Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes
Author: Aditya Pratap,Jitendra Kumar
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2011-03-01
ISBN: 9781845937812
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes Book Excerpt:

Food legumes are important constituents of the human diet and animal feed where they are crucial to a balanced diet, supplying high quality proteins. These crops also play an important role in low-input agricultural production systems by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. Despite systematic and continuous breeding efforts through conventional methods, substantial genetic gains have not been achieved. With the rise in demand for food legumes/pulses and increased market value of these crops, research has focused on increasing production and improving the quality of pulses for both edible and industria.

Grain Legumes

Grain Legumes
Author: Antonio M. De Ron
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2015-08-27
ISBN: 1493927973
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Grain Legumes Book Excerpt:

​​​This book is devoted to grain legumes and include eight chapters devoted to the breeding of specific grain legume crops and five general chapters dealing with important topics which are common to most of the species in focus. Soybean is not included in the book as it is commonly considered an oil crop more than a grain legume and is included in the Oil Crops Volume of the Handbook of Plant Breeding.​Legume species belong to the Fabaceae family and are characterized by their fruit, usually called pod. Several species of this family were domesticated by humans, such as soybean, common bean, faba bean, pea, chickpea, lentil, peanut, or cowpea. Some of these species are of great relevance as human and animal food. Food legumes are consumed either by their immature pod or their dry seeds, which have a high protein content. Globally, grain legumes are the most relevant source of plant protein, especially in many countries of Africa and Latin America, but there are some constraints in their production, such as a poor adaptation, pest and diseases and unstable yield. Current research trends in Legumes are focused on new methodologies involving genetic and omic studies, as well as new approaches to the genetic improvement of these species, including the relationships with their symbiotic rhizobia.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Legumes

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Legumes
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2019-10-08
ISBN: 3030234002
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Legumes Book Excerpt:

This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This is Vol 7, subtitled Legumes, focuses on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual legume crops. Included in this volume are Adzuki bean, Black gram, Chickpea Cluster bean, Common bean, Cowpea, Faba bean, Hyacinth bean, Lentil, Mung bean, Pigeonpea and Soybean. This volume is contributed by 57 internationally reputable scientists from 9 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.

Legumes under Environmental Stress

Legumes under Environmental Stress
Author: Parvaiz Ahmad
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2015-02-16
ISBN: 1118917081
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Legumes under Environmental Stress Book Excerpt:

Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations. This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.

Genetic Enhancement in Major Food Legumes

Genetic Enhancement in Major Food Legumes
Author: Kul Bhushan Saxena,Rachit K. Saxena,Rajeev K. Varshney
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2021-10-30
ISBN: 3030645002
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Enhancement in Major Food Legumes Book Excerpt:

The protein molecule is the basic building block of every living entity. Its deficiency leads to restricted growth and development of individuals. Globally, such malnutrition is on the rise due to various reasons such as rapid population growth, stagnation of productivity, and ever-rising costs. Millions of people, especially in developing and under-developed countries, suffer from protein malnutrition and the only possible solution is to encourage farmers to grow high-protein food legume crops in their fields for domestic consumption. This, however, could be possible if farmers are provided with new cultivars with high yield, and resistance to major insects, diseases, and key abiotic stresses. The major food legume crops are chickpea, cowpea, common bean, groundnut, lentil, pigeonpea, and soybean. Predominantly, the legume crops are grown under a subsistence level and, therefore, in comparison to cereals and horticultural crops their productivity is low and highly variable. The crop breeders around the globe are engaged in breeding suitable cultivars for harsh and changing environments but success has been limited and not up to needs. With the recent development of new technologies in plant sciences, efforts are being made to help under-privileged farmers through breeding new cultivars which will produce more protein per unit of land area. In this book, the contributors analyze the constraints, review new technologies, and propose a future course of crop breeding programs in seven cold and warm season legume crops.

Resource Conservation Technology in Pulses

Resource Conservation Technology in Pulses
Author: P.K. Ghosh,Narendra Kumar,M.S. Venkatesh,K.K. Hazra,N. Nadarajan
Publsiher: Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 657
Release: 2014-01-01
ISBN: 9386237490
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resource Conservation Technology in Pulses Book Excerpt:

This book will bring together all recent and updated information on RCT in pulses and pulse based cropping system which will be of immense use to researchers, extension personnel, students, research scholars across the nation.

The Beans and the Peas

The Beans and the Peas
Author: Aditya Pratap,Sanjeev Gupta
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2020-11-22
ISBN: 0128214449
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Beans and the Peas Book Excerpt:

The Beans and the Peas: From Orphan to Mainstream Crops presents a comprehensive literature resource on the most important food legume crops previously known as "orphans," but which are increasingly becoming mainstream as their production opportunities have been improved through genetic improvement and biotechnology, and their role as an important nutrient source gains urgency. This book focuses on 12 important food legumes and discusses all relevant aspects on their economic importance, crop statistics, botany, and their general description. It also provides exhaustive information on plant genetic resources and their use, genetic improvement, resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, improved varieties, agronomy, seed system, and use of information and communication tools in each individual food legume. Development of innovative biotechnological tools, genetic transformation, and the genome sequencing information has also been covered in each chapter providing the readers with state-of-the-art information on pulses. All chapters have been supported by relevant figures, illustrations, and tables, which make the contents accessible and easy to understand. Each of the chapters has been authored by globally known scientists/researchers presenting up-to-date information on various aspects of food legumes. This book provides a current and comprehensive treatise to the readers and will be tremendously helpful in furthering their academic and research pursuits. • Provides a single-volume resource on the most important food legumes having a prominent role in food and nutritional security • Written by experts with a focus on providing foundational information for further research and development • Presents both theoretical aspects and application-based case studies • Supported by relevant figures, illustrations, and tables

Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding

Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding
Author: Devendra Kumar Yadava
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9811692572
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding Book Excerpt:

Biofortification of Food Crops

Biofortification of Food Crops
Author: Ummed Singh,C S Praharaj,S S Singh,N P Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2016-01-22
ISBN: 8132227166
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofortification of Food Crops Book Excerpt:

The chapters presented in this book ‘Biofortification of Food Crops’ depict how agricultural technological interventions have true role in alleviating malnutrition. This book highlights the role of multidisciplinary approaches to cope up with the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition or hidden hunger which is an alarming public health issue in most parts of the world including India. In this endeavour, different biofortification approaches such as agronomic (or ferti-fortification), breeding, biotechnological, physiological, microbial etc. has fulfilled their different mandates of nutrient enrichment of food crops including cereals and pulses. The contents of the book proves that biofortified plants have adequate potential to nourish nutrient depleted soils, help increase crop productivity and provide nutritional benefits to plants, humans and livestock. The content and quality of information presented in this book will definitely provide multiple novel ideas of advance techniques and will stimulate innovative thoughts and directions amongst researchers and policy makers in the field of biofortification. In addition, the contributions presented in the book will be a good source of background knowledge and technical know-how to educate the readers about biofortification. The authors hope that the book entitled “Biofortification of Food Crops” would provide a suitable platform in our collective efforts for an appropriate dialogue among the scientists, researchers, entrepreneurs, policy makers and farmers in reducing the budding issues of malnutrition through novel approaches and means.

Mutagenesis exploring novel genes and pathways

Mutagenesis  exploring novel genes and pathways
Author: N.B. Tomlekova,M.I. Kozgar,M.R. Wani
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2014-06-17
ISBN: 9086867871
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mutagenesis exploring novel genes and pathways Book Excerpt:

Current successes in omics research have accelerated the production of high quality foods. Various mutation methodologies have been developed to achieve this progress, showing the importance of mutagenesis for food security. 'Mutagenesis: exploring novel genes and pathways' describes the latest achievements in induced mutagenesis, with a particular focus on the development of crops. The book details experimental studies on functions of particular genes of interest, the mechanisms involved in physiological processes, and occurring chemical reactions. Also, the creation of new mutants and lines by use of genomic data banks is discussed. The book will be of mutual interest to end-users in modern breeding programs as well as to scientific research.

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Ramesh Arora,Surinder Sandhu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 421
Release: 2017-10-16
ISBN: 9811060568
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture Book Excerpt:

This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops. It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects. Further, it discusses the conventional and molecular techniques utilized/useful in breeding for resistance to insect-pests including back-cross breeding, modified population improvement methods for insect resistance, marker-assisted backcrossing to expedite the breeding process, identification and validation of new insect-resistance genes and their potential for utilization, genomics, metabolomics, transgenesis and RNAi. Lastly, it analyzes the successes, limitations and prospects for the development of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, maize, sorghum and millet, cotton, rapeseed, legumes and fruit crops, and highlights strategies for management of insect biotypes that limit the success and durability of insect-resistant cultivators in the field. Arthropod pests act as major constraints in the agro-ecosystem. It has been estimated that arthropod pests may be destroying around one-fifth of the global agricultural production/potential production every year. Further, the losses are considerably higher in the developing tropics of Asia and Africa, which are already battling severe food shortage. Integrated pest management (IPM) has emerged as the dominant paradigm for minimizing damage by the insects and non-insect pests over the last 50 years. Pest resistant cultivars represent one of the most environmentally benign, economically viable and ecologically sustainable options for utilization in IPM programs. Hundreds of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, cotton, sugarcane and other crops have been developed worldwide and are extensively grown for increasing and/or stabilizing crop productivity. The annual economic value of arthropod resistance genes developed in global agriculture has been estimated to be greater than US$ 2 billion Despite the impressive achievements and even greater potential in minimizing pest- related losses, only a handful of books have been published on the topic of host-plant resistance to insects. This book fills this wide gap in the literature on breeding insect- resistant crops. It is aimed at plant breeders, entomologists, plant biotechnologists and IPM experts, as well as those working on sustainable agriculture and food security.

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants
Author: Jaime Prohens,Pietro Gramazio,Mariola Plazas,Laura Toppino
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-11-24
ISBN: 2889716732
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants Book Excerpt:

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement
Author: Shivali Sharma,Hari D. Upadhyaya,Manish Roorkiwal,Rajeev K. Varshney,C.L.Laxmipathi Gowda
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN: 0128064382
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement Book Excerpt:

Chickpea is an important protein-rich crop with considerable diversity present among 44 annual Cicer species. A large collection of chickpea germplasm including wild Cicer species has been conserved in different gene banks globally. However, the effective and efficient utilization of these resources is required to develop new cultivars with a broad genetic base. Using core and mini-core collections, chickpea researchers have identified diverse germplasm possessing various beneficial traits that are now being used in chickpea breeding. Further, for chickpea improvement, the genus Cicer harbours alleles/genes for tolerance/resistance to various abiotic and biotic stresses as well as for agronomic and nutrition-related traits. Recent advances in plant biotechnology have resulted in developing large number of markers specific to chickpea in addition to technological breakthrough in developing high-throughput genotyping platforms for unlocking the genetic potential available in germplasm collections.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Vegetable Crops

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Vegetable Crops
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,S. Mohan Jain,Dennis Victor Johnson
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 545
Release: 2021
ISBN: 3030669696
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Vegetable Crops Book Excerpt:

Plant breeders and geneticists are under constant pressure to sustain and expand food production by using innovative breeding strategies and introducing minor crops, which are well adapted to marginal lands, provide a source of nutrition, and have abiotic and biotic stress tolerance, to feed an ever-increasing human population. The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods, augmenting traditional plant breeding, towards the improvement and development of new crop varieties, under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors, to achieve sustainable agricultural production and enhanced food security. Three volumes of the book series Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies were published in 2015, 2016 and 2018, respectively: Volume 1. Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools; Volume 2. Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits and Volume 3. Fruits. In 2019, the following four volumes were published: Volume 4. Nut and Beverage Crops, Volume 5. Cereals, Volume 6. Industrial and Food Crops and Volume 7. Legumes. Recent volumes published in 2021 include: Volume 8. Vegetable Crops: Bulbs, Roots and Tubers, Volume 9. Vegetable Crops: Fruits and Young Shoots and Volume 10. Vegetable Crops: Leaves, Flowerheads, Green Pods, Mushrooms and Truffles. This Volume 10, subtitled Vegetable Crops: Leaves, Flowerheads, Green Pods, Mushrooms and Truffles, consists of 14 chapters focusing on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual vegetable crops. Chapters are arranged in 4 parts according to the edible vegetable parts. Part I: Leaves - Chicory, Chinese cabbage, Rocket salad, Spring onion, Water spinach and Watercress; Pat II: Flowerheads and Green Pods - Cauliflower, Globe artichoke, Garden pea and Yardlong bean; Part III: Mushrooms - Enoki mushroom and Shiitake mushroom; Part IV: Truffles - Desert truffles and White truffle. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the contemporary literature on the subject and reflects the experiences of the authors. Chapters are written by internationally-reputable scientists and subjected to a review process to assure quality presentation and scientific accuracy. Each chapter begins with an introduction covering related backgrounds and provides in-depth discussion of the subject supported with high-quality color photos, illustrations and relevant data. The chapter concludes with recommendations for future research directions, a comprehensive list of pertinent references to facilitate further reading, and appendixes of genetic resources and concerned research institutes. This book series is a valuable resource for advanced students, researchers, scientists, commercial producers and seed companies as well as consultants and policymakers interested in agriculture, particularly in modern breeding technologies.

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production
Author: Surinder Kumar Gupta
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2015-09-25
ISBN: 0128014695
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production Book Excerpt:

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production: Opportunities and Constraints presents key insights into accelerating the breeding of sustainable and superior varieties. The book explores the genetic engineering/biotechnology that has played a vital role in transforming economically important traits from distant/wild species to cultivated varieties, enhancing the quality and quantity of oil and seed yield production. Integrated nutrient management, efficient water management, and forecasting models for pests diseases outbreaks and integrated pest and pest management have also added new dimensions in breeding for sustainable production. With the rise in demand, the scientific community has responded positively by directing a greater amount of research towards sustainable production both for edible and industrial uses. Covering the latest information on various major world oil crops including rapeseed mustard, sunflower, groundnut, sesame, oilpalm, cotton, linseed/flax, castor and olive, this book brings the latest advances together in a single volume for researchers and advanced level students. Describes various methods and systems to achieve sustainable production in all major oilseed crops Addresses breeding, biology and utilization aspects simultaneously including those species whose information is not available elsewhere Includes information on modern biotechnological and molecular techniques and production technologies Relevant for international government, industrial and academic programs in research and development

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement
Author: Mohar Singh,Hari D. Upadhyaya,I. S. Bisht
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN: 0123984947
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement Book Excerpt:

Grain legumes, including common-bean, chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, cowpea, lentil and others, form important constituents of global diets, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Despite this significant role, global production has increased only marginally in the past 50 years. The slow production growth, along with a rising human population and improved buying capacity has substantially reduced the per capita availability of food legumes. Changes in environmental climate have also had significant impact on production, creating a need to identify stable donors among genetic resources for environmentally robust genes and designing crops resilient to climate change. Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest resources in plant genetics and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping and allele mining to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists and students working with crop development. Explores origin, distribution and diversity of grain legumes Presents information on germplasm collection, evaluation and maintenance Offers insight into pre-breeding/germplasm enhancement efforts Integrates genomic and genetic resources in crop improvement Internationally contributed work

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops
Author: Victor Sadras,Daniel Calderini
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 778
Release: 2020-12-05
ISBN: 0128191953
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops Book Excerpt:

Crop Physiology: Case Histories of Major Crops updates the physiology of broad-acre crops with a focus on the genetic, environmental and management drivers of development, capture and efficiency in the use of radiation, water and nutrients, the formation of yield and aspects of quality. These physiological process are presented in a double context of challenges and solutions. The challenges to increase plant-based food, fodder, fiber and energy against the backdrop of population increase, climate change, dietary choices and declining public funding for research and development in agriculture are unprecedented and urgent. The proximal technological solutions to these challenges are genetic improvement and agronomy. Hence, the premise of the book is that crop physiology is most valuable when it engages meaningfully with breeding and agronomy. With contributions from 92 leading scientists from around the world, each chapter deals with a crop: maize, rice, wheat, barley, sorghum and oat; quinoa; soybean, field pea, chickpea, peanut, common bean, lentil, lupin and faba bean; sunflower and canola; potato, cassava, sugar beet and sugarcane; and cotton. A crop-based approach to crop physiology in a G x E x M context Captures the perspectives of global experts on 22 crops

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement
Author: Petr Smýkal,Clarice Coyne,Robert Redden,Nigel Maxted
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN: 0128064374
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement Book Excerpt:

Pea is an important temperate region pulse, with feed, fodder and vegetable uses. It originated and was domesticated in Middle East and Mediterranean regions, and formed important dietary components of early civilizations. Although Pisum is a very small genus with two or three species, it is diverse and structured, reflecting taxonomy, ecogeography and breeding gene pools. This diversity has been preserved in collections totalling about 90,000 accessions. Core collections have been formed, facilitating phenotypic and agronomic evaluations. However, only 3% of ex situ collections are wild Pisum sp., with substantially larger diversity. The genomic resources allow initiation of association mapping, linking genetic diversity with trait manifestation. So far, only a small part of wild gene pools have been exploited in breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses. Current genomic knowledge and technologies can facilitate allele mining for novel traits and incorporation from wild Pisum sp. into elite domestic genetic backgrounds.

Root Genomics and Soil Interactions

Root Genomics and Soil Interactions
Author: Martin Crespi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2012-12-26
ISBN: 0470960434
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Root Genomics and Soil Interactions Book Excerpt:

Fully integrated and comprehensive in its coverage, Root Genomics and Soil Interactions examines the use of genome-based technologies to understand root development and adaptability to biotic and abiotic stresses and changes in the soil environment. Written by an international team of experts in the field, this timely review highlights both model organisms and important agronomic crops. Coverage includes: novel areas unveiled by genomics research basic root biology and genomic approaches applied to analysis of root responses to the soil environment. Each chapter provides a succinct yet thorough review of research.

Biofortification of Staple Crops

Biofortification of Staple Crops
Author: Shiv Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9811632804
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofortification of Staple Crops Book Excerpt: