Description : When Britain was compelled to introduce conscription in 1916, the question arose of what to do with its 'friendly aliens' - its 30,000 Russian-Jewish refugees of military age. The Tsar didn't want them back to serve in his army, and they had no desire to help his war effort. But when sections of the British press commented that as asylum seekers they should show gratitude and join up, a campaign with strong anti-Semitic overtones took off and became Parliamentary business. Then the Tsar was overthrown, and by the summer of 1917 the question was settled with the new regime: Russian Jews of military age had to choose either to join the British Army or to return to Russia to serve there. MI5 and Special Branch kept watch on the Communist Club in the West End, where Russian revolutionaries agitated tailors, cobblers and cabinetmarkers who agonised over what to do. Many ended up in the British Army or were exempted for war work, but nearly 4,000 chose to go back to Russia - for a variety of reasons. Arriving there via the Arctic within weeks and days of the Bolshevik revolution, they found a vacuum of authority, which soon turned into the chaos and dangers of civil war. How they fared and how they struggled to return to their families in Britain is the story of War or Revolution. With the help of personal documents, official British and Russian archives, and interviews of survivors and their families, the author illuminates an unknown corner of the First World War and sets it against the background of the period.
Description : This is an authoritative and comprehensive history of the Jews of Britain over the last century and a half. Geoffrey Alderman examines the social structure and economic base of Jewish communities in Victorian England and traces the struggle for emancipation. He analyses the effects of the large-scale immigration of the early twentieth century and charts the development of the Zionist movement in Britain. Professor Alderman takes his account up to the present day, exploring the concernsand self-image of contemporary Jewish communities in Britain and their place in an increasingly pluralist society. Based on a wealth of primary and secondary sources, Modern British Jewry is a political, social, and intellectual history of British Jews which is critical, scholarly, and immensely readable. For this paperback edition Professor Alderman has added a new chapter examining contemporary themes and issues. REVIEWS `This is the definitive history of modern British Jewry.As such it deserves a wide reading', Choice `Written in a lively, engaging manner . . . it includes the first substantial treatment of events and trends in the interwar period and the half-century since World War II', American Historical Review `should appeal to a wide audience at different levels . . . it deserves the attention of most scholars and a space on most college library shelves', History `an important synthetic history of British Jewry . . . Alderman is a leader among thegroup of scholars who are now scrutinizing the experience of British Jews in the post-1945 era', Albion `an engrossing book, lucidly written, scrupulously annotated', New Statesman and Society `Alderman is an extraordinarily intelligent, thorough and original historian and an excellent writer', Australian Jewish News `More than a standard work, this is an exceptional work, a classic of its genre. Filled equally with drama and information, it puts the Jews firmly into the mainstreamof British history', Times Higher Education Supplement `Professor Geoffrey Alderman writes with authority, his industry is impressive, his research is wide-ranging and thorough. He makes some startling revelations . . . Serious students of Jewish history will have serious arguments with it; but they will treasure it for its wealth of detail, its candour, and the light it throws on obscure corners of Jewish life' Jewish Chronicle `the first honest, scholarly study of modern Anglo-Jewry.' Simon Denison, Sunday Telegraph `highly readable ... His analysis of the 19th-century Jewish party affiliations is fascinating.' The Times `a detailed account of Jewish communal activities and quarrels.' Martin Gilbert, The Guardian 'Professor Alderman has resolved to 'expose the new reality' of Jewish history 'warts and all'' The Spectator 'This is by far the best book on its subject - immensely informed, thoroughly researched, supremely accurate, intelligently organized, and, in its discussion of communal rifts, admirably free of partisan bias. Alderman's book is refreshingly iconoclastic in its rejection of an old style of communal history ... briskly unapologetic work.' Times Literary Supplement
Author by : Jonathan Frankel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Total Download : 452
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Description : This series is published yearly by the Institute of Contemporary Jewry at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It is edited by Jonathan Frankel, Peter Medding, and Ezra Mendelsohn, all distinguished professors of history at The Hebrew University. The volumes include symposia, articles, book reviews, and lists of recent dissertations by major scholars of Jewish history from around the world. Among the topics examined in this volume are the transformation of Russian Jewish communal life; Habsburg Jewry and its disappearance; the Bolsheviks and British Jews; and the Palestinian labor movement. This diverse collection is one of the first attempts to examine the over-all impact of the First World War and the Russian revolution on the Jewish people.
Description : This authoritative and comprehensive guide to key people and events in Anglo-Jewish history stretches from Cromwell's re-admittance of the Jews in 1656 to the present day and contains nearly 3000 entries, the vast majority of which are not featured in any other sources.
Description : A history of an important newspaper and of Jewish communal life, interpreted through its most vibrant public voice.
Description : The book focuses on Britain during the First World War and the immediate post-war period, and examines the use of biblical imagery with regard to representations of the nation and its perceived enemies. The study is constructed around four rhetorical themes: 'crusade', 'conversion', 'crucifixion' and 'apocalypse', and traces these through a wide variety of texts, including public lectures, sermons, press articles, political speeches and memoirs, pre-millennialist writings, cartoons, plays, poetry and popular fiction. The central argument is that in the context of rhetorically constructed 'Christian warfare', religious language took on political significance, and old allegations against Jews began to recirculate. The study examines the religious, political and sexual fears associated by Christians with Jews during and after the war, and discusses the ways in which Anglo-Jewish writers, including G. B. Stern, Gilbert Frankau and Isaac Rosenberg, responded to these developments.
Description : Previously published as a special issue of The Journal of Israeli History, this book presents the reflections of historians from Israel, Europe, Canada and the United States concerning the similarities and differences between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism primarily in Europe and the Middle East. Spanning the past century, the essays explore the continuum of critique from early challenges to Zionism and they offer criteria to ascertain when criticism with particular policies has and has not coalesced into an "ism" of anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism. Including studies of England, France, Germany, Poland, the United States, Iran and Israel, the volume also examines the elements of continuity and break in European traditions of anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism when they diffused to the Arab and Islamic. Essential course reading for students of religious history.
Description : This work examines the attitudes of the Conservative Party towards Jews in Britain, Palestine and elsewhere from 1900-1948. It aims to show how the Conservative Party in the first half of the 20th century regarded both itself and British society on the one hand, and Britain's role on the other.