Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Ashok Pandey,Duu Jong Lee,Jo-Shu Chang,Yusuf Chisti,Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 603
Release: 2018-11-14
ISBN: 0444642145
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels and Biochemicals: Biofuels from Algae, Second Edition provides information on strategies for commercial microalgae based biofuel production, including their cultivation, pre-treatment and conversion methods. The book discusses methods for producing microalgal biomass in large scale by outdoor culturing and outlines new technologies for their use. In addition, it explains how modern genetic engineering enables the generation of recombinant strains that generate higher quantities of feedstock. The complete utilization of microalgal biomass, which can also be obtained from valorizing nutrients from wastewater and industrial exhaust gases, can be efficiently converted to energy rich biofuels and high value pharmaceuticals in a well-defined biorefinery. Includes the current technologies for the cultivation and conversion of energy rich microalgal biomass into biofuels Provides information on all the conversion methods – biochemical and thermochemical conversions Covers other high value products from microalgae and less conventional applications, such as fine chemical production and aviation fuel generation Discusses the economics of microalgal biofuel production and how to accomplish cost competitive results

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Sudhir P. Singh,Ashok Pandey,Reeta Rani Singhania,Christian Larroche,Zhi Li
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2020-04-03
ISBN: 0128198214
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Advances in Enzyme Catalysis and Technologies intends to provide the basic structural and functional descriptions, and classification of enzymes. The scientific information related to the recombinant enzyme modifications, discovery of novel enzymes and development of synthetic enzymes are also presented. The translational aspects of enzyme catalysis and bioprocess technologies are illustrated, by emphasizing the current requirements and future perspectives of industrial biotechnology. Several case studies are included on enzymes for biofuels application, micro algal biorefineries, high-value bioactive molecules production and enzymes for environmental processes, such as enzymatic bioprocessing for functional food development, biocatalytic technologies for the production of functional sweetener, etc. Provides a conceptual understanding of enzyme catalysis, enzyme engineering, discovery of novel enzymes, and technology perspectives Includes comprehensive information about the inventions and advancement in enzyme system development for biomass processing and functional food developmental aspects Gives an updated reference for education and understanding of enzyme technology

The Complete Book on Biomass Based Products Biochemicals Biofuels Activated Carbon

The Complete Book on Biomass Based Products  Biochemicals  Biofuels  Activated Carbon
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 385
Release: 2015-02-15
ISBN: 8178331586
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Book on Biomass Based Products Biochemicals Biofuels Activated Carbon Book Excerpt:

Biomass use is growing globally. Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It most often refers to plants or plant-based materials which are specifically called lignocellulosic biomass. Biomass (organic matter that can be converted into energy) may include food crops, crops for energy, crop residues, wood waste and byproducts, and animal manure. It is one of the most plentiful and well-utilized sources of renewable energy in the world. Broadly speaking, it is organic material produced by the photosynthesis of light. The chemical materials (organic compounds of carbons) are stored and can then be used to generate energy. The most common biomass used for energy is wood from trees. Wood has been used by humans for producing energy for heating and cooking for a very long time. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Biomass gasification is the conversion of solid fuels like wood and agricultural residues into a combustible gas mixture. The gasification system basically consists of a gasifier unit, a purification system and energy converters- burner or engine. This book offers comprehensive coverage of the design and analysis of biomass gasification, the key technology enabling the production of biofuels from all viable sources like sugar beet and sweet sorghum. It aims at creating an understanding of the nature of biomass resources for energy and fuels, the variety of processes that are available for conversion of the wastes into energy or fuels. The book discusses the overview of the Biomass Energy along with their Properties, Composition, Benefits, Characteristics and Manufacturing Process of Biomass based products. Also it contains suppliers contact details of plant & machinery with their photographs. The content includes biomass renewable energy, prospective renewable resources for bio-based processes, biochemical from biomass, biomass based chemicals, biofuel production from biomass crops, biomass gasification, reuse of bio-genic iron oxides and woody biomass fly ash in cement based materials and agricultural areas, biofuel briquettes from biomass, biomass based activated carbon, environmental aspects. It will be a standard reference book for Professionals, Decision-makers, Engineers, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of biomass based products. Professionals in academia and industry will appreciate this comprehensive and practical reference book, due to its multidisciplinary nature.

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Ashok Pandey,R. D. Tyagi,Sunita Varjani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 906
Release: 2021-02-26
ISBN: 0128218932
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemical: Circular Bioeconomy: Current Developments and Future Outlook presents the views of experienced academicians and researchers working in the area of the circular bioeconomy. This book presents an assortment of Resource recovery, Waste Biorefineries, Bio-electrochemical systems, Biopolymers and Green solvents, Bio-adsorbents, and Technology transfer topics. Environmental engineers, biotechnologists, science graduates, chemical engineers, industrial experts and policymakers working in these areas will find the information on the circular economy and its important part in developing low carbon and resource-productive economies very informative. Methodologies and beneficial strategic approaches to address the usage of wastes from agriculture, co-products, and by-products are also discussed. Provides information on recent developments in technology transfer and global scenarios of circular bioeconomy as a single point of reference for any query regarding circular economies Covers information on the recovery of resources, waste biorefineries and bio-electrochemical systems, and product development surrounding the circular bioeconomy Includes information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels and value-added products Presents strategic integrations of various techniques/bioprocess that are essential in establishing a circular biorefinery

Biomass for Biofuels

Biomass for Biofuels
Author: Katarzyna Bulkowska,Zygmunt Mariusz Gusiatin,Ewa Klimiuk,Artur Pawlowski,Tomasz Pokoj
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2016-12-08
ISBN: 1351850091
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass for Biofuels Book Excerpt:

Biomass is a widely available resource, that can be characterized by its high production potential. Enabling the production of different types of biofuels, biomass can be used in both spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines. There is extensive knowledge of the biofuel production process, and technologies enabling the production of biofuels with high caloric value and better physicochemical properties are developed. The biggest barrier in the development of a biofuels market is not the lack of know-how, but economic and political aspects. Biomass for Biofuels presents technological aspects of biomass conversion into advanced biofuels. Also discussed are the influence of growing biofuels markets on the natural environment and social relations as well as economic aspects of acquisition of biomass and its processing into biofuels. In addition biomass characteristics are presented. A definition is provided, and its chemical composition and properties detailed. The focus is on lignocellulosic biomass, whose complex structure is a limiting factor for biofuels production via biological processes. For that reason, echanical, chemical and physicochemical methods that enable an increased availability for the microorganisms used for biomass conversion to biofuels are discussed.

Biomass Processing for Biofuels Bioenergy and Chemicals

Biomass Processing for Biofuels  Bioenergy and Chemicals
Author: Wei-Hsin Chen,Hwai Chyuan Ong,Thallada Bhaskar
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2020-05-23
ISBN: 3039289098
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Processing for Biofuels Bioenergy and Chemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, transportation fuels (biofuels), and high-value functional chemicals. As an energy source, biomass can be used either directly via combustion to produce heat or indirectly after it is converted to one of many forms of bioenergy and biofuel via thermochemical or biochemical pathways. The conversion of biomass can be achieved using various advanced methods, which are broadly classified into thermochemical conversion, biochemical conversion, electrochemical conversion, and so on. Advanced development technologies and processes are able to convert biomass into alternative energy sources in solid (e.g., charcoal, biochar, and RDF), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, bioethanol, and pyrolysis and liquefaction bio-oils), and gaseous (e.g., biogas, syngas, and biohydrogen) forms. Because of the merits of biomass energy for environmental sustainability, biofuel and bioenergy technologies play a crucial role in renewable energy development and the replacement of chemicals by highly functional biomass. This book provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical research addressing recent progress in biomass conversion processes. It also covers studies on advanced techniques and methods for bioenergy and biofuel production.

Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials

Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials
Author: Nidhi Adlakha,Rakesh Bhatnagar,Syed Shams Yazdani
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2021-10-22
ISBN: 1000468836
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials Book Excerpt:

Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials presents an overview of recent studies developed specifically for lignocellulose-based production of biofuels, biochemicals, and functional materials. The emphasis is on using sustainable chemistry and engineering to develop innovative materials and fuels for practical applications. Technological strategies for the physical processing or biological conversion of biomass for material production are also presented. FEATURES Offers a comprehensive view of biomass processing, biofuel production, life cycle assessment, techno-economic analysis, and biochemical and biomaterial production Presents details of innovative strategies to pretreat biomass Helps readers understand the underlying metabolic pathways and identify the best engineering strategies for their native strain Highlights different strategies to make biomaterials from biomass Provides insight into the potential economic viability of the biomass-based process This book serves as an ideal reference for academic researchers and engineers working with renewable natural materials, the biorefining of lignocellulose, and biofuels. It can also be used as a comprehensive reference source for university students in metabolic, chemical, and environmental engineering.

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Ashok Pandey,R. D. Tyagi,Sunita Varjani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2021-03-12
ISBN: 0128218789
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemical: Circular Bioeconomy: Current Developments and Future Outlook presents the views of experienced academicians and researchers working in the area of the circular bioeconomy. This book presents an assortment of Resource recovery, Waste Biorefineries, Bio-electrochemical systems, Biopolymers and Green solvents, Bio-adsorbents, and Technology transfer topics. Environmental engineers, biotechnologists, science graduates, chemical engineers, industrial experts and policymakers working in these areas will find the information on the circular economy and its important part in developing low carbon and resource-productive economies very informative. Methodologies and beneficial strategic approaches to address the usage of wastes from agriculture, co-products, and by-products are also discussed. Provides information on recent developments in technology transfer and global scenarios of circular bioeconomy as a single point of reference for any query regarding circular economies Covers information on the recovery of resources, waste biorefineries and bio-electrochemical systems, and product development surrounding the circular bioeconomy Includes information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels and value-added products Presents strategic integrations of various techniques/bioprocess that are essential in establishing a circular biorefinery

Chemical and Biochemical Catalysis for Next Generation Biofuels

Chemical and Biochemical Catalysis for Next Generation Biofuels
Author: Blake A Simmons
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2015-11-09
ISBN: 1782625879
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical and Biochemical Catalysis for Next Generation Biofuels Book Excerpt:

The development of renewable and sustainable lignocellulosic biofuels is currently receiving worldwide attention and investment. Despite decades of research, there remain significant challenges to be overcome before these biofuels can be produced in large volumes at competitive prices. One obstacle is the lack of efficient and affordable catalytic systems to dissolve and hydrolyze polysaccharides into sugars. These sugars are then fed to microrganisms and fermented into biofuels. The price of these catalysts, be they biological, thermochemical, or chemical in nature, represent one of the largest costs in the conversion process. There are a number of catalytic schemes, each with their own advantages and disadvantages, available. This book presents a general yet substantial review of the most promising processes and the spectrum of biomass pretreatment, enzymes, chemical catalysts, and hybrid approaches of hydrolyzing biomass into fermentable sugars. It is the only currently available book that compares the biochemical, chemical, and thermochemical conversion processes to biofuel production.

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Indu Shekhar Thakur,Ashok Pandey,Huu Hao Ngo,Carlos Ricardo Soccol,Christian Larroche
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2021-12-10
ISBN: 0128236094
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biochemicals, Biofuel: Climate Change Mitigation: Sequestration of Green House Gases is designed to not only give basic knowledge on the topics presented, but also to enlighten on conventional and advanced technologies, socioeconomic aspects, techno-economic feasibility, models and modeling tools, and detailed LCA approaches in the sequestration of GHGs for biofuel and biomaterials, including biopolymer production. These innovative technologies and novel prospective directly find applications in day-to-day practices. The book is a useful guide to politicians, researchers, teachers and waste management practitioners. It offers a treasure of knowledge to guide readers on the importance of GHGs sequestration in important areas. The issue of climate change is gaining much more attention by researchers, public, politicians and others. Climate change is one of the most complex issues the world is facing today. It has implications across society, including in science, technology, economics, society, politics, and moral and ethical dilemmas. Introduces appropriate technologies for GHG sequestration for biofuel and biomaterials production Presents the best available technologies for climate mitigation and examples from various geographical areas Evaluates technological systems to help users develop technically best and economically feasible projects Offers chemical looping mechanisms for the sequestration of green house gases for biofuel and biomaterials

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Ashok Pandey,Christian Larroche,Edgard Gnansounou,Samir Kumar Khanal,Claude-Gilles Dussap,Steven Ricke
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 886
Release: 2019-06-06
ISBN: 0128173114
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Biofuels: Alternative Feedstocks and Conversion Processes for the Production of Liquid and Gaseous Biofuels, Second Edition, provides general information, basic data and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—liquid and gaseous biofuels—and their production and application. The book delineates green technologies for abating environmental crisis and enabling the transformation into a sustainable future. It provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative technology on biofuels, as well as the process scale-up and commercialization of various liquid and gaseous biofuels, detailing the functional mechanisms involved, various operational configurations, influencing factors and integration strategies. All chapters have been updated, with new chapters covering topics of current interest, including sustainability and biohydrogen. Presents a holistic view of biofuels in research, operation, scale-up and application Widens the scope of the existing technologies, providing state-of-the-art information and knowledge Provides strategic integrations of various bioprocesses that are essential in establishing a circular biorefinery Contains interdisciplinary knowledge on the environment, molecular biology, engineering, biotechnology, microbiology and economic aspects Integrates various subjects, including biotechnology, bioengineering, molecular biology, environmental science, sustainability science and chemical engineering

Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High Tech Value

Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High Tech Value
Author: Valentin I. Popa,Irina Volf
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2018-02-15
ISBN: 0444637974
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High Tech Value Book Excerpt:

Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High-tech Value examines the use of biomass as a raw material, including terrestrial and aquatic sources to obtain extracts (e.g. polyphenols), biofuels, and/or intermediates (furfural, levulinates) through chemical and biochemical processes. The book also covers the production of natural polymers using biomass and the biosynthetic process, cellulose modified by biochemical and chemical methods, and other biochemicals that can be used in the synthesis of various pharmaceuticals. Featuring case studies, discussions of sustainability, and nanomedical, biomedical, and pharmaceutical applications, Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High-tech Value is a crucial resource for biotechnologists, biochemical engineers, biochemists, microbiologists, and research students in these areas, as well as entrepreneurs, policy makers, stakeholders, and politicians. Reviews biomass resources and compounds with bioactive properties Describes chemical and biochemical processes for creating biofuels from biomass Outlines production of polysaccharides and cellulose derivatives Features applications in the fields of medicine and pharmacy

Advanced Biofuel Technologies

Advanced Biofuel Technologies
Author: Deepak K. Tuli,Sangita Kasture,Arindam Kuila
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 594
Release: 2021-12-17
ISBN: 0323884288
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Biofuel Technologies Book Excerpt:

Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Present Status, Challenges and Future Prospects deals with important issues such as feed stock availability, technology options, greenhouse gas reduction as seen by life cycle assessment studies, regulations and policies. This book provides readers complete information on the current state of developments in both thermochemical and biochemical processes for advanced biofuels production for the purpose of transportation, domestic and industrial applications. Chapters explore technological innovations in advanced biofuels produced from agricultural residues, algae, lipids and waste industrial gases to produce road transport fuels, biojet fuel and biogas. Covers technologies and processes of different types of biofuel production Outlines a selection of different types of renewable feedstocks for biofuel production Summarizes adequate and balanced coverage of thermochemical and biochemical methods of biomass conversion into biofuel Includes regulations, policies and lifecycle and techno-economic assessments

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels
Author: Abu Yousuf,Filomena Sannino,Domenico Pirozzi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2019-09
ISBN: 9780128159361
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels Book Excerpt:

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels explores the existing technologies and most recent developments for the production of second generation liquid biofuels, providing an introduction to lignocellulosic biomass and the processes for its conversion into biofuels. The book demonstrates biorefinery concepts compared with petro refinery, as well as the challenges of second generation biofuels processing. In addition to current pre-treatment techniques and their technical, environmental and economic implications, chapters included also further examine the particularities of conversion processes for bioethanol, biobutanol and biodiesel through chemical, biochemical and combined approaches. Finally, the book looks into concepts and tools for techno-economic and environmental analysis, which include supply chain assessment, by-products, zero-waste techniques and process evaluation and optimization. Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels is particularly useful for researchers in the field of liquid biofuels seeking alternative chemical and biochemical pathways or those interested advanced methods to calculate maximum yield for each process and methods to simulate the implications and costs of scaling up. Furthermore, with the introduction provided by this volume, researchers and graduate students entering the field will be able to quickly get up to speed and identify knowledge gaps in existing and upcoming technology the book's comprehensive overview. Examines the state-of-the-art technology for liquid biofuels production from lignocellulosic biomass Provides a comprehensive overview of the existing chemical and biochemical processes for second generation biofuel conversion Presents tools for the techno-economic and environmental analysis of technologies, as well as for the scale-up simulation of conversion processes

Handbook of Biofuels Production

Handbook of Biofuels Production
Author: Rafael Luque,James Clark
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2010-11-25
ISBN: 0857090496
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biofuels Production Book Excerpt:

In response to the global increase in the use of biofuels as substitute transportation fuels, advanced chemical, biochemical and thermochemical biofuels production routes are fast being developed. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The range of biofuels has also increased to supplement bioethanol and biodiesel production, with market developments leading to the increased production and utilisation of such biofuels as biosyngas, biohydrogen and biobutanol, among others. Handbook of biofuels production provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. Part one reviews the key issues in the biofuels production chain, including feedstocks, sustainability assessment and policy development. Part two reviews chemical and biochemical conversion and in turn Part three reviews thermal and thermo-chemical conversion, with both sections detailing the wide range of processes and technologies applicable to the production of first, second and third generation biofuels. Finally, Part four reviews developments in the integration of biofuels production, including biorefineries and by-product valorisation, as well as the utilisation of biofuels in diesel engines. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Handbook of biofuels production is a standard reference for biofuels production engineers, industrial chemists and biochemists, plant scientists, academics and researchers in this area. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technologies Addresses the key issues in the biofuels production chain, including feedstocks, sustainability assessment and policy development Reviews chemical and bio-chemical conversion techniques as well as thermal and thermo-chemical conversion, detailing the range of processes and technologies applicable to biofuels production

Recent Developments in Bioenergy Research

Recent Developments in Bioenergy Research
Author: Vijai G. Gupta,Helen Treichel,Ramesh Chander Kuhad,Susana Rodriguez-Couto
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2020-06-21
ISBN: 0128227648
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Bioenergy Research Book Excerpt:

Recent Developments in Bioenergy Research reviews all these topics, reports recent research findings, and presents potential solutions to challenging issues. The book consolidates the most recent research on the (bio)technologies, concepts and commercial developments that are currently in progress on different types of widely-used biofuels and integrated biorefineries across biochemistry, biotechnology, biochemical engineering and microbiology. Chapters include very recent/emerging topics, such as non-ionic and ionic liquids/surfactants for enhancement of lignocellulose enzymatic hydrolysis and lignocellulose biomass as a rich source of bio-ionic liquids. The book is a useful source of information for those working in the area of- industrial wastewater treatment and microbial fuel cells, but is also a great resource for senior undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, professionals, biochemical engineers and other interested individuals/groups working in the field of biofuel/bioenergy. Provides unique information on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research Outlines research advancements in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries Includes emerging topics on biomass (including wastes) characterization and its uses as a resource for environmental bioremediation and bioenergy Reviews enzyme engineering for biomass to bioproducts and biochemicals, lipids/bio-oil Focuses on biological/ biochemical routes, as these options have the greatest potential to be the most cost-effective methods for biofuel/bioenergy production

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Thallada Bhaskar,Ashok Pandey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2021-01-22
ISBN: 0128202963
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Lignin Biorefinery discusses the scientific and technical information relating to the structure and physico-chemical characteristics of lignin. The book covers the different processes (biological, thermal and catalytic routes) available for lignin conversion into specialty chemicals or fuels, activity relationships, and how optimized process parameters help establish the feasible size of the commercial plant in a centralized or decentralized model. In addition, the advantages and limitations of different technologies are discussed, considering local energy, chemicals, biopolymers, drug intermediates, activated carbons, and much more. Includes information on the most advanced and innovative processes for lignin conversion Covers information on biochemical and thermo-chemical processes for lignin valorization Provides information on lignin chemistry and its conversion into high value chemicals and fuels Presents a book designed as a text book, not merely a collection of research articles

Bioalcohol Production

Bioalcohol Production
Author: Keith W. Waldron
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2010-05-24
ISBN: 1845699610
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioalcohol Production Book Excerpt:

Bioethanol is one of the main biofuels currently used as a petroleum-substitute in transport applications. However, conflicts over food supply and land use have made its production and utilisation a controversial topic. Second generation bioalcohol production technology, based on (bio)chemical conversion of non-food lignocellulose, offers potential advantages over existing, energy-intensive bioethanol production processes. Food vs. fuel pressures may be reduced by utilising a wider range of lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks, including energy crops, cellulosic residues, and, particularly, wastes. Bioalcohol production covers the process engineering, technology, modelling and integration of the entire production chain for second generation bioalcohol production from lignocellulosic biomass. Primarily reviewing bioethanol production, the book’s coverage extends to the production of longer-chain bioalcohols which will be elemental to the future of the industry. Part one reviews the key features and processes involved in the pretreatment and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass for bioalcohol production, including hydrothermal and thermochemical pretreatment, and fractionation to separate out valuable process feedstocks. Part two covers the hydrolysis (saccharification) processes applicable to pretreated feedstocks. This includes both acid and enzymatic approaches and also importantly covers the development of particular enzymes to improve this conversion step. This coverage is extended in Part three, with chapters reviewing integrated hydrolysis and fermentation processes, and fermentation and co-fermentation challenges of lignocellulose-derived sugars, as well as separation and purification processes for bioalcohol extraction. Part four examines the analysis, monitoring and modelling approaches relating to process and quality control in the pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation steps of lignocellulose-to-bioalcohol production. Finally, Part five discusses the life-cycle assessment of lignocellulose-to-bioalcohol production, as well as the production of valuable chemicals and longer-chain alcohols from lignocellulosic biomass. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Bioalcohol production is a standard reference for fuel engineers, industrial chemists and biochemists, plant scientists and researchers in this area. Provides an overview of the life-cycle assessment of lignocelluloses-to-bioalcohol production Reviews the key features and processes involved in the pre-treatment and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass for bioalcohol production Examines the analysis, monitoring and modelling approaches relating to process and quality control in pre-treatment, hydrolysis and fermentation

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery
Author: Sunil Kumar Maity,Kalyan Gayen,Tridib Kumar Bhowmick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2021-09-02
ISBN: 0128234202
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery Book Excerpt:

Sustainable production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass, fuels that are fully compatible with existing internal combustion engines, will allow the global transport economy to transition to a sustainable energy source without the need for capital-intensive new infrastructures. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels presents a comprehensive and easy to understand consolidation of existing knowledge for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass. Three major areas for the conversion of biomass to hydrocarbon biofuels are addressed: i) Chemical and thermochemical conversion processes, ii) Biological and biochemical conversion processes, and iii) Conversion processes of biomass-derived compounds. Additionally, the book includes process design, life cycle analysis of various processes, reaction engineering, catalysts, process conditions and process concepts, and is supported with detailed case studies. The economic viability of each process is specifically addressed to provide a clear guide for the economic development of future hydrocarbon biofuels. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels offers an all-in-one resource for researchers, graduate students, and industry professionals working in the area of bioenergy and will be of interest to energy engineers, chemical engineers, bioengineers, chemists, agricultural researchers, and mechanical engineers. Furthermore, this book provides structured foundational content on biorefineries for undergraduate and graduate students. Presents fundamental concepts and processes of hydrocarbon biofuel production, covering chemical, biological, and biomass-derived conversion processes Synthesizes the state-of-the-art research and commercial initiatives of this emerging concept into stand-alone chapters, serving as a structured resource for researchers and practitioners Emphasizes the process design and economic feasibility of each process using life cycle assessments to support commercial development

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production
Author: Kazuyuki Shimizu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2017-07-12
ISBN: 1498768385
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production Book Excerpt:

The global warming problem is becoming critical year by year, causing climate disaster all over the world, where it has been believed that the CO2 gas emitted from the factories and the burning of fossil fuels may be one of the reasons of global warming. Moreover, the global stock of fossil fuels is limited, and may run out soon within several tens of years. Although wind, geo-thermal, and tide energies have been considered as clean energy sources, those depend on the land or sea locations and subject to the climate change. Biofuel and biochemical production from renewable bio-resources has thus been paid recent attention from environmental protection and energy production points of view, where the current chemical and energy producing plants can be also utilized with slight modification. The so-called 1st generation biofuels have been produced from corn starch and sugarcane in particular in USA and Brazil. However, this causes the problem of the so-called "food and energy issues" as the production scale increases. The 2nd generation biofuel production from lingo-cellulosic biomass or wastes has thus been paid recent attention. However, it requires energy intensive pretreatment for the degradation of lingo-cellulosic biomass, and the fermentation is slow due to low growth rate, and thus the productivity of biofuels and bio-chemicals is low. The 3rd generation biofuel production from photosynthetic organisms such as cyanobacteria and algae has been also paid attention, because such organisms can grow with only sun light and CO2 in the air, but the cell growth rate and thus the productivity of the fuels is significantly low. The main part or core of such production processes is the fermentation by micro-organisms. In particular, it is critical to properly understand the cell metabolism followed by the efficient metabolic engineering. The book gives comprehensive explanation of the cell metabolism and the metabolic regulation mechanisms of a variety of micro-organisms. Then the efficient metabolic engineering approaches are explained to properly design the microbial cell factories for the efficient cell growth and biofuel and biochemical production.