Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics

Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics
Author: Igor A. Kaltashov,Stephen J. Eyles
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2005-05-06
ISBN: 0471705160
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics Book Excerpt:

The first systematic summary of biophysical mass spectrometrytechniques Recent advances in mass spectrometry (MS) have pushed the frontiersof analytical chemistry into the biophysical laboratory. As aresult, the biophysical community's acceptance of MS-based methods,used to study protein higher-order structure and dynamics, hasaccelerated the expansion of biophysical MS. Despite this growing trend, until now no single text has presentedthe full array of MS-based experimental techniques and strategiesfor biophysics. Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics expertly closesthis gap in the literature. Covering the theoretical background and technical aspects of eachmethod, this much-needed reference offers an unparalleled overviewof the current state of biophysical MS. Mass Spectrometry inBiophysics begins with a helpful discussion of general biophysicalconcepts and MS-related techniques. Subsequent chaptersaddress: * Modern spectrometric hardware * High-order structure and dynamics as probed by various MS-basedmethods * Techniques used to study structure and behavior of non-nativeprotein states that become populated under denaturingconditions * Kinetic aspects of protein folding and enzyme catalysis * MS-based methods used to extract quantitative information onprotein-ligand interactions * Relation of MS-based techniques to other experimental tools * Biomolecular properties in the gas phase Fully referenced and containing a helpful appendix on the physicsof electrospray mass spectrometry, Mass Spectrometry in Biophysicsalso offers a compelling look at the current challenges facingbiomolecular MS and the potential applications that will likelyshape its future.

Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics

Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics
Author: Igor A. Kaltashov,Stephen J. Eyles
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2012-04-03
ISBN: 0470937793
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics Book Excerpt:

The definitive guide to mass spectrometry techniques in biology and biophysics The use of mass spectrometry (MS) to study the architecture and dynamics of proteins is increasingly common within the biophysical community, and Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics: Architecture, Dynamics, and Interaction of Biomolecules, Second Edition provides readers with detailed, systematic coverage of the current state of the art. Offering an unrivalled overview of modern MS-based armamentarium that can be used to solve the most challenging problems in biophysics, structural biology, and biopharmaceuticals, the book is a practical guide to understanding the role of MS techniques in biophysical research. Designed to meet the needs of both academic and industrial researchers, it makes mass spectrometry accessible to professionals in a range of fields, including biopharmaceuticals. This new edition has been significantly expanded and updated to include the most recent experimental methodologies and techniques, MS applications in biophysics and structural biology, methods for studying higher order structure and dynamics of proteins, an examination of other biopolymers and synthetic polymers, such as nucleic acids and oligosaccharides, and much more. Featuring high-quality illustrations that illuminate the concepts described in the text, as well as extensive references that enable the reader to pursue further study, Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics is an indispensable resource for researchers and graduate students working in biophysics, structural biology, protein chemistry, and related fields.

Biophysical Characterization of Proteins in Developing Biopharmaceuticals

Biophysical Characterization of Proteins in Developing Biopharmaceuticals
Author: Damian J. Houde,Steven A. Berkowitz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 586
Release: 2019-11-13
ISBN: 0444641742
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysical Characterization of Proteins in Developing Biopharmaceuticals Book Excerpt:

Biophysical Characterization of Proteins in Developing Biopharmaceuticals, Second Edition, presents the latest on the analysis and characterization of the higher-order structure (HOS) or conformation of protein based drugs. Starting from the very basics of protein structure, this book explains the best way to achieve this goal using key methods commonly employed in the biopharmaceutical industry. This book will help today’s industrial scientists plan a career in this industry and successfully implement these biophysical methodologies. This updated edition has been fully revised, with new chapters focusing on the use of chromatography and electrophoresis and the biophysical characterization of very large biopharmaceuticals. In addition, best practices of applying statistical analysis to biophysical characterization data is included, along with practical issues associated with the concept of a biopharmaceutical’s developability and the technical decision-making process needed when dealing with biophysical characterization data. Presents basic protein characterization methods and tools applicable to (bio)pharmaceutical research and development Highlights the capabilities and limitations of each technique Discusses the underlining science of each tool Empowers industrial biophysical chemists by providing a roadmap for applying biophysical tools Outlines the needs for new characterization and analytical tools in the biopharmaceutical industry

Biophysical Techniques in Photosynthesis

Biophysical Techniques in Photosynthesis
Author: Thijs Aartsma,Jörg Matysik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2008-02-01
ISBN: 1402082509
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysical Techniques in Photosynthesis Book Excerpt:

Since the first volume on Biophysical Techniques in Photosynthesis Research, published in 1996, new experimental techniques and methods have been devised at a rapid pace. The present book is a sequel which complements the publication of the first volume by providing a comprehensive overview of the most important new techniques developed over the past ten years, especially those that are relevant for research on the mechanism and fundamental aspects of photosynthesis.

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery
Author: Angeles Canales
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2017-11-14
ISBN: 1788012860
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery Book Excerpt:

Biophysical techniques are used in many key stages of the drug discovery process including in screening for new receptor ligands, in characterising drug mechanisms, and in validating data from biochemical and cellular assays. This book provides an overview of the biophysical methods applied in drug discovery today, including traditional techniques and newer developments. Perspectives from academia and industry across a spectrum of techniques are brought together in a single volume. Small and biotherapeutic approaches are covered and strengths and limitations of each technique are presented. Case studies illustrate the application of each technique in real applied examples. Finally, the book covers recent developments in areas such as electron microscopy with discussions of their possible impact on future drug discovery. This is a go-to volume for biophysicists, analytical chemists and medicinal chemists providing a broad overview of techniques of contemporary interest in drug discovery.

Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins

Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins
Author: David D. Weis
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2016-01-12
ISBN: 1118703731
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins Book Excerpt:

Hydrogen exchange mass spectrometry is widely recognized for its ability to probe the structure and dynamics of proteins. The application of this technique is becoming widespread due to its versatility for providing structural information about challenging biological macromolecules such as antibodies, flexible proteins and glycoproteins. Although the technique has been around for 25 years, this is the first definitive book devoted entirely to the topic. Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications brings into one comprehensive volume the theory, instrumentation and applications of Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry (HX-MS) - a technique relevant to bioanalytical chemistry, protein science and pharmaceuticals. The book provides a solid foundation in the basics of the technique and data interpretation to inform readers of current research in the method, and provides illustrative examples of its use in bio- and pharmaceutical chemistry and biophysics In-depth chapters on the fundamental theory of hydrogen exchange, and tutorial chapters on measurement and data analysis provide the essential background for those ready to adopt HX-MS. Expert users may advance their current understanding through chapters on methods including membrane protein analysis, alternative proteases, millisecond hydrogen exchange, top-down mass spectrometry, histidine exchange and method validation. All readers can explore the diversity of HX-MS applications in areas such as ligand binding, membrane proteins, drug discovery, therapeutic protein formulation, biocomparability, and intrinsically disordered proteins.

Biophysics

Biophysics
Author: Mark C. Leake
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2016-09-15
ISBN: 1498702511
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysics Book Excerpt:

An Up-to-Date Toolbox for Probing Biology Biophysics: Tools and Techniques covers the experimental and theoretical tools and techniques of biophysics. It addresses the purpose, science, and application of all physical science instrumentation and analysis methods used in current research labs. The book first presents the historical background, concepts, and motivation for using a physical science toolbox to understand biology. It then familiarizes students from the physical sciences with essential biological knowledge. The text subsequently focuses on experimental biophysical techniques that primarily detect biological components or measure/control biological forces. The author describes the science and application of key tools used in imaging, detection, general quantitation, and biomolecular interaction studies, which span multiple length and time scales of biological processes both in the test tube and in the living organism. Moving on to theoretical biophysics tools, the book presents computational and analytical mathematical methods for tackling challenging biological questions. It concludes with a discussion of the future of this exciting field. Future innovators will need to be trained in multidisciplinary science to be successful in industry, academia, and government support agencies. Addressing this challenge, this textbook educates future leaders on the development and application of novel physical science approaches to solve complex problems linked to biological questions.

Methods in Molecular Biophysics

Methods in Molecular Biophysics
Author: Igor N. Serdyuk,Nathan R. Zaccai,Joseph Zaccai,Giuseppe Zaccai
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 709
Release: 2017-05-18
ISBN: 1107056373
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods in Molecular Biophysics Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive graduate textbook explaining key physical methods in biology, reflecting the very latest research in this fast-moving field.

Methods in Modern Biophysics

Methods in Modern Biophysics
Author: Bengt Nölting
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2003-09-11
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods in Modern Biophysics Book Excerpt:

Incorporating dramatic recent advances, this textbook presents a fresh and timely introduction to modern biophysical methods. An array of new, faster and structurally higher-resolving power biophysical methods now enables scientists to examine the examination of the mysteries of life at a molecular level. So students and researchers alike need to know the technological details behind the latest methods so they can choose appropriate tools and make optimal use of them. This innovative text surveys and explains the ten key biophysical methods, including those related to biophysical nanotechnology, scanning probe microscopy, X-ray crystallography, ion mobility spectrometry, mass spectrometry, and proteomics. Containing much information previously unavailable in tutorial form, Methods in Modern Biophysics employs worked examples and more than 260 illustrations to fully detail the techniques and their underlying mechanisms. The book was written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, postdocs, researchers, lecturers and professors in biophysics, biochemistry, general biology and related fields.

Molecular Biophysics for the Life Sciences

Molecular Biophysics for the Life Sciences
Author: Norma Allewell,Linda O. Narhi,Ivan Rayment
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 397
Release: 2013-09-28
ISBN: 1461485487
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Biophysics for the Life Sciences Book Excerpt:

This volume provides an overview of the development and scope of molecular biophysics and in-depth discussions of the major experimental methods that enable biological macromolecules to be studied at atomic resolution. It also reviews the physical chemical concepts that are needed to interpret the experimental results and to understand how the structure, dynamics, and physical properties of biological macromolecules enable them to perform their biological functions. Reviews of research on three disparate biomolecular machines—DNA helicases, ATP synthases, and myosin--illustrate how the combination of theory and experiment leads to new insights and new questions.

Modern Biophysical Chemistry

Modern Biophysical Chemistry
Author: Peter Jomo Walla
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2015-09-10
ISBN: 3527683550
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Biophysical Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This updated and up-to-date version of the first edition continues with the really interesting stuff to spice up a standard biophysics and biophysical chemistry course. All relevant methods used in current cutting edge research including such recent developments as super-resolution microscopy and next-generation DNA sequencing techniques, as well as industrial applications, are explained. The text has been developed from a graduate course taught by the author for several years, and by presenting a mix of basic theory and real-life examples, he closes the gap between theory and experiment. The first part, on basic biophysical chemistry, surveys fundamental and spectroscopic techniques as well as biomolecular properties that represent the modern standard and are also the basis for the more sophisticated technologies discussed later in the book. The second part covers the latest bioanalytical techniques such as the mentioned super-resolution and next generation sequencing methods, confocal fluorescence microscopy, light sheet microscopy, two-photon microscopy and ultrafast spectroscopy, single molecule optical, electrical and force measurements, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, optical tweezers, quantum dots and DNA origami techniques. Both the text and illustrations have been prepared in a clear and accessible style, with extended and updated exercises (and their solutions) accompanying each chapter. Readers with a basic understanding of biochemistry and/or biophysics will quickly gain an overview of cutting edge technology for the biophysical analysis of proteins, nucleic acids and other biomolecules and their interactions. Equally, any student contemplating a career in the chemical, pharmaceutical or bio-industry will greatly benefit from the technological knowledge presented. Questions of differing complexity testing the reader's understanding can be found at the end of each chapter with clearly described solutions available on the Wiley-VCH textbook homepage under: www.wiley-vch.de/textbooks

Mass Spectrometry Analysis for Protein Protein Interactions and Dynamics

Mass Spectrometry Analysis for Protein Protein Interactions and Dynamics
Author: M. Chance
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2008-09-22
ISBN: 9780470258866
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry Analysis for Protein Protein Interactions and Dynamics Book Excerpt:

Presents a wide variety of mass spectrometry methods used to explore structural mechanisms, protein dynamics and interactions between proteins. Preliminary chapters cover mass spectrometry methods for examining proteins and are then followed by chapters devoted to presenting very practical, how-to methods in a detailed way. Includes footprinting and plistex specifically, setting this book apart from the competition.

Methods in Modern Biophysics

Methods in Modern Biophysics
Author: Bengt Nölting
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2009-10-05
ISBN: 3642030211
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods in Modern Biophysics Book Excerpt:

Incorporating dramatic recent advances, "Methods in Modern Biophysics" presents a fresh and timely introduction to modern biophysical methods. This innovative text surveys and explains the ten key biophysical methods, including those related to biophysical nanotechnology, scanning probe microscopy, X-ray crystallography, ion mobility spectrometry, mass spectrometry, and proteomics. Containing much information previously unavailable in tutorial form, "Methods in Modern Biophysics" employs worked examples and more than 260 illustrations to fully detail the techniques and their underlying mechanisms. The book was written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, postdocs, researchers, lecturers and professors in biophysics, biochemistry, general biology and related fields.

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery
Author: Donald Huddler,Edward R. Zartler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2017-07-14
ISBN: 1119099501
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery Book Excerpt:

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery is a guide to new techniques and approaches to identifying and characterizing small molecules in early drug discovery. Biophysical methods are reasserting their utility in drug discovery and through a combination of the rise of fragment-based drug discovery and an increased focus on more nuanced characterisation of small molecule binding, these methods are playing an increasing role in discovery campaigns. This text emphasizes practical considerations for selecting and deploying core biophysical method, including but not limited to ITC, SPR, and both ligand-detected and protein-detected NMR. Topics covered include: • Design considerations in biophysical-based lead screening • Thermodynamic characterization of protein-compound interactions • Characterizing targets and screening reagents with HDX-MS • Microscale thermophoresis methods (MST) • Screening with Weak Affinity Chromatography • Methods to assess compound residence time • 1D-NMR methods for hit identification • Protein-based NMR methods for SAR development • Industry case studies integrating multiple biophysical methods This text is ideal for academic investigators and industry scientists planning hit characterization campaigns or designing and optimizing screening strategies.

Biophysical Methods for Biotherapeutics

Biophysical Methods for Biotherapeutics
Author: Tapan K. Das
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2014-04-28
ISBN: 0470938439
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysical Methods for Biotherapeutics Book Excerpt:

With a focus on practical applications of biophysical techniques, this book links fundamental biophysics to the process of biopharmaceutical development. • Helps formulation and analytical scientists in pharma and biotech better understand and use biophysical methods • Chapters organized according to the sequential nature of the drug development process • Helps formulation, analytical, and bioanalytical scientists in pharma and biotech better understand and usestrengths and limitations of biophysical methods • Explains how to use biophysical methods, the information obtained, and what needs to be presented in a regulatory filing, assess impact on quality and immunogenicity • With a focus on practical applications of biophysical techniques, this book links fundamental biophysics to the process of biopharmaceutical development.

Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development

Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development
Author: Linda O. Narhi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2013-02-26
ISBN: 1461443164
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development Book Excerpt:

This book can be used to provide insight into this important application of biophysics for those who are planning a career in protein therapeutic development, and for those outside this area who are interested in understanding it better. The initial chapters describe the underlying theory, and strengths and weaknesses of the different techniques commonly used during therapeutic development. The majority of the chapters discuss the applications of these techniques, including case studies, across the product lifecycle from early discovery, where the focus is on identifying targets, and screening for potential drug product candidates, through expression and purification, large scale production, formulation development, lot-to-lot comparability studies, and commercial support including investigations.

Single Molecule Cellular Biophysics

Single Molecule Cellular Biophysics
Author: Mark C. Leake
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-01-31
ISBN: 1139619349
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Single Molecule Cellular Biophysics Book Excerpt:

Recent advances in single molecule science have presented a new branch of science: single molecule cellular biophysics, combining classical cell biology with cutting-edge single molecule biophysics. This textbook explains the essential elements of this new discipline, from the state-of-the-art single molecule techniques to real-world applications in unravelling the inner workings of the cell. Every effort has been made to ensure the text can be easily understood by students from both the physical and life sciences. Mathematical derivations are kept to a minimum whilst unnecessary biological terminology is avoided and text boxes provide readers from either background with additional information. 100 end-of-chapter exercises are divided into those aimed at physical sciences students, those aimed at life science students and those that can be tackled by students from both disciplines. The use of case studies and real research examples make this textbook indispensable for undergraduate students entering this exciting field.

Introduction to Biomolecular Structure and Biophysics

Introduction to Biomolecular Structure and Biophysics
Author: Gauri Misra
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2017-09-07
ISBN: 9811049688
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Biomolecular Structure and Biophysics Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive book presents a modern concept in biophysics based on recently published research. It highlights various aspects of the biophysical fundamentals and techniques that are currently used to study different physical properties of biomolecules, and relates the biological phenomenon with the underlying physical concepts. The content is divided into nine chapters summarizing the structural details of proteins, including recently discovered novel folds, higher order structures of nucleic acids, as well as lipids and the physical forces governing the macromolecular interactions which are essential for the various biological processes. It also provides insights into the recent advances in biophysical techniques including Hydrogen Deuterium Exchange with Mass Spectrometry (HDX-MS), Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and Cryo Electron Microscopy (cryo EM), supplemented with interesting experimental data. It is a valuable reference resource for anyone with a desire to gain a better understanding of the fundamentals of biophysical concepts and techniques of important biomolecules.

Annual Review of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry

Annual Review of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 540
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Biochemistry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual Review of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery
Author: Jean-Paul Renaud
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 706
Release: 2020-02-05
ISBN: 1118681010
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery Book Excerpt:

With the most comprehensive and up-to-date overview of structure-based drug discovery covering both experimental and computational approaches, Structural Biology in Drug Discovery: Methods, Techniques, and Practices describes principles, methods, applications, and emerging paradigms of structural biology as a tool for more efficient drug development. Coverage includes successful examples, academic and industry insights, novel concepts, and advances in a rapidly evolving field. The combined chapters, by authors writing from the frontlines of structural biology and drug discovery, give readers a valuable reference and resource that: Presents the benefits, limitations, and potentiality of major techniques in the field such as X-ray crystallography, NMR, neutron crystallography, cryo-EM, mass spectrometry and other biophysical techniques, and computational structural biology Includes detailed chapters on druggability, allostery, complementary use of thermodynamic and kinetic information, and powerful approaches such as structural chemogenomics and fragment-based drug design Emphasizes the need for the in-depth biophysical characterization of protein targets as well as of therapeutic proteins, and for a thorough quality assessment of experimental structures Illustrates advances in the field of established therapeutic targets like kinases, serine proteinases, GPCRs, and epigenetic proteins, and of more challenging ones like protein-protein interactions and intrinsically disordered proteins