Security and Privacy in Biometrics

Security and Privacy in Biometrics
Author: Patrizio Campisi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2013-06-28
ISBN: 1447152301
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Security and Privacy in Biometrics Book Excerpt:

This important text/reference presents the latest secure and privacy-compliant techniques in automatic human recognition. Featuring viewpoints from an international selection of experts in the field, the comprehensive coverage spans both theory and practical implementations, taking into consideration all ethical and legal issues. Topics and features: presents a unique focus on novel approaches and new architectures for unimodal and multimodal template protection; examines signal processing techniques in the encrypted domain, security and privacy leakage assessment, and aspects of standardization; describes real-world applications, from face and fingerprint-based user recognition, to biometrics-based electronic documents, and biometric systems employing smart cards; reviews the ethical implications of the ubiquity of biometrics in everyday life, and its impact on human dignity; provides guidance on best practices for the processing of biometric data within a legal framework.

Biometric Security and Privacy

Biometric Security and Privacy
Author: Richard Jiang,Somaya Al-maadeed,Ahmed Bouridane,Prof. Danny Crookes,Azeddine Beghdadi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2016-12-21
ISBN: 3319473018
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biometric Security and Privacy Book Excerpt:

This book highlights recent research advances on biometrics using new methods such as deep learning, nonlinear graph embedding, fuzzy approaches, and ensemble learning. Included are special biometric technologies related to privacy and security issues, such as cancellable biometrics and soft biometrics. The book also focuses on several emerging topics such as big data issues, internet of things, medical biometrics, healthcare, and robot-human interactions. The authors show how these new applications have triggered a number of new biometric approaches. They show, as an example, how fuzzy extractor has become a useful tool for key generation in biometric banking, and vein/heart rates from medical records can also be used to identify patients. The contributors cover the topics, their methods, and their applications in depth.

Biometric Security

Biometric Security
Author: Jiankun Hu,David Chek Ling Ngo,Andrew Beng Jin Teoh
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 497
Release: 2015-02-05
ISBN: 144387499X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biometric Security Book Excerpt:

Modern biometrics delivers an enhanced level of security by means of a “proof of property”. The design and deployment of a biometric system, however, hide many pitfalls, which, when underestimated, can lead to major security weaknesses and privacy threats. Issues of concern include biometric identity theft and privacy invasion because of the strong connection between a user and his identity. This book showcases a collection of comprehensive references on the advances of biometric security technology. It compiles a total of fourteen articles, all contributed by thirty-two eminent researchers in the field, thus providing concise and accessible coverage of not only general issues, but also state-of-the-art solutions. The book is divided into five parts: (1) Biometric Template Protection, which covers cancellable biometrics and parameter management protocol; (2) Biometric Key and Encryption, focusing on biometric key generation and visual biometric cryptography; (3) Biometric Systems Analysis, dealing with biometric system security, and privacy evaluation and assessment; (4) Privacy-Enhanced Biometric Systems, covering privacy-enhanced biometric system protocol design and implementation; and (5) Other Biometric Security Technologies. The book will be of particular interest to researchers, scholars, graduate students, engineers, practitioners and developers interested in security and privacy-related issues in biometric systems. It will also be attractive to managers of various organizations with strong security needs.

Bio Privacy

Bio Privacy
Author: Nancy Yue Liu
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2013-03-01
ISBN: 1136638156
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio Privacy Book Excerpt:

Bio-Privacy: Privacy Regulations and the Challenge of Biometrics provides an in-depth consideration of the legal issues posed by the use of biometric technology. Focusing particularly on the relationship between the use of this technology and the protection of privacy, this book draws on material across a range of jurisdictions in order to explore several key questions. What are the privacy issues in the biometric context? How are these issues currently dealt with under the law? What principles are applied? Is the current regulation satisfactory? Is it applied consistently? And, more generally, what is the most appropriate way to deal with the legal implications of biometrics? Offering an analysis, and recommendations, with a view to securing adequate human rights and personal data protection, Bio-Privacy: Privacy Regulations and the Challenge of Biometrics will be an important reference point for those with interests in the tension between freedom and security.

AI and Deep Learning in Biometric Security

AI and Deep Learning in Biometric Security
Author: Gaurav Jaswal,Vivek Kanhangad,Raghavendra Ramachandra
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2021-03-22
ISBN: 1000291669
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AI and Deep Learning in Biometric Security Book Excerpt:

This book provides an in-depth overview of artificial intelligence and deep learning approaches with case studies to solve problems associated with biometric security such as authentication, indexing, template protection, spoofing attack detection, ROI detection, gender classification etc. This text highlights a showcase of cutting-edge research on the use of convolution neural networks, autoencoders, recurrent convolutional neural networks in face, hand, iris, gait, fingerprint, vein, and medical biometric traits. It also provides a step-by-step guide to understanding deep learning concepts for biometrics authentication approaches and presents an analysis of biometric images under various environmental conditions. This book is sure to catch the attention of scholars, researchers, practitioners, and technology aspirants who are willing to research in the field of AI and biometric security.

Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies

Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies
Author: Robert Newman
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2009-09-03
ISBN: 1111782482
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies Book Excerpt:

Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies presents an introduction to biometrics or the study of recognizing individuals based on their unique physical or behavioral traits, as they relate to computer security. The book begins with the basics of biometric technologies and discusses how and why biometric systems are emerging in information security. An emphasis is directed towards authentication, authorization, identification, and access control. Topics covered include security and management required to protect valuable computer and network resources and assets, and methods of providing control over access and security for computers and networks. Written for a broad level of readers, this book applies to information system and information technology students, as well as network managers, security administrators and other practitioners. Oriented towards the practical application of biometrics in the real world, Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies provides the reader with a realistic view of the use of biometrics in the ever-changing industry of information security. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Identity Security and Democracy

Identity  Security and Democracy
Author: Emilio Mordini,Manfred Green
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 117
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN: 1586039407
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identity Security and Democracy Book Excerpt:

Many people think of personal identification as only part of the security/surveillance apparatus. This is likely to be an oversimplification, which largely misrepresents the reality. 'Personal identity' means two separate concepts, namely that an individual belongs to specific categories and also that this individual is distinguished by other persons and understood as one. In other words, there are two different aspects involved in personal recognition: distinguishing between individuals and distinguishing between sets of people. The latter is likely to be the real issue. Dictatorships of any kind and totalitarian regimes have always ruled by categorizing people and by creating different classes of subjects. When rules want their subjects to humiliate themselves or their fellows, they create categories of people or exploit existing categories. From social and political points of view this allows a process known as 'pseudospeciation' to be produced. Pseudospeciation is a process which turns social and cultural differences into biological diversities. It promotes cooperation within social groups, overpowering the selfish interests of individuals in favor of collective interests, yet it also inhibits cooperation between groups, and it fosters conflict and mistrust. This work is dedicated to the thorny and multifaceted relations between identity, security and democracy. Identity, Security and Democracy shows how full of nuances the process of human identification is.

Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications

Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications
Author: Els J. Kindt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 975
Release: 2013-12-05
ISBN: 9400775229
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications Book Excerpt:

This book discusses all critical privacy and data protection aspects of biometric systems from a legal perspective. It contains a systematic and complete analysis of the many issues raised by these systems based on examples worldwide and provides several recommendations for a transnational regulatory framework. An appropriate legal framework is in most countries not yet in place. Biometric systems use facial images, fingerprints, iris and/or voice in an automated way to identify or to verify (identity) claims of persons. The treatise which has an interdisciplinary approach starts with explaining the functioning of biometric systems in general terms for non-specialists. It continues with a description of the legal nature of biometric data and makes a comparison with DNA and biological material and the regulation thereof. After describing the risks, the work further reviews the opinions of data protection authorities in relation to biometric systems and current and future (EU) law. A detailed legal comparative analysis is made of the situation in Belgium, France and the Netherlands. The author concludes with an evaluation of the proportionality principle and the application of data protection law to biometric data processing operations, mainly in the private sector. Pleading for more safeguards in legislation, the author makes several suggestions for a regulatory framework aiming at reducing the risks of biometric systems. They include limitations to the collection and storage of biometric data as well as technical measures, which could influence the proportionality of the processing. The text is supported by several figures and tables providing a summary of particular points of the discussion. The book also uses the 2012 biometric vocabulary adopted by ISO and contains an extensive bibliography and literature sources.

Enhancing Information Security and Privacy by Combining Biometrics with Cryptography

Enhancing Information Security and Privacy by Combining Biometrics with Cryptography
Author: Sanjay Kanade,Dijana Petrovska-Delacretaz,Bernadette Dorizzi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2022-05-31
ISBN: 3031023358
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enhancing Information Security and Privacy by Combining Biometrics with Cryptography Book Excerpt:

This book deals with "crypto-biometrics", a relatively new and multi-disciplinary area of research (started in 1998). Combining biometrics and cryptography provides multiple advantages, such as, revocability, template diversity, better verification accuracy, and generation of cryptographically usable keys that are strongly linked to the user identity. In this text, a thorough review of the subject is provided and then some of the main categories are illustrated with recently proposed systems by the authors. Beginning with the basics, this text deals with various aspects of crypto-biometrics, including review, cancelable biometrics, cryptographic key generation from biometrics, and crypto-biometric key sharing protocols. Because of the thorough treatment of the topic, this text will be highly beneficial to researchers and industry professionals in information security and privacy. Table of Contents: Introduction / Cancelable Biometric System / Cryptographic Key Regeneration Using Biometrics / Biometrics-Based Secure Authentication Protocols / Concluding Remarks

Security and Privacy in Communication Networks

Security and Privacy in Communication Networks
Author: Raheem Beyah,Bing Chang,Yingjiu Li,Sencun Zhu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 607
Release: 2018-12-28
ISBN: 303001701X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Security and Privacy in Communication Networks Book Excerpt:

This two-volume set LNICST 254-255 constitutes the post-conference proceedings of the 14thInternational Conference on Security and Privacy in Communication Networks, SecureComm 2018, held in Singapore in August 2018. The 33 full and 18 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 108 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on IoT security, user and data privacy, mobile security, wireless security, software security, cloud security, social network and enterprise security, network security, applied cryptography, and web security.

Advances in Biometrics for Secure Human Authentication and Recognition

Advances in Biometrics for Secure Human Authentication and Recognition
Author: Dakshina Ranjan Kisku,Phalguni Gupta,Jamuna Kanta Sing
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2013-12-09
ISBN: 146658243X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Biometrics for Secure Human Authentication and Recognition Book Excerpt:

Although biometric systems present powerful alternatives to traditional authentication schemes, there are still many concerns about their security. Advances in Biometrics for Secure Human Authentication and Recognition showcases some of the latest technologies and algorithms being used for human authentication and recognition. Examining the full range of biometrics solutions, including unimodal and multimodal biometrics, the book covers conventional techniques as well as novel systems that have been developed over the past few years. It presents new biometric algorithms with novel feature extraction techniques, new computer vision approaches, soft computing approaches, and machine learning techniques under a unified framework used in biometrics systems. Filled with comprehensive graphical and modular illustrations, the text covers applications of affective computing in biometrics, matching sketch to photograph, cryptography approaches in biometrics, biometrics alteration, heterogeneous biometrics, and age invariant biometrics. It also presents biometrics algorithms with novel feature extraction techniques, computer vision approaches, soft computing approaches, and machine learning techniques under a unified framework used in biometrics systems. Containing the work of some of the world’s most respected biometrics researchers, the book includes model question papers, mathematical notations, and exercises to reinforce understanding. Providing an up-to-date review of intelligence techniques and theories used in biometric technologies for secure human authentication and identification, this is an essential reference for researchers, scholars, graduate students, engineers, practitioners, and developers in the field of biometrics and its related fields.

Handbook of Computer Networks and Cyber Security

Handbook of Computer Networks and Cyber Security
Author: Brij B. Gupta,Gregorio Martinez Perez,Dharma P. Agrawal,Deepak Gupta
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 959
Release: 2019-12-31
ISBN: 3030222772
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Computer Networks and Cyber Security Book Excerpt:

This handbook introduces the basic principles and fundamentals of cyber security towards establishing an understanding of how to protect computers from hackers and adversaries. The highly informative subject matter of this handbook, includes various concepts, models, and terminologies along with examples and illustrations to demonstrate substantial technical details of the field. It motivates the readers to exercise better protection and defense mechanisms to deal with attackers and mitigate the situation. This handbook also outlines some of the exciting areas of future research where the existing approaches can be implemented. Exponential increase in the use of computers as a means of storing and retrieving security-intensive information, requires placement of adequate security measures to safeguard the entire computing and communication scenario. With the advent of Internet and its underlying technologies, information security aspects are becoming a prime concern towards protecting the networks and the cyber ecosystem from variety of threats, which is illustrated in this handbook. This handbook primarily targets professionals in security, privacy and trust to use and improve the reliability of businesses in a distributed manner, as well as computer scientists and software developers, who are seeking to carry out research and develop software in information and cyber security. Researchers and advanced-level students in computer science will also benefit from this reference.

Security and Privacy

Security and Privacy
Author: Pantelimon Stănică,Sugata Gangopadhyay,Sumit Kumar Debnath
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2021-04-02
ISBN: 9813367814
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Security and Privacy Book Excerpt:

This book consists of refereed selected papers from the International Conference on Security & Privacy – ICSP 2020. The book is focused on the state-of-the-art developments of network security, secure cryptographic protocols, post-quantum cryptography, quantum cryptography, block-chain and cryptocurrency, IoT security and privacy, cloud security, machine learning in cybersecurity, and other disciplines related to security and privacy. In this book, a wide variety of basic security primitives are discussed along with recent developments in some advanced topics like functional encryption, two-party/multi-party computation, bitcoin, cryptocurrency, and post-quantum security.

Computer Security Privacy and Politics

Computer Security  Privacy  and Politics
Author: Ramesh Subramanian
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2008-01-01
ISBN: 1599048043
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Security Privacy and Politics Book Excerpt:

"This book offers a review of recent developments of computer security, focusing on the relevance and implications of global privacy, law, and politics for society, individuals, and corporations.It compiles timely content on such topics as reverse engineering of software, understanding emerging computer exploits, emerging lawsuits and cases, global and societal implications, and protection from attacks on privacy"--Provided by publisher.

Biometrics for Network Security

Biometrics for Network Security
Author: Paul Reid
Publsiher: Prentice Hall Professional
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9780131015494
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biometrics for Network Security Book Excerpt:

Reid (senior product manager, Cryptometrics) introduces the technical capabilities and limitations of computer biometric systems for measuring fingerprints, eye characteristics, or other body information as a computer security measure serving a similar purpose to personal identification numbers. He describes the workings of the different types of technologies and examines some of the mathematics behind biometric systems. He also describes the conceptualization and implementation of a particular system with which he was involved. Annotation : 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security

Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security
Author: Henk C.A. van Tilborg,Sushil Jajodia
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1416
Release: 2011-09-06
ISBN: 144195905X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive encyclopedia provides easy access to information on all aspects of cryptography and security. The work is intended for students, researchers and practitioners who need a quick and authoritative reference to areas like data protection, network security, operating systems security, and more.

Vein Pattern Recognition

Vein Pattern Recognition
Author: Chuck Wilson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 307
Release: 2011-06-03
ISBN: 1439857563
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vein Pattern Recognition Book Excerpt:

As one of the most promising biometric technologies, vein pattern recognition (VPR) is quickly taking root around the world and may soon dominate applications where people focus is key. Among the reasons for VPR’s growing acceptance and use: it is more accurate than many other biometric methods, it offers greater resistance to spoofing, it focuses on people and their privacy, and has few negative cultural connotations. Vein Pattern Recognition: A Privacy-Enhancing Biometric provides a comprehensive and practical look at biometrics in general and at vein pattern recognition specifically. It discusses the emergence of this reliable but underutilized technology and evaluates its capabilities and benefits. The author, Chuck Wilson, an industry veteran with more than 25 years of experience in the biometric and electronic security fields, examines current and emerging VPR technology along with the myriad applications of this dynamic technology. Wilson explains the use of VPR and provides an objective comparison of the different biometric methods in use today—including fingerprint, eye, face, voice recognition, and dynamic signature verification. Highlighting current VPR implementations, including its widespread acceptance and use for identity verification in the Japanese banking industry, the text provides a complete examination of how VPR can be used to protect sensitive information and secure critical facilities. Complete with best-practice techniques, the book supplies invaluable guidance on selecting the right combination of biometric technologies for specific applications and on properly implementing VPR as part of an overall security system.

Biometric Authentication

Biometric Authentication
Author: Davide Maltoni,Anil K. Jain
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2004-09-21
ISBN: 3540259767
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biometric Authentication Book Excerpt:

Biometric authentication is increasingly gaining popularity in a large spectrum ofapplications,rangingfromgovernmentprograms(e. g. ,nationalIDcards,visas for international travel,and the ?ght against terrorism) to personal applications such as logical and physical access control. Although a number of e?ective - lutions are currently available, new approaches and techniques are necessary to overcomesomeofthelimitationsofcurrentsystemsandtoopenupnewfrontiers in biometric research and development. The 30 papers presented at Biometric Authentication Workshop 2004 (BioAW 2004) provided a snapshot of current research in biometrics, and identify some new trends. This volume is composed of?vesections:facerecognition,?ngerprintrecognition,templateprotectionand security, other biometrics, and fusion and multimodal biometrics. For classical biometrics like ?ngerprint and face recognition, most of the papers in Sect. 1 and 2 address robustness issues in order to make the biometric systems work in suboptimal conditions: examples include face detection and recognition - der uncontrolled lighting and pose variations, and ?ngerprint matching in the case of severe skin distortion. Benchmarking and interoperability of sensors and liveness detection are also topics of primary interest for ?ngerprint-based s- tems. Biometrics alone is not the solution for complex security problems. Some of the papers in Sect. 3 focus on designing secure systems; this requires dealing with safe template storage, checking data integrity, and implementing solutions in a privacy-preserving fashion. The match-on-tokens approach, provided that current accuracy and cost limitations can be satisfactorily solved by using new algorithms and hardware, is certainly a promising alternative. The use of new biometric indicators like eye movement, 3D ?nger shape, and soft traits (e. g.

Biometric Based Physical and Cybersecurity Systems

Biometric Based Physical and Cybersecurity Systems
Author: Mohammad S. Obaidat,Issa Traore,Isaac Woungang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2018-10-24
ISBN: 3319987348
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biometric Based Physical and Cybersecurity Systems Book Excerpt:

This book presents the latest developments in biometrics technologies and reports on new approaches, methods, findings, and technologies developed or being developed by the research community and the industry. The book focuses on introducing fundamental principles and concepts of key enabling technologies for biometric systems applied for both physical and cyber security. The authors disseminate recent research and developing efforts in this area, investigate related trends and challenges, and present case studies and examples such as fingerprint, face, iris, retina, keystroke dynamics, and voice applications . The authors also investigate the advances and future outcomes in research and development in biometric security systems. The book is applicable to students, instructors, researchers, industry practitioners, and related government agencies staff. Each chapter is accompanied by a set of PowerPoint slides for use by instructors.

Biometrics For Dummies

Biometrics For Dummies
Author: Peter H. Gregory,Michael A. Simon
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2009-02-25
ISBN: 9780470507643
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biometrics For Dummies Book Excerpt:

What is biometrics? Whether you’re just curious about how biometrics can benefit society or you need to learn how to integrate biometrics with an existing security system in your organization, Biometrics For Dummies can help. Here’s a friendly introduction to biometrics — the science of identifying humans based on unique physical characteristics. With the government’s use of biometrics — for example, biometric passport readers — and application of the technology for law enforcement, biometrics is growing more popular among security experts. Biometrics For Dummies explains biometric technology, explores biometrics policy and privacy issues with biometrics, and takes a look at where the science is heading. You’ll discover: How pattern recognition and fingerprint recognition are used The many vulnerabilities of biometric systems and how to guard against them How various countries are handling the privacy issues and what can be done to protect citizens’ privacy How a scan of the palm, veins in the hand, and sonar imagery establish identity What it takes to fully authenticate a signature How gait, speech, linguistic analysis, and other types of biometric identification come into play The criteria for setting up an implementation plan How to use authentication, authorization, and access principles Written by a pair of security experts, Biometrics For Dummies gives you the basics in an easy-to-understand format that doesn’t scrimp on substance. You’ll get up to speed and enjoy getting there!