Lakes And Coastal Wetlands

Author by : Pratap K. Mohanty
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Organized by Institute of Mathematics and Applications, Bhubaneswar and a number of other institutions.


Monitoring And Modelling Lakes And Coastal Environments

Author by : Pratap K. Mohanty
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 22
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Description : Habitat environments of lakes and coastal wetlands are deteriorating due to their exploitative use and improper management, eroding the biodiversity and undermining the productivity of these unique ecosystems. This book examines ways to restore, conserve and manage lakes and coastal wetlands. It covers topics ranging from biodiversity to modeling and management and depicts case studies from different nations.


Mixing And Dispersion In Flows Dominated By Rotation And Buoyancy

Author by : Herman J.H. Clercx
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 205
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : The book presents a state-of-the-art overview of current developments in the field in a way accessible to attendees coming from a variety of fields. Relevant examples are turbulence research, (environmental) fluid mechanics, lake hydrodynamics and atmospheric physics. Topics discussed range from the fundamentals of rotating and stratified flows, mixing and transport in stratified or rotating turbulence, transport in the atmospheric boundary layer, the dynamics of gravity and turbidity currents eventually with effects of background rotation or stratification, mixing in (stratified) lakes, and the Lagrangian approach in the analysis of transport processes in geophysical and environmental flows. The topics are discussed from fundamental, experimental and numerical points of view. Some contributions cover fundamental aspects including a number of the basic dynamical properties of rotating and or stratified (turbulent) flows, the mathematical description of these flows, some applications in the natural environment, and the Lagrangian statistical analysis of turbulent transport processes and turbulent transport of material particles (including, for example, inertial and finite-size effects). Four papers are dedicated to specific topics such as transport in (stratified) lakes, transport and mixing in the atmospheric boundary layer, mixing in stratified fluids and dynamics of turbidity currents. The book is addressed to doctoral students and postdoctoral researchers, but also to academic and industrial researchers and practicing engineers, with a background in mechanical engineering, applied physics, civil engineering, applied mathematics, meteorology, physical oceanography or physical limnology.


Transport And Fate Of Chemicals In The Environment

Author by : John S. Gulliver
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
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Description : What happens when a chemical is released into the environment? It diffuses, disperses, adsorbs, reacts, and/or changes state. To predict and analyze this process, the mathematics of diffusion is applied to lakes, rivers, groundwater, the atmosphere, the oceans, and transport between these media. A sustainable world requires a deep understanding of the transport of chemicals through the environment and how to address and harness this process. This volume presents a succinct and in-depth introduction to this critical topic. Featuring authoritative, peer-reviewed articles from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment represents an essential one-stop reference for an audience of researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and industry professionals.


The Interactions Between Sediments And Water

Author by : R. Douglas Evans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 850
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Description : Acknowledgements Conference Summary R. D. EVANS, A. PROVINI, J. S. MATIICE, B. T. HART and J. WISNIEWSKI/Interactions Between Sediments and Water: Summary of the 7th International Symposium 1-7 Sediment I Water Dynamics D. E. WALLING and W. HE /Investigating Spatial Patterns of Overbank Sedimentation on River Floodplains 9-20 R. JEPSEN, J. ROBERTS and W. LICK / Effects of Bulk Density on Sediment Erosion Rates 21-31 T. G. MILLIGAN and D. H. LORING / The Effect of Flocculation on the Size Distributions of Bottom Sediment in Coastal Inlets: Implications for Contaminant Transport 33-42 loG. DROPPO, G. G. LEPPARD, D. T. FLANNIGAN and S. N. LlSS / The Freshwater Floc: A Functional Relationship of Water and Organic and Inorganic Floc Constituents Affecting Suspended Sediment Properties 43-53 C. H. TSAI and J. Q. HU / Flocculation of Particles by Fluid Shear in Buffered Suspensions 55-62 P. M. STONE and D. E. WALLING / Particle Size Selectivity Considerations in Suspended Sediment Budget Investigations 63-70 Q. HE and D. E. WALLING / Spatial Variability of the Particle Size Composition of Overbank Floodplain Deposits 71-80 C. YEN and Y. LIN KEY / Variations of Bed Surface Sediment Size in a Channel Bend 81-88 M. STONE and B. G. KRISHNAPPAN / Transport Characteristics of Tile-Drain Sediments From an Agricultural Watershed 89-103 U. KERN and B. WESTRICH / Sediment Budget Analysis for River Reservoirs 105-112 A. I. PACKMAN, N. H. BROOKS and J. J.


Marine Technology Society Journal

Author by : Marine Technology Society
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 47
Total Download : 208
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Small Scale Processes In Geophysical Fluid Flows

Author by : Lakshmi H. Kantha
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 481
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : While ocean waves are the most visible example of oceanic mixing processes, this macroscale mixing process represents but one end of the spectrum of mixing processes operating in the ocean. At the scale of a typical phytoplanktoic diatom or larval fish inhabiting these seas, the most important mixing processes occur on the molecular scale - at the scale of turbulence. Physical-biological interactions at this scale are of paramount importance to the productivity of the seas (fisheries) and the heat balance that controls large scale ocean climate phenomena such as El Niño and tornadoes. This book grew out of the need for a comprehensive treatment of the diverse elements of geophysical fluid flow at the microscale. Kantha and Clayson have arranged a logial exposition of the various mixing processes operating within and between the oceans and its boundaries with the atmosphere and ocean floor. The authors' intent is to develop a volume that would provide a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental elements of ocean mixing so that students, academics, and professional fluid dynamicists and oceanographers can access this essential information from one source. This volume will serve as both a valuable reference tool for mathematically inclined limnologists, oceanographers and fluid modelers. * Simple models of oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers are discussed * Comprehensive and up-to-date review * Useful for graduate level course * Essential for modeling the oceans and the atmosphere * Color Plates


Biogeochemistry Of Inland Waters

Author by : Gene E. Likens
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 691
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : A derivative of the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Biogeochemistry of Inland Waters examines the transformation, flux and cycling of chemical compounds in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, combining aspects of biology, ecology, geology, and chemistry. Because the articles are drawn from an encyclopedia, they are easily accessible to interested members of the public, such as conservationists and environmental decision makers. This derivative text describes biogeochemical cycles of organic and inorganic elements and compounds in freshwater ecosystems.


Physics And Chemistry Of Lakes

Author by : Abraham Lerman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 223
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Description : A lake, as a body of water, is in continuous interaction with the rocks and soils in its drainage basin, the atmosphere, and surface and groundwaters. Human industrial and agricultural activities introduce new inputs and processes into lake systems. This volume is a selection of ten contributions dealing with diverse aspects of lake systems, including such subjects as the geological controls of lake basins and their histories, mixing and circulation patterns in lakes, gaseous exchange between the water and atmosphere, and human input to lakes through atmospheric precipitation and surficial runoff. This work was written with a dual goal in mind: to serve as a textbook and to provide professionals with in-depth expositions and discussions of the more important aspects of lake systems.


Handbook Of Chemical Mass Transport In The Environment

Author by : Louis J. Thibodeaux
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 415
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Description : A comprehensive account of the state of the science of environmental mass transport Edited by Louis J. Thibodeaux and Donald Mackay, renowned experts in this field, the Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment covers those processes which are critically important for assessing chemical fate, exposure, and risk. In a comprehensive and authoritative format, this unique handbook provides environmental chemists, geoscientists, engineers, and modelers with the essential capabilities to understand and quantify transport. In addition, it offers a one-stop resource on environmental mass transfer and mass transport coefficient estimation methods for all genres. The book begins by discussing mass transport fundamentals from an environmental perspective. It introduces the concept of mobility — key to environmental fate, since transport must occur prior to any reaction or partitioning within the natural multimedia compartments. The fugacity approach to environmental mass transfer and the conventional approach are examined. This is followed by a description of the individual mass transport processes and the appropriate flux equations required for a quantitative expression. The editors have identified 41 individual processes believed to be the most environmentally significant, which form the basis for the remainder of the book Using a consistent format for easy reference, each chapter: Introduces the specific processes Provides a detailed qualitative description Presents key theoretical mathematical formulations Describes field or laboratory measurements of transport parameters Gives data tables and algorithms for numerical estimates Offers a guide for users familiar with the process who are seeking a direct pathway to obtain the numerical coefficients Presents computed example problems, case studies and/or exercises with worked-through solutions and answers The final chapter presents the editors’ insight into future needs and emerging priorities. Accessible and relevant to a broad range of science and engineering users, this volume captures the state of the transport science and practice in this critical area.


Physics Of Lakes

Author by : Kolumban Hutter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
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Description : The ongoing thread in this volume of Physics of Lakes is the presentation of different methods of investigation for processes taking place in real lakes with a view to understanding lakes as components of the geophysical environment. It is divided into three parts. Part I is devoted to numerical modeling techniques and demonstrates that (i) wind-induced currents in depth-integrated models can only adequately predict current fields for extremely shallow lakes, and (ii) that classical multi-layered simulation models can only adequately reproduce current and temperature distributions when the lake is directly subjected to wind, but not the post-wind oscillating response. This makes shock capturing discretization techniques and Mellor-Yamada turbulence closure schemes necessary, as well as extremely high grid resolution to reduce the excessive numerical diffusion. Part II is devoted to the presentation of principles of observation and laboratory experimental procedures. It details the principles of operation for current, temperature, conductivity and other sensors applied in the field. It also discusses the advantages and limitations of common measuring methods like registration from stationary or drifting buoys, sounding and profiling from a boat, etc. Questions of data accuracy, quality, and reliability are also addressed. The use of laboratory experiments on a rotating platform is based on an exposition of dimensional analysis and model theory and illustrated using Lake Constance as an example. Part III gives an account of the dynamics of lake water as a particle-laden fluid, which, coupled with the transport of the bottom sediments, leads to morphodynamic changes of the bathymetry in estuarine and possibly whole lake regions. An elegant spatially one-dimensional theory makes it possible to derive analytic solutions of deltaic formations which are corroborated by laboratory experiments. A full three-dimensional description of the evolution of the alluvial bathymetry under prescribed tributary sediment input indicates a potential subject for future research.


Phytoplankton Responses To Human Impacts At Different Scales

Author by : Nico Salmaso
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 743
File Size : 50,8 Mb
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Description : Phytoplankton responses to human impact at different scales provides a state-of-the-art review of changes in the phytoplankton assemblages determined by human alterations of lakes and rivers. A wide spectrum of case studies describe the effects due to eutrophication and climate change, as well as other impacts connected with watershed management, hydrological alterations and introduction of non-indigenous species. The volume also includes two wide reviews on planktonic coccoid green algae and planktic heterocytous cyanobacteria. This book is addressed to ecologists and scientists involved in phytoplankton ecology and taxonomy. Many case studies provide a sound scientific basis of knowledge for a wise management of water bodies. Previously published in Hydrobiologia, vol. 698, 2012


Lake Ecosystem Ecology

Author by : Gene E. Likens
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 381
File Size : 48,6 Mb
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Description : A derivative of the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Lake Ecosystem Ecology examines the workings of the lake and reservoir ecosystems of our planet. Information and perspectives crucial to the understanding and management of current environmental problems are covered, such as eutrophication, acid rain and climate change. Because the articles are drawn from an encyclopedia, the articles are easily accessible to interested members of the public, such as conservationists and environmental decision makers. Includes an up-to-date summary of global aquatic ecosystems and issues Covers current environmental problems and management solutions Features full-color figures and tables to support the text and aid in understanding


Metals In The Hydrocycle

Author by : Wim Salomons
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 873
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Water Resources Quality

Author by : Hillel Rubin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 987
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description : This monograph results from the 4th International Austrian-Israeli Technion Symposium cum Industrial Forum under the banner of the Austrian Technion Society initiative Technology for Peace - Science for Mankind, which was held in Vienna, 23 - 25 April 200 I, devoted to Preservation of the Quality of our Water Resources. The Symposium was a cooperative effort with the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education and Science and Culture, and the Austrian Federal Ministry of Economy and Labor. The program was structured and managed by a joint Program Committee incorporating the editors of this monograph, who are faculty members from the Stephan and Nancy Grand Water Research Institute at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, and the University of Agricultural Sciences (Bodenkultur) of Vienna. The Symposium attracted participation from universities, research institutes, industries, and national authorities from Austria, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Jordan, Palestinian Autonomy, Poland, Russia, Spain, Turkey, USA, and Uzbekistan. The Symposium topics were of major international interest, and talks were at a high professional level. Therefore, I have gladly accepted the initiative of the Symposium Program Committee to extend and expand manuscripts of special merit to chapters of this monograph, whose title is identical to that of the Symposium. Out of the 39 papers presented at the Symposium, 24 papers were selected for inclusion in this monograph, according to their scientific merit and quality of contribution to the overall subject. Those selected were expanded and subjected to peer review for inclusion in this Volume.


Revival Environmental Particles 1993

Author by : Jacques Buffle
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
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Description : Environmental Particles, Volume 2 presents a review of the sampling, characterization, and behavior of particles in air, water, sediments, and solids. The book analyzes the formation, aggregation, transport, and conversion of particles, and evaluates the capabilities of physical and chemical analytic methods. It also discusses physicochemical properties of environmental particles, their spectroscopic characterization and colloid chemical properties, and how they affect biochemical and toxicological processes. This book is an important reference for environmental chemists, limnologists, oceanographers, air and soil scientists, analytical chemists, environmental engineers, students, and more.


Environmental Chemodynamics

Author by : Louis J. Thibodeaux
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 628
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Description : What happens to a chemical once it enters the natural environment?How do its physical and chemical properties influence itstransport, persistence, and partitioning in the biosphere? How donatural forces influence its distribution? How are the answers tothese questions useful in making toxicological and epidemiologicalforecasts? Environmental Chemodynamics, Second Edition introduces readers tothe concepts, tools, and techniques currently used to answer theseand other critical questions about the fate and transport ofchemicals in the natural environment. Like its critically acclaimedpredecessor, its main focus is on the mechanisms and rates ofmovement of chemicals across the air/soil, soil/water, andwater/air interfaces, and on how natural processes work to mobilizechemicals near and across interfaces--information vital toperforming human and ecological risk assessments. Also consistent with the first edition, EnvironmentalChemodynamics, Second Edition is organized to accommodate readersof every level of experience. The first section is devoted totheoretical underpinnings and includes discussions of mass balance,thermodynamics, transport science concepts, and more. The secondsection concentrates on practical aspects, including the movementbetween bed-sediment and water, movement between soil and air, andintraphase chemical behavior. This revised and updated edition of Louis J. Thibodeaux's 1979classic features new or expanded coverage of: * Equilibrium models for environmental compartments * Dry deposition of particles and vapors onto water and soilsurfaces * Chemical profiles in rivers and estuaries, particles and porousmedia * Fate and transport in the atmospheric boundary layer and withinsubterranean media * Chemical exchange between water column and bed-sediment * Intraphase chemical transport and fate This Second Edition of Environmental Chemodynamics also includestwice as many references and 50% more exercises and practiceproblems.


Atmospheric Boundary Layers

Author by : Alexander Baklanov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 373
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : This volume presents peer-reviewed papers from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Atmospheric Boundary Layers held in April 2006. The papers are divided into thematic sessions: nature and theory of turbulent boundary layers; boundary-layer flows: modeling and applications to environmental security; nature, theory and modeling of boundary-layer flows; air flows within and above urban and other complex canopies: air-sea-ice interaction.


Lake Biwa Interactions Between Nature And People

Author by : Hiroya Kawanabe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
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File Size : 55,8 Mb
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Description : Although, the first edition had a similar focus, more than five years have passed since its publication and the biological and social circumstances of the lake have drastically changed due to, for example, the further expansion of alien species, the decrease of indigenous species, the progress of integrated watershed management by the Union of the Kansai Government which was established in 2010, the legislation of the Conservation and Restoration Act of Lake Biwa in 2015 and more. The new edition will therefore feature updated and new information on the above and more topics as well as updated and revised data based on the latest research. Inventories of respective taxa, especially those of small animals, are also revised based on the latest studies. Furthermore, this volume covers the characteristics of the biota of this ancient lake, but at the same time, it will also approach it as a ‘culture ancient lake’. Other topics also include water pollution, lakeshore development, the effects of global warming in the past and present, the influence of people, and countermeasures by local and national governments. Moreover, the volume also provides a comprehensive view on the future of Lake Biwa and that of its residents. Miraculously enough, this ancient lake has kept its water quality clear even until today despite the fact of more than 1.4 million people living on its shores. Finally, the book also gives indispensable information to those engaged in improving and conserving water regimes of lakes and other water bodies all over the world and to those interested in the culture and history of Japan. Lake Biwa is not only one of the rarest ancient lakes of the world, but the people’s involvement with the lake also goes back a long way. This is shown in the diverse culture developed in this area and in the various archaeological finds that date back as early as the Jomon Period, nearly 10.000 years ago. Today Lake Biwa fulfills an important role as a water resource by providing domestic, commercial, industrial, and agricultural water for over 14 million residents living around the Lake Biwa-Yodo River drainage basin. This updated volume focuses on the geological and biological features of the lake as well as on the long-term interactions between the people and the lake.


Phosphates In Sediments

Author by : Laura Serrano
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 240
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description :