and Governance in Africa

Rethinking Biomedicine and Governance in Africa
Author: P. Wenzel Geißler,Richard Rottenburg,Julia Zenker
Publsiher: transcript Verlag
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2014-03-31
ISBN: 3839420288
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rethinking Biomedicine and Governance in Africa Book Excerpt:

In the domain of health, the relation between bodies, citizenship, nations and governments has changed beyond recognition over the past four decades, especially in Africa. In many regions, populations are now faced with a total lack of medical care, and the disciplinary regimes of modernity are faint memories. In this situation, new critical insights beyond the critique of old »modernization« and the »disciplinary regimes« of imperial times are needed. How can we keep up our sophisticated criticism of knowledge regimes and our doubts with regard to narratives of development, when so many people in Africa are dreaming about modernity and are envisioning their own renaissance?

Cyclodextrins in Pharmaceutics Cosmetics and Biomedicine

Cyclodextrins in Pharmaceutics  Cosmetics  and Biomedicine
Author: Erem Bilensoy
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2011-04-27
ISBN: 9780470934616
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cyclodextrins in Pharmaceutics Cosmetics and Biomedicine Book Excerpt:

Cyclodextrins in Pharmaceutics, Cosmetics, and Biomedicine covers a wide range of knowledge on cyclodextrins, from an overview of molecular and supramolecular aspects of cyclodextrin physicochemistry, to the latest outcomes in cyclodextrin use and future possibilities in the employment of these systems. This book focuses on the derivatives and physicochemical and biological properties of cyclodextrins, and considers drug delivery through topical, mucosal, and oral via cyclodextrin complexes.

New Directions in Conservation Medicine

New Directions in Conservation Medicine
Author: A. Alonso Aguirre,Richard Ostfeld,Peter Daszak
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 639
Release: 2012-06-08
ISBN: 0199731470
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Directions in Conservation Medicine Book Excerpt:

New Directions of Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health covers topics from emerging diseases and toxicants to the EcoHealth/One Health explosion. It challenges the notion that human health is an isolated concern removed from the bounds of ecology and species interactions.

Biodiversity and Human Health

Biodiversity and Human Health
Author: Francesca Grifo,Joshua Rosenthal
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 379
Release: 1997-02
ISBN: 9781559635004
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity and Human Health Book Excerpt:

Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity.

Ocean Challenge

Ocean Challenge
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Oceanography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Challenge Book Excerpt:

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1870
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Index Medicus Book Excerpt: