Description : Budgetary Politics in American Governments, unlike most public budgeting texts, takes a comparative approach to the subject of public budgeting, examining budgetary politics at the federal, state, and local government levels. Students are introduced to the budgetary decision making process, taxation, spending, budget execution and financial management as well as the budget process at each level of government. Thoroughly updated but preserving much of the third edition's structure and approach, this fourth edition contains a new chapter that will introduce students to the interrelationship of economics and politics in budgeting.
Description : Budgetary Politics in American Governments takes a comparative approach to the subject of public budgeting, examining budgetary politics at the federal, state and local government levels. Students are introduced to the budgetary decision making process, taxation, spending, budget execution and financial management as well as the budget process at each level of government. In addtion to an assessment of the patterns of stability and change that have characterized public budgeting in the past, the third edition turns from an emphasis on budget surpluses, while maintaining the central role that deficits have played in national budgetary politics.
Description : This publication gives an introduction to both historical and contemporary theoretical foundations of public budgeting. Coverage includes trends in budget reform such as the line-item veto and biennial budgeting; public management developments from vouchers and activity-based costing to the Government Performance Results Act (U.S.); and fiscal assessments of the states and federal government (U.S.).
Description : This text introduces students to the interrelationship of politics and economics in American public policymaking: how economic concerns have been legislated into law since Franklin Roosevelt's time and how politics (e.g., Washington gridlock) affects the economy and the making of public policy. Students learn how to measure various indicators of economic performance, how the U.S. economy works (domestically and with international linkages), and how and why policymakers act to stabilise an economy in an economic downturn. Additionally, many social insurance programs (Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid) are explained and the current fiscal issues concerning current/future costs are treated in some detail. The book concludes with a full chapter case study on the Obama administration's response to the Great Recession and its dealings with Congress; the implementation of the Affordable Care Act is also discussed.
Description : States are the key to contemporary government reform efforts in the United States, but we know very little about their relative effectiveness at resource allocation and their actual capacity to absorb additional fiscal and managerial responsibilities. This path-breaking study examines state budget offices as institutional actors, with special attentio to the role of budget examiners. Drawing on empirical findings from field studies of eleven states in the American heartland, the authors demonstrate how budgeting at the state level has become more policy-oriented, requiring complex decision making by budget analysts. The incrementalist model of budgetary decision-making thus gives way to a multiple rationalities model. The authors illustrate the decision-making model with the story of two office examiners who have distinctly different orientations as they begin their work, and contrast the different decision nationalities that come into play for them at different points in a typical budget cycle. The book includes a comprehensive bibliography of historical and modern writings on state budgeting operations, activities, and decision-making; state budgeting cycles; and the state-level policy development process.
Description : A topical issue but hardly a new one, the concern for balancing the federal budget has been a perennial source of conflict in American political life. In Balanced Budgets and American Politics, James Savage explores the causes and development of the nation's preoccupation with this issue. Savage argues that the American fascination with the idea of balancing the federal budget is deeply rooted and reflects more than a contemporary concern about interest rates, inflation, or even the outcome of recent budget battles. His analysis demonstrates the considerable influence that the principle budget balancing has had on politics and public policy from 1690 through Ronald Reagan's first term as president.
Description : Designed for upper-level and professional courses, this text is a state-of-the-art introduction to the public policymaking process that gives equal attention to issues of policy implementation and public governance. It uses an innovative systems approach, integrating the activities, actors, tools, and techniques of policymaking, to provide a comprehensive framework for policy design and analysis. The book is practice-oriented, with a focus on the ways that policymakers at all levels employ the standard technologies of governance--authority, agency, program, rule, contract, and budget--to design policy outputs and achieve policy outcomes. Through extensive use of graphics, the text makes concepts easy to grasp for a generation of students accustomed to the visual presentation of ideas. Case studies illustrate the tools and techniques discussed, and key terms, questions for discussion, and suggested readings round out each chapter. Among the many emerging issues covered in this text that will be especially relevant for upper-level and professional programs and student-practitioners are: --program design --performance management --public contracting --policy networks --venue shopping --commercial and nonprofit sector participation in the policymaking process.
Description : There was a time when no government in the United States had a coherent budget system. Jonathan Kahn tells the story of how a small, energetic band of reformers waged a successful campaign in Progressive-era America to introduce fundamentally new systems of public budgeting into many cities, nearly every state, and ultimately the federal government. It is a story that has remarkable resonances today. Kahn suggests that budget reform transformed understandings of citizenship and political accountability while facilitating a conceptual leap from seeing government as a random agglomeration of administrative fiefdoms to envisioning a coherent, interrelated, and unitary state. Kahn argues that public budgets are more than simply technical tools for allocating government resources. They are also cultural constructions that shape public life, state institutions, and the relations between the two. Reformers "invented" the budget, Kahn explains, and then marketed it through exhortations, exhibits, and demonstrations that were replicated throughout the United States. Kahn explains how budget reform narrowed and contained popular engagement with government by promoting new notions of accountability and representation based on passive oversight rather than active political participation. Finally, budget reform transformed federal governance by creating the apparatus to conceive, order, and control a unified executive branch.
Description : Blending both the theoretical and applied aspects of contemporary issues in court management, this reference/text offers in-depth coverage of all major topics and developments in judicial systems administration. It is suitable for use in the classroom or for self-study.;Providing the background material to clarify even the most technical management application, this book: presents the history and theory of the court management movement; examines the separation of powers doctrine, and its relationship to judicial independence; discusses the latest developments in court reform, the American Bar Association standards, alternative dispute resolution techniques and caseflow considerations; analyzes unified court budgeting and revenue generation by judicial systems; describes personnel administration, training and jury management; and elucidates court performance evaluation, planning approaches, the use of cameras in the courtroom and audio-visual applications.
Description : Given that public budgeting is a political process in which public officials make value choices for society, understanding public budgeting is understanding power. Public Budgeting: Politics, Institutions, and Processes acknowledges the political power of budgeting, examines its concepts and mechanics, and assesses the political implications of its supposedly apolitical, scientific techniques. A clear, concise policy overview of what budgets mean and how they are used, Public Budgeting discusses both economic theory and the practice of budget politics. It is the only text offering extensive coverage of public budget creation while placing the budgeting process within its political context. Its logical organization and broad yet accessible coverage introduce students of public budgeting and public administration to all key aspects of budgeting while stressing capital budgeting and budgeting techniques.