Brain and Behavior

Brain and Behavior
Author: David Eagleman,Jonathan Downar
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2015-12-15
ISBN: 9780195377682
Category: Cognitive neuroscience
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain and Behavior Book Excerpt:

Brain and Behavior addresses the central aims of cognitive neuroscience, examining the brain not only by its components but also by its functions. Emphasizing the dynamically changing nature of the brain, the text highlights the principles, discoveries, and remaining mysteries of moderncognitive neuroscience to give students a firm grounding in this fascinating subject.

Brain and Behavior

Brain and Behavior
Author: David Eagleman,Jonathan Downar
Publsiher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023-04-05
ISBN: 9780190861674
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain and Behavior Book Excerpt:

Brain and Behavior: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective captures the excitement of cognitive and behavioral neuroscience by focusing on fundamental scientific principles, patterns, and ways of thinking. Brain and Behavior is clear and vibrant writing, with fascinating real-life examples and applications that help to emphasize the dynamically changing nature of the brain. This text covers a wide territory critical for understanding the brain, from the basics of the nervous system to the sensory and motor systems, sleep, language, memory, emotions and motivation, social cognition, and brain disorders. Throughout the narrative, the authors emphasize the dynamically changing nature of the brain, through the mechanisms of neuroplasticity. The text pulls together the best current knowledge about the brain while acknowledging current areas of ignorance and pointing students toward the most promising directions for future research.

Explaining Abnormal Behavior

Explaining Abnormal Behavior
Author: Bruce F. Pennington
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2014-01-28
ISBN: 1462513662
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Explaining Abnormal Behavior Book Excerpt:

Presenting cutting-edge work on the brain systems involved in key domains of neuropsychological functioning, Pennington sheds light on acquired neurological disorders like aphasia and amnesia, as well as the development of such conditions as schizophrenia, depression, dyslexia, autism and intellectual disability. (Psychology)

The Palgrave Handbook of Biology and Society

The Palgrave Handbook of Biology and Society
Author: Maurizio Meloni,John Cromby,Des Fitzgerald,Stephanie Lloyd
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 941
Release: 2017-10-27
ISBN: 1137528796
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Palgrave Handbook of Biology and Society Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive handbook synthesizes the often-fractured relationship between the study of biology and the study of society. Bringing together a compelling array of interdisciplinary contributions, the authors demonstrate how nuanced attention to both the biological and social sciences opens up novel perspectives upon some of the most significant sociological, anthropological, philosophical and biological questions of our era. The six sections cover topics ranging from genomics and epigenetics, to neuroscience and psychology to social epidemiology and medicine. The authors collaboratively present state-of-the-art research and perspectives in some of the most intriguing areas of what can be called biosocial and biocultural approaches, demonstrating how quickly we are moving beyond the acrimonious debates that characterized the border between biology and society for most of the twentieth century. This landmark volume will be an extremely valuable resource for scholars and practitioners in all areas of the social and biological sciences. The chapter 'Ten Theses on the Subject of Biology and Politics: Conceptual, Methodological, and Biopolitical Considerations' is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com. Versions of the chapters 'The Transcendence of the Social', 'Scrutinizing the Epigenetics Revolution', 'Species of Biocapital, 2008, and Speciating Biocapital, 2017' and 'Experimental Entanglements: Social Science and Neuroscience Beyond Interdisciplinarity' are available open access via third parties. For further information please see license information in the chapters or on link.springer.com.

Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience

Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Steven Platek,Julian Keenan,Todd Shackelford
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 637
Release: 2007
ISBN: 0262162415
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

An essential reference for the new discipline of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience that defines the field's approach of applying evolutionary theory to guide brain-behavior investigations. Since Darwin we have known that evolution has shaped all organisms and that biological organs—including the brain and the highly crafted animal nervous system—are subject to the pressures of natural and sexual selection. It is only relatively recently, however, that the cognitive neurosciences have begun to apply evolutionary theory and methods to the study of brain and behavior. This landmark reference documents and defines the emerging field of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience. Chapters by leading researchers demonstrate the power of the evolutionary perspective to yield new data, theory, and insights on the evolution and functional modularity of the brain. Evolutionary cognitive neuroscience covers all areas of cognitive neuroscience, from nonhuman brain-behavior relationships to human cognition and consciousness, and each section of Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience addresses a different adaptive problem. After an introductory section that outlines the basic tenets of both theory and methodology of an evolutionarily informed cognitive neuroscience, the book treats neuroanatomy from ontogenetic and phylogenetic perspectives and explores reproduction and kin recognition, spatial cognition and language, and self-awareness and social cognition. Notable findings include a theory to explain the extended ontogenetic and brain development periods of big-brained organisms, fMRI research on the neural correlates of romantic attraction, an evolutionary view of sex differences in spatial cognition, a theory of language evolution that draws on recent research on mirror neurons, and evidence for a rudimentary theory of mind in nonhuman primates. A final section discusses the ethical implications of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience and the future of the field. Contributors: C. Davison Ankney, Simon Baron-Cohen, S. Marc Breedlove, William Christiana, Michael Corballis, Robin I. M. Dunbar, Russell Fernald, Helen Fisher, Jonathan Flombaum, Farah Focquaert, Steven J.C. Gaulin, Aaron Goetz, Kevin Guise, Ruben C. Gur, William D. Hopkins, Farzin Irani, Julian Paul Keenan, Michael Kimberly, Stephen Kosslyn, Sarah L. Levin, Lori Marino, David Newlin, Ivan S. Panyavin, Shilpa Patel, Webb Phillips, Steven M. Platek, David Andrew Puts, Katie Rodak, J. Philippe Rushton, Laurie Santos, Todd K. Shackelford, Kyra Singh, Sean T. Stevens, Valerie Stone, Jaime W. Thomson, Gina Volshteyn, Paul Root Wolpe

Society Organizations and the Brain building towards a unified cognitive neuroscience perspective

Society  Organizations and the Brain  building towards a unified cognitive neuroscience perspective
Author: Carl Senior,Nick Lee,Sven Braeutigam
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 207
Release: 2015-07-02
ISBN: 2889195805
Category: Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Society Organizations and the Brain building towards a unified cognitive neuroscience perspective Book Excerpt:

This e-book brings together scholars in both the neurosciences and organizational sciences who have adopted various approaches to study the cognitive mechanisms mediating the social behavior that we see within organizations. Such an approach has been termed by ourselves, and others, as ‘organisational cognitive neuroscience’. In recent years there has been a veritable increase in studies that have explored the cognitive mechanisms driving such behaviors, and much progress has been made in understanding the neural underpinnings of processes such as financial exchange, risk awareness and even leadership. However, while these studies are informative and add to our understanding of human cognition they fall short of providing evidence-based recommendations for practice. Specifically, we address the broader issue of how the neuroscientific study of such core social behaviors can be used to improve the very way that we work. To address these gaps in our understanding the chapters in this book serve as a platform that allows scholars in both the neurosciences and the organizational sciences to highlight the work that spans across these two fields. The consolidation of these two fields also serves to highlight the utility of a singular organizational cognitive neuroscience. This is a fundamentally important outcome of the book as the application of neuroscience to address economically relevant behaviors has seen a variety of fields evolve in their own right, such as neuromarketing, neuroeconomics and so forth. The use of neuro-scientific technologies,in particular fMRI, has indeed led to a bewildering (and somewhat suffocating) proliferation of new approaches, however, the speed of such developments demands that we must proceed carefully with such ventures or risk some fundamental mistakes. The book that you now hold will consolidates these new neuroscience based approaches and in doing so highlight the importance of this approach in helping us to understand human social behavior in general. Taken together the chapters provide a framework for scholars within the neurosciences who wish to explore the further the opportunities that the study of organisational behavior may provide.

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression
Author: Bernhard Baune
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2018-05-23
ISBN: 0128110740
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression Book Excerpt:

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression: Basic Science and Clinical Applications is the first book to move beyond the established theory of cytokine-induced depression and explore the broader role the immune system plays in this devastating mood disorder. The book fully explores the most recent lines of research into this rapidly advancing field, including alterations of T-cells, the neurobiological implications of neuroinflammation and immune alterations for brain development and function, and the genetic components of neuroinflammation in depression, including the relationships between stress and inflammation that are revealing gene-environment interactions in the disorder. Combining contributions from researchers worldwide, this book provides the most comprehensive discussion available today on the involvement of the innate immune and adaptive immune systems in depressive disorder. Chapters span neuroscience, psychology, clinical applications and future directions, making this book an invaluable resource for advanced students, researchers and practitioners who need to understand the complex and varied role of inflammation and immune responses in depression. Synthesizes current knowledge of inflammation and immunity in depression, ranging from basic neuroscience research, to clinical applications in psychiatry Expands on the long-established theory of cytokine-induced depression to discuss broader involvement of the immune system Explores translational potential of targeting immune dysfunction for clinical interventions

Human Language

Human Language
Author: Peter Hagoort
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 753
Release: 2019-10-29
ISBN: 0262042630
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Language Book Excerpt:

A unique overview of the human language faculty at all levels of organization. Language is not only one of the most complex cognitive functions that we command, it is also the aspect of the mind that makes us uniquely human. Research suggests that the human brain exhibits a language readiness not found in the brains of other species. This volume brings together contributions from a range of fields to examine humans' language capacity from multiple perspectives, analyzing it at genetic, neurobiological, psychological, and linguistic levels. In recent decades, advances in computational modeling, neuroimaging, and genetic sequencing have made possible new approaches to the study of language, and the contributors draw on these developments. The book examines cognitive architectures, investigating the functional organization of the major language skills; learning and development trajectories, summarizing the current understanding of the steps and neurocognitive mechanisms in language processing; evolutionary and other preconditions for communication by means of natural language; computational tools for modeling language; cognitive neuroscientific methods that allow observations of the human brain in action, including fMRI, EEG/MEG, and others; the neural infrastructure of language capacity; the genome's role in building and maintaining the language-ready brain; and insights from studying such language-relevant behaviors in nonhuman animals as birdsong and primate vocalization. Section editors Christian F. Beckmann, Carel ten Cate, Simon E. Fisher, Peter Hagoort, Evan Kidd, Stephen C. Levinson, James M. McQueen, Antje S. Meyer, David Poeppel, Caroline F. Rowland, Constance Scharff, Ivan Toni, Willem Zuidema

Active Inference

Active Inference
Author: Thomas Parr,Giovanni Pezzulo,Karl J. Friston
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2022-03-29
ISBN: 0262045354
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Active Inference Book Excerpt:

The first comprehensive treatment of active inference, an integrative perspective on brain, cognition, and behavior used across multiple disciplines. Active inference is a way of understanding sentient behavior—a theory that characterizes perception, planning, and action in terms of probabilistic inference. Developed by theoretical neuroscientist Karl Friston over years of groundbreaking research, active inference provides an integrated perspective on brain, cognition, and behavior that is increasingly used across multiple disciplines including neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy. Active inference puts the action into perception. This book offers the first comprehensive treatment of active inference, covering theory, applications, and cognitive domains. Active inference is a “first principles” approach to understanding behavior and the brain, framed in terms of a single imperative to minimize free energy. The book emphasizes the implications of the free energy principle for understanding how the brain works. It first introduces active inference both conceptually and formally, contextualizing it within current theories of cognition. It then provides specific examples of computational models that use active inference to explain such cognitive phenomena as perception, attention, memory, and planning.

Social Neuroscience

Social Neuroscience
Author: Eddie Harmon-Jones,Piotr Winkielman
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 529
Release: 2007-11-15
ISBN: 159385644X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

This compelling volume provides a broad and accessible overview of the emerging field of social neuroscience. Showcasing an array of cutting-edge research programs, leading investigators present new approaches to the study of how the brain and body influence social behavior, and vice versa. Each authoritative chapter clearly describes the methods used: lesion studies, neuroimaging techniques, hormonal methods, event-related brain potential methods, and others. The contributors discuss the theoretical advantages of taking a social neuroscience perspective and analyze what their findings reveal about core social psychological phenomena. Essential topics include emotion, motivation, attitudes, person perception, stereotyping and prejudice, and interpersonal relationships.

Neurological Foundations of Cognitive Neuroscience

Neurological Foundations of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Mark D'Esposito
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9780262042093
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurological Foundations of Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

A review of a broad range of neurobehavioral syndromes from both neurological and cognitive neuroscientific perspectives. Despite dramatic advances in neuroimaging techniques, patient-based analyses of brain disorders continue to offer important insights into the functioning of the normal brain. Bridging the gap between the work of neurologists studying clinical disorders and neuroscientists studying the neural mechanisms underlying normal cognition, this book reviews classical neurobehavioral syndromes from both neurological and cognitive scientific perspectives.The contributors are all practicing neurologists who also conduct cognitive neuroscience research. Each chapter begins with a case study, describing the patient's symptoms and the cognitive processes involved. The clinical descriptions are followed by historical background on the neurobehavioral syndromes and discussion of the methods used to understand the underlying neural mechanisms. In their attempts to reconcile conflicting data derived from different methodologies, many of the authors shed new light on the cognitive mechanisms they discuss. The syndromes include neglect, Balint's syndrome, amnesia, semantic dementia, topographical disorientation, acquired dyslexia, acalculia, transcortical motor aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, apraxia, and lateral prefrontal syndrome.

Evolutionary Psychology Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience

Evolutionary Psychology  Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience
Author: William J. Ray
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 537
Release: 2013
ISBN: 1412995892
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary Psychology Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience Book Excerpt:

This book brings together current perspectives concerning the manner in which human mind, behavior and experience evolved. In addition to the traditional psychological literature, it draws from work in the cognitive and affective neurosciences, ethology, and genetics. The focus will be on a unification and integration of evolutionary understandings within a broader consideration.

The Attentive Brain

The Attentive Brain
Author: Raja Parasuraman
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780262661126
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Attentive Brain Book Excerpt:

Of the myriad tasks that the brain has to perform, perhaps none is as crucial to the performance of other tasks as attention. A central thesis of this book on the cognitive neuroscience of attention is that attention is not a single entity, but a finite set of brain processes that interact mutually and with other brain processes in the performance of perceptual, cognitive, and motor skills.After an introductory part I, the book consists of three parts. Part II, Methods, describes the major neuroscience methods, including techniques used only with animals (anatomical tract tracing, single-unit electrophysiology, neurochemical manipulations), noninvasive human brain-imaging techniques (ERPs, positron emission tomography, and functional magnetic resonance imaging), and studies with brain-damaged individuals. This part also includes a chapter on the computational modeling of attention. Part III, Varieties of Attention, looks at three major components of attention from the cognitive neuroscience perspective: selection, vigilance, and control. It also discusses links to memory and language. Finally, part IV, Development and Pathologies, discusses the application of findings from the previous sections to the analysis of normal and abnormal development and to pathologies of attention such as schizophrenia and attention deficit disorders. Contributors Edward Awh, Gordon C. Baylis, Jochen Braun, Dennis Cantwell, Vincent P. Clark, Maurizio Corbetta, Susan M. Courtney, Francis Crinella, Matthew C. Davidson, Gregory J. DiGirolamo, Jon Driver, Jane Emerson, Pauline Filipek, Ira Fischler, Massimo Girelli, Pamela M. Greenwood, James V. Haxby, Mark H. Johnson, John Jonides, Julian S. Joseph, Robert T. Knight, Christof Koch, Steven J. Luck, Richard T. Marrocco, Brad C. Motter, Ken Nakayama, Orhan Nalcioglu, Paul G. Nestor, Ernst Niebur, Brian F. O'Donnell, Raja Parasuraman, Michael I. Posner, Robert D. Rafal, Trevor W. Robbins, Lynn C. Robertson, Judi E. See, James Swanson, Diane Swick, Don Tucker, Leslie G. Ungerleider, Joel S. Warm, Maree J. Webster, Sharon Wigal

The Brain s Sense of Movement

The Brain s Sense of Movement
Author: Alain Berthoz
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780674009806
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Brain s Sense of Movement Book Excerpt:

This interpretation of perception and action allows Alain Berthoz to focus on psychological phenomena: proprioception and kinaesthesis; the mechanisms that maintain balance and co-ordination actions; and basic perceptual and memory processes involved in navigation.

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Bradley R. Postle
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2020-05-27
ISBN: 1119674158
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience introduces and explicates key principles and concepts in cognitive neuroscience in such a way that the reader will be equipped to critically evaluate the ever-growing body of findings that the field is generating. For some students this knowledge will be needed for subsequent formal study, and for all readers it will be needed to evaluate and interpret reports about cognitive neuroscience research that make their way daily into the news media and popular culture. New to the 2nd Edition New chapter on methodology Updated content considers the growing influence of perspectives from predictive coding, reinforcement learning, deep neural networks, and AI on cognitive neuroscience; as well as important empirical results from the past few years ranging from object and face recognition to perceptual decision making to working memory to language comprehension

Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective on Synaesthesia

Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective on Synaesthesia
Author: J. B. Mattingley,J. Ward
Publsiher: Elsevier srl
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9788821429422
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective on Synaesthesia Book Excerpt:

Cognitive Neuroscience Development and Psychopathology

Cognitive Neuroscience  Development  and Psychopathology
Author: Jacob A. Burack,James T. Enns,Nathan A. Fox
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 333
Release: 2012-07-24
ISBN: 0198043074
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience Development and Psychopathology Book Excerpt:

The disciplines of cognitive neuroscience, development, and psychopathology are complementary in the study of human perception and attention, even though each discipline emerges from a decidedly different and sometimes incompatible worldview. The meeting of researchers across these disciplines results in a fruitful cross-fertilization that ultimately leads to better science within each discipline and a joint scientific endeavor that is greater than the sum of its parts. Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention unites scholars sharing common interests in the development of attention and related areas of functioning with different perspectives and methodologies. The volume does not impose a single framework for discussing the relevant issues, but rather the authors highlight the importance of their own approaches to the study of the typical and atypical development of attention. Drs. Burack, Enns, and Fox have organized the chapters into three sections: Atypical Environments, Threat, and the Development of Individual Differences in Attention; The Organization of the Development of Attention in Typical and Atypical Processing; and The Case of Orienting Attention in Developing an Integrated Science. Discussion topics include cognitive bias modification, attention and the development of anxiety disorders, deficient anchoring, reflexive and abnormal social orienting in autism, and social attention. This volume is a unique and critical resource for researchers in communication disorders, developmental and cognitive psychology, human development, neuroscience, and educational and counseling psychology.

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Mark H. Johnson,Michelle de Haan
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023
ISBN: 9781119904694
Category: Cognitive neuroscience
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

"Developmental cognitive neuroscience is an interdisciplinary scientific field devoted to understanding psychological processes and their neurological bases during development, which has grown into a main discipline since its beginnings in the late 1980s. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: An Introduction, has been the leading textbook over this time, and has evolved with the field over its previous four editions. The latest fourth edition was published in 2015. Since then, there has been major advancements in methods and analysis, application of the approach to clinical, educational and global health settings, and increasing longitudinal research focusing on understanding the mechanisms of development across the prenatal to early adulthood period. There is now a dire need for an updated edition to reflect these developments. The scope of this book is to provide an accessible introduction to the main methods, theories and empirical findings within developmental cognitive neuroscience in typical development from prenatal to early adulthood, focusing on human development, but including other comparative work that highlight relevant processes. The new edition will also cover research in clinical/medical populations, educational applications, and global health"--

Mental Mechanisms

Mental Mechanisms
Author: William Bechtel
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 319
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0805863338
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mental Mechanisms Book Excerpt:

First Published in 2007. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Self regulation

Self regulation
Author: Andrea Berger
Publsiher: Amer Psychological Assn
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2011
ISBN: 9781433809712
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Self regulation Book Excerpt:

As humans, we self-regulate whenever we adapt our emotions and actions to situational requirements and to internalized social standards and norms. Self-regulation encompasses skills such as paying attention, inhibiting reflexive actions, and delaying gratification. We need self-regulation for navigating in the social world (e.g., when we inhibit revealing a secret, even though it is tempting to tell it), academic life (e.g., when we study for the test, even though we would prefer to watch our favorite TV show), and much more-indeed, in every aspect of life. While both environmental and genetic factors have direct, long-lasting influences on an individual's ability to self-regulate, these factors also interact with each other in critical ways. On one hand, environmental factors such as parental attachment can shape the epigenetics and the expression of the individual genotype; on the other hand, gene variations may increase vulnerability to certain environmental pathogens. This book presents self-regulation as a crucial link between genetic predisposition, early experience, and later adult functioning in society. Individual chapters examine what self-regulation is, how it functions, how genetic and environmental factors influence its development, how it affects social and academic competence in childhood and adulthood, what pathologies can emerge if it is under-developed, and how it might be fostered in children. Part of the Human Brain Development Series, edited by Michael Posner, this book will appeal to developmental psychologists, developmental neuroscientists, educational psychologists, and educational practitioners interested in the link between brain sciences and education.