Bourgeois Equality

Bourgeois Equality
Author: Deirdre N. McCloskey
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2017-10-13
ISBN: 022652793X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bourgeois Equality Book Excerpt:

The last 200 years have witnessed a 100-fold leap in well-being. Deirdre McCloskey argues that most people today are stunningly better off than their forbearers were in 1800, and that the rest of humanity will soon be. A purely materialist, incentivist view of economic change does not explain this leap. We have now the third in McCloskey's three-volume opus about how bourgeois values transformed Europe. Volume 3 nails the case for that transfiguration, telling us how aristocratic virtues of hierarchy were replaced by bourgeois virtues (more precisely, by attitudes toward virtues) that made it possible for ordinary folk with novel ideas to change the way people, farmed, manufactured, traveled, ruled themselves, and fought. It is a dramatic story, and joins a dramatic debate opened up by Thomas Piketty in his best-selling Capital in the 21st Century. McCloskey insists that economists are far too preoccupied by capital and saving, arguing against the position (of Piketty and most others) that capital induces a tendency to get more, that money reproduces itself, that riches are created from riches. Not so, our intrepid McCloskey shows. Bill Gates and Steve Jobs, among the biggest wealth accumulators in our era, didn't get rich through the magic of compound interest on capital. They got rich through intellectual property, creating billions of dollars from virtually nothing. Capital was no more important an ingredient to the original Apple or Microsoft than cookies or cucumbers. The debate is between those who think riches are created from riches versus those who, with McCloskey, think riches are created from rags, between those who see profits as a generous return on capital, or profits coming from innovation that ultimately benefits us all.

Democratic Equality

Democratic Equality
Author: Ed Broadbent
Publsiher: University of Toronto Press
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2001-01-01
ISBN: 9780802083326
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democratic Equality Book Excerpt:

Are the world's oldest democracies failing? In this extraordinary collection, top scholars in political science, sociology, philosophy and economics, discuss a radical shift towards inequality in an age of mass capital globalization.

Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union

Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union
Author: Richard Lang
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2018-07-19
ISBN: 9004354263
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union Book Excerpt:

In Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union: Reconciling Diversity and Harmonization, Richard Lang proposes that the EU’s judges adopt Walzerian Complex Equality as a complement to their existing, and unsatisfactory, test for equality based on Aristotle.

The Permanence of the Political

The Permanence of the Political
Author: Joseph M. Schwartz
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 1995-11-13
ISBN: 9781400821778
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Permanence of the Political Book Excerpt:

Why have radical political theorists, whose thinking inspired mass movements for democracy, been so suspicious of political plurality? According to Joseph Schwartz, their doubts were involved with an effort to transcend politics. Mistakenly equating all social difference with the harmful way in which particular interests dominated marketplace societies, radical thinkers sought a comprehensive set of "true human interests" that would completely abolish political strife. In extensive analyses of Rousseau, Hegel, Marx, Lenin, and Arendt, Schwartz seeks to mediate the radical critique of democratic capitalist societies with the concern for pluralism evidenced in both liberal and postmodern thought. He thus escapes the authoritarian potential of the radical position, while appropriating its more democratic implications. In Schwartz's view, a reconstructed radical democratic theory of politics must sustain liberalism's defense of individual rights and social pluralism, while redressing the liberal failure to question structural inequalities. In proposing such a theory, he criticizes communitarianism for its premodern longing for a monolithic, virtuous society, and challenges the "politics of difference" for its failure to question the undemocratic terrain of power on which "difference" is constructed. In conclusion, he maintains that an equitable distribution of power and resources among social groups necessitates not the transcendence of politics but its democratic expansion.

Democracy and Revolution

Democracy and Revolution
Author: V. I. Lenin
Publsiher: Resistance Books
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9781876646004
Category: Communism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and Revolution Book Excerpt:

Routledge Library Editions Political Protest

Routledge Library Editions  Political Protest
Author: Various Authors
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 6586
Release: 2022-07-30
ISBN: 1000806847
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge Library Editions Political Protest Book Excerpt:

This 26-volume set is a wide-ranging, time- and subject-spanning examination of the phenomenon of political protest. What drives people to take to the streets, and how do their governments respond? These questions and many more are analysed in areas as varied as sixteenth-century German peasant uprisings, revolutionary Russians at the Paris Commune, women protesting nuclear weapons at Greenham Common, and the role Christianity played in protests across the ages. An impressive reference resource, this set also looks at the policing of protests and official responses to them.

The Two Narratives of Political Economy

The Two Narratives of Political Economy
Author: Nicholas Capaldi,Gordon Lloyd
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2011-01-06
ISBN: 1118011686
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Two Narratives of Political Economy Book Excerpt:

Captures the 17th-19th century origins and developments ofpolitical economy by editing original texts and illuminatingtheir relevance for today's political debate Political economy from the 17th century to the present can be captured in two narratives originating with Locke and Rousseau. Those original narratives were expanded in significant ways in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the editors argue that they still hold sway today. Edited original writings included in the anthology are from: Locke, Rousseau, Adam Smith, Tocqueville, Mill, Marx, Proudhon, Owen, the Federalist Papers, the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, and the American Constitution. The editors have restricted their comments to the extensive introductions thereby allowing the original participants to speak for themselves. The readings included are intended to be instructive with respect to the origin and development of the two narratives rather than an exhaustive account of how thinkers and writers on economics advance the discipline of economics as a social science. Reviews "The editors provide a compelling collection to critically frame the clash of Political Economy which shapes modern democracies. Their selections and introductions expertly paint a picture of the contending schools to suggest how enduring these core challenges remain. By placing these writers within this great debate, the authors guide students to discover the essential questions of liberty, equality, and the proper role of the state at the core of the American economic debate." —Roberta Q. Herzberg, Utah State University Political Science "The real service performed by Capaldi and Lloyd is to provide generous excerpts from supporters of both narratives so that the reader can determine for themselves who best makes their case. I recommend this volume highly both to the individual interested in learning about the intellectual and political history of political economy and to the professor in search of a one-volume anthology on political economy for use in a course on economic thought." —Steven D. Ealy, Senior Fellow, Liberty Fund, Inc.

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics
Author: M. E. Hawkesworth,Maurice Kogan
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 1483
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9780415276238
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics Book Excerpt:

This is the second edition of the "Encyclopedia of Government and Politics", which has been fully revised and updated to provide a systematic account of politics and political studies at the beginning of the new millennium. Offering a penetrating analysis of government and politics at a global, regional and nation-state level, the encyclopaedia assesses both traditional and contemporary approaches and projects the paths of future research. The articles provide a degree of critical analysis beyond a simple descriptive outline of the subject. Internationally respected contributors have been selected to present contending approaches to related topics, both to clarify the political implications of the various methodologies and to enrich the portrayal of political life. With its expanded, revised and updated coverage, the encyclopaedia is a useful tool for students, teachers, professional analysts and policy makers.

The Global Bourgeoisie

The Global Bourgeoisie
Author: David Motadel,Christof Dejung,Jürgen Osterhammel
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-12-03
ISBN: 0691177341
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Global Bourgeoisie Book Excerpt:

The first global history of the middle class While the nineteenth century has been described as the golden age of the European bourgeoisie, the emergence of the middle class and bourgeois culture was by no means exclusive to Europe. The Global Bourgeoisie explores the rise of the middle classes around the world during the age of empire. Bringing together eminent scholars, this landmark essay collection compares middle-class formation in various regions, highlighting differences and similarities, and assesses the extent to which bourgeois growth was tied to the increasing exchange of ideas and goods. The contributors indicate that the middle class was from its very beginning, even in Europe, the result of international connections and entanglements. Essays are grouped into six thematic sections: the political history of middle-class formation, the impact of imperial rule on the colonial middle class, the role of capitalism, the influence of religion, the obstacles to the middle class beyond the Western and colonial world, and, lastly, reflections on the creation of bourgeois cultures and global social history. Placing the establishment of middle-class society into historical context, this book shows how the triumph or destabilization of bourgeois values can shape the liberal world order. The Global Bourgeoisie irrevocably changes the understanding of how an important social class came to be.

Birds Cannot Give Birth to Crocodiles But Humanity Can Soar Beyond the Horizon

Birds Cannot Give Birth to Crocodiles  But Humanity Can Soar Beyond the Horizon
Author: Bob Avakian
Publsiher: Insight Press, Inc
Total Pages: 131
Release: 2014-04-16
ISBN: 0983266107
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Birds Cannot Give Birth to Crocodiles But Humanity Can Soar Beyond the Horizon Book Excerpt:

This book makes the case for why humanity needs a communist revolution and deeply explores the means for actually bringing about such a liberating revolution. In this two-part work (“Part 1—Revolution and the State” and “Part 2—Building the Movement for Revolution”), Bob Avakian examines the contradictory dynamics of historical development in human society—and the possible pathways of change—and discusses the scientific methods and means for realizing the “Impossible Dream” of a viable and radically different world, one where humanity can soar beyond social relations characterized by domination, exploitation, and oppression. In a style that has been described as totally outrageous and eminently reasonable, Avakian punctures conventional thinking on a number of diverse themes (for example, the theory of “social contract,” notions of “human nature,” and today's “revolting culture”). In a penetrating critique, capitalism and the philosophies of the bourgeois epoch are sharply contrasted with the basic vision, principles, and approach of a new liberating society, including how this would be reflected in a constitution radically different than the current U.S. Constitution. Birds Cannot Give Birth to Crocodiles, But Humanity Can Soar Beyond the Horizon embodies the new synthesis of communism which Bob Avakian has been developing over the course of the past several decades, and provides new insights into the dynamics of social change and the strategy for revolution.

Five Stars

Five Stars
Author: Carmine Gallo
Publsiher: St. Martin's Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-06-05
ISBN: 1250183472
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Five Stars Book Excerpt:

“As technology threatens to displace countless jobs and skills, the ability to communicate is becoming more important than ever. This book is full of examples to help you get better at transporting your thoughts and emotions into the minds of other people.” —Adam Grant, New York Times bestselling author of Give and Take, Originals, and Option B with Sheryl Sandberg How to master the art of persuasion—from the bestselling author of Talk Like TED. Ideas don’t sell themselves. As the forces of globalization, automation, and artificial intelligence combine to disrupt every field, having a good idea isn’t good enough. Mastering the ancient art of persuasion is the key to standing out, getting ahead, and achieving greatness in the modern world. Communication is no longer a “soft” skill—it is the human edge that will make you unstoppable, irresistible, and irreplaceable—earning you that perfect rating, that fifth star. In Five Stars, Carmine Gallo, bestselling author of Talk Like TED, breaks down how to apply Aristotle’s formula of persuasion to inspire contemporary audiences. As the nature of work changes, and technology carries things across the globe in a moment, communication skills become more valuable—not less. Gallo interviews neuroscientists, economists, historians, billionaires, and business leaders of companies like Google, Nike, and Airbnb to show first-hand how they use their words to captivate your imagination and ignite your dreams. In the knowledge age—the information economy—you are only as valuable as your ideas. Five Stars is a book to help you bridge the gap between mediocrity and exceptionality, and gain your competitive edge in the age of automation. In Five Stars, you will also learn: -The one skill billionaire Warren Buffett says will raise your value by 50 percent. -Why your job might fall into a category where 75 percent or more of your income relies on your ability to sell your idea. -How Airbnb’s founders follow a classic 3-part formula shared by successful Hollywood movies. -Why you should speak in third-grade language to persuade adult listeners. -The one brain hack Steve Jobs, Leonardo da Vinci, and Picasso used to unlock their best ideas.

Why Liberalism Works

Why Liberalism Works
Author: Deirdre Nansen McCloskey
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2019-10-15
ISBN: 0300244819
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Why Liberalism Works Book Excerpt:

An insightful and passionately written book explaining why a return to Enlightenment ideals is good for the world The greatest challenges facing humankind, according to Deirdre McCloskey, are poverty and tyranny, both of which hold people back. Arguing for a return to true liberal values, this engaging and accessible book develops, defends, and demonstrates how embracing the ideas first espoused by eighteenth-century philosophers like Locke, Smith, Voltaire, and Wollstonecraft is good for everyone. With her trademark wit and deep understanding, McCloskey shows how the adoption of Enlightenment ideals of liberalism has propelled the freedom and prosperity that define the quality of a full life. In her view, liberalism leads to equality, but equality does not necessarily lead to liberalism. Liberalism is an optimistic philosophy that depends on the power of rhetoric rather than coercion, and on ethics, free speech, and facts in order to thrive.

Social Democracy in the Making

Social Democracy in the Making
Author: Gary Dorrien
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2019-04-23
ISBN: 0300236026
Category: Christian socialism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Democracy in the Making Book Excerpt:

An expansive and ambitious intellectual history of democratic socialism from one of the world's leading intellectual historians and social ethicists The fallout from twenty years of neoliberal economic globalism has sparked a surge of interest in the old idea of democratic socialism--a democracy in which the people control the economy and government, no group dominates any other, and every citizen is free, equal, and included. With a focus on the intertwined legacies of Christian socialism and Social Democratic politics in Britain and Germany, this book traces the story of democratic socialism from its birth in the nineteenth century through the mid-1960s. Examining the tenets on which the movement was founded and how it adapted to different cultural, religious, and economic contexts from its beginnings through the social and political traumas of the twentieth century, Gary Dorrien reminds us that Christian socialism paved the way for all liberation theologies that make the struggles of oppressed peoples the subject of redemption. He argues for a decentralized economic democracy and anti-imperial internationalism.

The Public and the Private

The Public and the Private
Author: Gurpreet Mahajan,Helmut Reifeld
Publsiher: SAGE Publications India
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2003-08-05
ISBN: 8132103734
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Public and the Private Book Excerpt:

Bringing together original essays by distinguished scholars from diverse disciplines, this volume constitutes an important contribution to the private-public debate. It does not set out to provide conclusive answers but raises pertinent questions, explores their implications, and looks to promote a global process of dialogue. The contributors highlight the manner in which the public and the private actually reinforce one another and collectively impact democracy.

Daily Report

Daily Report
Author: United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: China
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Daily Report Book Excerpt:

Revolutionary Democracy

Revolutionary Democracy
Author: Soma Marik
Publsiher: Haymarket Books
Total Pages: 537
Release: 2018-03-09
ISBN: 1608467309
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Revolutionary Democracy Book Excerpt:

In this wide-ranging and insightful work, Soma Marik defends the legacy of the Bolshevik Revolution, arguing against many of its detractors that the early communist regime was centrally concerned with both the liberation of women and the expansion of democracy. Soma Marik teaches Women's Studies and History at Jadavpur University.

The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto
Author: Karl Marx
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2012-05-29
ISBN: 0300163207
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Communist Manifesto Book Excerpt:

Marx and Engels's Communist Manifesto has become one of the world’s most influential political tracts since its original 1848 publication. Part of the Rethinking the Western Tradition series, this edition of the Manifesto features an extensive introduction by Jeffrey C. Isaac, and essays by Vladimir Tismaneanu, Steven Lukes, Saskia Sassen, and Stephen Eric Bronner, each well known for their writing on questions central to the Manifesto and the history of Marxism. These essays address the Manifesto's historical background, its impact on the development of twentieth-century Communism, its strengths and weaknesses as a form of ethical critique, and its relevance in the post-1989, post-Cold War world. This edition also includes much ancillary material, including the many Prefaces published in the lifetimes of Marx and Engels, and Engels's "Principles of Communism."

Crowds and Party

Crowds and Party
Author: Jodi Dean
Publsiher: Verso Books
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2016-02-01
ISBN: 1781687668
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crowds and Party Book Excerpt:

How do mass protests become an organized activist collective? Crowds and Party channels the energies of the riotous crowds who took to the streets in the past five years into an argument for the political party. Rejecting the emphasis on individuals and multitudes, Jodi Dean argues that we need to rethink the collective subject of politics. When crowds appear in spaces unauthorized by capital and the state—such as in the Occupy movement in New York, London and across the world—they create a gap of possibility. But too many on the Left remain stuck in this beautiful moment of promise—they argue for more of the same, further fragmenting issues and identities, rehearsing the last thirty years of left-wing defeat. In Crowds and Party, Dean argues that previous discussions of the party have missed its affective dimensions, the way it operates as a knot of unconscious processes and binds people together. Dean shows how we can see the party as an organization that can reinvigorate political practice.

Status of Voluntary Teachers Associations in Cities of 100 000 Population Or More

Status of Voluntary Teachers  Associations in Cities of 100 000 Population Or More
Author: M. David Hoffman
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 258
Release: 1931
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Acids
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Status of Voluntary Teachers Associations in Cities of 100 000 Population Or More Book Excerpt:

Sex Needs and Queer Culture

Sex  Needs and Queer Culture
Author: Doctor David Alderson
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2016-04-15
ISBN: 1783605146
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Needs and Queer Culture Book Excerpt:

The belief of many in the early sexual liberation movements was that capitalism's investment in the norms of the heterosexual family meant that any challenge to them was invariably anti-capitalist. In recent years, however, lesbian and gay subcultures have become increasingly mainstream and commercialized - as seen, for example, in corporate backing for pride events - while the initial radicalism of sexual liberation has given way to relatively conservative goals over marriage and adoption rights. Meanwhile, queer theory has critiqued this 'homonormativity', or assimilation, as if some act of betrayal had occurred. In Sex, Needs and Queer Culture, David Alderson seeks to account for these shifts in both queer movements and the wider society, and argues powerfully for a distinctive theoretical framework. Through a critical reassessment of the work of Herbert Marcuse, as well as the cultural theorists Raymond Williams and Alan Sinfield, Alderson asks whether capitalism is progressive for queers, evaluates the distinctive radicalism of the counterculture as it has mutated into queer, and distinguishes between avant-garde protest and subcultural development. In doing so, the book offers new directions for thinking about sexuality and its relations to the broader project of human liberation.